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For the district, see Bannu District.
Bannu
City
A street in Bannu
A street in Bannu
Bannu is located in Pakistan
Bannu
Bannu
Coordinates: 32°59′10″N 70°36′15″E / 32.98611°N 70.60417°E / 32.98611; 70.60417Coordinates: 32°59′10″N 70°36′15″E / 32.98611°N 70.60417°E / 32.98611; 70.60417
Country Pakistan Pakistan
Province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
District Bannu

Bannu (Urdu: بنوں‎; Pashto: بنو‎ [ˈbanu]; local Pashto dialect: Bana or Banigul) is the principal city of the Bannu District in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Although Bannu is an ancient city, the present location of downtown Bannu was founded by Herbert Benjamin Edwardes in 1848, and was formerly called Edwardesabad and Dhulipnagar. Bannu lies in the northwest corner of the district, in the valley of the Kurram River. Bannu was once a British military base used for action against Afghan border tribes.[1] The town is located 1 mile (1.6 km) south of the Kurram River, east of Khost Province, Afghanistan, (35 km) east of North and South Waziristan, 79 miles (127 km) south of Kohat, 27 km north of Serai Naurang,[2] and 89 miles (143 km) north of Dera Ismail Khan.

Inhabitants of Bannu are known as Bannuchi,[3] and speak a specific dialect of Pashto. Urdu and the Saraiki dialect of Punjabi are also spoken.

History[edit]

Sheri Khan Tarakai refers to the ruins of an ancient settlement that was occupied near present-day Bannu from the late fifth until the early third millennium, BC.[4]

Bannu was noted by the Sanskrit grammarian Pāṇini as the "historical country of Varnu". The Chinese pilgrim, Hsüan-tsang visited Bannu and Jaguda, Ghazni, while crossing the lands of O-po-kien (Afghans i.e. Pashtuns).

According to Avestan Vendidad, Varəna is one the sixteen perfect lands created by Ahura Mazda and it is also associated with Bannu.[5]

British Raj era[edit]

Bannu formed the base of operations for all punitive expeditions undertaken by troops of the British empire to the Tochi Valley and the Waziristan frontier. A military road led from the town of Bannu toward Dera Ismail Khan.[1] This road was built by military engineers under the supervision of a Bannu engineer, Ram N. Mullick. Mullick, graduated from Banaras Engineering College[6] and served in Iraq and Lahore before the independence of Pakistan in 1947 as an expert in heavy earth-moving equipment.

The Imperial British Gazetteer described Bannu thus:

[The population in 1901 was] 14,291, including cantonment and civil lines (4,349). It was founded in 1848 by Lieutenant (afterwards Sir Herbert) Edward, who is also in Twilight, who selected the site for political reasons. The fort, erected at the same time, bore the name of Dhulipgarh (Dalipgarh), in honour of the Maharaja of Lahore; and the bazar was also known as Dhulipnagar (Dalipnagar). A town gradually grew up around the bazar, and many Hindko speaking Hindu traders moved there from Bazar Ahmad Khan, which had formed the commercial center of the Bannu valley prior to annexation. The Church Missionary Society supports a small church and a high school founded in 1865. The cantonment centers in the fort of Dhulipgarh. Its garrison consists of a mountain battery, a regiment of native cavalry, and two regiments of infantry. The municipality was constituted in 1867.


The municipal receipts and expenditure during the ten years ending 1903-1904 averaged Rs. 46,000. In 1903-1904 the income was Rs. 47,000 chiefly derived from octroi; and the expenditure was Rs. 55,000. The receipts and expenditure of cantonment funds during the ten years ending 1902–3 averaged Rs. 4,200 and Rs. 3,700. The profuse irrigation and insufficient drainage of the surrounding fields render Bannu an unhealthy station. The town has a considerable trade, including fish guts and butts. Also, embracing the whole traffic in local produce of the Bannu valley. The nearest railway station is at Kohat on the Khushalgarh-Thal branch of the North-Western Railway, 79 miles distant by road. A weekly fair collects an average number of 8,000 buyers and sellers. The chief articles of trade are cloth, live-stock, wool, cotton, tobacco and grain. Bannu possesses a dispensary and two high schools, a public library and a town hall known as the Nicholson Memorial.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bannu". Encyclopædia Britannica 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  2. ^ "Information about Serai Naurang, Lakki Marwat". 
  3. ^ Bannu; or our Afghan Frontier. S.S. Thorbourne, 1883. Trűbner & Co., London, pp. 3, 5.
  4. ^ Petrie, C.A., Thomas, K.D. & Morris, J.C. 2010. Chronology of Sheri Khan Tarakai, in Petrie, C.A. (ed.).Sheri Khan Tarakai and early village life in the borderlands of north-west Pakistan, Bannu Archaeological Project Monographs – Volume 1, Oxbow Books, Oxford: 343–352.
  5. ^ Michael Witzel, "The Home of the Aryans"
  6. ^ April,2008 issue[dead link]
  7. ^ "Bannu Town – Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 6, p. 02". Dsal.uchicago.edu. Retrieved 17 June 2013. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bannu — Please support Wikipedia.
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9259 news items

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Wed, 12 Nov 2014 22:00:29 -0800

BANNU: Eight policemen and 11 internally displaced persons (IDPs) were injured in a clash at a ration centre near Bannu Sports Complex, right before the arrival of international donors of United Nation Development Programme (UNDP) in the district, ...

DAWN.com

DAWN.com
Thu, 13 Nov 2014 09:33:33 -0800

PESHAWAR: Footprints of the militant group known as Islamic State have now also started appearing in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa's town of Bannu, days after similar reports of the extremist group's presence were received from other parts of the country.

Geo News, Pakistan

Geo News, Pakistan
Mon, 17 Nov 2014 00:15:00 -0800

BANNU: Three students were injured when a grenade exploded in a school in Bannu while four persons were injured when a blast occurred in Charsadda. According to police, a ninth grade student of Government High School named Salman brought a hand ...

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Tue, 11 Nov 2014 09:36:47 -0800

BANNU: Two security officials were killed and three others injured in an IED blast near their vehicle in Jani Khel area of Bannu on Tuesday. A security official from the area said the incident occurred in the morning when a convoy of security forces ...

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Fri, 14 Nov 2014 22:48:49 -0800

BANNU: After demands from the Information Minister Pervaiz Rashid and a sit-in led by Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) MNA Marvi Memon in Bannu, police late on Saturday released the internally displace persons (TDPs) who had been detained at ...

The News International

The News International
Thu, 06 Nov 2014 23:43:55 -0800

According to police, the incident occurred in Miryan area od Bannu when the armed assailants opened fire on two policeman who were standing outside their house. Resultantly, one cop was killed and the other got injured who was shifted to Bannu District ...

Pakistan Today

Pakistan Today
Thu, 13 Nov 2014 23:41:15 -0800

According to the report, pro-IS wall-chalking has appeared in parts of Bannu, including the cantonment area. Bannuu borders North Waziristan; a semi-autonomous tribal area known to be a stronghold of militant outfits. Pakistan Military has been ...

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Mon, 17 Nov 2014 10:33:45 -0800

He lives with his parents, four siblings and a wife in a quarter comprising two rooms in Mohallah Hussainabad, Bannu city. Talking of the alleged violations of labour laws, the 27-year-old said he was informed that the deputy superintendent is going to ...
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