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For the district, see Bannu District.
A street in Bannu
A street in Bannu
Bannu is located in Pakistan
Coordinates: 32°59′10″N 70°36′15″E / 32.98611°N 70.60417°E / 32.98611; 70.60417Coordinates: 32°59′10″N 70°36′15″E / 32.98611°N 70.60417°E / 32.98611; 70.60417
Country Pakistan Pakistan
Province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
District Bannu

Bannu (Urdu: بنوں‎; Pashto: بنو[ˈbanu]; local Pashto dialect: Bana or Banigul, Avestan Varəna), is the principal city of the Bannu District in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Bannu lies in the northwest corner of the district, in the valley of the Britash. Bannu was once a British military base used for action against Afghan border tribes.[1] The town is located 1 mile (1.6 km) south of the Kurram River, east of Khost Province, Afghanistan, (35 km) east of North and South Waziristan, 79 miles (127 km) south of Kohat, 27 km north of Serai Naurang,[2] and 89 miles (143 km) north of Dera Ismail Khan.

Inhabitants of Bannu are known as Banuchi,[3] and speak a specific dialect of Pashto. Urdu and the Saraiki dialect of Punjabi are also spoken.


The Avesta and Vendidad mention Varəna, the old name of Bannu has one of the sixteen most beautiful and perfect lands created by Ahura Mazda.[4]

Bannu is noted by the Sanskrit grammarian Pāṇini as the "historical country of Varnu" mentioned in the Mahāmāyūrī.

In 602 CE, the Chinese pilgrim Xuanzang travelled to Varnu.

Bannu is Hellenized to Aornos and mentioned in the passages of Alexander the Great.

Sheri Khan Tarakai refers to the ruins of an ancient settlement that was occupied near present-day Bannu from the late fifth until the early third millennium, BC.[5]

British Raj era[edit]

Bannu formed the base of operations for all punitive expeditions undertaken by troops of the British empire to the Tochi Valley and the Waziristan frontier. A military road led from the town of Bannu toward Dera Ismail Khan.[1] This road was built by military engineers under the supervision of a Bannu engineer, Ram N. Mullick. Mullick, graduated from Banaras Engineering College[6] and served in Iraq and Lahore before the independence of Pakistan in 1947 as an expert in heavy earth-moving equipment.

The Imperial British Gazetteer described Bannu thus:

[The population in 1901 was] 14,291, including cantonment and civil lines (4,349). It was founded in 1848 by Lieutenant (afterwards Sir Herbert) Edward, who is also in Twilight, who selected the site for political reasons. The fort, erected at the same time, bore the name of Dhulipgarh (Dalipgarh), in honour of the Maharaja of Lahore; and the bazar was also known as Dhulipnagar (Dalipnagar). A town gradually grew up around the bazar, and many Hindko speaking Hindu traders moved there from Bazar Ahmad Khan, which had formed the commercial center of the Bannu valley prior to annexation. The Church Missionary Society supports a small church and a high school founded in 1865. The cantonment centers in the fort of Dhulipgarh. Its garrison consists of a mountain battery, a regiment of native cavalry, and two regiments of infantry. The municipality was constituted in 1867.

The municipal receipts and expenditure during the ten years ending 1903-1904 averaged Rs. 46,000. In 1903-1904 the income was Rs. 47,000 chiefly derived from octroi; and the expenditure was Rs. 55,000. The receipts and expenditure of cantonment funds during the ten years ending 1902–3 averaged Rs. 4,200 and Rs. 3,700. The profuse irrigation and insufficient drainage of the surrounding fields render Bannu an unhealthy station. The town has a considerable trade, including fish guts and butts. Also, embracing the whole traffic in local produce of the Bannu valley. The nearest railway station is at Kohat on the Khushalgarh-Thal branch of the North-Western Railway, 79 miles distant by road. A weekly fair collects an average number of 8,000 buyers and sellers. The chief articles of trade are cloth, live-stock, wool, cotton, tobacco and grain. Bannu possesses a dispensary and two high schools, a public library and a town hall known as the Nicholson Memorial.[7]


  1. ^ a b  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bannu". Encyclopædia Britannica 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  2. ^ "Information about Serai Naurang, Lakki Marwat". 
  3. ^ Bannu; or our Afghan Frontier. S.S. Thorbourne, 1883. Trűbner & Co., London, pp. 3, 5.
  4. ^ http://www.people.fas.harvard.edu/~witzel/AryanHome.pdf Michael Witzel, "The Home of the Aryans"]
  5. ^ Petrie, C.A., Thomas, K.D. & Morris, J.C. 2010. Chronology of Sheri Khan Tarakai, in Petrie, C.A. (ed.).Sheri Khan Tarakai and early village life in the borderlands of north-west Pakistan, Bannu Archaeological Project Monographs – Volume 1, Oxbow Books, Oxford: 343–352.
  6. ^ http://www.itbhuglobal.org/dev-chronicle/archives/2008/04/early_pioneers.php
  7. ^ "Bannu Town – Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 6, p. 02". Dsal.uchicago.edu. Retrieved 17 June 2013. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bannu — Please support Wikipedia.
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11622 news items

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Thu, 26 Nov 2015 05:07:30 -0800

BANNU: At least two people were killed and three others injured in the attack on Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam-Fazl (JUI-F) leader and Member National Assembly (MNA) Akram Khan Durrani's convoy in Bannu on Thursday. According to police officials, ...
DunyaNews Pakistan
Thu, 26 Nov 2015 05:30:00 -0800

BANNU: (Dunya News) – Explosion near Federal Minister for Housing Akram Khan Durrani on Thursday cost lives of 2 police officers as the explosive material deployed at roadside went off as the convoy moved past it, reported Dunya News. According to ...

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Wed, 25 Nov 2015 12:03:45 -0800

Political leaders and businessmen in North Waziristan Agency and Bannu warned of protest outside Islamabad Press Club to demand compensation for losses in the military operations. November 30 has been set as the date for the protest in Islamabad.
The News International
Mon, 23 Nov 2015 14:21:20 -0800

According to a Police Department handout, two citizens of Bannu recently withdrew Rs2.6m from a bank sited in front of Bannu Press Club. On way back to home when they reached Bannu-Dera Ismail Khan road, they were intercepted by three robbers riding ...
The Express Tribune
Sun, 22 Nov 2015 12:03:45 -0800

BANNU: Pakistan Engineering Council (PEC) approved its affiliation to the University of Science and Technology (UST) Bannu on Sunday. The 74th meeting of the quality evaluation committee of PEC was held in Islamabad on November 18 to approve ...
Pakistan Today
Tue, 17 Nov 2015 02:07:30 -0800

Two terrorists arrested in Bannu. National. November 17, 2015 BY Agencies. 1-a-1-c18-accused-arrested. The Special Police Unit (SPU) arrested two terrorists besides recovering arms and explosives during crackdown on Tuesday. According to details, SPU ...
Pakistan Today
Sat, 07 Nov 2015 22:45:00 -0800

At least 86 suspects including a proclaimed offender were arrested during search operations conducted by police in Bannu and Karak on Saturday. According to police sources, after receiving information police conducted search operation in Domail area of ...

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Fri, 27 Nov 2015 12:15:00 -0800

A special budget was allocated to establish borstal institutions in Bannu, Peshawar and Haripur and a building was also constructed in Bannu. However, it was not made operational. “The K-P government should immediately establish borstal institutions in ...

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