digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Three episodes from a block-book Biblia Pauperum illustrating typological correspondences between the Old and New Testaments: Eve and the serpent, the Annunciation, Gideon's miracle

The Biblia pauperum ("Paupers' Bible") was a tradition of picture Bibles beginning probably with Ansgar, and a common printed block-book in the later Middle Ages to visualize the typological correspondences between the Old and New Testaments. Unlike a simple "illustrated Bible", where the pictures are subordinated to the text, these Bibles placed the illustration in the centre, with only a brief text or sometimes no text at all. Words spoken by the figures in the miniatures could be written on scrolls coming out of their mouths. To this extent one might see parallels with modern cartoon strips.

The tradition is a further simplification of the Bible moralisée tradition, which was similar but with more text. Like these, the Biblia pauperum was usually in the local vernacular language, rather than Latin.

History[edit]

Originally Paupers' Bibles took the form of colourful hand-painted illuminated manuscripts on vellum, though in the fifteenth century printed examples with woodcuts took over. The Biblia pauperum was among the commonest works put out in block-book form, mainly in the Netherlands and Germany, where both text and images were done entirely in a single woodcut for each page. The first of many editions printed using movable type was printed in German, in Bamberg in about 1462 by Albrecht Pfister; there were about eighteen incunabulum editions.[1][2] A Biblia pauperum was not intended to be bought by the poor — some manuscripts were opulent and very expensive, although the block-book versions were far cheaper, and probably affordable by parish priests. The simpler versions were however probably used by the clergy as a teaching aid for those who could not read, which included most of the population. The name Biblia pauperum was applied by German scholars in the 1930s.

Each group of images in the Biblia pauperum is dedicated to one event from the Gospels, which is accompanied by two slightly smaller pictures of Old Testament events which prefigure the central one, according to belief of medieval theologians in typology; these parallels are explained in two blocks of text, and each of the three Biblical scene is introduced with a Latin verse. Four Prophets hold scrolls with quotations from their Books, which prefigure the same event from the Gospels. For example, the scene of Longinus spearing Jesus as he hangs on the Cross is accompanied by God bringing forth Eve from the side of Adam, and Moses striking the rock so that water flowed forth, together with prophecies of Zechariah, the Psalms, the Lamentations and Amos.[3]

The earliest manuscripts of the Biblia Pauperum were made in Bavaria and Austria in the 14th century, they have 34–36 groups. Later versions add more scenes, and one of the most detailed versions is the 50-part blockbook version, produced in the Netherlands in the time 1480-1495

Alternatives[edit]

The Biblia was rivalled by the Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Mirror of Human Salvation), another very popular compilation of typological pairings, with rather more text than the Biblia. The iconographical programmes of these books are shared with many other forms of medieval art, including stained glass windows and carvings of biblical subjects. Since books are more portable than these, they may well have been important in transmitting new developments in depicting the subjects. Most subjects, such as the Annunciation to the Shepherds, can be seen in a very similar form at different dates, in different media and different countries.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ J. Victor Scholderer (1912). "'Albrecht Pfister of Bamberg' (book review)". The Library. S3-III: 230–6. 
  2. ^ ISTC British Library
  3. ^ http://warburg.sas.ac.uk/vpc/VPC_search/record.php?record=34879 Faksimile].

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biblia_pauperum — Please support Wikipedia.
A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
108 videos foundNext > 

Biblia Pauperum. Affreschi Medievali in Ciociaria. Atina

A cura di Nicola Severino.

Biblia Pauperum 2011 - TG3 Marche

Signore da chi andremo? Rassegna di Arte per la Bibbia - V Edizione Biblia Pauperum a cura di Armando Ginesi e Don Vittorio Magnanelli In occasione del XXV C...

Biblia Pauperum Affreschi medievali in Ciociaria. Alvito

L'affresco di San Nicola di Bari e parte della Crocifissione nella chiesa di San Giovanni Evangelista ad Alvito. Video di Nicola Severino.

