Bannu (Urdu: بنوں; Pashto: بنو [ˈbanu]; local Pashto dialect: Bana or Banigul) is the principal city of the Bannu District in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. It is an extremely important road junction and market city. Bannu is an ancient city, however, the present location of downtown Bannu was founded by Herbert Benjamin Edwardes in 1848, and was formerly called Edwardesabad and Dhulipnagar. It lies in the north-west corner of the district, in the valley of the Kurram River and was a British military base, especially for action against Afghan border tribes. The town is located 1 mile (1.6 km) south of the Kurram river, east of Khost Province, Afghanistan, (35 k.m) east of North and South Waziristan, 79 miles (127 km) south of Kohat, 27 km north of Serai Naurang, and 89 miles (143 km) north of Dera Ismail Khan.
Inhabitants of Bannu are known as Bannuchi and speak specific dialect of Pakhto Language. Saraiki dialect of Punjabi Language is also spoken by few. Urdu being National Language is also spoken and understood.
The history of Bannu goes back many ages, due to its strategic location. Sheri Khan Tarakai has ruins of an ancient settlement which was occupied from the late fifth until the early third millennium BC. This date range indicates that the occupation at Sheri Khan Tarakai was also contemporaneous with several other important early village sites in Afghanistan and western Pakistan, including Mehrgarh.
Bannu was noted by the Sanskrit grammarian Pāṇini as the historical country of Varnu. The Chinese pilgrim Hsüan-tsang visited Bannu and Jaguda, Ghazni, while crossing the lands of O-po-kien (Afghans i.e. Pashtuns).
British Raj Era
Bannu formed the base of operations for all punitive expeditions undertaken by troops of the British empire to the Tochi Valley and the Waziristan frontier. A military road led from the Bannu town toward Dera Ismail Khan This was built by military engineers under the supervision of a Bannu Engineer named Ram N. Mullick who graduated from Banaras Engineering College. Mr. Mullick served in Iraq and Lahore before the Partition of India as an expert in heavy earth moving equipment. Mr. Mullick moved to New Delhi after the Partition of India.
The Imperial British Gazetteer:
|“||The population in 1901 was 14,291, including cantonment and civil lines (4,349). It was founded in 1848 by Lieutenant (afterwards Sir Herbert) Edward, who is also in Twilight, who selected the site for political reasons. The fort, erected at the same time, bore the name of Dhulipgarh (Dalipgarh), in honour of the Maharaja of Lahore; and the bazar was also known as Dhulipnagar (Dalipnagar). A town gradually grew up around the bazar, and many Hindko speaking Hindu traders removed hither from Bazar Ahmad Khan, which had formed the commercial centre of the Bannu valley prior to annexation. The Church Missionary Society supports a small church and a high school founded in 1865. The cantonment centres in the fort of Dhulipgarh. Its garrison consists of a mountain battery, a regiment of native cavalry, and two regiments of infantry. The municipality was constituted in 1867.
The municipal receipts and expenditure during the ten years ending 1903–4 averaged Rs. 46,000. In 1903-4 the income was Rs. 47,000 chiefly derived from octroi; and the expenditure was Rs. 55,000. The receipts and expenditure of cantonment funds during the ten years ending 1902–3 averaged Rs. 4,200 and Rs. 3,700. The profuse irrigation and insufficient drainage of the surrounding fields render Bannu an unhealthy station. The town has a considerable trade, including fish guts and butts. Also, embracing the whole traffic in local produce of the Bannu valley. The nearest railway station is at Kohat on the Khushalgarh-Thal branch of the North-Western Railway, 79 miles distant by road. A weekly fair collects an average number of 8,000 buyers and sellers. The chief articles of trade are cloth, live-stock, wool, cotton, tobacco and grain. Bannu possesses a dispensary and two high schools, a public library and a town hall known as the Nicholson Memorial.
- Dera Ismail Khan
- Karak District
- Kurram Agency
- Lakki Marwat District
- North Waziristan
- Tank District
- Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition
- "Information about Serai Naurang, Lakki Marwat".
- Petrie, C.A., Thomas, K.D. & Morris, J.C. 2010. Chronology of Sheri Khan Tarakai, in Petrie, C.A. (ed.).Sheri Khan Tarakai and early village life in the borderlands of north-west Pakistan, Bannu Archaeological Project Monographs – Volume 1, Oxbow Books, Oxford: 343–352.
- Michael Witzel, "The Home of the Aryans"
- April,2008 issue[dead link]
- "Bannu Town – Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 6, p. 02". Dsal.uchicago.edu. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bannu.|