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For the district, see Bannu District.
Bannu
City
A street in Bannu
A street in Bannu
Bannu is located in Pakistan
Bannu
Bannu
Coordinates: 32°59′10″N 70°36′15″E / 32.98611°N 70.60417°E / 32.98611; 70.60417Coordinates: 32°59′10″N 70°36′15″E / 32.98611°N 70.60417°E / 32.98611; 70.60417
Country Pakistan Pakistan
Province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
District Bannu

Bannu (Urdu: بنوں‎; Pashto: بنو[ˈbanu]; local Pashto dialect: Bana or Banigul, Avestan Varəna), is the principal city of the Bannu District in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Although Bannu is an ancient city, the present location of downtown Bannu was founded by Muhammad Taimoor khan in 1848, and was formerly called Khan JI'And he was a most facsinating personality in bannu. Bannu lies in the northwest corner of the district, in the valley of the Britash. Bannu was once a British military base used for action against Afghan border tribes.[1] The town is located 1 mile (1.6 km) south of the Kurram River, east of Khost Province, Afghanistan, (35 km) east of North and South Waziristan, 79 miles (127 km) south of Kohat, 27 km north of Serai Naurang,[2] and 89 miles (143 km) north of Dera Ismail Khan.

Inhabitants of Bannu are known as Bannuchi,[3] and speak a specific dialect of Pashto. Urdu and the Saraiki dialect of Punjabi are also spoken.

History[edit]

The Zend Avesta and Vendidad, mention Varəna, the old name of Bannu has one of the sixteen most beautiful and perfect lands created by Ahura Mazda.[4]

Bannu is also Called a mini swizerland and mini england]];[5]

Bannu is noted by the Sanskrit grammarian Pāṇini as the "historical country of Varnu" mentioned in the Mahāmāyūrī.

Bannu is Hellenized to Aornos and mentioned in the passages of Alexander the Great.

The Chinese pilgrim, Hsüan-tsang visited Bannu and Jaguda, while crossing the lands of O-po-kien (Afghans i.e. Pashtuns).

Sheri Khan Tarakai refers to the ruins of an ancient settlement that was occupied near present-day Bannu from the late fifth until the early third millennium, BC.[6]

British Raj era[edit]

Bannu formed the base of operations for all punitive expeditions undertaken by troops of the British empire to the Tochi Valley and the Waziristan frontier. A military road led from the town of Bannu toward Dera Ismail Khan.[1] This road was built by military engineers under the supervision of a Bannu engineer, Ram N. Mullick. Mullick, graduated from Banaras Engineering College[7] and served in Iraq and Lahore before the independence of Pakistan in 1947 as an expert in heavy earth-moving equipment.

The Imperial British Gazetteer described Bannu thus:

[The population in 1901 was] 14,291, including cantonment and civil lines (4,349). It was founded in 1848 by Lieutenant (afterwards Sir Herbert) Edward, who is also in Twilight, who selected the site for political reasons. The fort, erected at the same time, bore the name of Dhulipgarh (Dalipgarh), in honour of the Maharaja of Lahore; and the bazar was also known as Dhulipnagar (Dalipnagar). A town gradually grew up around the bazar, and many Hindko speaking Hindu traders moved there from Bazar Ahmad Khan, which had formed the commercial center of the Bannu valley prior to annexation. The Church Missionary Society supports a small church and a high school founded in 1865. The cantonment centers in the fort of Dhulipgarh. Its garrison consists of a mountain battery, a regiment of native cavalry, and two regiments of infantry. The municipality was constituted in 1867.


