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For the district, see Bannu District.
A street in Bannu
A street in Bannu
Bannu is located in Pakistan
Coordinates: 32°59′10″N 70°36′15″E / 32.98611°N 70.60417°E / 32.98611; 70.60417Coordinates: 32°59′10″N 70°36′15″E / 32.98611°N 70.60417°E / 32.98611; 70.60417
Country Pakistan Pakistan
Province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
District Bannu

Bannu (Urdu: بنوں‎; Pashto: بنو‎ [ˈbanu]; local Pashto dialect: Bana or Banigul) is the principal city of the Bannu District in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Although Bannu is an ancient city, the present location of downtown Bannu was founded by Herbert Benjamin Edwardes in 1848, and was formerly called Edwardesabad and Dhulipnagar. Bannu lies in the northwest corner of the district, in the valley of the Kurram River. Bannu was once a British military base used for action against Afghan border tribes.[1] The town is located 1 mile (1.6 km) south of the Kurram River, east of Khost Province, Afghanistan, (35 km) east of North and South Waziristan, 79 miles (127 km) south of Kohat, 27 km north of Serai Naurang,[2] and 89 miles (143 km) north of Dera Ismail Khan.

Inhabitants of Bannu are known as Bannuchi,[3] and speak a specific dialect of Pashto. Urdu and the Saraiki dialect of Punjabi are also spoken.


Sheri Khan Tarakai refers to the ruins of an ancient settlement that was occupied near present-day Bannu from the late fifth until the early third millennium, BC.[4]

Bannu was noted by the Sanskrit grammarian Pāṇini as the "historical country of Varnu". The Chinese pilgrim, Hsüan-tsang visited Bannu and Jaguda, Ghazni, while crossing the lands of O-po-kien (Afghans i.e. Pashtuns).

According to Avestan Vendidad, Varəna is one the sixteen perfect lands created by Ahura Mazda and it is also associated with Bannu.[5]

British Raj era[edit]

Bannu formed the base of operations for all punitive expeditions undertaken by troops of the British empire to the Tochi Valley and the Waziristan frontier. A military road led from the town of Bannu toward Dera Ismail Khan.[1] This road was built by military engineers under the supervision of a Bannu engineer, Ram N. Mullick. Mullick, graduated from Banaras Engineering College[6] and served in Iraq and Lahore before the independence of Pakistan in 1947 as an expert in heavy earth-moving equipment.

The Imperial British Gazetteer described Bannu thus:

[The population in 1901 was] 14,291, including cantonment and civil lines (4,349). It was founded in 1848 by Lieutenant (afterwards Sir Herbert) Edward, who is also in Twilight, who selected the site for political reasons. The fort, erected at the same time, bore the name of Dhulipgarh (Dalipgarh), in honour of the Maharaja of Lahore; and the bazar was also known as Dhulipnagar (Dalipnagar). A town gradually grew up around the bazar, and many Hindko speaking Hindu traders moved there from Bazar Ahmad Khan, which had formed the commercial center of the Bannu valley prior to annexation. The Church Missionary Society supports a small church and a high school founded in 1865. The cantonment centers in the fort of Dhulipgarh. Its garrison consists of a mountain battery, a regiment of native cavalry, and two regiments of infantry. The municipality was constituted in 1867.

The municipal receipts and expenditure during the ten years ending 1903-1904 averaged Rs. 46,000. In 1903-1904 the income was Rs. 47,000 chiefly derived from octroi; and the expenditure was Rs. 55,000. The receipts and expenditure of cantonment funds during the ten years ending 1902–3 averaged Rs. 4,200 and Rs. 3,700. The profuse irrigation and insufficient drainage of the surrounding fields render Bannu an unhealthy station. The town has a considerable trade, including fish guts and butts. Also, embracing the whole traffic in local produce of the Bannu valley. The nearest railway station is at Kohat on the Khushalgarh-Thal branch of the North-Western Railway, 79 miles distant by road. A weekly fair collects an average number of 8,000 buyers and sellers. The chief articles of trade are cloth, live-stock, wool, cotton, tobacco and grain. Bannu possesses a dispensary and two high schools, a public library and a town hall known as the Nicholson Memorial.[7]


  1. ^ a b  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bannu". Encyclopædia Britannica 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  2. ^ "Information about Serai Naurang, Lakki Marwat". 
  3. ^ Bannu; or our Afghan Frontier. S.S. Thorbourne, 1883. Trűbner & Co., London, pp. 3, 5.
  4. ^ Petrie, C.A., Thomas, K.D. & Morris, J.C. 2010. Chronology of Sheri Khan Tarakai, in Petrie, C.A. (ed.).Sheri Khan Tarakai and early village life in the borderlands of north-west Pakistan, Bannu Archaeological Project Monographs – Volume 1, Oxbow Books, Oxford: 343–352.
  5. ^ Michael Witzel, "The Home of the Aryans"
  6. ^ http://www.itbhuglobal.org/dev-chronicle/archives/2008/04/early_pioneers.php
  7. ^ "Bannu Town – Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 6, p. 02". Dsal.uchicago.edu. Retrieved 17 June 2013. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bannu — Please support Wikipedia.
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5169 news items

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Wed, 14 Jan 2015 11:30:00 -0800

Another petitioner, Gul Nawaz, said his son Khaliq Niaz was a seminary student and was allegedly picked up by security forces from Bannu. Nawaz added they learnt later that Niaz was being held in Lakki Marwat internment centre and the family has met ...

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Sun, 11 Jan 2015 10:22:30 -0800

The district administration on Sunday issued a security policy for all educational institutes following winter vacations. PHOTO: REUTERS. BANNU / SWABI: As a part of measures taken to tighten security at schools and colleges, the district ...
The News International
Thu, 01 Jan 2015 13:00:00 -0800

BANNU: Two persons, including a woman, were killed and as many sustained injuries in separate incidents of firing in the district, police said on Thursday. They said unidentified gunmen entered the house of Munawar Hussain in Mashar Daud Shah area in ...

Business Recorder

Business Recorder
Thu, 15 Jan 2015 01:45:00 -0800

PESHAWAR: Kohat and Bannu recorded victories against their respective rivals in the ongoing Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Inter-Regional Women Hockey Championship being played under the aegis of Directorate of Sports Khyber Pakhtunkhwa at Mardan on ...

Pakistan Today

Pakistan Today
Mon, 29 Dec 2014 12:40:56 -0800

Fire gutted a plastic bags factory causing losses worth millions of rupees in Bannu late Monday night. The police said fire initiated due to electric short circuit erupted plastic bags factory in Kalakhel area of Bannu. The fire spread rapidly and ...
News Tribe
Sun, 28 Dec 2014 01:51:06 -0800

BANNU: An extremist reportedly killed by the security forces during a clash occurred in Bannu district of the Pakistan's Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) province on Sunday. Security sources claimed to kill an extremist during a fierce ground battle carried out ...
The Nation
Sun, 28 Dec 2014 17:30:00 -0800

LAKKI MARWAT - Office bearers of the teachers' organisations have threatened to launch protests if the provincial government attempts to implement its decision to merge BISE Bannu with DI Khan educational board. At a joint meeting of all subject ...

ARY NEWS (press release) (blog)

ARY NEWS (press release) (blog)
Mon, 05 Jan 2015 13:47:11 -0800

LAHORE/PESHAWAR: Schools in Lahore may extend their vacations for a week due to the incompletion of proposed security arrangements, ARY News reported. Despite clear orders from Punjab government, around 80 percent of schools are without proper ...

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