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Scarification in progress

Body modification (or body alteration) is the deliberate altering of the human anatomy or phenotype.[1] It is often done for aesthetics, sexual enhancement, rites of passage, religious beliefs, to display group membership or affiliation, to create body art, for shock value, and as self-expression, among other reasons.[1][2] In its most broad definition it includes plastic surgery, socially acceptable decoration (e.g., common ear piercing in many societies), and religious rites of passage (e.g., circumcision in a number of cultures), as well as the modern primitive movement.

Explicit ornaments[edit]

Surgical augmentation[edit]

In contrast to the explicit ornaments, the following procedures are primarily not meant to be exposed per se, but rather function to augment another part of the body, like the skin in a subdermal implant.

Removal or split[edit]

Female genital cutting:

Male genital cutting:

Nipple cutting:

  • Nipple removal[10]
  • Nipple splitting[11]

Nullification involves the voluntary removal of body parts. Body parts that are commonly removed by those practicing body nullification are: penis, testicles, clitoris, labia and nipples. Sometimes people who desire a nullification may be diagnosed with body integrity identity disorder or apotemnophilia.[12]

Tongue cutting:

Applying long-term force[edit]

Body modifications occurring as the end result of long term activities or practices

  • Corsetry or tightlacing - binding of the waist and shaping of the torso
  • Cranial binding - modification of the shape of infants' heads, now extremely rare
  • Breast ironing - Pressing (sometimes with a heated object) the breasts of a pubescent female to prevent their growth.
  • Foot binding - compression of the feet of girls to modify them for aesthetic reasons
  • Anal stretching[14]
  • Jelqing - penis enlargement
  • Non-surgical elongation of organs by prolonged stretching using weights or spacing devices. Some cultural traditions prescribe for or encourage members of one sex (or both) to have one organ stretched till permanent re-dimensioning has occurred, such as:
    • The 'giraffe-like' stretched necks (sometimes also other organs) of women among the Burmese Kayan tribe, the result of wearing brass coils around them. This compresses the collarbone and upper ribs but is not medically dangerous. It is a myth that removing the rings will cause the neck to 'flop'; Padaung women remove them regularly for cleaning etc.
    • Stretched lip piercings - achieved by inserting ever larger plates, such as those made of clay used by some Amazonian tribes.
    • Labia elongation

Others[edit]

Controversy[edit]

Some sources of controversy stem from the notion of attempting to artificially beautify the natural form of the body, often leading to charges of disfigurement and mutilation. Extreme forms of body modification are frequently viewed as symptomatic of body dysmorphic disorder, other mental illnesses, or as an expression of unchecked vanity.[19] Unlicensed surgery performed outside of a medical environment can often be life-threatening, and is illegal in most countries and states.

"Disfigurement" and "mutilation" (regardless of any appreciation this always applies objectively whenever a bodily function is gravely diminished or lost) are terms used by opponents of body modification to describe certain types of modifications, especially non-consensual ones. Those terms are used fairly uncontroversially to describe the victims of torture, who have endured damage to ears, eyes, feet, genitalia, hands, noses, teeth, and/or tongues, including amputation, burning, flagellation, piercing, skinning, and wheeling[citation needed]. "Genital mutilation" is also used somewhat more controversially to describe certain kinds of socially proscribed modifications to the genitals, such as male circumcision, female circumcision, castration,[citation needed] and surgeries performed to conform the genitals of individuals with intersex conditions to those of typical males or females.[20]

Individuals known for extensive body modification[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Body_modification — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

116 news items

Rocky Mountain Collegian

Rocky Mountain Collegian
Thu, 10 Jul 2014 11:11:15 -0700

Early in my teen years, I dipped my toes into the world of body modification. I started stretching my earlobes at 13 years old, and I found my go-to tattoo shop with a reputable piercer, whom I still go to. My parents were relatively open with this ...
 
The Verge
Thu, 31 Jul 2014 05:00:00 -0700

I don't have any interest in artistic or even visible body modification; there's already enough pressure around figuring out how to look and dress. But give me something with even the thinnest veneer of usefulness, and I don't care whether it makes any ...
 
PR Web (press release)
Thu, 31 Jul 2014 18:07:30 -0700

Users can also read about the latest news in plastic surgery, anti aging treatment, hair restoration, cosmetic dentistry, and facial and body modification at Cosmetic Town Journal. Share on Twitter Share on Facebook Share on Google+ Share on LinkedIn ...
 
Right Side News
Mon, 14 Jul 2014 17:23:10 -0700

These 3D tattoos are part of a much larger trend known as “extreme body modification”. In this day and age, there seems to be a constant desire to “push the envelope” in the body art community. And what some people have chosen to do to themselves in ...
 
Phoenix New Times (blog)
Mon, 28 Jul 2014 05:56:15 -0700

One of Phoenix's most popular body art expos is returning to the Arizona Biltmore Resort and Spa, Friday, August 15, through Sunday, August 17, for an all-inclusive weekend of ink, piercings, and perhaps a few other forms of body modification you didn ...

NBCNews.com

NBCNews.com
Fri, 11 Jul 2014 01:46:38 -0700

Biohacking became a small but strong movement thanks mainly to body modification artists like Steve Haworth who were already skilled in piercing and scarification — and they were aided by our changing relationship with technology. Is it really so ...

Birmingham Mail

Birmingham Mail
Mon, 21 Jul 2014 03:15:48 -0700

The 34-year-old from Stechford, who now goes by the nickname Bart, underwent the procedure at city centre body modification studio Birmingham Ink. The silicone-filled ball, sporting a raised skull motif, was pushed into his chest. In time, flesh will ...

Birmingham Mail

Birmingham Mail
Thu, 24 Jul 2014 23:21:57 -0700

He's walking, talking proof that one man's body modification is another's mutilation. One wonders where it's going to end: possibly with a life-sized self-portrait covering his entire body. He's currently having old tats removed to be replaced by new ...
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