digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

A bass-baritone is a high-lying bass or low-lying "classical" baritone voice type which shares certain qualities with the true baritone voice. The term arose in the late 19th century to describe the particular type of voice required to sing three Wagnerian roles: the Dutchman in Der fliegende Holländer, Wotan/Der Wanderer in the Ring Cycle and Hans Sachs in Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg. Wagner labelled these roles as Hoher Bass ("high bass")—see fach for more details.[1]

The bass-baritone voice is distinguished by two attributes. First, it must be capable of singing comfortably in a baritonal tessitura. Secondly, however, it needs to have the ripely resonant lower range typically associated with the bass voice. For example, the role of Wotan in Die Walküre covers the range from F2 (F at the bottom of the bass clef) to F#4 (F# above middle C), but only infrequently descends beyond C3 (the C below middle C). Bass-baritones are typically divided into two separate categories: lyric bass-baritone and dramatic bass-baritone.[2]

Bass-baritones should not be confused with their vocal cousin—the so-called Verdi baritone. This type of Italianate baritone voice has a brighter tone colour and sings at a slightly higher tessitura than that possessed by the bass-baritone. In addition to the operas of Giuseppe Verdi, its natural home is to be found in operatic music composed after about 1830 by the likes of Donizetti, Ponchielli, Massenet, Puccini and the verismo composers.

The term bass-baritone is roughly synonymous with the Italian vocal classification basso cantante; for example, in the Verdian repertoire, Philip II in Don Carlos is often taken by a bass-baritone, while Ferrando in Il Trovatore is sung by a true bass—though the two roles' ranges are very similar. In Debussy's Pelléas et Mélisande the lower baritone role of Golaud is a bass-baritone, sitting between Pelleas (high baritone) and Arkel (bass).[citation needed] (See under fach for more information.) Much of the oratorio repertoire, from Handel's Messiah to Mendelssohn's Elijah, is best suited to a bass-baritone with the ability to combine a rich, dark tone with a smooth, high-lying cantabile line.[citation needed] Many of the classical Mozart baritone roles such as Don Giovanni, Figaro and Gugliemo—composed before the term "baritone" gained currency—are typically played nowadays by a bass-baritone.[3]

Gilbert and Sullivan's Savoy operas usually featured a comic bass-baritone character, created to make use of D'Oyly Carte company member Richard Temple.

In short: the bass-baritone is a voice that has the resonant low notes of the typical bass allied with the ability to sing in a baritonal tessitura. Colloquially, it refers to a voice with a range and tone somewhere between a bass and a baritone.

The bass-baritone's required range can vary tremendously based on the role, with some less demanding than others. Many bass-baritones have ventured into the baritone repertoire, including (among others) Leopold Demuth, George Baklanov, Rudolf Bockelmann, George London, James Morris and Bryn Terfel.

Repertoire[edit]

The following operatic parts are performed by bass-baritones but more often by high basses:

Core bass-baritone operatic parts:

Bass-baritone parts in Gilbert and Sullivan works:

Other bass-baritone parts:

Prominent operatic bass-baritones[edit]

Other prominent bass-baritones[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stark, James (2003). Bel Canto: A History of Vocal Pedagogy. University of Toronto Press. ISBN 978-0-8020-8614-3. 
  2. ^ McKinney, James (1994). The Diagnosis and Correction of Vocal Faults. Genovex Music Group. ISBN 978-1-56593-940-0. 
  3. ^ Bryn Terfel Opera Repertoire. Harlequin Agency Limited. 2008-06-18. Retrieved 2008-06-18. 

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bass-baritone — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
350110 videos foundNext > 

Der Erlkönig: Franz Schubert, Philippe Sly: Bass-Baritone, Maria Fuller: piano

Produced and directed by Jeremy VanSlyke Recorded by Lauran Jurrius 2011.

Ep. 26- "Baritone Curse"- Voice Lessons To The World

Are you a baritone who yearns to be a tenor? Maybe you feel cursed to never hit the high notes that you've always wanted. In Episode 26, Voice Teacher Justin...

Ask Eric Owens #1: On Being a Bass-Baritone

We invited our Facebook fans to ask bass-baritone Eric Owens a question. Here is his answer to Luis Soriano's question.

