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For the Hindi film, see Bandish (film).

Bandish, Cheez or Gat[1] is a fixed, melodic composition in Hindustani vocal or instrumental music.[2] It is set in a specific raga, performed with rhythmic accompaniment by a tabla or pakhavaj, a steady drone, and melodic accompaniment by a sarangi, violin or harmonium. There are different ways of systematizing the parts of a composition. A bandish provides the literature element in the music, for standard structured singing. In the past many gharanas protected their bandishes from moving out of the family with gross incoherent vocal renditions.[3] In the realm of vocal music, it is often known as Cheez. [4]

Etymology[edit]

The word Bandish is derived from Hindi language, and literally means "binding together". [4]

Sections[edit]

Sthāyī or Asthāyī: The initial, Rondo phrase or line of a fixed, melodic composition.

Antarā: The first body phrase or line of a fixed, melodic composition.

Sanchāri: The third body phrase or line of a fixed, melodic composition, seen more typically in Dhrupad bandishes.

Aabhog: The fourth and concluding body phrase or line of a fixed, melodic composition, seen more typically in Dhrupad bandishes.

Tempo[edit]

There are three variations of Bandish, regarding tempo:

Vilambit Bandish: A slow and steady melodic composition, usually in Largo to Adagio speeds.

Madhyalaya Bandish: A medium tempo melodic competition, usually set in Andante to Allegretto speeds.

Drut Bandish: A fast tempo melodic composition, usually set to Allegretto speed, and onwards.

See also[edit]

Portal icon Indian classical music portal

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bagchee, Sandeep (1998). Nād: Understanding Rāga Music. BPI (India) PVT Ltd. p. 328. ISBN 81-86982-07-8. 
  2. ^ http://www.sadarang.com/glossary1.htm
  3. ^ http://www.hinduonnet.com/thehindu/mp/2003/03/03/stories/2003030300530200.htm
  4. ^ a b Ashok Damodar Ranade (2006). Music Contexts: A Concise Dictionary of Hindustani Music. Bibliophile South Asia. pp. 71–. ISBN 978-81-85002-63-7. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 

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25 news items

The Hindu

The Hindu
Thu, 21 Aug 2014 06:52:30 -0700

Her serious musical approach, well-sculpted taans and layakari were truly impressive. In both the vilambit and drut compositions, she also displayed an evolved awareness towards the utterance of the bandish and meticulously kept her Gawati from lapsing ...
 
Times of India
Sat, 16 Aug 2014 23:11:15 -0700

No complicated bandish, no structured classes, no highfalutin lectures on the greatness of cultural inheritance, just plain simple music that anyone can relate to. "There is something strange about our music education—if you can't sing or play an ...
 
Pune Mirror
Sun, 27 Jul 2014 14:05:21 -0700

Before I move to my main subject — Neela Bhagwat's tappa performance on Sunday — I'd like to first eat my words of three years ago when I wrote, "There are vocalists who believe in the bandish and vocalists who don't. We heard one of each kind on the ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Thu, 24 Jul 2014 06:07:30 -0700

Rekha and Radha commenced their recital with the evening melody Raga Purya –Kalyan, furnishing a rich and fertile tonal space for elaboration. The vilambit ektal bandish “Aaj so ban erimaayi” unfurled through highly nuanced 'alap' improvisations ...
 
The Hindu
Thu, 07 Aug 2014 06:52:30 -0700

Such nuances were prefaced by Gargi and offset by a beautiful bandish, 'Jayathu jaya maharani…' in the same raga. Her Carnatic counterpart briefed the audience about how Muthuswamy Dikshitar's exposure to Hindustani raga during his tenure at Kashi, ...

SpaceCoastDaily.com

SpaceCoastDaily.com
Sun, 27 Jul 2014 14:01:35 -0700

The case is being investigated as a homicide. If you have any information about this incident call Palm Bay Police Lt. Mike Bandish through the communications center at 321-952-3539. STAY TUNED TO SPACECOASTDAILY.COM FOR UPDATES ...

Times of India

Times of India
Thu, 07 Aug 2014 05:25:14 -0700

... as the 'Best Business Hotel' for the West India. Bandish Mehta, general manager, Novotel Pune, said, "We are very happy and proud to have received this award, It's overwhelming to receive this level of recognition within seven months of the hotel ...

Calcutta Telegraph

Calcutta Telegraph
Sat, 09 Aug 2014 14:11:15 -0700

He was small, at once slightly enfeebled and quietly elegant, non-committal, uninterested, on the whole, in talking about music — although he mentioned his devotion to Ustad Amir Khan, and embarked briefly, one afternoon, upon a bandish in Raga Bahar.
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