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For the district, see Bannu District.
A street in Bannu
A street in Bannu
Bannu is located in Pakistan
Coordinates: 32°59′10″N 70°36′15″E / 32.98611°N 70.60417°E / 32.98611; 70.60417Coordinates: 32°59′10″N 70°36′15″E / 32.98611°N 70.60417°E / 32.98611; 70.60417
Country Pakistan Pakistan
Province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
District Bannu

Bannu (Urdu: بنوں‎; Pashto: بنو[ˈbanu]; local Pashto dialect: Bana or Banigul, Avestan Varəna), is the principal city of the Bannu District in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Bannu lies in the northwest corner of the district, in the valley of the Britash. Bannu was once a British military base used for action against Afghan border tribes.[1] The town is located 1 mile (1.6 km) south of the Kurram River, east of Khost Province, Afghanistan, (35 km) east of North and South Waziristan, 79 miles (127 km) south of Kohat, 27 km north of Serai Naurang,[2] and 89 miles (143 km) north of Dera Ismail Khan.

Inhabitants of Bannu are known as Banuchi,[3] and speak a specific dialect of Pashto. Urdu and the Saraiki dialect of Punjabi are also spoken.


The Avesta and Vendidad mention Varəna, the old name of Bannu has one of the sixteen most beautiful and perfect lands created by Ahura Mazda.[4]

Bannu is also Called a mini swizerland and mini england]];[5]

Bannu is noted by the Sanskrit grammarian Pāṇini as the "historical country of Varnu" mentioned in the Mahāmāyūrī.

In 602 CE, the Chinese pilgrim Xuanzang travelled to Varnu.

Bannu is Hellenized to Aornos and mentioned in the passages of Alexander the Great.

Sheri Khan Tarakai refers to the ruins of an ancient settlement that was occupied near present-day Bannu from the late fifth until the early third millennium, BC.[6]

British Raj era[edit]

Bannu formed the base of operations for all punitive expeditions undertaken by troops of the British empire to the Tochi Valley and the Waziristan frontier. A military road led from the town of Bannu toward Dera Ismail Khan.[1] This road was built by military engineers under the supervision of a Bannu engineer, Ram N. Mullick. Mullick, graduated from Banaras Engineering College[7] and served in Iraq and Lahore before the independence of Pakistan in 1947 as an expert in heavy earth-moving equipment.

The Imperial British Gazetteer described Bannu thus:

[The population in 1901 was] 14,291, including cantonment and civil lines (4,349). It was founded in 1848 by Lieutenant (afterwards Sir Herbert) Edward, who is also in Twilight, who selected the site for political reasons. The fort, erected at the same time, bore the name of Dhulipgarh (Dalipgarh), in honour of the Maharaja of Lahore; and the bazar was also known as Dhulipnagar (Dalipnagar). A town gradually grew up around the bazar, and many Hindko speaking Hindu traders moved there from Bazar Ahmad Khan, which had formed the commercial center of the Bannu valley prior to annexation. The Church Missionary Society supports a small church and a high school founded in 1865. The cantonment centers in the fort of Dhulipgarh. Its garrison consists of a mountain battery, a regiment of native cavalry, and two regiments of infantry. The municipality was constituted in 1867.

The municipal receipts and expenditure during the ten years ending 1903-1904 averaged Rs. 46,000. In 1903-1904 the income was Rs. 47,000 chiefly derived from octroi; and the expenditure was Rs. 55,000. The receipts and expenditure of cantonment funds during the ten years ending 1902–3 averaged Rs. 4,200 and Rs. 3,700. The profuse irrigation and insufficient drainage of the surrounding fields render Bannu an unhealthy station. The town has a considerable trade, including fish guts and butts. Also, embracing the whole traffic in local produce of the Bannu valley. The nearest railway station is at Kohat on the Khushalgarh-Thal branch of the North-Western Railway, 79 miles distant by road. A weekly fair collects an average number of 8,000 buyers and sellers. The chief articles of trade are cloth, live-stock, wool, cotton, tobacco and grain. Bannu possesses a dispensary and two high schools, a public library and a town hall known as the Nicholson Memorial.[8]


  1. ^ a b  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bannu". Encyclopædia Britannica 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  2. ^ "Information about Serai Naurang, Lakki Marwat". 
  3. ^ Bannu; or our Afghan Frontier. S.S. Thorbourne, 1883. Trűbner & Co., London, pp. 3, 5.
  4. ^ http://www.people.fas.harvard.edu/~witzel/AryanHome.pdf Michael Witzel, "The Home of the Aryans"]
  5. ^ Gnoli, Zoroaster’s Time and Homeland, pp. 47-50
  6. ^ Petrie, C.A., Thomas, K.D. & Morris, J.C. 2010. Chronology of Sheri Khan Tarakai, in Petrie, C.A. (ed.).Sheri Khan Tarakai and early village life in the borderlands of north-west Pakistan, Bannu Archaeological Project Monographs – Volume 1, Oxbow Books, Oxford: 343–352.
  7. ^ http://www.itbhuglobal.org/dev-chronicle/archives/2008/04/early_pioneers.php
  8. ^ "Bannu Town – Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 6, p. 02". Dsal.uchicago.edu. Retrieved 17 June 2013. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bannu — Please support Wikipedia.
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7449 news items

The News International
Fri, 28 Aug 2015 19:26:15 -0700

PESHAWAR: A woman councillor belonging to the Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf (PTI) in Bannu district has been threatened with dire consequences if she took oath of her office, sources said. The sources said that PTI woman councillor Maroof Salim, who was ...
The News International
Fri, 28 Aug 2015 19:26:15 -0700

BANNU: Two persons were shot dead in Bazaar Ahmed Khan area here, sources said on Friday. The sources said that Aizazullah and Fahad were shot dead by rivals in Bazaar Ahmed Khan over an old enmity. After being informed by the locals, the police ...
The Express Tribune
Wed, 26 Aug 2015 14:56:15 -0700

BANNU: Officials of security forces defused a bomb weighing 30 kilogrammes in Rocha, FR Bannu on Wednesday. A convoy of the security forces were travelling through the area and discovered a suspicious-looking canister lying on the roadside. The bomb ...

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Sat, 22 Aug 2015 14:56:15 -0700

DI KHAN / BANNU: Women from four union councils in Bannu have demanded the local government elections in the region be declared null and void as many of them were not allowed to vote. A large number of women from Kalakhel Masti Khan, Koti Saadat, ...

Daily Pakistan

Daily Pakistan
Fri, 14 Aug 2015 03:30:00 -0700

BANNU (Online) – At least eight suspected terrorists were killed as a result of a retaliatory fire by security forces after a check post came under attack in Bannu on Friday. According to security officials, more than two dozen terrorists stormed the ...
The News International
Sat, 22 Aug 2015 14:33:45 -0700

BANNU: Several women on Saturday staged protest against disenfranchisement of female population in the May 30 and subsequent re-polling of the local government elections and demanded the Election Commission to declare the elections as null and void ...

Daily Pakistan

Daily Pakistan
Thu, 27 Aug 2015 23:11:15 -0700

BANNU (Staff Report) – From outside the building looks like an ordinary house with a small gate, but inside an unusual activity is underway – men and children sit in rows listening intently to a man standing in front of them, talking about importance ...

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Tue, 04 Aug 2015 16:15:00 -0700

BANNU: Efforts are under way to revive the defunct Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal (MMA) in the province. During a meeting held in Bannu district on Monday, Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam-Fazl leader and Federal Minister for Housing Akram Khan Durrani said time is ripe ...

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