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Blanco Canyon
Blanco Canyon Crosby County Texas.jpg
East side of Blanco Canyon
Blanco Canyon is located in Texas
Blanco Canyon
Blanco Canyon
Floor elevation 2,667 ft (813 m)[1]
Long-axis length 34 mi (55 km)
Width 10 mi (16 km)
Depth 500 ft (150 m)
Geography
Coordinates 33°39′57″N 101°09′38″W / 33.66583°N 101.16056°W / 33.66583; -101.16056Coordinates: 33°39′57″N 101°09′38″W / 33.66583°N 101.16056°W / 33.66583; -101.16056
Traversed by U.S. Highway 82
Watercourses White River

Blanco Canyon is a canyon located in the U.S. state of Texas. Eroded by the White River into the Caprock Escarpment on the east side of the Llano Estacado, the canyon runs for 34 miles (55 km) in a southeasterly direction, gradually widening from its beginning in southwestern Floyd County to 10 miles (16 km) across at its mouth in southeastern Crosby County. It also gradually deepens from 50 feet (15 m) at its beginning to 300 to 500 feet (91 to 150 m) at its mouth. There is one side canyon, five-mile long Crawfish Canyon, which was cut by Crawfish Creek as it feeds into the White River from the west.[2]

Blanco Canyon is one of several canyons that have been cut by rivers into the east face of the Llano Estacado, including Yellow House Canyon, Tule Canyon, and Palo Duro Canyon.

History[edit]

Texas Historical Marker on Highway 82, for Texas Ranger Camp Roberts

The canyon was long suspected, but only confirmed in the 1990s, of having been used as a campsite by Francisco Vásquez de Coronado and his army twice in spring of 1541 while on his El Dorado expedition.[3] The water and timber afforded by the White River and the trees growing along its banks would have provided an ideal campsite in the 16th century. Indeed, although the river is mostly dry now due to pumping, local anecdotes maintain that fishing was possible in the river until the mid-20th century. The canyon valley still appears fertile, and cottonwood trees line the creek bed.[4]

It was also, on October 10, 1871, the site of the main skirmish of Col. Ranald S. Mackenzie's initial campaign against the Plains Comanches, known as the Battle of Blanco Canyon.[5] On this same campaign, Mackenzie established a supply camp named Anderson's Fort on a curved ridge a short distance southeast of the canyon mouth; it is now on the National Register of Historic Places.[2]

Shortly thereafter, once the Plains Indians had been forced onto reservations, the nearby site of Mount Blanco on the east rim of the canyon was established in 1877 by Henry Clay Smith and his wife, the former Elizabeth Boyle, as the first permanent white settlement on the West Texas plains, and the first post office west of Fort Griffin.[6] Early settlers were attracted to the site for the same reason as Coronado had been - the ready supply of wood and water, which were rarities in the area.[2]

In 1948, the District Nine of the Caprock-Plains Baptist churches established the Plains Baptist Assembly in the canyon as a recreational retreat for area churches. By 1986, the site encompassed 160 acres (0.65 km2) and 65 buildings. Today, it runs year-round and features facilities for camps, retreats and conferences.[7][8]

Floydada's country club is also located in the canyon.[2]

Access[edit]

The canyon is crossed north-to-south by U.S. Highway 62 near the canyon's beginning, and east-to-west by Farm to Market Road 193 and U.S. Highway 82, the latter being near the canyon's mouth. Where U.S. 82 crosses the White River, a roadside park with facilities and hiking trails has been built.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blanco_Canyon — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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The Big Country: McKay In Blanco Canyon

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25 news items

 
LubbockOnline.com
Sun, 16 Mar 2014 17:43:16 -0700

With a metal detector and an intense interest in the 1871 Battle of Blanco Canyon, Todd Smith of the Lubbock County District Attorney's office began pouring weekends and vacations into a search for artifacts 18 months ago. With him in bringing to bear ...

Houston Chronicle

Houston Chronicle
Sat, 30 Aug 2014 17:48:19 -0700

Today, the actual site of the Battle of Blanco Canyon is up for dispute. It was long believed to have taken place north of Silver Falls, once a popular campsite for both Indians and whites. But in recent years, four members of the Lubbock District ...
 
Farmington Daily Times
Sun, 04 Jul 2010 16:08:27 -0700

FBI Agents cordoned off nearly 3 acres to investigate today's shooting that killed two people, including a 17 year old male, and injured three others in Blanco Canyon. The Navajo Nation Police from Crownpoint assisted. (Elizabeth Piazza). BLANCO CANYON ...

Recharge

Recharge
Thu, 03 Jul 2014 10:48:45 -0700

Apex has acquired more than 3GW of wind projects in the past year from Blanco Canyon Wind in Texas, BP Wind Energy, Duke Energy and Nordex. Spokeswoman Dahvi Wilson says the company declined to provide information on its development plans for ...
 
Farmington Daily Times
Wed, 07 May 2014 19:48:56 -0700

Willetto said there is little controversy over energy development on the "checkerboard" area north of New Mexico Highway 550 partially because the only Navajo Community is the Blanco Canyon community. "Currently now they (the Navajo) feel that ...
 
Plainview Daily Herald
Sat, 07 Jun 2014 16:10:32 -0700

A longtime area resident in Hale and Floyd County, Rimmer reported that the channel stays above ground all the way to Blanco Canyon, even though flowing water rarely travels the entire course of the draw before it turns into the White River. “I'm sure ...
 
LubbockOnline.com
Thu, 19 Sep 2013 17:49:57 -0700

The 10-mile offers views of Blanco Canyon without difficult incline, Alley said. Cyclists will ride to Silver Falls Roadside Park, then return. The 26-mile course will be slightly tougher, and pass through some fields with crops nearly ready for harvest.
 
LubbockOnline.com
Sat, 28 Sep 2013 21:12:39 -0700

Blanco Canyon is easier to look at than push through, about 80 cyclists discovered Saturday morning, Sept. 28. The Tour de Rio Blanco's 100k course ascended, descended and ascended again through the canyon before returning riders to its starting point ...
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