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For other uses, see Bonito (disambiguation).
Bonito
Sarda sarda.jpg
Atlantic bonito, Sarda sarda
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Scombridae
Subfamily: Scombrinae
Tribe: Sardini
Jordan and Evermann, 1896
Genera

Bonito are a tribe of medium-sized, ray-finned predatory fish in the family Scombridae – a family it shares with the mackerel, tuna and Spanish mackerel tribes, and also the butterfly kingfish.[1] Also called the Sardini tribe, it consists of eight species across four genera; three of those four genera are monotypic genera, having a single species each.

Etymology[edit]

Although bonito is an adjective common to both Spanish and Portuguese that means pretty, it is not clear whether the name of the fish is related to this. It is also not clear whether the Arabic name bainīth is the origin of the Portuguese/Spanish term, or vice versa.[2]

Species[edit]

Food[edit]

Pacific and Atlantic bonito meat has a firm texture and a darkish color. The bonito has a moderate fat content. The meat of young or small bonito can be of lighter color, close to that of skipjack tuna, and is sometimes used as a cheaper substitute of skipjack, especially for canning purposes. Bonito may not be marketed as tuna in all countries, however.

Bonito that has been dried, fermented, and smoked, called katsuobushi, is a key ingredient in many Japanese soups.

The Atlantic bonito is also found in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea, where it is a popular food fish, eaten grilled, pickled (lakerda), or baked.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Sardini". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. 
  2. ^ Oxford English Dictionary

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bonito — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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