The municipal receipts and expenditure during the ten years ending 1903-1904 averaged Rs. 46,000. In 1903-1904 the income was Rs. 47,000 chiefly derived from octroi; and the expenditure was Rs. 55,000. The receipts and expenditure of cantonment funds during the ten years ending 1902–3 averaged Rs. 4,200 and Rs. 3,700. The profuse irrigation and insufficient drainage of the surrounding fields render Bannu an unhealthy station. The town has a considerable trade, including fish guts and butts. Also, embracing the whole traffic in local produce of the Bannu valley. The nearest railway station is at Kohat on the Khushalgarh-Thal branch of the North-Western Railway, 79 miles distant by road. A weekly fair collects an average number of 8,000 buyers and sellers. The chief articles of trade are cloth, live-stock, wool, cotton, tobacco and grain. Bannu possesses a dispensary and two high schools, a public library and a town hall known as the Nicholson Memorial.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bannu". Encyclopædia Britannica 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  2. ^ "Information about Serai Naurang, Lakki Marwat". 
  3. ^ Bannu; or our Afghan Frontier. S.S. Thorbourne, 1883. Trűbner & Co., London, pp. 3, 5.
  4. ^ Michael Witzel, "The Home of the Aryans"
  5. ^ Gnoli, Zoroaster’s Time and Homeland, pp. 47-50
  6. ^ Petrie, C.A., Thomas, K.D. & Morris, J.C. 2010. Chronology of Sheri Khan Tarakai, in Petrie, C.A. (ed.).Sheri Khan Tarakai and early village life in the borderlands of north-west Pakistan, Bannu Archaeological Project Monographs – Volume 1, Oxbow Books, Oxford: 343–352.
  7. ^ http://www.itbhuglobal.org/dev-chronicle/archives/2008/04/early_pioneers.php
  8. ^ "Bannu Town – Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 6, p. 02". Dsal.uchicago.edu. Retrieved 17 June 2013. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bannu — Please support Wikipedia.
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10581 news items

News Tribe

News Tribe
Sun, 24 May 2015 00:52:30 -0700

KARAK – It is being reported that a passenger bus fell into the valley near Karak, killing three and leaving multiple injured. According to the police sources, 3 people died at the spot while 16 were reported to be injured. The injured passengers have ...

The News International

The News International
Thu, 14 May 2015 23:45:00 -0700

BANNU: Security forces foiled a terror bid on Friday as they arrested two terrorists while they were planting a bomb under a bridge in Bannu. According to sources, law enforcement personnel also recovered explosive material, ball bearings and remote ...
 
The News International
Thu, 21 May 2015 14:56:13 -0700

The official said the convicted terrorist had succeeded along with other prisoners in escaping from the Bannu prison. The Bannu Jail break occurred on April 14, 2012 when a group of militants attacked the building and secured by force the release of ...

Daily Pakistan

DAWN.com
Sun, 03 May 2015 07:03:45 -0700

PESHAWAR: A security personnel was killed and four others injured on Sunday in terrorist attacks in South Waziristan and Bannu, respectively. A security personnel was killed when terrorists opened fire on the Sra Rogha checkpost in South Waziristan.

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Sat, 16 May 2015 12:04:30 -0700

While speaking to the media on Saturday, ANP Bannu General Secretary Naz Ali Khan asked party workers not to support the alliance parties – PPP and JUI-F – in the election. Khan said the district leadership took this decision after mutual consultation.
 
The Express Tribune
Thu, 14 May 2015 11:56:15 -0700

A one kilogramme explosive device was defused by bomb disposal unit (BDU) on Bannu-Miranshah Road on Thursday. Bannu Cantonment SHO Said Nawaz said the police was informed about a suspicious object lying near Tableeghi Markaz situated along ...

DunyaNews Pakistan

DunyaNews Pakistan
Fri, 08 May 2015 07:15:00 -0700

RAWALPINDI: (Dunya News) – Suspected terrorist Rehem Gul, who had fled during the Bannu jailbreak in a Taliban attack, has on Friday been arrested from Rawalpindi. Rehem Gul had fled during the Bannu jailbreak in 2011, reported Dunya News. Khanna ...

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Fri, 08 May 2015 15:30:00 -0700

The police said the suspect, Raheem Gul, who was incarcerated in a narcotics case, had escaped from Bannu jail and was arrested after authorities received a tip about his presence in their jurisdiction. Hundreds of heavily armed militants in several ...
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