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For the district, see Bannu District.
Bannu
City
A street in Bannu
A street in Bannu
Bannu is located in Pakistan
Bannu
Bannu
Coordinates: 32°59′10″N 70°36′15″E / 32.98611°N 70.60417°E / 32.98611; 70.60417Coordinates: 32°59′10″N 70°36′15″E / 32.98611°N 70.60417°E / 32.98611; 70.60417
Country Pakistan Pakistan
Province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
District Bannu

Bannu (Urdu: بنوں‎; Pashto: بنو‎ [ˈbanu]; local Pashto dialect: Bana or Banigul) is the principal city of the Bannu District in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Although Bannu is an ancient city, the present location of downtown Bannu was founded by Herbert Benjamin Edwardes in 1848, and was formerly called Edwardesabad and Dhulipnagar. Bannu lies in the northwest corner of the district, in the valley of the Kurram River. Bannu was once a British military base used for action against Afghan border tribes.[1] The town is located 1 mile (1.6 km) south of the Kurram River, east of Khost Province, Afghanistan, (35 km) east of North and South Waziristan, 79 miles (127 km) south of Kohat, 27 km north of Serai Naurang,[2] and 89 miles (143 km) north of Dera Ismail Khan.

Inhabitants of Bannu are known as Bannuchi,[3] and speak a specific dialect of Pashto. Urdu and the Saraiki dialect of Punjabi are also spoken.

History[edit]

Sheri Khan Tarakai refers to the ruins of an ancient settlement that was occupied near present-day Bannu from the late fifth until the early third millennium, BC.[4]

Bannu was noted by the Sanskrit grammarian Pāṇini as the "historical country of Varnu". The Chinese pilgrim, Hsüan-tsang visited Bannu and Jaguda, Ghazni, while crossing the lands of O-po-kien (Afghans i.e. Pashtuns).

According to Avestan Vendidad, Varəna is one the sixteen perfect lands created by Ahura Mazda and it is also associated with Bannu.[5]

British Raj era[edit]

Bannu formed the base of operations for all punitive expeditions undertaken by troops of the British empire to the Tochi Valley and the Waziristan frontier. A military road led from the town of Bannu toward Dera Ismail Khan.[1] This road was built by military engineers under the supervision of a Bannu engineer, Ram N. Mullick. Mullick, graduated from Banaras Engineering College[6] and served in Iraq and Lahore before the independence of Pakistan in 1947 as an expert in heavy earth-moving equipment.

The Imperial British Gazetteer described Bannu thus:

[The population in 1901 was] 14,291, including cantonment and civil lines (4,349). It was founded in 1848 by Lieutenant (afterwards Sir Herbert) Edward, who is also in Twilight, who selected the site for political reasons. The fort, erected at the same time, bore the name of Dhulipgarh (Dalipgarh), in honour of the Maharaja of Lahore; and the bazar was also known as Dhulipnagar (Dalipnagar). A town gradually grew up around the bazar, and many Hindko speaking Hindu traders moved there from Bazar Ahmad Khan, which had formed the commercial center of the Bannu valley prior to annexation. The Church Missionary Society supports a small church and a high school founded in 1865. The cantonment centers in the fort of Dhulipgarh. Its garrison consists of a mountain battery, a regiment of native cavalry, and two regiments of infantry. The municipality was constituted in 1867.


The municipal receipts and expenditure during the ten years ending 1903-1904 averaged Rs. 46,000. In 1903-1904 the income was Rs. 47,000 chiefly derived from octroi; and the expenditure was Rs. 55,000. The receipts and expenditure of cantonment funds during the ten years ending 1902–3 averaged Rs. 4,200 and Rs. 3,700. The profuse irrigation and insufficient drainage of the surrounding fields render Bannu an unhealthy station. The town has a considerable trade, including fish guts and butts. Also, embracing the whole traffic in local produce of the Bannu valley. The nearest railway station is at Kohat on the Khushalgarh-Thal branch of the North-Western Railway, 79 miles distant by road. A weekly fair collects an average number of 8,000 buyers and sellers. The chief articles of trade are cloth, live-stock, wool, cotton, tobacco and grain. Bannu possesses a dispensary and two high schools, a public library and a town hall known as the Nicholson Memorial.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bannu". Encyclopædia Britannica 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  2. ^ "Information about Serai Naurang, Lakki Marwat". 
  3. ^ Bannu; or our Afghan Frontier. S.S. Thorbourne, 1883. Trűbner & Co., London, pp. 3, 5.
  4. ^ Petrie, C.A., Thomas, K.D. & Morris, J.C. 2010. Chronology of Sheri Khan Tarakai, in Petrie, C.A. (ed.).Sheri Khan Tarakai and early village life in the borderlands of north-west Pakistan, Bannu Archaeological Project Monographs – Volume 1, Oxbow Books, Oxford: 343–352.
  5. ^ Michael Witzel, "The Home of the Aryans"
  6. ^ http://www.itbhuglobal.org/dev-chronicle/archives/2008/04/early_pioneers.php
  7. ^ "Bannu Town – Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 6, p. 02". Dsal.uchicago.edu. Retrieved 17 June 2013. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bannu — Please support Wikipedia.
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22238 news items

 
DAWN.com
Tue, 24 Feb 2015 05:44:29 -0800

PESHAWAR: A three-and-a-half-year-old boy from the Sokari Karim Khan area of Bannu District was sexually abused on Monday. According to Naseebullah, the father of the victim *A, the boy went missing on Monday morning and returned home in a terrible ...
 
The News International
Mon, 23 Feb 2015 16:12:56 -0800

Dr Asif Jah said, “I wanted to launch the book in Bannu as mostly I have covered the miseries of the Waziristan operation affectees.”He said that his society examined and provided free medicines to more than 100,000 IDP patients and relief items worth ...
 
The News International
Mon, 23 Feb 2015 19:22:30 -0800

BANNU: An alleged suicide bomber blew himself up while his handler escaped in Janikhel area in the Frontier Region (FR) Bannu on Monday, sources said. The sources said that the security forces were carrying water-tank to the military camp in Bakkakhel ...

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Mon, 23 Feb 2015 07:38:36 -0800

BANNU: A three-year old boy was allegedly raped in Sokari Hafizan area of Bannu Cantonment on Monday. The boy's father, a resident of Sokari Karim Khan, told the Cantonment Police that he was visiting Hafizan to attend an event at a relative's place.

dunyanews.tv (press release) (blog)

The News International
Sun, 22 Feb 2015 19:22:30 -0800

BANNU: An alleged militant was killed while three others were arrested during a clash with security forces near a gas station on the Bannu-Kohat Road here on Sunday, sources said. The sources said the personnel of security forces and intelligence ...

The Express Tribune

The News International
Fri, 13 Feb 2015 14:38:14 -0800

BANNU: A militant was killed while a soldier sustained injuries in a clash in Domanza village in the limits of Township Police Station on Friday, sources said. The source said that the security forces were carrying out search and strike operation in ...

Pakistan Today

Daily Times
Tue, 03 Feb 2015 23:30:00 -0800

BANNU - A bid to blow up government school in Bannu was foiled by bomb disposal squad (BDS) by defusing explosives planted outside the school on Wednesday morning. According to sources, Police were informed about the explosives planted outside ...
 
Daily Times
Wed, 28 Jan 2015 03:48:45 -0800

BANNU: A major terror bid was foiled Wednesday when authorities defused a bomb near police checkpoint in the volatile northwestern town of Bannu. As per details, unknown miscreants had planted a 6 kg bomb near a police checkpoint in Mandan Gate ...
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