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Bismarck Sea

The Bismarck Sea lies in the southwestern Pacific Ocean to the north of the island of Papua New Guinea and to the south of the Bismarck Archipelago and Admiralty Islands. Like the Bismarck archipelago, it is named in honour of the German chancellor Otto von Bismarck. The Bismarck archipelago extends round to the east and north of the sea, enclosing the Bismarck Sea and separating it from the Pacific Ocean. To the south it is linked to the Solomon Sea by the Vitiaz Strait.[1]

It was the site of a major Japanese naval defeat in the Battle of the Bismarck Sea during World War II on 3 and 4 March 1943.[2]

Extent[edit]

Ulawun Volcano and Lolobau Island

The International Hydrographic Organization defines the Bismarck Sea as "that area of the South Pacific Ocean off the Northeast coast of New Guinea", with the following limits:[3]

On the North and East. By the Northern and Northeastern coasts of the islands of New Ireland, New Hanover, the Admiralty Islands, Hermit Island, and the Ninigo Group, through Manu and Aua Islands to Wuvulu Island and thence a line to Baudissin Point in New Guinea (142°02'E).

On the Southeast. A line from the Southern point of New Ireland along the parallel of 4°50' South to the coast of New Britain, along its Northern coast and thence a line from its Western extreme through the Northern point of Umboi Island to Teliata Point, New Guinea (5°55′S 147°24′E / 5.917°S 147.400°E / -5.917; 147.400).

On the Southwest. By the Northeast coast of New Guinea.

Mineral wealth[edit]

Recent explorations in the Bismarck Sea seabed have yielded discoveries of mineral-rich beds of sulfides, copper, zinc, silver and gold. These findings are especially important because they lie in shallow, calm waters. Papua New Guinea owns the mining rights to these minerals under international law.[4]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Bismarck Sea". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2007-07-15. 
  2. ^ "Pacific War Maps". Retrieved 2007-07-15. 
  3. ^ "Limits of Oceans and Seas, 3rd edition". International Hydrographic Organization. 1953. Retrieved 7 February 2010. 
  4. ^ "The Mineral Wealth of the Bismarck Sea". Scientific American Digital. Retrieved 2007-07-15. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 4°S 148°E / 4°S 148°E / -4; 148


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bismarck_Sea — Please support Wikipedia.
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Dredging Today
Thu, 18 Sep 2014 00:18:45 -0700

The newly assembled Auxiliary Cutter (AC), is the third and final seafloor production tool (SPT) being built for Nautilus Minerals for polymetallic sulphides (also called seafloor massive sulphides) mining at its Solwara 1 deposit in the Bismarck Sea ...
 
ABC Online
Mon, 25 Aug 2014 04:20:28 -0700

Canadian company Nautilus Minerals plans to mine 1.6 million tonnes of copper and gold a year from the volcanic hot springs in the Solwara 1 deposit in the Bismarck Sea, in what is hailed as the first deep sea mining project in the world. The PNG ...
 
The Canberra Times
Wed, 03 Sep 2014 01:15:00 -0700

Defining moments included the Battle of the Coral Sea, when the Japanese invasion fleet was stopped in its tracks; the Battle of Milne Bay, where the enemy suffered their first major defeat on land; and the Battle of the Bismarck Sea, described as one ...

Sydney Morning Herald

Sydney Morning Herald
Tue, 02 Sep 2014 06:41:15 -0700

"It is my opinion that when patrolling the surface of the Bismarck Sea that day the crew may have left the hatch to the engine room open to alleviate the sweaty heat of the tropics," he writes. "As the vessel plunged into an emergency dive to escape ...

FIRSTonline

FIRSTonline
Sun, 24 Aug 2014 22:48:45 -0700

Nella fattispecie, l'abisso si trova nel Bismarck Sea, al largo della Papua-Nuova Guinea, e la società che si accinge a operare questo mostro d'acciaio si chiama – e il nome è appropriato – Nautilus Minerals. Un equivalente moderno della 'corsa all'oro ...
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