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This article is about the term's general usage. For other uses, see Bias (disambiguation).

Bias is an inclination of temperament or outlook to present or hold a partial perspective, often accompanied by a refusal to even consider the possible merits of alternative points of view. People may be biased toward or against an individual, a race, a religion, a social class, or a political party. Biased means one-sided, lacking a neutral viewpoint, not having an open mind. Bias can come in many forms and is often considered to be synonymous with prejudice or bigotry.[citation needed]

In the media[edit]

Main article: Media bias

Media bias is the bias of journalists and news producers within the mass media, in the selection of which events and stories are reported and how they are covered. The term "media bias" implies a pervasive or widespread bias contravening the standards of journalism, rather than the perspective of an individual journalist or article. The direction and degree of media bias in various countries is widely disputed.

Practical limitations to media neutrality include the inability of journalists to report all available stories and facts, and the requirement that selected facts be linked into a coherent narrative. Since it is impossible to report everything, selectivity is inevitable. Government influence, including overt and covert censorship, biases the media in some countries. Market forces that result in a biased presentation include the ownership of the news source, concentration of media ownership, the selection of staff, the preferences of an intended audience, and pressure from advertisers.

Political bias has been a feature of the mass media since its birth with the invention of the printing press. The expense of early printing equipment restricted media production to a limited number of people. Historians have found that publishers often served the interests of powerful social groups.[1]

Other aspects[edit]

  • Economic: when people/government interpret a law/contract in their favor for economic reasons.
  • Inductive bias in machine learning.
  • Cultural bias: Interpreting and judging phenomena in terms particular to one's own culture.
  • Racism, regionalism and tribalism: Judging people or phenomena associated with people based on the race/ethnicity, region of origin, or tribe of the people, rather than based on more objective criteria.
  • Sexism: Judging based on gender, rather than on more objective criteria.
  • Sensationalism: Favouring the exceptional over the ordinary. However this sentence structure makes is sound like an appeal to popularity or normalcy fallacy. This is actually a more complex problem, whereby, the proponent elevates the importance of the evidence to more subjects than it is relevant. This is accomplished by willful bias, assumption or, putting conclusion ahead of evidence. In practice, this includes emphasizing, distorting, or fabricating exceptional news stories to boost popularity.
  • Speciesism: Favouring one species over others.
  • Funding bias in scientific studies also known as the agent-principle dilemma (principal–agent problem).
  • Medical bias is also known as a physician having a conflict of interest.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ann Heinrichs, The Printing Press (Inventions That Shaped the World), p. 53, Franklin Watts, 2005, ISBN 0-531-16722-4, ISBN 978-0-531-16722-9
  2. ^ Cain, D.M. and Detsky, A.S. Everyone's a Little Bit Biased (Even Physicians) JAMA 2008;299(24):2893-289.

External links[edit]

Bias, unbiased, and both ; essay : http://biasunbiasedandboth.blogspot.com/


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bias — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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62160 news items

NBCNews.com

New York Times
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 21:18:45 -0700

After an 18-month investigation, Macy's has agreed to pay a $650,000 fine and hire an independent monitor to address complaints that minority shoppers faced heightened surveillance and, in some cases, wrongful detention at its flagship store in Midtown ...

Reason (blog)

Cato Institute (blog)
Fri, 22 Aug 2014 11:22:30 -0700

That explains, in part, why we are now fighting in Iraq at least some of the people who we trained in Syria, And yet, the interventionist bias—do something—remains pervasive inside the Washington Beltway. Ironically, many of the same people who are ...

Boston Globe

Berkshire Eagle
Thu, 21 Aug 2014 15:25:35 -0700

Attorney fears Caius Veiovis' horns, tattoos will bias jurors in triple murder trial. By Andrew Amelinckx, Berkshire Eagle Staff. Posted: 08/22/2014 06:38:10 AM EDT. Updated: 08/22/2014 08:30:27 AM EDT. Caius Veiovis is shown prior to his arraignment ...

Arkansas Online (subscription)

Arkansas Online (subscription)
Fri, 22 Aug 2014 02:00:00 -0700

Foes explore ways to block anti-bias law. By Aziza Musa. Opponents of Fayetteville's newly adopted anti-discrimination ordinance are considering their options to overturn the measure, including a petition drive to put it before the city's voters. Click ...

OneNewsNow

OneNewsNow
Fri, 22 Aug 2014 02:33:45 -0700

A media watchdog says the media continues to be in lock-step with individuals like Al Sharpton who seek to stir up racial tension whenever a black person is killed and a white person is apparently responsible. The national media continue to devote ...
 
National Review Online (blog)
Wed, 20 Aug 2014 14:35:16 -0700

The protesters in Ferguson complain that they are denied justice, and some have complained that they do not trust the authorities to fully and fairly investigate the Brown shooting — that, with investigators holding a bias in favor of police, the ...

Phoenix New Times (blog)

Phoenix New Times (blog)
Fri, 22 Aug 2014 14:17:40 -0700

When Mayra Sias got into the DJ game about five years ago, she probably couldn't have asked for a better instructor -- namely, her husband Les, who's renowned around the Valley hip-hop scene as turntablism guru LES735. Getting schooled on the ones ...
 
Al Jazeera America
Fri, 22 Aug 2014 00:07:30 -0700

Five-and-a-half years have passed since an earthen dam holding toxic coal ash from a coal plant failed in Harriman, Tenn., spilling more than a billion gallons of the ash into rivers and forests, and destroying several homes. The TVA Kingston Fossil ...
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