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For the Hindi film, see Bandish (film).

Bandish, Cheez or Gat[1] is a fixed, melodic composition in Hindustani vocal or instrumental music.[2] It is set in a specific raga, performed with rhythmic accompaniment by a tabla or pakhavaj, a steady drone, and melodic accompaniment by a sarangi, violin or harmonium. There are different ways of systematizing the parts of a composition. A bandish provides the literature element in the music, for standard structured singing. In the past many gharanas protected their bandishes from moving out of the family with gross incoherent vocal renditions.[3] In the realm of vocal music, it is often known as Cheez. [4]


The word Bandish is derived from Hindi language, and literally means "binding together". [4]


Sthāyī or Asthāyī: The initial, Rondo phrase or line of a fixed, melodic composition.

Antarā: The first body phrase or line of a fixed, melodic composition.

Sanchāri: The third body phrase or line of a fixed, melodic composition, seen more typically in Dhrupad bandishes.

Aabhog: The fourth and concluding body phrase or line of a fixed, melodic composition, seen more typically in Dhrupad bandishes.


There are three variations of Bandish, regarding tempo:

Vilambit Bandish: A slow and steady melodic composition, usually in Largo to Adagio speeds.

Madhyalaya Bandish: A medium tempo melodic competition, usually set in Andante to Allegretto speeds.

Drut Bandish: A fast tempo melodic composition, usually set to Allegretto speed, and onwards.

See also[edit]

Portal icon Indian classical music portal


  1. ^ Bagchee, Sandeep (1998). Nād: Understanding Rāga Music. BPI (India) PVT Ltd. p. 328. ISBN 81-86982-07-8. 
  2. ^ http://www.sadarang.com/glossary1.htm
  3. ^ http://www.hinduonnet.com/thehindu/mp/2003/03/03/stories/2003030300530200.htm
  4. ^ a b Ashok Damodar Ranade (2006). Music Contexts: A Concise Dictionary of Hindustani Music. Bibliophile South Asia. pp. 71–. ISBN 978-81-85002-63-7. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 

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1473 news items

Hindustan Times

Hindustan Times
Sat, 06 Feb 2016 03:25:59 -0800

In the exquisite film Girija, Appa ji is seen teaching her shishyas a bandish, her own composition, in Kirvani. The plaint of a birahini nayika, the bandish has the nayika describe her state thus: 'Restless, tormented am I, like a fish out of water ...
Times of India
Fri, 05 Feb 2016 10:31:23 -0800

Starting with a bandish in raag Shyam Kalyan, 'mangal naam Shri Ganesha', she elaborated the raag with able support from her two disciples and ended with a scintillating taraana. The next was raag Kirwani. 'Nand Nandan Madanmohan', made the ...
Fri, 22 Jan 2016 08:52:30 -0800

The tradition of flying kites on the occasion of Makar Sankranti or Uttarayan could possibly have inspired the lyrics of the bandish created by Kumarji in Bhimpalasi. The song text is crafted as a brief exchange between siblings, one of whom urges her ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Thu, 04 Feb 2016 16:33:38 -0800

Doubling up the rendition into a lecture demonstration too, he carried the audience along a thundering journey through the nuances of layakari as he performed to a standing ovation. He began the concert with a vocal accompaniment for the bandish ...
Times of India
Thu, 04 Feb 2016 12:34:08 -0800

Carrying with them a 300-year-old legacy of Khayal gayaaki, the Mishra brothers are famous for their fine renditions and the manner in which they caress the notes and their artistry with 'aaroh' and 'avroh'. The duo began the evening with a bandish in ...
The Nation
Sat, 06 Feb 2016 17:41:15 -0800

The track Sampooran on the self-titled debut album was probably one of the best renditions of a seminal bandish in raga Yaman - also known as raga Aimen in common parlance in Pakistan, belonging to the Kalyan thaat and roughly corroborating with the ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Thu, 21 Jan 2016 07:11:37 -0800

After establishing the character of the raga in a detailed Alaap-Jod-Jhala, underlining the stylistic features of his father Ustad Vilayat Khan; he played a composition in the Addha Theka of Teentala followed by the popular bandish “Darshan deho ...

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Fri, 29 Jan 2016 22:59:02 -0800

Up All Night feels more boy-bandish with the structure of the song specifically designed for, let's say, One Direction. Having to play out a collection of curated voices over three and a half minutes is a task and Puth endures till the end. On first ...

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