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Bismarck Sea

The Bismarck Sea lies in the southwestern Pacific Ocean to the north of the island of Papua New Guinea and to the south of the Bismarck Archipelago and Admiralty Islands. Like the Bismarck archipelago, it is named in honour of the German chancellor Otto von Bismarck. The Bismarck archipelago extends round to the east and north of the sea, enclosing the Bismarck Sea and separating it from the Pacific Ocean. To the south it is linked to the Solomon Sea by the Vitiaz Strait.[1]

It was the site of a major Japanese naval defeat in the Battle of the Bismarck Sea during World War II on 3 and 4 March 1943.[2]

Extent[edit]

Ulawun Volcano and Lolobau Island

The International Hydrographic Organization defines the Bismarck Sea as "that area of the South Pacific Ocean off the Northeast coast of New Guinea", with the following limits:[3]

On the North and East. By the Northern and Northeastern coasts of the islands of New Ireland, New Hanover, the Admiralty Islands, Hermit Island, and the Ninigo Group, through Manu and Aua Islands to Wuvulu Island and thence a line to Baudissin Point in New Guinea (142°02'E).

On the Southeast. A line from the Southern point of New Ireland along the parallel of 4°50' South to the coast of New Britain, along its Northern coast and thence a line from its Western extreme through the Northern point of Umboi Island to Teliata Point, New Guinea (5°55′S 147°24′E / 5.917°S 147.400°E / -5.917; 147.400).

On the Southwest. By the Northeast coast of New Guinea.

Mineral wealth[edit]

Recent explorations in the Bismarck Sea seabed have yielded discoveries of mineral-rich beds of sulfides, copper, zinc, silver and gold. These findings are especially important because they lie in shallow, calm waters. Papua New Guinea owns the mining rights to these minerals under international law.[4]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Bismarck Sea". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2007-07-15. 
  2. ^ "Pacific War Maps". Retrieved 2007-07-15. 
  3. ^ "Limits of Oceans and Seas, 3rd edition". International Hydrographic Organization. 1953. Retrieved 7 February 2010. 
  4. ^ "The Mineral Wealth of the Bismarck Sea". Scientific American Digital. Retrieved 2007-07-15. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 4°S 148°E / 4°S 148°E / -4; 148


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bismarck_Sea — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

3 news items

MINING.com

MINING.com
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 07:31:50 -0700

... arranged outside the ISA system, the company overcame several difficulties until it reached an agreement with the Papua New Guinea government to move forward with its Solwara 1 gold, copper and silver underwater project, located in the Bismarck Sea.
 
NZResources.com (subscription)
Sun, 29 Jun 2014 05:22:30 -0700

... subsea vehicle designer and manufacturer, with the assignment of producing the equipment for Nautilus' first seabead mining operation for high grade seafloor massive sulphides at the Solawara-1 location in Papua New Guinea waters in the Bismarck ...
 
NZResources.com (subscription)
Thu, 26 Jun 2014 05:00:00 -0700

However, agreement was reached on a new agreement and funds were put forward recently by the PNG Government to allow the innovative seabed mining project to proceed to recover high grade copper and gold and other minerals from the Bismarck Sea.
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