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Bavar 373
Bavar 373 sketch.svg
A drawing of the Bavar-373 that has been shown on military parades in Iran
Type Air defense system
Place of origin Iran
Service history
In service In Production
Production history
Designed 2012
Produced August 2014 - Present [1]

Bavar-373 (Persian: باور-۳۷۳‎, meaning 'Belief') is an Iranian long-range air defense system currently under development.[2] Development of the system began as a response to the Russian ban on the exportation of its advanced S-300 surface-to-air missile systems to Iran.[3]

History[edit]

After the Russian ban on exporting S-300 to Iran, Defense minister Ahmad Vahidi told Iranian media at Sept. 22. 2010 that they will develop a similar domestic system by themselves: "We have planned to build a long-range air defense missile system similar to S-300. By God's grace and by the Iranian engineers' efforts, we will reach self-sufficiency in this regard."

It was later revealed that the name of the system will be Bavar 373. Bavar meaning "belief" and 373 which is the Abjad number of prophet Muhammad's name.[4]

Farzad Esmaieli, commander of Khatam-ol-Anbia Base told Iranian media that the development of this system started by the direct order of supreme leader Ayatollah Khamenei when the first information about cancellation of S-300 contract was revealed and Iranian personnel were still being trained in Russia on it.[2] He said the project was in the stage of prototype designing and that it was not going to suffer from the weak points of the S-300. He continued that in the area of detection and radars, a very good point was reached and defense ministry was working on two or three missiles each for a different range and altitude. He said that the design was complete, all the parts were going to be manufactured inside the country and it had a good ability to detect and intercept enemy aircraft. According to Iranian military sources, the system is much more capable than S-300P class.[5]

In November 22, 2011, the first prototype was built.[6][7] Iran announced that the system was designed and built by defense ministry, domestic industries and some Iranian universities. Esmaieli said that Iran doesn't even think about S-300 anymore as Bavar-373 was much more capable. Iranian sources suggest that the Bavar 373 will be mobile, with four missiles loaded on each mobile truck launcher. It also will be able to undertake a cold launch from systems similar to existing missiles, such as the Tor-M1.[8]

The Iranian defense ministry is due to equip the country's Armed Forces with a new long-range air-defense system by March 21, 2013, a senior Iranian military official announced on Saturday August 25, 2012.[9] On 3 September 2012, Farzad Esmaili said that the development of the system was now 30 percent complete.[10] On 1 January 2013, the same commander announced that the sub-systems of the homemade air-defense system are being tested in laboratory.[11]

Esmaili updated his estimate in February 2014 and said the system would be ready by the end of 2015.[12]

On August 29, 2014 Iran announced that they had completed manufacturing of the first Bavar-373 missile systems, this comes months sooner than the anticipated March 2015 estimate.[13]

Operators[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bavar_373 — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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205 news items

 
European Council on Foreign Relations
Tue, 25 Nov 2014 02:53:35 -0800

And in 2014, Iran test-fired an air defence missile that looked like a differently painted S-300, now called “Bavar-373”. North Korea was previously operating vintage Russian and Chinese air defence systems from the 1950s and Iran was operating vintage ...

RT

RT
Sat, 30 Aug 2014 05:26:55 -0700

Tehran has showcased an indigenous long-range air defense system, the Bavar-373 missile, developed as an alternative to the Russian S-300 after Moscow canceled its contract. "Bavar-373 has fired a first successful shot," the commander of the Khatam ...

IHS Jane's 360

IHS Jane's 360
Fri, 05 Sep 2014 02:02:59 -0700

He said on 28 August that the Bavar-373 SAM had been successfully test-fired for the first time. This announcement came almost three years after he revealed the system was being developed to replace the S-300 mobile, long-range SAM systems that Iran ...

RT

RT
Sun, 16 Feb 2014 05:29:08 -0800

Technical problems hampering construction of Bavar-373 have been resolved, and development and construction of the sophisticated anti-missile defense system would be completed by the end of Iran's Fifth Five-Year Development Plan (2010-2015), ...

Fars News Agency

Fars News Agency
Tue, 23 Sep 2014 08:45:00 -0700

"The indigenized version of the S-300 missile defense system (which is called Bavar 373 in Iran) is in the final stages of completion and will be unveiled," Lieutenant Commander of Khatam ol-Anbia Air Defense Base for Research and Self-Sufficiency ...

Trend.az

Trend.az
Sat, 31 Aug 2013 01:15:00 -0700

Iran will conduct the necessary testing of the system and technique of the long-range Bavar 373 air defense complex this year (the year begins on March 21 in Iran), the Commander of the Iranian 'Khatam al-Anbiya' air defense base Farzad Ismaili said at ...
 
Press TV
Sun, 16 Oct 2011 11:22:30 -0700

A senior Iranian military commander says the Bavar-373 system is more advanced than the Russian S-300 in terms of defense against aircraft and cruise missiles. Executive Deputy Head of Khatam al-Anbia Air Defense Base Gen. Shahrokh Shahram told ...
 
Al-Monitor
Wed, 03 Sep 2014 10:37:30 -0700

The text quotes senior Iranian military officers as describing Iran's newly-produced indigenous Bavar-373 system as “more powerful” than Russia's S-300 system and claiming that it has “higher capabilities” including “better agility, mobility and precision.
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