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Bavar 373
Bavar 373 sketch.svg
A drawing of the earliest Bavar-373 prototype that has been shown on military parades in Iran
Type Air defense system
Place of origin Iran
Service history
In service Not operational (as of April 2015)[1][2]
Production history
Designed 2012
Produced August 2014 - Present [3]

Bavar-373 (Persian: باور-۳۷۳‎, meaning 'Belief') is an Iranian long-range mobile air defense system currently under development.[4] Development of the system began as a response to the Russian ban on the exportation of its advanced S-300 surface-to-air missile systems to Iran.[5]

History[edit]

After the Russian ban on exporting S-300 to Iran, Defense minister Ahmad Vahidi told Iranian media at Sept. 22. 2010 that they will develop a similar domestic system by themselves: "We have planned to build a long-range air defense missile system similar to S-300. By God's grace and by the Iranian engineers' efforts, we will reach self-sufficiency in this regard."

It was later revealed that the name of the system will be Bavar 373. Bavar meaning "belief" and 373 which is the Abjad number of prophet Muhammad's name.[6]

Farzad Esmaieli, commander of Khatam-ol-Anbia Base told Iranian media that the development of this system started by the direct order of supreme leader Ayatollah Khamenei when the first information about cancellation of S-300 contract was revealed and Iranian personnel were still being trained in Russia on it.[4] He said the project was in the stage of prototype designing and that it was not going to suffer from the weak points of the S-300. He continued that in the area of detection and radars, a very good point was reached and defense ministry was working on two or three missiles each for a different range and altitude. He said that the design was complete, all the parts were going to be manufactured inside the country and it had a good ability to detect and intercept enemy aircraft. According to Iranian military sources, the system is much more capable than S-300P class.[7]

In November 22, 2011, the first prototype was built.[8] Iran announced that the system was designed and built by defense ministry, domestic industries and some Iranian universities. Esmaieli said that Iran doesn't even think about S-300 anymore as Bavar-373 was much more capable. Iranian sources suggest that the Bavar 373 will be mobile, with four missiles loaded on each mobile truck launcher. It also will be able to undertake a cold launch from systems similar to existing missiles, such as the Tor-M1.[9]

The Iranian defense ministry is due to equip the country's Armed Forces with a new long-range air-defense system by March 21, 2013, a senior Iranian military official announced on Saturday August 25, 2012.[10] On 3 September 2012, Farzad Esmaili said that the development of the system was now 30 percent complete.[11] On 1 January 2013, the same commander announced that the sub-systems of the homemade air-defense system are being tested in laboratory.[12]

Esmaili updated his estimate in February 2014 and said the system would be ready by the end of 2015.[13]

Bavar is planned to become operational in 2016, after the testing of all its components.[14]

Components[edit]

In April 2015, Iran unveiled some of Bavar's subsystems, which include the Fakour commanding and smart control system which has the ability to collect information from all sources relevant to air defense, including passive and active military radars (such as the Mersad), signal surveillance, missile systems and commanding and control systems.[15]

The Rasoul advanced communications system is for encoding information, connecting the country’s infrastructure and transferring radar information from the battle scene to commanding centers.[15]

The canisters containing the Sayyad-3 missiles are to be carried on the Zoljanah 10×10 truck.[16][17]

Also Iranians have developed a long range missile (named Sayyad-4 for the Bavar-373 system) which looks like the Russian 48N6E missile. No formal information was given about this missile but it appears from news photos that Sayyad-4 is like the 48N6E Russian missile only in frontal parts and similar to Sayyad-3 in wings and control surfaces.[18]