2012: Jeremy Kleeman, bass baritone. MasterClass with Jeffrey Black and David Harper.

Bass baritone Jeremy Kleeman participates in a MasterClass with Jeffrey Black and David Harper at the Independent Theatre in North Sydney. The MasterClass is...

Ildebrando D´Arcangelo (Bass-baritone) "Sorge infausta una procella" - Orlando (G.F.Händel)

CD : Handel Arie italiane per Basso Modo Antiquo Federico Maria Sardelli.

Danelectro Longhorn Bass Conversion to Baritone Longhorn

Conversion of a Danelectro Longhorn Bass to a Baritone. Link to the process on my photobucket pics http://s45.photobucket.com/albums/f82/rcboals/Danelectro%2...

Thomas Quasthoff, bass-baritone ("Song to the evening star," Wagner's Tannhauser)

A very nice recording by a very nice voice- sad story. Enjoy. Recorded from radio. Thomas Quasthoff (born November 9, 1959) is a German bass-baritone general...

Andrew Craig Brown, bass-baritone

"Scintille diamant" from Les contes d'Hoffman.

R. Strauss - Allerseelen | Norman Foster, bass-baritone

Excellent American bass baritone Norman Foster sings Richard Strauss' Allerseelen with H. Schmidt at the piano. From an old Orbis-LP.

Bryn Terfel - Bass-Baritone, Part 1

Bing and Dennis speak with Bass-Baritone Bryn Terfel. Classic Talk www.classictalkonline.com.

350110 videos foundNext > 

338 news items

 
Taranaki Daily News
Thu, 21 Aug 2014 09:52:30 -0700

Jonathan Lemalu will give New Plymouth a taste of world-class classical music and be finished in time to watch the footy. The internationally renowned bass baritone opera singer is touring with the New Zealand Symphony Orchestra, but has stopped in New ...
 
Mundelein Review
Wed, 20 Aug 2014 11:11:15 -0700

John Relyea, an American bass baritone, was a commanding figure in vocal power and presence, scoring his arias with zest and skill. His Susanna was the attractive American soprano Lisette Oropesa, who deftly captured the sparkle and intelligence of ...
 
WWNO
Thu, 21 Aug 2014 07:59:39 -0700

WWNO's HASH TAG/TAG LINE contest featuring all NEW buttons. These buttons will look great on you. Come and get one at Culture Collision 6 on August 27! What makes you turn to 89.9? We want to know. AND we want you to share that reason in a tweet...

SGNScoops

SGNScoops
Thu, 21 Aug 2014 11:45:00 -0700

Will Lane on bass, baritone Chad Smith and Wesley Smith singing tenor join Funderburk in Driven, and their combination of traditional quartet vocals is very reminiscent of Cathedral days. “A lot of folks may not know that we have Wesley Smith as our ...

WRTI

WRTI
Mon, 11 Aug 2014 08:45:00 -0700

South-African bass-baritone Musa Ngqungwana, a recent graduate of the Academy of Vocal Arts and a 2013 winner of the Metropolitan Opera National Council Auditions, stands out and already has a busy international performance schedule in the upcoming ...

New York Observer

New York Observer
Wed, 13 Aug 2014 10:09:48 -0700

From the center of the ring, Polyphemus (bass-baritone Douglas Williams) would reach out and grope a dancer, then lick his fingers, and the “abused” dancer would then collapse in a heap upstage. This sequence was disturbing but not really horrific, ...
 
The Doings La Grange
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 11:45:00 -0700

In fact the singers who portray Figaro and Susanna, the couple about to be married, are themselves married. Bass baritone Dan Richardson has been cast as Figaro and his wife soprano Diana Stoic Richardson is the lively Susanna. “Susanna is considered a ...

SFGate

SFGate
Sun, 17 Aug 2014 14:48:40 -0700

Tenor Benjamin Werley brought sweetness and fluidity to the Act 2 opening of Stravinsky's "The Rake's Progress," with bass-baritone Matthew Stump as a darkly imposing Nick Shadow. Soprano Maria Fasciano and baritone Alexander Elliott made a ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Bass-baritone

You can talk about Bass-baritone with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!