Veritas Mentis - Biblia Pauperum

Pretty cool song, a bit melodic though, but that doesn't take away the brutality! Band: Veritas Mentis Song: Biblia Pauperum Album: Promo (2006) Origin: Austria.

Biblia Pauperum a Párbeszéd Házában

Veritas Mentis Arising Realm 18 Biblia Pauperum

Biblia Pauperum. Alatri la Maddalena. Affreschi Medievali in Ciociaria

Il dettaglio di uno degli affreschi della chiesa della Maddalena in cui si riconosce l'opera di Antonio da Alatri.

Jesi - Don Vittorio Magnanelli spiega la mostra Biblia Pauperum

Gli artisti marchigiani e il tema dell'amore.

Jesi: dal 27 agosto al 2 ottobre la rassegna di arte ''Biblia pauperum''

Settantacinque artisti italiani hanno aderito alla quinta edizione della rassegna di arte sacra Biblia pauperum. Una proposta della diocesi di Jesi e del Mus...

The Origins of the Comic Strip: Medieval European Comic Books

Storytelling using a sequence of pictures has existed through history. Medieval European example in textile form is the St Augustine Gospels 6th century, Bay...

108 videos foundNext > 

7 news items

Slate Magazine

Slate Magazine
Wed, 16 Apr 2014 06:45:05 -0700

Apocalypse in a Biblia Pauperum illuminated at Erfurt around the time of the Great Famine of An illustration of the apocalypse in a Biblia Pauperum from around the time of the European famine of 1315–1317. Death ("Mors") rides a lion whose long tail ...
 
Polskie Radio
Tue, 15 Apr 2014 10:37:30 -0700

Skąd bierze się "moda" na biblijne tematy w kinie? Czy filmy są popularyzacją Pisma Świętego dla maluczkich, niczym średniowieczna Biblia Pauperum, czy tylko kanwą widowisk filmowych z efektami specjalnymi? O tym porozmawiamy w "Sezonie na ...

Il Vostro Giornale

Il Vostro Giornale
Sun, 13 Apr 2014 23:45:00 -0700

accompagna il lento incedere delle quindici casse che compongono una straordinaria Biblia Pauperum, un museo a cielo aperto con sculture opera di importanti artisti, dal cinquecento fino al ventesimo secolo. Redazione. Tags: la Passione di Savona ...

Savona news

Savona news
Sun, 13 Apr 2014 23:06:20 -0700

... di Savona si sposa con quello civile, come ribadisce il suono della campana del Brandale che accompagna il lento incedere delle quindici casse che compongono una straordinaria Biblia Pauperum, un museo a cielo aperto con sculture opera di ...
 
salzburg24.at
Sun, 13 Apr 2014 04:37:30 -0700

In der Biblia Pauperum im Salzburger Stift St. Peter, 14. Jahrhundert, ist ein Palmeselritt dargestellt, am Nonnberg gab es einen berühmten mittelalterlichen Palmesel. In Puch bei Hallein hat sich ein barocker hölzerner Palmesel mit Christusfigur erhalten.
 
Salzburg.at
Fri, 11 Apr 2014 03:07:30 -0700

In der Biblia Pauperum im Salzburger Stift St. Peter, 14. Jahrhundert, ist ein Palmeselritt dargestellt, am Nonnberg gab es einen berühmten mittelalterlichen Palmesel. In Puch bei Hallein hat sich ein barocker hölzerner Palmesel mit Christusfigur erhalten.

Filodiretto Monreale

Filodiretto Monreale
Tue, 25 Mar 2014 05:22:30 -0700

Questo volume propone un'accurata versione italiana del primo catechismo paleobulgaro/paleoslavo (il Prologo della Vita Methodii di Clemente d'Ocrida) e della Biblia pauperum russa, la quale peraltro ha – secondo lo studio sviluppato dall'Autrice di ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Biblia pauperum

You can talk about Biblia pauperum with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!