Bavar-373 uses a phased array radar like Russian 96L6 radar for tracking aerodynamic targets and ballistic missiles in medium to long ranges, mounted on the ZAFAR heavy truck.[19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.mashreghnews.ir/fa/news/410442
  2. ^ http://www.janes.com/article/50839/iran-s-bavar-373-not-operational
  3. ^ http://www.presstv.com/detail/2014/08/29/376976/iran-completes-indigenous-missile/
  4. ^ a b "اس 300 ايراني بانام باور373". Tebyan.net. 1390-06-30. Retrieved 2012-12-22.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  5. ^ "Iran Nearing Production of Indigenous S-300 Missile System". Fars News Agency. 22 September 2011. Retrieved 2012-12-22. 
  6. ^ [1][dead link]
  7. ^ http://www.janes.com/article/42790/iran-reveals-its-bavar-373-sam
  8. ^ "ساخت سامانه باور 373 توسط متخصصان ایرانی". Sarzaminkhabar.ir. 01 آذر 1390. Retrieved 2012-12-22.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  9. ^ "Iran's military capabilities vs enemies' threat". Trend. 18 November 2011. 
  10. ^ "Iran to Boost Air-Defense Power with New Long-Range System Soon". Fars News Agency. 25 August 2012. Retrieved 2012-12-22. 
  11. ^ "Iran completes 30 percent of missile defense system, says military official." Reuters, 3 September 2012.
  12. ^ "Commander: Iran Testing Subsystems of Home-Made S-300 Air-Defense System". Farsnews. 2013-01-01. Retrieved 2013-01-02. 
  13. ^ Aron Donzis (16 February 2014). "Iran says powerful air defense system to be ready in 2015". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 17 February 2014. 
  14. ^ http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13940204000384
  15. ^ a b http://presstv.com/Detail/2015/04/18/406865/Irans-version-of-S300-system-unveiled
  16. ^ http://defense-update.com/20150419_bavar_373.html#.VTgD_aPLdoq
  17. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KC_t8iiC1cY
  18. ^ http://www.mashreghnews.ir/fa/news/363390
  19. ^ "40 types of Iranian Radars". Mashregh News Agancy. 

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bavar_373 — Please support Wikipedia.
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260 news items

IHS Jane's 360

IHS Jane's 360
Tue, 21 Apr 2015 09:42:44 -0700

The Mehr news agency on 18 April cited him as saying that the Bavar 373 and Sayyad-3 missile unveiled that day during a military parade in Tehran had become fully operational. However, a day later the Iranian Students News Agency (ISNA) reported Brig ...

Defense Update

Defense Update
Sun, 19 Apr 2015 00:44:40 -0700

Iran unveiled yesterday the Bavar-373, an indigenous long-range air defense missile defense system employing Sayyad-3 (Hunter III) interceptor during the Army National Day parade. Iran launched the indigenous development program after the delivery of ...

Press TV

Press TV
Tue, 28 Apr 2015 03:18:45 -0700

A senior Iranian commander says the country's domestically-built Bavar-373 air defense system would be ready for deployment by the end of the current Iranian calendar year (March 19, 2016). Commander of the Iranian Army's Khatam al-Anbiya Air Defense ...

Trend News Agency

Trend News Agency
Sat, 22 Aug 2015 23:14:43 -0700

The Islamic Republic needs both Bavar 373 and S-300 missile systems to cover its air defense needs, he underlined. The Bavar 373 system would be tested by March 2016. Iranian security officials say, Bavar 373 is better than the Russian S-300, as it is ...

Arutz Sheva

Arutz Sheva
Tue, 18 Aug 2015 02:33:45 -0700

... lifting a ban on the delivery of S-300 to Iran. But Moscow later backpedaled somewhat and said that no date had been set for the shipment. Iran meanwhile announced that it is planning to unveil its own Bavar 373 alternative to the S-300 in early ...

RT

RT
Sat, 30 Aug 2014 05:26:55 -0700

"Bavar-373 has fired a first successful shot," the commander of the Khatam ol-Anbia Air Defense Base, Brigadier General Farzad Esmayeeli, told Iranian state TV on Friday. According to Iranian security officials, the new system is better than the ...

IHS Jane's 360

IHS Jane's 360
Fri, 05 Sep 2014 02:02:59 -0700

He said on 28 August that the Bavar-373 SAM had been successfully test-fired for the first time. This announcement came almost three years after he revealed the system was being developed to replace the S-300 mobile, long-range SAM systems that Iran ...
 
Strategy Page
Thu, 14 May 2015 02:33:45 -0700

May 14, 2015: Iran insists that it has developed its own clone (Bavar-373) of the Russian S-300 anti-aircraft missile system. Iran began work on the Bavar-373 began in 2010, after Russia refused to deliver S-300 systems Iran had ordered. International ...
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