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Blacksmith Institute for a Pure Earth
Blacksmith print rgb large.jpg
Formation 1999
Type International NGO
Location
President Richard Fuller
Website www.blacksmithinstitute.org

Founded in 1999, Blacksmith Institute (also known as Pure Earth) is an international not-for-profit organization dedicated to solving life-threatening pollution in the developing world. Blacksmith identifies and cleans up the world's worst polluted places - over the last decade it has removed toxic pollution from 75 sites in 20 countries,[1] focusing on communities where children are most at risk.

In 2014, Blacksmith launched a new initiative - Blacksmith Institute for a Pure Earth - with actor Dev Patel (Slumdog Millionaire, The Newsroom, Best Exotic Marigold Hotel) as celebrity ambassador.[2] Patel worked closely with Blacksmith to suggest the new name, and will help support efforts to raise awareness about toxic pollution, an issue he says he first grew aware of after filming in India.[3] Blacksmith will slowly transition to a new name - Pure Earth - in order to broaden awareness of global toxic pollution issues to the general public.

In 2011 Blacksmith was recognized with the UN-backed Green Star Award for its dedication to solving pollution problems in low and middle income countries, where human health is at risk.[4] In 2010, Blacksmith founder Richard Fuller was profiled in Time magazine's "Power of One" column[5] In 2014, Bloomberg Businessweek chronicled Blacksmith/Pure Earth's growth and work around the world, including a dangerous cleanup of a secret Soviet arms site in the Ukraine.[1]

Blacksmith Institute has been recognized as one of the USA’s top performing nonprofits.[6]

Blacksmith is known for its annual World's Worst Polluted Places Reports, The Pollution Blog, the creation of the Blacksmith Index (used around the world to rate levels of health risk from pollution)[citation needed], and for the Blacksmith database, the only resource of its kind, which currently documents over 600 of the world's worst polluted places. This Polluted Places Initiative identifies polluted sites throughout the world by means of an online nomination process.[7]

Blacksmith is currently expanding their database with the Toxics Sites Identification Program, formerly known as Global Inventory Project.[8]

Blacksmith serves as Secretariat for the GAHP Global Alliance on Health and Pollution.[9]

The GAHP (Global Alliance on Health and Pollution)[edit]

In July 2012, Blacksmith convened a third meeting of world leaders[10] and experts on pollution at the Rockefeller Foundation's Bellagio Center in Italy to develop an action plan to tackle toxic pollution in low- and middle-income countries. The newly formed Global Alliance on Health and Pollution (GAHP)[11] is the first alliance of its kind to respond to the threat of toxic pollution on a worldwide scale. Blacksmith serves as Secretariat for the GAHP, which is supported by the World Bank, the Asian Development Bank, and UNIDO, among other agencies. Blacksmith began coordinating an international effort to create a global alliance in 2008. The effort was formerly called the Health and Pollution Fund.[12][13][14]

World's Worst Polluted Places Reports[edit]

Since 2006, Blacksmith Institute's yearly reports have been instrumental in increasing public understanding of the health impacts posed by the world's worst polluted places, and in some cases, have compelled cleanup work at these sites. Previous reports have identified the top ten world's worst polluted places or pollution problems. The 2009 report focuses on 12 Cases of Cleanup and Success. Blacksmith reports have been issued jointly with Green Cross Switzerland since 2007.[15][16]

2013 report: Top Ten Toxic Threats in 2013: Cleanup, Progress, and Ongoing Challenges[edit]

The report presents a new list of the top ten polluted places and provides updates on sites previously published by Blacksmith and Green Cross.

The World's Worst Polluted Places in 2013 (unranked):

(*included in the original 2006 or 2007 lists)

2012 report: The Top Ten Sources by Global Burden of Disease[edit]

  • Battery Recycling
  • Lead Smelting
  • Mining and Ore Processing
  • Tanneries
  • Industrial/Municipal Dumpsites
  • Industrial Estates
  • Artisanal Gold Mining
  • Product Manufacturing
  • Chemical Manufacturing
  • Dye Industry

2011 report: The Top Ten of the Toxic Twenty[edit]

The report lists the worst toxic pollution problems according to human health impact. The evaluation is based on data collected by the Blacksmith Institute and the Swiss Green Cross.

