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The city of Ulm, a city in the federal German state of Baden-Württemberg, situated on the River Danube, was heavily bombed during World War II. The heaviest air raid was on 17 December 1944, which killed and injured hundreds but left 25,000 people homeless. By the end of the war, 81% of the city centre was destroyed. Only 1,763 out of 12,756 buildings were intact. But Ulm Münster still towered above the ruins, as it was left intact by Allied bombers who utilized it as a navigational landmark. Water-filled bomb craters covered the ground, following the rain. The rubble was so thick that walking was almost impossible. This was the British Royal Air Force Bomber Command's first and only raid on Ulm. Two large lorry factories, Magirus-Deutz and Kässbohrer were the primary targets. There were several other important industries and some Wehrmacht barracks and depots. A total of 1,449 tons of bombs were dropped during the 25-minute raid, starting in the city centre (Münsterplatz) and then creeping back to the west, across the industrial and railway areas and out into the country. The Gallwitz Barracks and several military hospitals were among 14 establishments destroyed.

There were 317 Avro Lancaster bombers and 13 de Havilland Mosquito light bombers of No. 1 Group RAF and No. 8 Group RAF. There were 2 Lancasters lost.[1]

References[edit]



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1422 videos foundNext > 

Damaged buildings and heaps of debris on the streets in Ulm, Germany after the bo...HD Stock Footage

Link to order this clip: http://www.criticalpast.com/video/65675056094_damaged-buildings_heaps-of-debris_people-at-refreshment-stand_civilians-on-streets His...

Men clear rubble by shoveling it and haul mine cars filled with rubble in Ulm, Ge...HD Stock Footage

Link to order this clip: http://www.criticalpast.com/video/65675056097_reconstruction-activities_haul-mine-cars_damaged-buildings_heaps-of-debris Historic St...

Workers clear a railroad yard of twisted rails and rubble using shovels in Ulm, G...HD Stock Footage

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German refugees load their luggage and get into boxcars at a station in Ulm, Germ...HD Stock Footage

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Unexploded WWII bomb found in Japan

An unexploded bomb from WWII has been found in Japan and detonated. Japan's Ground Self-Defense Force brought in massive sand-bags for what Japanese media sa...

Civilians work on the reconstruction of streetcar tracks and sewers after the bom...HD Stock Footage

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Jazz Tanz Wettbewerb Turngau Ulm Dance Attack 1. Platz

1. Platz Turngau Ulm =) Das war jedoch nur der Anfang... ^^ Jetzt geht es erst richtig los!!!

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German prisoners arrive at Ludwigsburg Palace during World War II war crime trial...HD Stock Footage

Link to order this clip: http://www.criticalpast.com/video/65675056090_war-crime-trials_World-War-II_Ludwigsburg-Palace_United-States-judges Historic Stock F...

Soldiers clearing rubble and the reconstruction work in progress after the German...HD Stock Footage

Link to order this clip: http://www.criticalpast.com/video/65675063098_war-damage_debris-on-street_firemen-dousing-fire_soldiers-clearing-rubble_King-inspect...

1422 videos foundNext > 

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