The title takes its name after the town of Colchester in Essex, and was first created under the Suffragan Bishops Act 1534. The suffragan bishops have been under the juridiction of a number of different dioceses. They were originally appointed for the Diocese of London, but changed in 1845 for the Diocese of Rochester and again in 1877 for the Diocese of St Albans. With the creation of the Diocese of Chelmsford in 1914, the suffragan bishops now come under the juridiction of the Bishop of Chelmsford.
List of the Bishops of Colchester 
|Bishops of Colchester|
|1536||1541||William More||Consecrated on 22 October 1536; died in 1541.|
|1592||1608||John Sterne||Consecrated on 12 November 1592; died in 1608.|
|1966||1988||Roderic Coote||Formerly Bishop of Fulham|
|1995||2001||Edward Holland||Formerly Suffragan Bishop in Europe|
|2001||present||Christopher Morgan||July 2013 retirement announced|
- Crockford's Clerical Directory (100th ed.). London: Church House Publishing. 2007. p. 946. ISBN 978-0-7151-1030-0.
- Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S. et al., eds. (1986). Handbook of British Chronology (3rd, reprinted 2003 ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 287. ISBN 0-521-56350-X.
- "Bishop of Colchester will retire this summer" (Press release). Diocese of Chelmsford. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
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