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For the district, see Bannu District.
A street in Bannu
A street in Bannu
Bannu is located in Pakistan
Coordinates: 32°59′10″N 70°36′15″E / 32.98611°N 70.60417°E / 32.98611; 70.60417Coordinates: 32°59′10″N 70°36′15″E / 32.98611°N 70.60417°E / 32.98611; 70.60417
Country Pakistan Pakistan
Province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
District Bannu

Bannu (Urdu: بنوں‎; Pashto: بنو[ˈbanu]; local Pashto dialect: Bana or Banigul, Avestan Varəna), is the principal city of the Bannu District in southern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Bannu was once a British military base used for action against Afghan border tribes.[1]

Inhabitants of Bannu are known as Banuchi,[2] and speak a specific dialect of Pashto.


The Avesta and Vendidad mention Varəna, the old name of Bannu has one of the sixteen most beautiful and perfect lands created by Ahura Mazda.[3]

Bannu is noted by the Sanskrit grammarian Pāṇini as the "historical country of Varnu" mentioned in the Mahāmāyūrī.[citation needed]

In 602 CE, the Chinese pilgrim Xuanzang travelled to Varnu.[citation needed]

Bannu is Hellenized to Aornos and mentioned in the passages of Alexander the Great.[citation needed]

Sheri Khan Tarakai refers to the ruins of an ancient settlement that was occupied near present-day Bannu from the late fifth until the early third millennium, BC.[4]

British Raj era[edit]

Bannu formed the base of operations for all punitive expeditions undertaken by troops of the British empire to the Tochi Valley and the Waziristan frontier. A military road led from the town of Bannu toward Dera Ismail Khan.[1] This road was built by military engineers under the supervision of a Bannu engineer, Ram N. Mullick. Mullick, graduated from Banaras Engineering College[5] and served in Iraq and Lahore before the independence of Pakistan in 1947 as an expert in heavy earth-moving equipment.

The Imperial British Gazetteer described Bannu thus:

[The population in 1901 was] 14,291, including cantonment and civil lines (4,349). It was founded in 1848 by Lieutenant (afterwards Sir Herbert) Edward, who selected the site for political reasons. The fort, erected at the same time, bore the name of Dhulipgarh (Dalipgarh), in honour of the Maharaja of Lahore; and the bazar was also known as Dhulipnagar (Dalipnagar). A town gradually grew up around the bazar, and many Hindko speaking Hindu traders moved there from Bazar Ahmad Khan, which had formed the commercial center of the Bannu valley prior to annexation. The Church Missionary Society supports a small church and a high school founded in 1865. The cantonment centers in the fort of Dhulipgarh. Its garrison consists of a mountain battery, a regiment of native cavalry, and two regiments of infantry. The municipality was constituted in 1867.

The municipal receipts and expenditure during the ten years ending 1903-1904 averaged Rs. 46,000. In 1903-1904 the income was Rs. 47,000 chiefly derived from octroi; and the expenditure was Rs. 55,000. The receipts and expenditure of cantonment funds during the ten years ending 1902–3 averaged Rs. 4,200 and Rs. 3,700. The profuse irrigation and insufficient drainage of the surrounding fields render Bannu an unhealthy station. The town has a considerable trade, including fish guts and butts. Also, embracing the whole traffic in local produce of the Bannu valley. The nearest railway station is at Kohat on the Khushalgarh-Thal branch of the North-Western Railway, 79 miles distant by road. A weekly fair collects an average number of 8,000 buyers and sellers. The chief articles of trade are cloth, live-stock, wool, cotton, tobacco and grain. Bannu possesses a dispensary and two high schools, a public library and a town hall known as the Nicholson Memorial.[6]


  1. ^ a b Wikisource-logo.svg Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bannu". Encyclopædia Britannica 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  2. ^ Bannu; or our Afghan Frontier. S.S. Thorbourne, 1883. Trűbner & Co., London, pp. 3, 5.
  3. ^ http://www.people.fas.harvard.edu/~witzel/AryanHome.pdf Michael Witzel, "The Home of the Aryans"]
  4. ^ Petrie, C.A., Thomas, K.D. & Morris, J.C. 2010. Chronology of Sheri Khan Tarakai, in Petrie, C.A. (ed.).Sheri Khan Tarakai and early village life in the borderlands of north-west Pakistan, Bannu Archaeological Project Monographs – Volume 1, Oxbow Books, Oxford: 343–352.
  5. ^ http://www.itbhuglobal.org/dev-chronicle/archives/2008/04/early_pioneers.php
  6. ^ "Bannu Town – Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 6, p. 02". Dsal.uchicago.edu. Retrieved 17 June 2013. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bannu — Please support Wikipedia.
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12708 news items

The Nation
Sun, 01 May 2016 18:18:45 -0700

PESHAWAR - Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif will visit district Bannu on Tuesday to inaugurate various development projects during his second public meeting in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa within a week. Being a joint show of power mainly by the JUI-F and PML-N, ...
The Express Tribune
Tue, 26 Apr 2016 11:56:15 -0700

At least two bullet-riddled bodies were found from a field within the jurisdiction of Mandan police station in Bannu on Tuesday. Meta Khel tehsil councillor Muhammad Israr Jan told the police his 23-year-old nephew Muhammad Waseem and his friend were ...
The Express Tribune
Thu, 07 Apr 2016 15:58:43 -0700

PESHAWAR: A child was diagnosed with polio in Bannu district, raising the total number of reported cases to eight in Pakistan in the first quarter of 2016. National Institute of Health Islamabad confirmed the new case from Bannu. With the case in Bannu ...

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Mon, 04 Apr 2016 15:28:14 -0700

Following military operations against militants in North Waziristan Agency, at least 85,000 families fled to Bannu district; 2,654 families in settlements in just Bannu tehsil alone. The district's economy, essential services, infrastructure as well as ...
The News International
Tue, 05 Apr 2016 17:03:03 -0700

BANNU: Five persons, including a cop, were killed in separate incidents in the district on Tuesday, official sources said.One Nawab Ali reported to the police that his brother Ghaffar Ali, 45, was on his way in the limits of Ghuriwala Police Station ...

Daily Excelsior

Daily Excelsior
Wed, 06 Apr 2016 14:33:45 -0700

Admirably directed by young academically trained theatre director Ifra Kak, the story of the play revolved around one Bannu who is in love with married women Sanno, and wants to marry her. Notwithstanding his immoral resolve, a 'Baba' takes up his ...
The News International
Thu, 07 Apr 2016 17:16:47 -0700

BANNU: The Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam-Fazl (JUI-F) and its allies won the election for the district and tehsil council held here Thursday. The Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) boycotted the exercise following mismanagement and physical fight between the ...

Toronto Star

Toronto Star
Sun, 01 May 2016 11:00:00 -0700

Toorpakai is privately funding a hospital — now partly built — in Bannu, a town in northwest Pakistan. Drawing on her tournament winnings, she hopes especially to help local women and children amidst an ongoing Pakistani forces operation against ...

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