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Basilica Julia
Basilica Julia
Basilica Julia
Location Regione VIII Forum Romanum
Built in 46 BC
Built by/for Gaius Julius Caesar
Type of structure Basilica
Related Roman Forum
Basilica Julia is located in Rome
Basilica Julia
Basilica Julia

The Basilica Julia (Italian: Basilica Giulia) was a structure that once stood in the Roman Forum. It was a large, ornate, public building used for meetings and other official business during the early Roman Empire. Its ruins have been excavated. What is left from its classical period are mostly foundations, floors, a small back corner wall with a few arches that are part of both the original building and later Imperial reconstructions and a single column from its first building phase.

The Basilica Julia was built on the site of the earlier Basilica Sempronia (170 BC) along the south side of the Forum, opposite the Basilica Aemilia. It was initially dedicated in 46 BC by Julius Caesar, with building costs paid from the spoils of the Gallic War, and was completed by Augustus, who named the building after his adoptive father.

History and use[edit]

The reconstructed remains of a center column with support. The flaring at the top is the beginning of arches for the bottom tier

The building burned shortly after its completion, but was repaired and rededicated in 12 AD. The Basilica was again reconstructed by the Emperor Diocletian after the fire of 283 AD.

The Basilica housed the civil law courts and tabernae (shops), and provided space for government offices and banking. In the 1st century, it also was used for sessions of the Centumviri (Court of the Hundred), who presided over matters of inheritance. In his Epistles, Pliny the Younger describes the scene as he pleaded for a senatorial lady whose 80-year-old father had disinherited her ten days after taking a new wife.

It was the favorite meeting place of the Roman people. This basilica housed public meeting places and shops, but it was mainly used as a law court. On the pavement of the portico, there are diagrams of games scratched into the white marble. One stone, on the upper tier of the side facing the Curia, is marked with an eight by eight square grid on which games similar to chess or checkers could have been played.

The Basilica Julia was partially destroyed in 410 AD when the Visigoths sacked Rome[1] and the site slowly fell into ruin over the centuries. Part of the remains of the basilica was converted into a church in the 7th or 8th century. The building consists now only of a rectangular area, levelled off and raised about one metre above ground level, with jumbled blocks of stone lying within its area. A row of marble steps runs full length along the side of the basilica facing the Via Sacra, and there is also access from a taller flight of steps (the ground being lower here) at the end of the basilica facing the Temple of Castor and Pollux.

Archaeology and excavation[edit]

The site was excavated by Pietro Rosa in 1850 who reconstructed a single marble column and travertine supports. In 1852 segments of concrete vaulting with stuccowork coffering was unearthed but later destroyed in 1872.[2]


  1. ^ http://sights.seindal.dk/sight/165_Basilica_Julia.html
  2. ^ Claridge, Toms, Cubberley, Amanda, Judith, Tony (March 1998). Rome: an Oxford archaeological guide. Oxford University Press. pp. 89–90. ISBN 978-0-19-288003-1. 

Coordinates: 41°53′31″N 12°29′06″E / 41.891979°N 12.484884°E / 41.891979; 12.484884

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Basilica_Julia — Please support Wikipedia.
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27 news items

La Repubblica

La Repubblica
Wed, 20 Apr 2016 00:18:45 -0700

L'itinerario notturno di circa 75 minuti costeggerà la Basilica Emilia, la basilica Julia, per arrivare al Vicus Iugarius, da cui si gode una spettacolare vista del Tempio di Saturno, con le sue imponenti colonne e, sul fondo, il portico degli Dei ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Thu, 05 Mar 2015 06:33:49 -0800

When the researchers examined the model, they found just a few buildings were clad with marble, including the Temple of Venus and the Basilica Julia. Dr Favro found that when viewed from the street level, however, these buildings were not widely visible.

Luther College News (blog)

Luther College News (blog)
Wed, 04 Feb 2015 08:30:00 -0800

Another student found two very faded wheels scratched onto the steps of the Basilica Julia in the Roman Forum. The most interesting discovery was made by Joshua Nelson, Luther class of 2015, in the museum of the Baths of Diocletian in Rome. A marble ...


Mon, 18 Aug 2014 04:45:09 -0700

Augustus restored or built much of the Forum, including the Basilica Julia, the Senate, the Arch of Augustus and the Temple of Julius Caesar. This was where the Emperor Tiberius gave the funeral speech over Augustus's body before it was taken to his ...


Fri, 20 Apr 2012 04:55:55 -0700

Running along its south side are the now decidedly unimpressive ruins of what was once the splendid Basilica Julia (started by Caesar), home of one of Rome's law courts, plus some government offices. Not much survives beyond the floor and the steps ...

Canadian Architect

Canadian Architect
Tue, 08 Oct 2013 15:41:42 -0700

The afternoon is a slow tour beginning at the Basilica Julia and ending at the Basilica of Constantine and Maxentius. Haldenby knows the name, history and significance of every podium, column and pediment in the Forum. Standing in front of the Curia, ...

Christian Post (blog)

Christian Post (blog)
Sat, 21 Jul 2012 05:18:41 -0700

*Ancient Rome: Palatine hill, Temple of Romulus, Arch of Titus (A.D. 81); Roman forum: Basilica Julia-likely place Paul heard his death sentence after 2 Timothy was written. The foundations of Nero's house are in the forum. His lake is now the Colosseum.

Science Daily (press release)

Science Daily (press release)
Mon, 11 Jun 2007 07:14:17 -0700

Back steps of the Rostra (speaker's platform) in the Roman Forum with columns capped by statues of famous leaders. The Basilica Aemilia is in the background on the left. Back right, the Basilica Julia, first built by Julius Caesar, which housed law courts.

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