Top Ten Worst Toxic Pollution Problems:

  • Artisanal Gold Mining - Mercury
  • Industrial Estates - Lead
  • Agricultural Production- Pesticides
  • Lead Smelting - Lead
  • Tannery Operation - Chromium
  • Mining and Ore Processing - Mercury
  • Mining and Ore Processing - Lead
  • Lead-Acid Battery Recycling - Lead
  • Naturally Occurring Arsenic in Ground Water - Arsenic
  • Pesticide Manufacturing and Storage - Pesticide

2010 report: Top Six Toxic Threats[edit]

The report identifies and quantifies the impacts of the most damaging toxic pollutants. The Top Six Toxic Threats are:[15]

  • Lead
  • Mercury
  • Chromium
  • Arsenic
  • Pesticides
  • Norman Andrew

2009 report: 12 Cases of Cleanup and Success[edit]

The report lists 10 programs, unranked, as examples of successful efforts to reduce the toll of pollution on human health. It also includes two initiatives with worldwide impact.[16][17][18][19]

2008 report: Top Ten World's Worst Pollution Problems[edit]

  • Artisanal Gold Mining
  • Contaminated Surface Water
  • Indoor Air Pollution
  • Industrial Mining Activities
  • Groundwater Contamination
  • Metals Smelting and Processing
  • Radioactive Waste and Uranium Mining
  • Untreated Sewage
  • Urban Air Quality
  • Used Lead Acid Battery Recycling

2006 and 2007 reports: Top Ten World's Worst Polluted Places[edit]

As of September 2007, the Institute lists the following as the world's ten most polluted places (in alphabetical order by country):[20]

Also mentioned

The Institute has operated in China since 2002.[22]

World's "Dirty 30"

In its 2007 report, The World’s Worst Polluted Places issued on September 16, the Blacksmith Institute included Meycauayan and Marilao in Bulacan, Philippines, in the list of the world’s thirty most polluted places in the developing world.[20] It stated: "Industrial waste is haphazardly dumped into the Marilao, Meycauayan, and Obando River system, a source of drinking and agricultural water supplies for the 250,000 people living in and around” the Meycauayan-Marilao area."[23]

How Blacksmith Works[edit]

Blacksmith works cooperatively around the world in partnerships that include governments, the international community, NGOs and local agencies to design and implement innovative, low-cost pollution solutions that save lives. Blacksmith provides strategic, technical, and financial support to local champions working for the betterment of their communities.[citation needed]

The priority of Blacksmith is to work in locations throughout the developing world where human health is most affected by pollution. Its programs involve a multi-step process that includes:

  • identifying polluted places in the developing world with nominations received from members of the international community and through the internet;
  • assessing the health risks at those locations;
  • and designing and implementing a remediation strategy tailored to the specifics of the site in question, using local champions to implement the project in a cooperative fashion.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://www.businessweek.com/articles/2014-09-15/the-chemical-weapons-ukrainian-separatists-didnt-get
  2. ^ http://www.indiawest.com/entertainment/global/dev-patel-launches-pure-earth-nontoxic-campaign/article_21aeab8b-508c-502c-ac97-fbcb3ab0de64.html
  3. ^ http://www.blacksmithinstitute.org/blog/qa-with-slumdog-millionaire-dev-patel-on-his-belated-birthday-present-a-pure-earth/
  4. ^ "Six UN-backed green awards handed out for work in disasters". UN News Centre. 18 May 2011. Retrieved 21 November 2013. 
  5. ^ Walsh, Bryan (18 October 2010). "Power of One". TIME Magazine. Retrieved 21 November 2013. 
  6. ^ http://www.charitynavigator.org/index.cfm?bay=search.summary&orgid=11750#.VCG3by5dUTE
  7. ^ Harvey, Fiona (2007-09-12). "Planet’s most polluted sites unveiled". The Financial Times. 
  8. ^ "Blacksmith Institute Leads International Partnership To Build World's First Global Inventory Of Polluted Sites". Blacksmith Institute. Retrieved 21 November 2013. 
  9. ^ "A Global Alliance for a Toxics-Free World". 
  10. ^ "Incubating Ideas for Change at the Bellagio Center". Pollution Blog. Blacksmith Institute. 18 April 2012. Retrieved 21 November 2013. 
  11. ^ "New Global Alliance Seeks To Tackle Toxic Pollution Hotspots". Blacksmith Institute. 30 July 2012. Retrieved 21 November 2013. 
  12. ^ "Health and Pollution Fund". Retrieved 21 November 2013. 
  13. ^ "Global Alliance on Health and Pollution". Retrieved 21 November 2013. 
  14. ^ Dolan, David (5 May 2009). "Toxic hotspots affect 600 million in developing world". Reuters. Retrieved 21 November 2013. 
  15. ^ a b "Worst Polluted". Retrieved 21 November 2013. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f Rudolf, John Collins (29 October 2009). "Report Notes Few Toxic Cleanup Successes". The New York Times. Retrieved 21 November 2013. 
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Leahy, Stephen (29 October 2009). "A Dozen Countries Take on Toxic Pollution". North America Inter Press Service. Retrieved 21 November 2013. 
  18. ^ Biello, David (29 October 2009). "Can the World's Most Polluted Places Ever Be Cleaned?". Scientific American. Retrieved 21 November 2013. 
  19. ^ Frierson, Burton (28 October 2009). "Global pollution-fighters find scant success". Reuters. Retrieved 21 November 2013. 
  20. ^ a b "Top 10 Most Polluted Places 2007". Worst Polluted. Retrieved 21 November 2013. 
  21. ^ "12 Cases of Cleanup and Success 2009". Worst Polluted. Retrieved 21 November 2013. 
  22. ^ "NGO Directory". China Development Brief. Retrieved 21 November 2013. 
  23. ^ Espina, Nonoy (17 September 2007). "Meycauayan, Marilao in world’s ‘Dirty 30’-- report". Inquirer. Retrieved 21 November 2013. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blacksmith_Institute — Please support Wikipedia.
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18774 videos foundNext > 

