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For the Hindi film, see Bandish (film).

Bandish, Cheez or Gat[1] is a fixed, melodic composition in Hindustani vocal or instrumental music.[2] It is set in a specific raga, performed with rhythmic accompaniment by a tabla or pakhavaj, a steady drone, and melodic accompaniment by a sarangi, violin or harmonium. There are different ways of systematizing the parts of a composition. A bandish provides the literature element in the music, for standard structured singing. In the past many gharanas protected their bandishes from moving out of the family with gross incoherent vocal renditions.[3] In the realm of vocal music, it is often known as Cheez. [4]


The word Bandish is derived from Hindi language, and literally means "binding together". [4]


Sthāyī or Asthāyī: The initial, Rondo phrase or line of a fixed, melodic composition.

Antarā: The first body phrase or line of a fixed, melodic composition.

Sanchāri: The third body phrase or line of a fixed, melodic composition, seen more typically in Dhrupad bandishes.

Aabhog: The fourth and concluding body phrase or line of a fixed, melodic composition, seen more typically in Dhrupad bandishes.


There are three variations of Bandish, regarding tempo:

Vilambit Bandish: A slow and steady melodic composition, usually in Largo to Adagio speeds.

Madhyalaya Bandish: A medium tempo melodic competition, usually set in Andante to Allegretto speeds.

Drut Bandish: A fast tempo melodic composition, usually set to Allegretto speed, and onwards.

See also[edit]

Portal icon Indian classical music portal


  1. ^ Bagchee, Sandeep (1998). Nād: Understanding Rāga Music. BPI (India) PVT Ltd. p. 328. ISBN 81-86982-07-8. 
  2. ^ http://www.sadarang.com/glossary1.htm
  3. ^ http://www.hinduonnet.com/thehindu/mp/2003/03/03/stories/2003030300530200.htm
  4. ^ a b Ashok Damodar Ranade (2006). Music Contexts: A Concise Dictionary of Hindustani Music. Bibliophile South Asia. pp. 71–. ISBN 978-81-85002-63-7. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 

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55 news items

Times of India

Times of India
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 03:18:45 -0700

Having a strong background in Hindustani classical music, he performed classical forms like tarana, bandish, thumri to the set-up of bass guitar, acoustic guitar, drums, keyboard and tabla in fusion format as early as in 1997. Recently, Prasant ...

Times of India

Times of India
Mon, 25 Aug 2014 11:38:12 -0700

The right thing to do is to say 'traditional' in credits, but most composers are fairly shameless or brazen in admitting that their supposedly original composition is a popular folk song from Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Bengal or is a thumri, raag ...


Tue, 26 Aug 2014 06:30:34 -0700

However, she reached new heights after she was cast in Bandish, a PTV drama serial penned by Hasina Moin and produced by Mohsin Ali. Khalida's acting alongside late actor Moin Akhtar in an extraordinarily humourous long play, Half-Playt, by Anwar ...
Times of India
Fri, 29 Aug 2014 03:49:34 -0700

Nilesh wanted to do something experimental and he composed a tune on Malhar raag and recorded it with dummy lyrics with Mangesh and shared it with Spruha. "He wanted me to write a bandish for him which would have reference to rains as well because ...
Indian Express
Thu, 21 Aug 2014 13:59:20 -0700

We wish Ram and Kilam tried a different tune here. Ghayal hiraniya is a bandish in raag Vrindavani Sarang. We loved the way a delicate guitar riff plays in the background along with a sarangi refrain as Fareeduddin Ayaz's deep baritone paired with ...

Hindu Business Line

Hindu Business Line
Fri, 22 Aug 2014 01:26:15 -0700

Musicians are not immune to silliness — making inane music by just playing a bandish with drums — but something about music therapy albums is not quite harmless. When straight-up renditions of Khamaj and Kafi, with emphasised lilt, are presented as ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Thu, 21 Aug 2014 06:52:30 -0700

In both the vilambit and drut compositions, she also displayed an evolved awareness towards the utterance of the bandish and meticulously kept her Gawati from lapsing into Bhim. There were only a few dull portions in the alapchari in an otherwise ...
Times of India
Sat, 16 Aug 2014 23:18:44 -0700

No complicated bandish, no structured classes, no highfalutin lectures on the greatness of cultural inheritance, just plain simple music that anyone can relate to. "There is something strange about our music education—if you can't sing or play an ...

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