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For the district, see Bannu District.
Bannu
City
A street in Bannu
A street in Bannu
Bannu is located in Pakistan
Bannu
Bannu
Coordinates: 32°59′10″N 70°36′15″E / 32.98611°N 70.60417°E / 32.98611; 70.60417Coordinates: 32°59′10″N 70°36′15″E / 32.98611°N 70.60417°E / 32.98611; 70.60417
Country Pakistan Pakistan
Province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
District Bannu

Bannu (Urdu: بنوں‎; Pashto: بنو‎ [ˈbanu]; local Pashto dialect: Bana or Banigul) is the principal city of the Bannu District in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Although Bannu is an ancient city, the present location of downtown Bannu was founded by Herbert Benjamin Edwardes in 1848, and was formerly called Edwardesabad and Dhulipnagar. Bannu lies in the northwest corner of the district, in the valley of the Kurram River. Bannu was once a British military base used for action against Afghan border tribes.[1] The town is located 1 mile (1.6 km) south of the Kurram River, east of Khost Province, Afghanistan, (35 km) east of North and South Waziristan, 79 miles (127 km) south of Kohat, 27 km north of Serai Naurang,[2] and 89 miles (143 km) north of Dera Ismail Khan.

Inhabitants of Bannu are known as Bannuchi,[3] and speak a specific dialect of Pashto. Urdu and the Saraiki dialect of Punjabi are also spoken.

History[edit]

Sheri Khan Tarakai refers to the ruins of an ancient settlement that was occupied near present-day Bannu from the late fifth until the early third millennium, BC.[4]

Bannu was noted by the Sanskrit grammarian Pāṇini as the "historical country of Varnu". The Chinese pilgrim, Hsüan-tsang visited Bannu and Jaguda, Ghazni, while crossing the lands of O-po-kien (Afghans i.e. Pashtuns).

According to Avestan Vendidad, Varəna is one the sixteen perfect lands created by Ahura Mazda and it is also associated with Bannu.[5]

British Raj era[edit]

Bannu formed the base of operations for all punitive expeditions undertaken by troops of the British empire to the Tochi Valley and the Waziristan frontier. A military road led from the town of Bannu toward Dera Ismail Khan.[1] This road was built by military engineers under the supervision of a Bannu engineer, Ram N. Mullick. Mullick, graduated from Banaras Engineering College[6] and served in Iraq and Lahore before the independence of Pakistan in 1947 as an expert in heavy earth-moving equipment.

The Imperial British Gazetteer described Bannu thus:

[The population in 1901 was] 14,291, including cantonment and civil lines (4,349). It was founded in 1848 by Lieutenant (afterwards Sir Herbert) Edward, who is also in Twilight, who selected the site for political reasons. The fort, erected at the same time, bore the name of Dhulipgarh (Dalipgarh), in honour of the Maharaja of Lahore; and the bazar was also known as Dhulipnagar (Dalipnagar). A town gradually grew up around the bazar, and many Hindko speaking Hindu traders moved there from Bazar Ahmad Khan, which had formed the commercial center of the Bannu valley prior to annexation. The Church Missionary Society supports a small church and a high school founded in 1865. The cantonment centers in the fort of Dhulipgarh. Its garrison consists of a mountain battery, a regiment of native cavalry, and two regiments of infantry. The municipality was constituted in 1867.


The municipal receipts and expenditure during the ten years ending 1903-1904 averaged Rs. 46,000. In 1903-1904 the income was Rs. 47,000 chiefly derived from octroi; and the expenditure was Rs. 55,000. The receipts and expenditure of cantonment funds during the ten years ending 1902–3 averaged Rs. 4,200 and Rs. 3,700. The profuse irrigation and insufficient drainage of the surrounding fields render Bannu an unhealthy station. The town has a considerable trade, including fish guts and butts. Also, embracing the whole traffic in local produce of the Bannu valley. The nearest railway station is at Kohat on the Khushalgarh-Thal branch of the North-Western Railway, 79 miles distant by road. A weekly fair collects an average number of 8,000 buyers and sellers. The chief articles of trade are cloth, live-stock, wool, cotton, tobacco and grain. Bannu possesses a dispensary and two high schools, a public library and a town hall known as the Nicholson Memorial.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bannu". Encyclopædia Britannica 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  2. ^ "Information about Serai Naurang, Lakki Marwat". 
  3. ^ Bannu; or our Afghan Frontier. S.S. Thorbourne, 1883. Trűbner & Co., London, pp. 3, 5.
  4. ^ Petrie, C.A., Thomas, K.D. & Morris, J.C. 2010. Chronology of Sheri Khan Tarakai, in Petrie, C.A. (ed.).Sheri Khan Tarakai and early village life in the borderlands of north-west Pakistan, Bannu Archaeological Project Monographs – Volume 1, Oxbow Books, Oxford: 343–352.
  5. ^ Michael Witzel, "The Home of the Aryans"
  6. ^ April,2008 issue[dead link]
  7. ^ "Bannu Town – Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 6, p. 02". Dsal.uchicago.edu. Retrieved 17 June 2013. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bannu — Please support Wikipedia.
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554 news items

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Fri, 17 Oct 2014 11:11:15 -0700

Ilyas Khan, an official of Yar Hussain police, said Jan Muhammad filed a case stating that Shah Khalid, Wazirzada and Ghani Rahman. STOCK IMAGE. BANNU: A woman who teaches at a government school was shot and injured by unidentified motorcyclists ...

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Thu, 02 Oct 2014 03:18:45 -0700

BANNU: Four suspected terrorists were killed and four others were arrested during a raid in Bannu, Express News reported on Thursday. Security forces, on a tip-off, imposed a curfew in the Jani Khel and Sardi Khel areas of Bannu and started a search ...
 
The News International
Fri, 10 Oct 2014 19:26:15 -0700

BANNU: Security forces blew up three houses of suspected militants in Janikhel area in the Frontier Region Bannu, sources said on Friday.The sources said the security forces launched a search operation against suspected militants in Bachki locality of ...

Inter Press Service

Inter Press Service
Wed, 08 Oct 2014 05:33:45 -0700

In the ancient city of Bannu, which now houses the largest number of refugees, some 40,000 pregnant women are facing up to their ultimate fear: a lack of hospitals, doctors and basic medical supplies. For 30-year-old Tajdara Bibi, a mother of three ...

The Nation

The Nation
Fri, 19 Sep 2014 01:37:30 -0700

The firing incident took place in Jani Khel area of Bannu where unidentified miscreants sprayed bullets at a vehicle with Internally Displaced People (IDPs) of North Waziristan Agency (NWA) on board. As a result of firing a woman died on the spot while ...

www.worldbulletin.net

The Nation
Sun, 21 Sep 2014 19:03:45 -0700

BANNU - Two security personnel were martyred in a bomb blast near a security vehicle here late on Sunday. Security sources said that unknown miscreants targeted vehicle of security personnel through remote controlled bomb near Baran Dam in Bannu.

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Thu, 16 Oct 2014 12:05:19 -0700

Speaking at a news conference at the Bannu Press Club on Thursday, tribal elders pressed the government to repatriate displaced people and provide estimates of damages caused to houses and infrastructure in the agency since 2001 within a week.

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Mon, 20 Oct 2014 13:53:26 -0700

... as provincial wildlife officials recovered 78 cranes from three different passenger coaches headed to Bannu from the metropolis. The officials, who were tipped off about the transportation of migratory birds from Karachi to Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa ...
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