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For the Hindi film, see Bandish (film).

Bandish, Cheez or Gat[1] is a fixed, melodic composition in Hindustani vocal or instrumental music.[2] It is set in a specific raga, performed with rhythmic accompaniment by a tabla or pakhavaj, a steady drone, and melodic accompaniment by a sarangi, violin or harmonium. There are different ways of systematizing the parts of a composition. A bandish provides the literature element in the music, for standard structured singing. In the past many gharanas protected their bandishes from moving out of the family with gross incoherent vocal renditions.[3] In the realm of vocal music, it is often known as Cheez. [4]


The word Bandish is derived from Hindi language, and literally means "binding together". [4]


Sthāyī or Asthāyī: The initial, Rondo phrase or line of a fixed, melodic composition.

Antarā: The first body phrase or line of a fixed, melodic composition.

Sanchāri: The third body phrase or line of a fixed, melodic composition, seen more typically in Dhrupad bandishes.

Aabhog: The fourth and concluding body phrase or line of a fixed, melodic composition, seen more typically in Dhrupad bandishes.


There are three variations of Bandish, regarding tempo:

Vilambit Bandish: A slow and steady melodic composition, usually in Largo to Adagio speeds.

Madhyalaya Bandish: A medium tempo melodic competition, usually set in Andante to Allegretto speeds.

Drut Bandish: A fast tempo melodic composition, usually set to Allegretto speed, and onwards.

See also[edit]

Portal icon Indian classical music portal


  1. ^ Bagchee, Sandeep (1998). Nād: Understanding Rāga Music. BPI (India) PVT Ltd. p. 328. ISBN 81-86982-07-8. 
  2. ^ http://www.sadarang.com/glossary1.htm
  3. ^ http://www.hinduonnet.com/thehindu/mp/2003/03/03/stories/2003030300530200.htm
  4. ^ a b Ashok Damodar Ranade (2006). Music Contexts: A Concise Dictionary of Hindustani Music. Bibliophile South Asia. pp. 71–. ISBN 978-81-85002-63-7. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 

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Times of India
Mon, 27 Apr 2015 12:29:29 -0700

He started with the bandish 'bali bali jaaun' in vilambit before moving on to 'saiyaan more pardes gawanwa' in drut and finished the presentation with a highly polished taraana. The soul-stirring thumri of Bade Ghulam Ali Khan, Yaad piya ki aaye, ye ...


Fri, 17 Apr 2015 12:41:15 -0700

Bhagwat has shared four notebooks in which she painstakingly notated her collection of Gwalior gharana bandish/compositions. Hand-written and annotated, the collection has been organized raga-wise. Book 1, for example, has compositions in 29 ragas, ...

The Hindu

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Thu, 16 Apr 2015 05:56:01 -0700

Jog came with the traditional bandish, 'Sajan More Ghar Aaye.' It offered joy and happiness, and was laced with taans that hovered around sawal and jawab. It was an aural treat. The tarana in the same raga sounded like a 'trivat' as it had the three ...

Bristol Press

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Sat, 11 Apr 2015 18:33:08 -0700

Meredith L. Bandish, 34, of 42 Ashwell Drive, Plantsville, was charged April 1 with operating an unregistered motor vehicle. Felix Cruz, 51, of 418 Mill St., Waterbury, was charged April 1 with operating an unregistered motor vehicle. Reeton Jones, 46 ...
Business Standard
Sun, 12 Apr 2015 12:14:12 -0700

Atul Ahuja, an airline employee, has been searching for an apartment for the last three years. He even visited a property exhibition, organised by Maharashtra Chamber of Housing Industry from April 9 to 12. But, here again, he failed to zero in on his ...

The Hindu

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Thu, 09 Apr 2015 09:00:26 -0700

A Jhinjhoti bhajan on Lord Hanuman and a teen-taal bandish in raga Bahar preceded the much awaited Benares-ki-thumri. Panditji enumerated several rich forms of thumri - bol-banao, bol-baant, bhaava-nritya, gat-bhaava, bandish-thumri, ghanakshari and ...

The Express Tribune

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Sat, 04 Apr 2015 13:08:38 -0700

The speakers at Sur, Raag, Taal and Bandish: Classical Music in the Modern Age included Faheem Mazhar, Sara Zaman, who teach classical singing, and Beenish Pervaiz, a classical singer. The session was moderated by Athar Masood. The speakers ...
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Fri, 07 Nov 2014 00:55:27 -0800

A sonata is a composition. Any set of notes, with or without words, even when held together ludicrously, is a composition. How, then, is the bandish distinctive? The Indian classical music lexicon is notoriously off-putting, so it's best to look for a ...

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