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For the district, see Bannu District.
Bannu
City
A street in Bannu
A street in Bannu
Bannu is located in Pakistan
Bannu
Bannu
Coordinates: 32°59′10″N 70°36′15″E / 32.98611°N 70.60417°E / 32.98611; 70.60417Coordinates: 32°59′10″N 70°36′15″E / 32.98611°N 70.60417°E / 32.98611; 70.60417
Country Pakistan Pakistan
Province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
District Bannu

Bannu (Urdu: بنوں‎; Pashto: بنو‎ [ˈbanu]; local Pashto dialect: Bana or Banigul) is the principal city of the Bannu District in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Although Bannu is an ancient city, the present location of downtown Bannu was founded by Herbert Benjamin Edwardes in 1848, and was formerly called Edwardesabad and Dhulipnagar. Bannu lies in the northwest corner of the district, in the valley of the Kurram River. Bannu was once a British military base used for action against Afghan border tribes.[1] The town is located 1 mile (1.6 km) south of the Kurram River, east of Khost Province, Afghanistan, (35 km) east of North and South Waziristan, 79 miles (127 km) south of Kohat, 27 km north of Serai Naurang,[2] and 89 miles (143 km) north of Dera Ismail Khan.

Inhabitants of Bannu are known as Bannuchi and speak a specific dialect of Pashto. Urdu and the Saraiki dialect of Punjabi are also spoken.

History[edit]

Sheri Khan Tarakai refers to the ruins of an ancient settlement that was occupied near present-day Bannu from the late fifth until the early third millennium, BC.[3]

Bannu was noted by the Sanskrit grammarian Pāṇini as the "historical country of Varnu". The Chinese pilgrim, Hsüan-tsang visited Bannu and Jaguda, Ghazni, while crossing the lands of O-po-kien (Afghans i.e. Pashtuns).

According to Avestan Vendidad, Varəna is one the sixteen perfect lands created by Ahura Mazda and it is also associated with Bannu.[4]

British Raj era[edit]

Bannu formed the base of operations for all punitive expeditions undertaken by troops of the British empire to the Tochi Valley and the Waziristan frontier. A military road led from the town of Bannu toward Dera Ismail Khan.[1] This road was built by military engineers under the supervision of a Bannu engineer, Ram N. Mullick. Mullick, graduated from Banaras Engineering College[5] and served in Iraq and Lahore before the independence of Pakistan in 1947 as an expert in heavy earth-moving equipment.

The Imperial British Gazetteer described Bannu thus:

[The population in 1901 was] 14,291, including cantonment and civil lines (4,349). It was founded in 1848 by Lieutenant (afterwards Sir Herbert) Edward, who is also in Twilight, who selected the site for political reasons. The fort, erected at the same time, bore the name of Dhulipgarh (Dalipgarh), in honour of the Maharaja of Lahore; and the bazar was also known as Dhulipnagar (Dalipnagar). A town gradually grew up around the bazar, and many Hindko speaking Hindu traders moved there from Bazar Ahmad Khan, which had formed the commercial center of the Bannu valley prior to annexation. The Church Missionary Society supports a small church and a high school founded in 1865. The cantonment centers in the fort of Dhulipgarh. Its garrison consists of a mountain battery, a regiment of native cavalry, and two regiments of infantry. The municipality was constituted in 1867.


The municipal receipts and expenditure during the ten years ending 1903-1904 averaged Rs. 46,000. In 1903-1904 the income was Rs. 47,000 chiefly derived from octroi; and the expenditure was Rs. 55,000. The receipts and expenditure of cantonment funds during the ten years ending 1902–3 averaged Rs. 4,200 and Rs. 3,700. The profuse irrigation and insufficient drainage of the surrounding fields render Bannu an unhealthy station. The town has a considerable trade, including fish guts and butts. Also, embracing the whole traffic in local produce of the Bannu valley. The nearest railway station is at Kohat on the Khushalgarh-Thal branch of the North-Western Railway, 79 miles distant by road. A weekly fair collects an average number of 8,000 buyers and sellers. The chief articles of trade are cloth, live-stock, wool, cotton, tobacco and grain. Bannu possesses a dispensary and two high schools, a public library and a town hall known as the Nicholson Memorial.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bannu". Encyclopædia Britannica 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  2. ^ "Information about Serai Naurang, Lakki Marwat". 
  3. ^ Petrie, C.A., Thomas, K.D. & Morris, J.C. 2010. Chronology of Sheri Khan Tarakai, in Petrie, C.A. (ed.).Sheri Khan Tarakai and early village life in the borderlands of north-west Pakistan, Bannu Archaeological Project Monographs – Volume 1, Oxbow Books, Oxford: 343–352.
  4. ^ Michael Witzel, "The Home of the Aryans"
  5. ^ April,2008 issue[dead link]
  6. ^ "Bannu Town – Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 6, p. 02". Dsal.uchicago.edu. Retrieved 17 June 2013. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bannu — Please support Wikipedia.
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819 news items

The Nation

DAWN.com
Fri, 19 Sep 2014 19:26:15 -0700

BANNU: A displaced woman from North Waziristan died and three members of her family suffered injuries after unidentified attackers opened fire on their vehicle in Janihkel area of Bannu district on Friday. The family, which belongs to Eidak area of ...
 
DAWN.com
Thu, 18 Sep 2014 17:33:45 -0700

BANNU: Suspected militants gunned down two policemen in the limits of Haveed police station here on Thursday. Police said that constables Noor Ali Shah and Sadiq Zaman were going to Janikhel for duty on a motorcycle when unknown militants opened ...

The Express Tribune

The Nation
Thu, 18 Sep 2014 18:52:30 -0700

PESHAWAR - At least two policemen and three militants were killed after exchange of firing at Jani Khel area of district Bannu on Thursday. A group of militants attacked a police team in Jani Khel. The policemen retaliated and killed three militants ...

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Sun, 14 Sep 2014 15:43:34 -0700

In another incident, the body of a missing person from Bannu was found in Kohat district on Saturday. An official at District Headquarters Hospital Bannu said Noor Gul, a resident of Shah Deo, was missing from Mandan Gate since March 6, 2013. His wife ...
 
The Express Tribune
Sat, 13 Sep 2014 14:56:15 -0700

Hundreds of families of the Eidak tribe have begun evacuating the tent camp set up for them in Pir Kalay, North Waziristan. They are leaving their native area behind and migrating to Bannu, the district playing host to a majority of people displaced ...
 
The Nation
Sun, 14 Sep 2014 19:48:45 -0700

PESHAWAR - Another girls primary school was bombed in Bannu district on the wee hours of Sunday, destroying school building completely. Explosives planted by unidentified miscreants at Girls Primary School, Khuban Shah Noor, went off at around ...

The News International

The News International
Mon, 25 Aug 2014 22:48:45 -0700

BANNU: Unknown gunmen killed three persons in Bannu, who were facing terrorism charges and were wanted in several cases, police told. The incident took place in FR Jani Khel area of Bannu when three persons riding a motorcycle were ambushed by ...

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Fri, 22 Aug 2014 11:33:48 -0700

BANNU: Internally displaced persons of North Waziristan staged a protest in Bannu on Friday against Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) Imran Khan and Pakistan Awami Tehreek (PAT) chief Dr Tahirul Qadri for hijacking media attention towards their protests ...
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