digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Battle of Kolhapur was a land battle that took place on December 28, 1659 near the city of Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India between the Maratha Chhatrapati Shivaji and the Rustam Zaman of Adilshah. The Marathas defeated the Adilshahi forces. Adilshahi forces were 10000 strong against 5000 light maratha cavalry.

Battle of Kolhapur
Part of the Imperial Maratha Conquests
Date: December 28, 1659
Place: Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India
Outcome: Decisive victory for Maratha Empire
Combatants
Flag of the Maratha Empire.svg Maratha Empire Adilshahi forces
Commanders
Shivaji, Netaji Palkar Rustam Zaman
Strength
5,000 10,000
Casualties
2,000 7,000

The battle is known for brilliant movement of flanks by Shivaji similar to Uzbek tactics of Babur against Rana Sangha.

Background[edit]

Shivaji had killed Afzal Khan and routed his army in the battle of Pratapgarh (10 November 1659). He took advantage of this victory and in a great offensive took a large hilly tract running about 200 km under his command. A number of forts like Vasota fell to Marathas. By December, 1659 Shivaji appeared near Panhala fort. Rustam Zaman was directed from Bijapur. He arrived near Miraj in the vicinity of Kolhapur on 27 December 1659.

Battle[edit]

Composition of Adilshahi forces[edit]

Rustam Zaman was assisted by other chieftains Fazal Khan, Malik Itbar, Sadat Khan, Yakub Khan, Aankush Khan, Hasan Khan, Mulla Yahya, Santaji Ghatage. It consists of selected cavalry of Adilshahi which was well known. In addition elephants were deployed as first line of defense. The centre was commanded by Rustam Zaman himself, left flank by Fazal Khan, right flank by Malik Itbar. Fateh Khan and Mullah Yahya were on the rear guard.

Composition of Maratha forces[edit]

Shivaji was assisted by Maratha Cavalry leader Netaji Palkar, SARDAR GODAJIRAJE JAGTAP, Hiroji Ingale, Bhimaji Wagh, Sidhoji Pawar Jadhavrao, Hanmantrao Kharate, Pandhare, Siddi Hllal, and Mahadik. Center was commanded by Shivaji Maharaj himself. Siddi Hilal and Jadhavrao were on left flank. Ingale and Sidhoji Pawar on right flank. Mahadik and Wagh on the rear guard. Netaji Palkar was off the centre.

Movement and clash of forces[edit]

Rustam Zaman was planning to move towards Panhala fort. Shivaji anticipated this movement and in a quick dash appeared before Adilshahi forces in the early morning of 28 December 1659. And attacked the enemy. Shivaji charged the center. Other Maratha commanders attacked respective flanks. In a hard battle, Adilshahi forces were scuttled. By afternoon Rustam Zaman had fled the field.

Outcome[edit]

Shivaji gained a large territory and secured front of his emerging empire. Adilshahi forces lost about 2000 horses and 12 elephants to the Marathas. The Marathas under Shivaji Maharaj continued to harass and conquer more Adilshahi territory. In one of the incidences, Shivaji tried to conquer an Adilshahi fort named Khelna but the terrain of the fort was difficult; conquering the fort was easier said than done. The Adilshahi garrison at the fort was also defending the fort valiantly. Then, Shivaji came up with a plan. Accordingly, a group of Marathas went up to the fort and convinced the Adilshahi chief (killedar) at the fort that they were not content with the rule of Shivaji and thus, had come to serve the Adilshah. The Marathas were successful and the next day, they revolted and caused total chaos inside the fort. Simultaneously, Shivaji attacked the fort from outside and in no time captured the fort. Shivaji renamed the fort as Vishalgad.

Casualties[edit]

The total casualties of this battle and also the Battle of Pratapgarh was 7000 on Adilshahi side and 2000 on Maratha side.

References[edit]

  • Grant Duff - History of Marathas
  • S.D.Samant - Vedh Mahamanvacha


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kolhapur — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
6359 videos foundNext > 

Kolhapur : Lady Singham Jyoti Priya Singh IPS

Additional SP of Kolhapur Jyoti Priya Singh initiated a movement to control eye teaser and road romeos in Kolhapur. Residents of Kolhapur now calling her Lad...

Johny Lever - Marathi Airways: Mumbai to Kolhapur............!!!

Masterpiece............!!!!!!

Twin WDG4 Mumbai Kolhapur Koyna Stops Ambale

Twin WDG4 11029 Mumbai Shahu Maharaj Terminus / Kolhapur Koyna express snakes in Ambale. Twin WDG4 KZJ 12615, 12630. Ambale, 41 km from Pune is in Satara dis...

Enjoy the Honking : Hyderabad-Kolhapur Express

14th March 2013.. Hyderabad-Kolhapur Express / 17003 led by GTL WDG3A #13258 blasts past my Yesvantpur bound KSK led by KJM WDP4.. The rake of this train wil...

4x4 Extreme off-road event at kolhapur, drive by Raju Shaikh,

4x4 Extreme off-road event at kolhapur (M S) organised by THE INLANDERS, KOLHAPUR. 1-9 2013, drive by Raju Shaikh,

Johnny Lever Show, Ashdod, Israel, Mumbai to Kolhapur, Kolhapur to Mumbai

The King of Comedy, Johnny Lever performing in Ashdod, Israel. 04-10-2012.

Caught On Camera: Snake Devours Crocodile After 5 Hour Battle

Caught On Camera: Snake Devours Crocodile after 5 Hour Battle SUBSCRIBE: http://bit.ly/Oc61Hj A SNAKE fought, wrestled and then ate a crocodile whole followi...

Special Story : Lover boys in Kolhapur deals with DSP Vaishali

India News : In Kolhapur, Maharashtra, police are working hard and keeping an eye on boys who creates ruckus. Female DSP Vaishali drives motor-bike and chase...

NEW - Khatme Bukhari Shareef by Mufti Ahmed Khanpuri D.B in Kolhapur on 26/06/2012

NEW - Khatme Bukhari Shareef by Mufti Ahmed Khanpuri D.B delivered in Kolhapur on the 26th June 2012.

Kolhapur: toll booths on fire

6359 videos foundNext > 

We're sorry, but there's no news about "Battle of Kolhapur" right now.

Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight