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A street in Bannu
A street in Bannu
Bannu is located in Pakistan
Coordinates: 32°59′10″N 70°36′15″E / 32.98611°N 70.60417°E / 32.98611; 70.60417Coordinates: 32°59′10″N 70°36′15″E / 32.98611°N 70.60417°E / 32.98611; 70.60417
Country Pakistan Pakistan
Province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
District Bannu

Bannu (Urdu: بنوں‎; Pashto: بنو‎ [ˈbanu]; local Pashto dialect: Bana or Banigul) is the principal city of the Bannu District in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Although Bannu is an ancient city, the present location of downtown Bannu was founded by Herbert Benjamin Edwardes in 1848, and was formerly called Edwardesabad and Dhulipnagar. Bannu lies in the north-west corner of the district, in the valley of the Kurram River and was once a British military base, used for action against Afghan border tribes.[1] The town is located 1 mile (1.6 km) south of the Kurram river, east of Khost Province, Afghanistan, (35 km) east of North and South Waziristan, 79 miles (127 km) south of Kohat, 27 km north of Serai Naurang,[2] and 89 miles (143 km) north of Dera Ismail Khan.

Inhabitants of Bannu are known as Bannuchi and speak a specific dialect of Pashto language. The Saraiki dialect of Punjabi Language and the national language Urdu are also spoken.


Sheri Khan Tarakai has ruins of an ancient settlement which was occupied from the late fifth until the early third millennium, BC.[3] This date range indicates that the occupation at Sheri Khan Tarakai was also contemporaneous with several other important early village sites in Afghanistan and western Pakistan, including Mehrgarh.

Bannu was noted by the Sanskrit grammarian Pāṇini as the "historical country of Varnu". The Chinese pilgrim, Hsüan-tsang visited Bannu and Jaguda, Ghazni, while crossing the lands of O-po-kien (Afghans i.e. Pashtuns).

According to Avestan Vendidad, Varəna is one the sixteen perfect lands created by Ahura Mazda and it is also associated with Bannu.[4]

British Raj Era[edit]

Bannu formed the base of operations for all punitive expeditions undertaken by troops of the British empire to the Tochi Valley and the Waziristan frontier. A military road led from the Bannu town toward Dera Ismail Khan[1] This was built by military engineers under the supervision of a Bannu Engineer named Ram N. Mullick who graduated from Banaras Engineering College.[5] Mr. Mullick served in Iraq and Lahore before the Partition of India as an expert in heavy earth moving equipment. Mr. Mullick moved to New Delhi after the Partition of India.

The Imperial British Gazetteer described Bannu thus:

[The population in 1901 was] 14,291, including cantonment and civil lines (4,349). It was founded in 1848 by Lieutenant (afterwards Sir Herbert) Edward, who is also in Twilight, who selected the site for political reasons. The fort, erected at the same time, bore the name of Dhulipgarh (Dalipgarh), in honour of the Maharaja of Lahore; and the bazar was also known as Dhulipnagar (Dalipnagar). A town gradually grew up around the bazar, and many Hindko speaking Hindu traders moved there from Bazar Ahmad Khan, which had formed the commercial center of the Bannu valley prior to annexation. The Church Missionary Society supports a small church and a high school founded in 1865. The cantonment centers in the fort of Dhulipgarh. Its garrison consists of a mountain battery, a regiment of native cavalry, and two regiments of infantry. The municipality was constituted in 1867.

The municipal receipts and expenditure during the ten years ending 1903-1904 averaged Rs. 46,000. In 1903-1904 the income was Rs. 47,000 chiefly derived from octroi; and the expenditure was Rs. 55,000. The receipts and expenditure of cantonment funds during the ten years ending 1902–3 averaged Rs. 4,200 and Rs. 3,700. The profuse irrigation and insufficient drainage of the surrounding fields render Bannu an unhealthy station. The town has a considerable trade, including fish guts and butts. Also, embracing the whole traffic in local produce of the Bannu valley. The nearest railway station is at Kohat on the Khushalgarh-Thal branch of the North-Western Railway, 79 miles distant by road. A weekly fair collects an average number of 8,000 buyers and sellers. The chief articles of trade are cloth, live-stock, wool, cotton, tobacco and grain. Bannu possesses a dispensary and two high schools, a public library and a town hall known as the Nicholson Memorial.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bannu". Encyclopædia Britannica 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  2. ^ "Information about Serai Naurang, Lakki Marwat". 
  3. ^ Petrie, C.A., Thomas, K.D. & Morris, J.C. 2010. Chronology of Sheri Khan Tarakai, in Petrie, C.A. (ed.).Sheri Khan Tarakai and early village life in the borderlands of north-west Pakistan, Bannu Archaeological Project Monographs – Volume 1, Oxbow Books, Oxford: 343–352.
  4. ^ Michael Witzel, "The Home of the Aryans"
  5. ^ April,2008 issue[dead link]
  6. ^ "Bannu Town – Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 6, p. 02". Dsal.uchicago.edu. Retrieved 17 June 2013. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bannu — Please support Wikipedia.
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341 news items

The Express Tribune

The News International
Fri, 04 Apr 2014 13:48:45 -0700

From Print Edition. BANNU: Seven persons, including a woman, were killed and three others sustained injuries when two rival groups exchanged gunfire over a property dispute in Sheikhan village in the limits of Saddar Police Station on Friday, sources said.


The News International
Sun, 30 Mar 2014 14:22:30 -0700

BANNU: A suspected militant was killed in an encounter with the police here on Sunday, a police official said. Deputy Superintendent of Police (Headquarters) Sanaullah Khan told reporters that the encounter took place in the limits of Ghauriwala Police ...

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Wed, 09 Apr 2014 23:30:07 -0700

Residents mentioned that government officials failed to reach remote areas in the district despite there being a lapse of five days in extending relief to the affected families. On the other hand, Bannu Commissioner Sayed Mohsin Shah said they were ...

Geo News, Pakistan

Geo News, Pakistan
Sat, 29 Mar 2014 15:18:45 -0700

BANNU: A major terror bid was prevented here after police found out that an outlaw that they had shot dead in an encounter was a terrorist belonging to a banned outfit, Geo News reported. District Police Officer (DPO) Haji Mohammad Iqbal told Geo News ...

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Mon, 31 Mar 2014 21:23:48 -0700

A female polio worker was gunned down by two armed men on a motorcycle in the cantonment area of Bannu on Monday. The shooting occurred at around 8:30 in the morning, according to Deputy Superintendent of Police Sanaullah Khan Marwat.

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Fri, 04 Apr 2014 07:27:30 -0700

BANNU: A property dispute turned violent, leaving nine people dead and four others injured on Friday, Express News reported. The dispute was reportedly between two cousins. Last month, three siblings were murdered while they were sleeping at their home ...

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Wed, 26 Mar 2014 21:41:15 -0700

BANNU: For the past 20 days, the students of University of Science and Technology Bannu have not seen the inside of a classroom. Not a single lecture has been delivered during these days. The reason behind this anomaly is that the teachers of the ...

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Fri, 28 Mar 2014 22:54:03 -0700

A team of officials from the Governor House and Higher Education Department (HED) went to Bannu on Friday to convince protesters to call off the strike, which has led to the closure of University of Science and Technology, Bannu, for over 20 days. More ...

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