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18774 videos foundNext > 

1368 news items

WRAL.com

WRAL.com
Mon, 22 Dec 2014 01:17:10 -0800

You don't have to inhale much to put a cap on your life," said Richard Fuller of the Blacksmith Institute, a New York-based watchdog that estimates 50,000 people could be at risk. Hydrabad Asbestos employed about 1,500 people in the Roro asbestos mines ...

Arizona Daily Star

Arizona Daily Star
Mon, 22 Dec 2014 00:03:45 -0800

You don't have to inhale much to put a cap on your life," said Richard Fuller, CEO of the Blacksmith Institute, a New York-based watchdog that estimates 50,000 people could be at risk. Other, smaller asbestos mines in states including Orissa, Andhra ...
 
Minneapolis Star Tribune
Mon, 22 Dec 2014 00:15:00 -0800

RORO VILLAGE, India — Asbestos waste spills in a gray gash down the flank of a lush green hill above tribal villages in eastern India. Three decades after the mines were abandoned, nothing has been done to remove the enormous, hazardous piles of ...
 
Huffington Post
Tue, 16 Dec 2014 07:45:00 -0800

Kenyan scientist Faridah Hussein Were found it tough to publish her research in top journals until she took a new course designed by AuthorAID and Blacksmith Institute for a Pure Earth that taught her how to write for international journals. Many ...

The Siberian Times

The Siberian Times
Mon, 08 Dec 2014 10:21:27 -0800

With a population of 255,000 and located on the Angara River, Bratsk has been listed among the New York-based Blacksmith Institute's 'Dirty 30' list of the most polluted cities in the world. Until recently the city's reservoir, one of the largest ...

Philippine Star

Philippine Star
Mon, 24 Nov 2014 08:07:30 -0800

While Metro Manila is not in The Blacksmith Institute and Green Cross Switzerland's list of the 10 most polluted cities in 2013, an expert from the World Health Organization told us we will soon have the dubious honor of joining that list if the ...

GhanaWeb

GhanaWeb
Thu, 27 Nov 2014 03:26:15 -0800

Mr John Pwamang, Deputy Executive Director of EPA in-charge of Field Operations, said the cable shredder at the Agbogboloshie was provided by the Blacksmith Institute of the United States at a cost of 85,000 dollars. He said the EPA would comply with ...

Sky News Australia

Business Wire (press release)
Mon, 04 Nov 2013 08:01:13 -0800

NEW YORK--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Blacksmith Institute and Green Cross Switzerland have published the 2013 report of the world's worst polluted places, The Top Ten Toxic Threats: Cleanup, Progress, and Ongoing Challenges. The report presents a new list ...
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