The Banu Tamim tribe (Arabic: بنو تميم), also known as the Bani Tamim tribe, are one of the main tribes of Arabia. Tamim, the ancestor of the tribe, is a direct descendant of Adnan and is thus considered an Ishmaelite tribe descending from Ishmael son of Abraham.
Today, descendants from the tribe live in the Arabian Peninsula and neighboring countries such as, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iraq, Jordan, Syria, Qatar, Oman, Bahrain, United Arab Emirates, Iran, Lebanon & Palestine. The word Tamim in Arabic means strong and solid. It also means Perfection
Among the tribe's members are:
- Abdul Aziz bin Hars bin Asad Yemeni Tamimi, (816-944), famous Sufi of Junaidia order
- Abu Al Fazal Abdul Wahid Yemeni Tamimi, (842-1034), famous Sufi of Junaidia order
- Munzir ibn Sawa Al Tamimi - ruler of eastern parts of archaic middle east who converted to Islam
- Aghlabids - Dynasty established by Ibrahim I, emirs of Ifriqiya and Sicily from 800-909.
- Jarīr - classical Arab poet
- Ahnaf ibn Qais - a Muslim general who lived during the time of Muhammad
- Khabbab ibn al-Aratt - Sahabi; companion of Muhammad
- Al-Qa'qa'a ibn Amr at-Tamim i - A general who commanded an army from his tribe and helped conquer Persia under Caliph Umar.
- Ali al-Tamimi - American Islamic Scholar and Biologist
- Al-Maziri - 12th century CE Tunisian scholar of the Maliki school.
- Muhammed ibn Umail al-Tamimi
- Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab - Muslim preacher.
- Muhammad Ibn al 'Uthaymīn (d. 2001 C.E.) - Saudi Arabian sheikh and Muslim preacher
- House of Thani
- Abdur-Rahman ibn Nasir as-Sa'di
- Mohamed bin Abdulrahman Al-Fakhro
Lineage & Branches
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (December 2014)|
Banu Tamim are an Adnanite tribe which means they descend from Ishmael through Adnan. Banu Tamim trace their line through as follows:
- Adnan (عدنان)
- Ma'ad (معد)
- Nizar ibn Ma'ad (نزار)
- Mudar ibn Nizar (مضر)
- Ilyas ibn Mudar (إلياس)
Banu Tamim are an extremely large tribe, with four major branches that differentiate them:
- Amr bin Tamim
They were mostly localized in Najd (Saudi Arabia) in Pre-Islamic times, but have then expanded to all corners of the Arabian Peninsula in pursuit of the Islamic Conquests. Stretching from Morocco to Persia and further to India. The Banu Tamim often hold genealogy in high regard, carefully recording birth and family data (especially in the Arabian Peninsula). Iraqi biradri of India claim to be descendants of Tamimis who migrated to Sindh during Arab Conquest of Sindh.
- The Aghlabid dynasty
- The Al Thani, ruling family of Qatar. (See House of Thani)
- The Al ash-Sheikh family of the Grand Muftis of the Emirate of Diriyah, then the Emirate of Najd and now modern day Saudi Arabia
- From Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal ; "do not say of Bani Tamim anything but good, for indeed they are the severest of people in attacking the Dajjaal (Anti Christ)."
- In a Hadith collected in both Sahih al Bukhari and Sahih Musim Abu Hurairah said "I have loved the people of the tribe of Banu Tamim, ever since I heard three things the Messenger of Allah -peace be upon him- said about them. I heard him saying: "these people (of the tribe of Banu Tamim) would stand firm against the Dajjaal (Anti Christ)." When the Saddaqat (Donations for Charity in Islam) from that tribe came, the Messenger of Allah -peace be upon him- said: "these are the Saddaqat (charitable gifts) of my folk." A'ishah had a slave girl from that tribe, and the Prophet said to A'ishah, "Manumit her as she is a descendant of Ismaa'eel, peace be upon him."
- Kister, M. J (November 1965). "Mecca and Tamīm (Aspects of Their Relations)". Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 8 (2): 113–163. doi:10.2307/3595962. JSTOR 3595962.
- USC-MSA Compendium of Muslim Texts
- أستاذي:الشيخ محمد الصالح العثيمين
- ^a b c d e f g h i "Sheikh Tamim's biography". Qatar News Agency. Retrieved 25 June 2013.