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Barrydale
Skyline of Barrydale
Skyline of Barrydale
Barrydale is located in South Africa
Barrydale
Barrydale
 Barrydale shown within South Africa
Coordinates: 33°54′S 20°44′E / 33.900°S 20.733°E / -33.900; 20.733Coordinates: 33°54′S 20°44′E / 33.900°S 20.733°E / -33.900; 20.733
Country South Africa
Province Western Cape
District Overberg
Municipality Swellendam
Established 1882
Area[1]
 • Total 25.77 km2 (9.95 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 4,156
 • Density 160/km2 (420/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[1]
 • Black African 3.6%
 • Coloured 83.3%
 • Indian/Asian 0.4%
 • White 11.9%
 • Other 0.8%
First languages (2011)[1]
 • Afrikaans 90.6%
 • English 6.6%
 • Xhosa 1.1%
 • Other 1.7%
Postal code (street) 6750
PO box 6750
Area code 028

Barrydale is a village located on the border of the Overberg and Klein Karoo regions of the Western Cape Province in South Africa. Named after James Barry, it is situated at the northern end of the Tradouw's pass which winds its way through the mountains to Swellendam.

History[edit]

Barrydale's history dates back to the early 18th century when farmers moved into the area looking for fertile arable land with water. The community built their church on a spot where the R62 and R324 roads meet. In the days before the church was built there were a number of nagmaal houses (houses where Holy Communion could be celebrated) and a school, but not much else. The Dutch Reformed Community of Barrydale came into being in 1878 when land was purchased to build the church.

As the farmers in the area were encouraged to plant vineyards and orchards, it was natural that a winery and distillery would eventually be built. In 1940 the Barrydale Koöperatiewe Wynkelder was formed and a distillery established giving rise to the wine industry in the area. Joseph Barry Brandy, produced locally, was voted best brandy in the world in 2003.

Over the years the village grew and eventually a municipality was established in 1921. Today there is an estimated population of 3500 permanent residents. The population increases dramatically in the tourist season, with visitors drawn by arts and crafts displays including textiles, jewellery and African souvenirs.

Climate[edit]

Barrydale has a temperate climate of warm, dry summers with averages of 25°C occasionally up to 35°C, and mild, wet winters when the temperature occasionally dips to around -1°C accompanied by light frosts.

The warm temperate climate is perfect for the growth of various fruit trees with numerous orchards on the fertile soils of the Tradouw Valley. Apples, pears and oranges are harvested in the winter and crops of apricots, figs, cling peaches and grapes in the summer.

Culture[edit]

The town still shows the legacy of the apartheid era when it was divided in two to separate whites from non-whites, a large proportion of which are direct descendants of the indigenous Khoisan tribe. Barrydale is culturally diverse for a small village with English- and Afrikaans-speaking inhabitants as well as a substantial European expatriate community including French, German, Spanish and Italian residents.

The annual Barrydale Spring Festival in October is an important event on the town's calendar. The Joseph Barry Tradouw Pass Half Marathon attracts a large number of runners who compete over a 21 km course through the pass.

Flora and fauna[edit]

Grootvadersbosch N.R.

Barrydale and the surrounding area is rich in species diversity with abundant wildlife such as baboons, genets, mongooses, Klipspringer (small khaki-coloured antelope often seen perched on rocks), and Rock Hyraxes, known locally as Dassies (the closest relatives of elephants). More elusive animals, such as porcupines, aardvarks, jackals, otters and the reclusive leopards, are occasionally seen in the mountains. Reptiles are common, especially snakes, with a few poisonous species such as Puff Adder, Boomslang (tree snake) and Cape Cobra.

The area is also home to numerous bird species such as the Cape Eagle-owl, Hadeda Ibis, Grey Heron, Sunbird (these often have iridescent plumage), Fiscal Shrike which impales its prey on acacia thorns or barbed wire, and Black Eagles often seen soaring high overhead on the thermals.

The area has many rare plant species, notably the Fynbos flora on the slopes of the Langeberg mountain range in the south, and succulent-dominated Karroid flora to the north. There are many private and State reserves in the area such as the Grootvadersbosch Nature Reserve.

Churches in Barrydale[edit]

Like in many other South African cities and villages there are church buildings of different denominations.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Main Place Barrydale". Census 2011. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barrydale — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

4 news items

Independent Online

Independent Online
Tue, 30 Sep 2014 09:08:12 -0700

The route passed through a multi-textured patchwork of little farming villages, including Calitzdorp, Barrydale, Montagu, Bonnievale and the historic mission station communities of Zoar and Amalienstein. For these remote communities, the route afforded ...

Independent Online

Eyewitness News
Sat, 27 Sep 2014 05:18:35 -0700

FILE: It took more than 40 firefighters to contain the blaze that spread between Swellendam and Barrydale. Picture: via twitter. Email; Print; Tweet. Natalie Malgas | 16 hours ago. CAPE TOWN – Fire and Disaster Management teams have contained the blaze ...
 
The New Age Online
Fri, 26 Sep 2014 10:26:15 -0700

Sep 26 2014 7:21PM. Fire fight in Cape overberg scaled back. Fire fight in Cape overberg scaled back. Efforts to put out a fire that broke out in the mountains between Swellendam and Barrydale in the Western Cape had to be scaled back on Friday because ...
 
AllAfrica.com
Fri, 12 Sep 2014 02:33:45 -0700

"We have outreach classes at farm schools in Montagu, Ashton and in Barrydale. We also have programmes running in Delft, Khayelitsha, Langa and Gugulethu. To subsidize the training of these children costs a lot of money. We have to raise R4million a ...
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