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For the Hindi film, see Bandish (film).

Bandish, Cheez or Gat[1] is a fixed, melodic composition in Hindustani vocal or instrumental music.[2] It is set in a specific raga, performed with rhythmic accompaniment by a tabla or pakhavaj, a steady drone, and melodic accompaniment by a sarangi, violin or harmonium. There are different ways of systematizing the parts of a composition. A bandish provides the literature element in the music, for standard structured singing. In the past many gharanas protected their bandishes from moving out of the family with gross incoherent vocal renditions.[3] In the realm of vocal music, it is often known as Cheez. [4]


The word Bandish is derived from Hindi language, and literally means "binding together". [4]


Sthāyī or Asthāyī: The initial, Rondo phrase or line of a fixed, melodic composition.

Antarā: The first body phrase or line of a fixed, melodic composition.

Sanchāri: The third body phrase or line of a fixed, melodic composition, seen more typically in Dhrupad bandishes.

Aabhog: The fourth and concluding body phrase or line of a fixed, melodic composition, seen more typically in Dhrupad bandishes.


There are three variations of Bandish, regarding tempo:

Vilambit Bandish: A slow and steady melodic composition, usually in Largo to Adagio speeds.

Madhyalaya Bandish: A medium tempo melodic competition, usually set in Andante to Allegretto speeds.

Drut Bandish: A fast tempo melodic composition, usually set to Allegretto speed, and onwards.

See also[edit]

Portal icon Indian classical music portal


  1. ^ Bagchee, Sandeep (1998). Nād: Understanding Rāga Music. BPI (India) PVT Ltd. p. 328. ISBN 81-86982-07-8. 
  2. ^ http://www.sadarang.com/glossary1.htm
  3. ^ http://www.hinduonnet.com/thehindu/mp/2003/03/03/stories/2003030300530200.htm
  4. ^ a b Ashok Damodar Ranade (2006). Music Contexts: A Concise Dictionary of Hindustani Music. Bibliophile South Asia. pp. 71–. ISBN 978-81-85002-63-7. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 

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Times of India

Times of India
Tue, 21 Jul 2015 03:35:14 -0700

Kolkata band Bandish Fusion will be performing in Sri Lanka as part of the Indian Independence Day celebrations. Organized by the Ministry of Culture, in collaboration with Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR) and the Indian High Commission in ...

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Tue, 04 Aug 2015 03:18:45 -0700

The death anniversary of famous Pakistani playback singer Akhlaq Ahmed was observed on Tuesday (4th August). He debuted as a singer in the 1973 film 'Pazaib and remained a successful singer in late 1970s and 1980s. Akhlaq Ahmad was the third ...
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Mon, 03 Aug 2015 03:41:15 -0700

Indian classical music has a great tradition of 'Gharanas'. The knowledge and technique of singing or playing an instrument is passed on from a teacher to his/her students who live with their masters. According to Sitar maestro Purbayan Chatterjee, a ...


Mon, 03 Aug 2015 04:48:45 -0700

Shubhaji was having tea after a lecture-demonstration and a friend requested her to sing a certain 'bandish'. She immediately kept aside her tea, pulled the harmonium and lapsed into the 'bandish'. We were young impressionable students then and her ...


Fri, 31 Jul 2015 20:11:15 -0700

However, this is not altogether uncommon, as there are several traditional compositions that may have been created as bandish ki thumris, but have over the years been presented as chhota khayals. It is unusual though that Vilayat Hussein Khan sings ...
Times of India
Sat, 01 Aug 2015 14:00:00 -0700

They are only modifying the old bandish, giving it a contemporary twist and passing it off as their style," he complains and adds, "I always tell my students learn less and practice more. There are so many traditional bandish which take years to master."


Thu, 18 Jun 2015 09:33:20 -0700

MUMBAI: National Centre for the Performing Arts (NCPA), Mumbai and HSBC present the most awaited Indian music festival, 'Bandish 2015 - A Tribute to Legendary Composers'. The sixth edition of Bandish will see eminent artists like PAD bringing to life ...

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Wed, 29 Jul 2015 12:18:45 -0700

Then there were occasions when he made quick, sharp forays with the words of the bandish, and suddenly slowed down to unroll before you a fabric of sound with those slicing jabs woven into it. There were other occasions when he literally threw his ...

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