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For the district, see Bannu District.
A street in Bannu
A street in Bannu
Bannu is located in Pakistan
Coordinates: 32°59′10″N 70°36′15″E / 32.98611°N 70.60417°E / 32.98611; 70.60417Coordinates: 32°59′10″N 70°36′15″E / 32.98611°N 70.60417°E / 32.98611; 70.60417
Country Pakistan Pakistan
Province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
District Bannu

Bannu (Urdu: بنوں‎; Pashto: بنو‎ [ˈbanu]; local Pashto dialect: Bana or Banigul) is the principal city of the Bannu District in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Although Bannu is an ancient city, the present location of downtown Bannu was founded by Herbert Benjamin Edwardes in 1848, and was formerly called Edwardesabad and Dhulipnagar. Bannu lies in the northwest corner of the district, in the valley of the Kurram River. Bannu was once a British military base used for action against Afghan border tribes.[1] The town is located 1 mile (1.6 km) south of the Kurram River, east of Khost Province, Afghanistan, (35 km) east of North and South Waziristan, 79 miles (127 km) south of Kohat, 27 km north of Serai Naurang,[2] and 89 miles (143 km) north of Dera Ismail Khan.

Inhabitants of Bannu are known as Bannuchi,[3] and speak a specific dialect of Pashto. Urdu and the Saraiki dialect of Punjabi are also spoken.


Sheri Khan Tarakai refers to the ruins of an ancient settlement that was occupied near present-day Bannu from the late fifth until the early third millennium, BC.[4]

Bannu was noted by the Sanskrit grammarian Pāṇini as the "historical country of Varnu". The Chinese pilgrim, Hsüan-tsang visited Bannu and Jaguda, Ghazni, while crossing the lands of O-po-kien (Afghans i.e. Pashtuns).

According to Avestan Vendidad, Varəna is one the sixteen perfect lands created by Ahura Mazda and it is also associated with Bannu.[5]

British Raj era[edit]

Bannu formed the base of operations for all punitive expeditions undertaken by troops of the British empire to the Tochi Valley and the Waziristan frontier. A military road led from the town of Bannu toward Dera Ismail Khan.[1] This road was built by military engineers under the supervision of a Bannu engineer, Ram N. Mullick. Mullick, graduated from Banaras Engineering College[6] and served in Iraq and Lahore before the independence of Pakistan in 1947 as an expert in heavy earth-moving equipment.

The Imperial British Gazetteer described Bannu thus:

[The population in 1901 was] 14,291, including cantonment and civil lines (4,349). It was founded in 1848 by Lieutenant (afterwards Sir Herbert) Edward, who is also in Twilight, who selected the site for political reasons. The fort, erected at the same time, bore the name of Dhulipgarh (Dalipgarh), in honour of the Maharaja of Lahore; and the bazar was also known as Dhulipnagar (Dalipnagar). A town gradually grew up around the bazar, and many Hindko speaking Hindu traders moved there from Bazar Ahmad Khan, which had formed the commercial center of the Bannu valley prior to annexation. The Church Missionary Society supports a small church and a high school founded in 1865. The cantonment centers in the fort of Dhulipgarh. Its garrison consists of a mountain battery, a regiment of native cavalry, and two regiments of infantry. The municipality was constituted in 1867.

The municipal receipts and expenditure during the ten years ending 1903-1904 averaged Rs. 46,000. In 1903-1904 the income was Rs. 47,000 chiefly derived from octroi; and the expenditure was Rs. 55,000. The receipts and expenditure of cantonment funds during the ten years ending 1902–3 averaged Rs. 4,200 and Rs. 3,700. The profuse irrigation and insufficient drainage of the surrounding fields render Bannu an unhealthy station. The town has a considerable trade, including fish guts and butts. Also, embracing the whole traffic in local produce of the Bannu valley. The nearest railway station is at Kohat on the Khushalgarh-Thal branch of the North-Western Railway, 79 miles distant by road. A weekly fair collects an average number of 8,000 buyers and sellers. The chief articles of trade are cloth, live-stock, wool, cotton, tobacco and grain. Bannu possesses a dispensary and two high schools, a public library and a town hall known as the Nicholson Memorial.[7]


  1. ^ a b  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bannu". Encyclopædia Britannica 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  2. ^ "Information about Serai Naurang, Lakki Marwat". 
  3. ^ Bannu; or our Afghan Frontier. S.S. Thorbourne, 1883. Trűbner & Co., London, pp. 3, 5.
  4. ^ Petrie, C.A., Thomas, K.D. & Morris, J.C. 2010. Chronology of Sheri Khan Tarakai, in Petrie, C.A. (ed.).Sheri Khan Tarakai and early village life in the borderlands of north-west Pakistan, Bannu Archaeological Project Monographs – Volume 1, Oxbow Books, Oxford: 343–352.
  5. ^ Michael Witzel, "The Home of the Aryans"
  6. ^ April,2008 issue[dead link]
  7. ^ "Bannu Town – Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 6, p. 02". Dsal.uchicago.edu. Retrieved 17 June 2013. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bannu — Please support Wikipedia.
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The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Tue, 16 Dec 2014 12:03:45 -0800

This was said by camp commander Brigadier Mukhtiar Khan during a ceremony on Tuesday in Bannu district where dish antennas, LED screens and receivers were distributed among the displaced population. According to Khan, they had also proposed a ...

Pakistan Today

Pakistan Today
Tue, 09 Dec 2014 10:45:00 -0800

At least two people were injured on Tuesday in a blast targeting a security forces vehicle in the Cantonment area of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa's Bannu district. According to police, the bomb was planted in a motorcycle, which exploded as the security ...

Aaj News

Aaj News
Sun, 07 Dec 2014 10:11:15 -0800

ISLAMABAD: Ministry of States and Frontier Regions has established two high schools at Temporarily Displaced Persons (TDPs) camp in Bakka Khel, Bannu and provided textbooks and other facilities to students free of cost. The Boys High School at the ...

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Tue, 09 Dec 2014 03:15:00 -0800

BANNU: Three people, including a security official, were injured when a bomb strapped to a motorbike exploded in Saddar area of Bannu district on Tuesday. Saddar police official Iftikhar Ali Shah said the explosion occurred on Bannu-DI Khan Road.
The Nation
Thu, 04 Dec 2014 17:41:15 -0800

LAKKI MARWAT - The cricket team of Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education (BISE) Bannu grabbed third position in all Pakistan Inter Board Cricket Tournament held in Hyderabad (Sindh), said a statement on Thursday. On the directives of BISE ...

Business Recorder

The Nation
Sun, 30 Nov 2014 17:41:15 -0800

PESHAWAR/QUETTA/SUKKUR/LAHORE - Hundreds of enraged workers and supporters of JUI-F blocked the Peshawar-Islamabad Motorway for traffic on Sunday against the killing of the party's Sindh general secretary Khalid Mehmood Soomro, clashed ...

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Sun, 21 Dec 2014 11:45:13 -0800

Several suspects were arrested and unlicenced weapons were confiscated during the search. An official of the security forces said they launched an operation with the Bannu Township police force. The teams spread across Domail, Bannu Township and the ...

Pakistan Today

Pakistan Today
Mon, 22 Dec 2014 05:41:15 -0800

“Most of the IDPs are settled in Bannu, making its population almost double…that is putting all the pressure on the provincial government,” he said. Talking about the resettling of Internally Displaced Persons(IDPs) Imran said “the KP government is ...

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