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For the district, see Bannu District.
A street in Bannu
A street in Bannu
Bannu is located in Pakistan
Coordinates: 32°59′10″N 70°36′15″E / 32.98611°N 70.60417°E / 32.98611; 70.60417Coordinates: 32°59′10″N 70°36′15″E / 32.98611°N 70.60417°E / 32.98611; 70.60417
Country Pakistan Pakistan
Province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
District Bannu

Bannu (Urdu: بنوں‎; Pashto: بنو‎ [ˈbanu]; local Pashto dialect: Bana or Banigul) is the principal city of the Bannu District in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Although Bannu is an ancient city, the present location of downtown Bannu was founded by Herbert Benjamin Edwardes in 1848, and was formerly called Edwardesabad and Dhulipnagar. Bannu lies in the northwest corner of the district, in the valley of the Kurram River. Bannu was once a British military base used for action against Afghan border tribes.[1] The town is located 1 mile (1.6 km) south of the Kurram River, east of Khost Province, Afghanistan, (35 km) east of North and South Waziristan, 79 miles (127 km) south of Kohat, 27 km north of Serai Naurang,[2] and 89 miles (143 km) north of Dera Ismail Khan.

Inhabitants of Bannu are known as Bannuchi,[3] and speak a specific dialect of Pashto. Urdu and the Saraiki dialect of Punjabi are also spoken.


Sheri Khan Tarakai refers to the ruins of an ancient settlement that was occupied near present-day Bannu from the late fifth until the early third millennium, BC.[4]

Bannu was noted by the Sanskrit grammarian Pāṇini as the "historical country of Varnu". The Chinese pilgrim, Hsüan-tsang visited Bannu and Jaguda, Ghazni, while crossing the lands of O-po-kien (Afghans i.e. Pashtuns).

According to Avestan Vendidad, Varəna is one the sixteen perfect lands created by Ahura Mazda and it is also associated with Bannu.[5]

British Raj era[edit]

Bannu formed the base of operations for all punitive expeditions undertaken by troops of the British empire to the Tochi Valley and the Waziristan frontier. A military road led from the town of Bannu toward Dera Ismail Khan.[1] This road was built by military engineers under the supervision of a Bannu engineer, Ram N. Mullick. Mullick, graduated from Banaras Engineering College[6] and served in Iraq and Lahore before the independence of Pakistan in 1947 as an expert in heavy earth-moving equipment.

The Imperial British Gazetteer described Bannu thus:

[The population in 1901 was] 14,291, including cantonment and civil lines (4,349). It was founded in 1848 by Lieutenant (afterwards Sir Herbert) Edward, who is also in Twilight, who selected the site for political reasons. The fort, erected at the same time, bore the name of Dhulipgarh (Dalipgarh), in honour of the Maharaja of Lahore; and the bazar was also known as Dhulipnagar (Dalipnagar). A town gradually grew up around the bazar, and many Hindko speaking Hindu traders moved there from Bazar Ahmad Khan, which had formed the commercial center of the Bannu valley prior to annexation. The Church Missionary Society supports a small church and a high school founded in 1865. The cantonment centers in the fort of Dhulipgarh. Its garrison consists of a mountain battery, a regiment of native cavalry, and two regiments of infantry. The municipality was constituted in 1867.

The municipal receipts and expenditure during the ten years ending 1903-1904 averaged Rs. 46,000. In 1903-1904 the income was Rs. 47,000 chiefly derived from octroi; and the expenditure was Rs. 55,000. The receipts and expenditure of cantonment funds during the ten years ending 1902–3 averaged Rs. 4,200 and Rs. 3,700. The profuse irrigation and insufficient drainage of the surrounding fields render Bannu an unhealthy station. The town has a considerable trade, including fish guts and butts. Also, embracing the whole traffic in local produce of the Bannu valley. The nearest railway station is at Kohat on the Khushalgarh-Thal branch of the North-Western Railway, 79 miles distant by road. A weekly fair collects an average number of 8,000 buyers and sellers. The chief articles of trade are cloth, live-stock, wool, cotton, tobacco and grain. Bannu possesses a dispensary and two high schools, a public library and a town hall known as the Nicholson Memorial.[7]


  1. ^ a b  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bannu". Encyclopædia Britannica 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  2. ^ "Information about Serai Naurang, Lakki Marwat". 
  3. ^ Bannu; or our Afghan Frontier. S.S. Thorbourne, 1883. Trűbner & Co., London, pp. 3, 5.
  4. ^ Petrie, C.A., Thomas, K.D. & Morris, J.C. 2010. Chronology of Sheri Khan Tarakai, in Petrie, C.A. (ed.).Sheri Khan Tarakai and early village life in the borderlands of north-west Pakistan, Bannu Archaeological Project Monographs – Volume 1, Oxbow Books, Oxford: 343–352.
  5. ^ Michael Witzel, "The Home of the Aryans"
  6. ^ http://www.itbhuglobal.org/dev-chronicle/archives/2008/04/early_pioneers.php
  7. ^ "Bannu Town – Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 6, p. 02". Dsal.uchicago.edu. Retrieved 17 June 2013. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bannu — Please support Wikipedia.
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Daily Times
Fri, 06 Mar 2015 01:00:00 -0800

BANNU: Security forces have arrested a terrorist of proscribed Tehreek-e-Taliban from Sarai Norang area of Bannu along with a cache of arms, three fake passports and 100 CNICs. According to the ISPR, Sargana Rasool Khan was involved in many terror ...
Mon, 09 Mar 2015 18:07:17 -0700

LAHORE: The Crime Investigation Agency, with the help of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa police, recovered a child kidnapped for ransom from Bannu, arresting three men allegedly involved in the crime. Four-and-a-half years old Muhammad Ibrahim of Gulburg was ...

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Fri, 27 Mar 2015 21:52:30 -0700

A religious scholar in Nowshera and an intelligence agency official in Bannu were gunned down by unidentified assailants in two separate incidents Friday evening. Maulana Amir Hamza, an administrator of Nowshera's famous Taqwa Mosque and a senior ...

The Express Tribune

Fri, 27 Mar 2015 18:52:30 -0700

He reiterated that the chief minister took stern action against the officers of the provincial service for their negligence after the Bannu and Dera Ismail Khan jailbreak incidents, while officers of the federal service were only repatriated. Awami ...
The Express Tribune
Thu, 26 Mar 2015 11:11:15 -0700

LAKKI MARWAT / BANNU: Residents of Lakki Marwat and Bannu protested against prolonged power outages on Thursday. Activists from Jamaat-e-Islami, Awami National Party, trader unions and other socio-political organisations took to the streets against ...
Fri, 27 Mar 2015 18:52:30 -0700

Dr Khaki cited the example of 2006 when the then chief minister and people in Bannu, Mardan, Karak, Charsadda and parts of Peshawar celebrated Eidul Fitr on Oct 23 in accordance with the declaration of provincial Ruet committee. However, Maulana Fazl ...
The Nation
Fri, 27 Mar 2015 19:03:45 -0700

LAKKI MARWAT - The Anti Corruption Establishment Lakki Marwat has tightened noose around absent government employees, making recoveries of over one million rupees from the employees of education department and municipal committee for absent ...

Customs Today Newspaper

Customs Today Newspaper
Fri, 27 Mar 2015 01:03:45 -0700

Karak Block was granted to MPCL on April 14, 2005 over an area of 2,335 square km located in Karak, Lakki Marwat and Bannu Districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Mianwali District of Punjab. MPCL holds 60pc working interest as an operator, while MOL ...

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