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Bhakkar, Punjab, Pakistan
بهكّر is located in Pakistan
Location in Pakistan
Coordinates: 31°38′N 71°04′E / 31.633°N 71.067°E / 31.633; 71.067Coordinates: 31°38′N 71°04′E / 31.633°N 71.067°E / 31.633; 71.067
Country Pakistan
Province Punjab
District Bhakkar District
Tehsil Bhakkar Tehsil
Elevation 522 ft (159 m)
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
 • Summer (DST) +6 (UTC)
Calling code 0453
Union councils 42

Bhakkar (Urdu: بهكّر‎), is the principal city of Bhakkar District, Punjab, Pakistan. It lies on the left bank of the Indus river. It has a population of almost 300,000.


Bhakkar city is also the administrative centre of Bhakkar Tehsil one of the four tehsils of the district. Bhakkar Tehsil is sudivided into 17 Union Councils, three of which form the city of Bhakkar.[1]


Following are the demographics of the Bhakar district, by spoken language:

Inhabitants of Bhakar district speak a great variety of Punjabi dialects, although few of these dialects are called as a separate language “Saraiki”, but because of good and loving nature of people there is no distinction or hate among different dialects and have a mix culture of Great (East and West) Punjab.

  • Thalochi (Local Desert Punjabi dialect spoken by 60%)
  • Majhi (Standard Punjabi spoken by 30%, Specially spoken in newly cultivated and city areas)
  • Jandali/Rohi (Northern border area near Mianwali district)
  • Shapuri (North Eastern border area near Khushab district)
  • Jhangvi (South Eastern border area near Jhang district)

Other Languages include:

  • Urdu is mother tongue of few people but being national language is spoken and understood by the sizeable population.
  • English is also understood and spoken by few, mainly educated elite.
  • Pashto which is spoken by minority population in the KPK province border areas and in the cities.


Bhakkar was founded probably towards the close of the fifteenth century by a body of colonists from Dera Ismail Khan

British rule[edit]

Map of Sargodha Division.jpg

During British rule Bhakkar Town was headquarters of Bhakkar tahsil (now Bhakkar District) in Mianwali District, and was on the North-Western Railway line. The municipality was created in 1874. Its income and expenditure during the ten years ending 1902–3 averaged Rs. 7,700. The income in 1903-4 was Rs. 7,500, chiefly derived from octroi; and the expenditure was Rs. 8,600. The population according to the 1901 census of India was 5,312, at that time the town contained a dispensary and a municipal vernacular middle school.[2]

The Imperial Gazetteer of India described the town as follows:

It stands on the edge of the Thal or sandy plain overlooking the low-lying alluvial lands along; the river, a channel of which is navigable as far as Bhakkar during the floods. To the west of the town the land is low, well cultivated, and subject to inundation, while to the east the country is high and dry, treeless, and sandy. A rich extent of land irrigated from wells lies below the town, protected by embankments from inundations of the Indus, and produces two or three crops in the year. The neighbouring riverain is full of date groves and fruit gardens; and in it stands a famous mango-tree, the fruit of which used to be sent to Kabul in the old days of Afghan rule.[2]


The town has some historical places like the Dilkusha Bagh which is believed by some to be a Mughal garden built by Humayun, however Humayun never visited the area, on his retreat to Iran, he went to another place called Bakhar (in Sindh) to seek help from Mahmood Khan, which was however denied by historian Henry Raverty[citation needed]. This garden is ruined now and no signs of history are present, only stories about the garden can be heard around.

The old town was walled and had the Tavela, Imamanwala and King Gates, of the three the King Gate, which was built during the British period and was named after Mr King the then Deputy Commissioner of the Mianwali District, survives – since the end of colonial rule it has been renamed as the Jinnah Gate

This is a very scarce silver coin belonging to the reign of Nadir Shah 1148–1160 AH (1735–1747) of the Afsharid dynasty. It is an Indian type minted during his post-occupation of. It is listed by type as Album #2744.2 (Type D). It weighs 11.3 gr. (18 mm.) and minted in the city of Bhakkar in the state of Punjab in India, dated 1157AH.


Thal Canal

Bhakkar is now a bustling town, with population of more than three hundred thousand.


External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bhakkar — Please support Wikipedia.
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95 news items

The News International
Sun, 20 Jul 2014 14:33:45 -0700

BHAKKAR: DPO Shakir Hussain Dawar has said that the police have arrested three target killers here. Addressing a press conference here on Sunday, the DPO said that the arrested killers were professional murderers. They were identified as Iftikhar ...
The News International
Mon, 21 Jul 2014 19:15:00 -0700

BHAKKAR City News. Tuesday, July 22, 2014. From Print Edition. Man kills niece. From Our Correspondent. BHAKKAR: A girl was shot dead by her uncle at Kanjan Nashaeb on Monday. Zulfiqar Joiya saw that his niece Parveen was talking to a man on ...

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Thu, 17 Jul 2014 22:16:02 -0700

Bhakkar District Police Officer (DPO) Shakir Hussian Dawar told reporters at his office that the suspects had been promoting sectarianism in several districts of southern Punjab. “They are behind six sectarian murders in Bhakkar district that were ...
Business Recorder
Sat, 26 Jul 2014 17:22:30 -0700

It is evident from the data that FESCO has some of the highest line losses bearing divisions, where Chiniot and Bhakkar will top the list. While Chiniot and Bhalwal have seen a fall in line losses from 2012-13 to 2013-14 of nearly 2%, for the rest of ...

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Mon, 14 Jul 2014 18:11:19 -0700

Bhakkar DPO Shakir Hussain Dawar constituted a team that arrested Arshad, when he came to collect the ransom. On the information obtained from Arshad, police raided a house in Shafi Colony, Bhakkar and freed Zaryaab. Police have also arrested two of ...
The Nation
Thu, 24 Jul 2014 18:41:15 -0700

Similarly three students Rimsha Khalid of Malik Azam Khan Memorial Girls School Kala Bagh Mianwali, Zainab Ali of Sanai School System and Sakina Arif of The English Girls School Bhakkar got second position with 1,058 marks while Marriam Mehmood of ...

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Tue, 22 Jul 2014 16:44:41 -0700

The authority established technology colleges at Taxila, Mianwali, Bhakkar, Sangla Hill, Kamalia and Pindi Bhattian. It also set up eight technical training institutes at Bhalwal, Shorekot, Bhera, Jalalpur Pirwala, Chakwal, Chowk Sarwar Shaheed ...
Business Recorder
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 16:26:15 -0700

He said Bhakkar, DG Khan, Bahawalpur, Multan, Muzaffargarh, Layyah, Jhang, Hafizabad and Narowal are sensitive districts with regard to flood. "Besides flood warning centres, command, control, communication centres and district control rooms have also ...

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