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For the Hindi film, see Bandish (film).

Bandish, Cheez or Gat[1] is a fixed, melodic composition in Hindustani vocal or instrumental music.[2] It is set in a specific raga, performed with rhythmic accompaniment by a tabla or pakhavaj, a steady drone, and melodic accompaniment by a sarangi, violin or harmonium. There are different ways of systematizing the parts of a composition. A bandish provides the literature element in the music, for standard structured singing. In the past many gharanas protected their bandishes from moving out of the family with gross incoherent vocal renditions.[3] In the realm of vocal music, it is often known as Cheez. [4]

Etymology[edit]

The word Bandish is derived from Hindi language, and literally means "binding together". [4]

Sections[edit]

Sthāyī or Asthāyī: The initial, Rondo phrase or line of a fixed, melodic composition.

Antarā: The first body phrase or line of a fixed, melodic composition.

Sanchāri: The third body phrase or line of a fixed, melodic composition, seen more typically in Dhrupad bandishes.

Aabhog: The fourth and concluding body phrase or line of a fixed, melodic composition, seen more typically in Dhrupad bandishes.

Tempo[edit]

There are three variations of Bandish, regarding tempo:

Vilambit Bandish: A slow and steady melodic composition, usually in Largo to Adagio speeds.

Madhyalaya Bandish: A medium tempo melodic competition, usually set in Andante to Allegretto speeds.

Drut Bandish: A fast tempo melodic composition, usually set to Allegretto speed, and onwards.

See also[edit]

Portal icon Indian classical music portal

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bagchee, Sandeep (1998). Nād: Understanding Rāga Music. BPI (India) PVT Ltd. p. 328. ISBN 81-86982-07-8. 
  2. ^ http://www.sadarang.com/glossary1.htm
  3. ^ http://www.hinduonnet.com/thehindu/mp/2003/03/03/stories/2003030300530200.htm
  4. ^ a b Ashok Damodar Ranade (2006). Music Contexts: A Concise Dictionary of Hindustani Music. Bibliophile South Asia. pp. 71–. ISBN 978-81-85002-63-7. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bandish — Please support Wikipedia.
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910 news items

The Hindu

The Hindu
Thu, 18 Dec 2014 06:48:45 -0800

The next raga chosen by her was Sawani Kalyan in which she sang the traditional bandish, “Dev dev satsang”, supposed to have been composed by Alladiya Khan himself. By this time, her voice had considerably warmed up and, consequently, her rendering ...

The Daily Star

The Daily Star
Fri, 28 Nov 2014 10:00:00 -0800

Her vilambit bandish “Kaun Gata Bhai” performance was followed by a well-decorated ektaal drut bandish “Beg Beg Beg Beg Aao”. The distinctive features of her performance included exquisite akar taan, meend, gamaki akar bistar, bahelowa and bolbut.

The Daily Star

The Daily Star
Sat, 29 Nov 2014 10:04:42 -0800

Her presentation of vilambit bandish “E Barey Saiyan” was on ektaal and the drut bandish “Dhan Dhan Bhag Nand Ko” was on teentaal. The artiste ornamented her rendition with bahelawa with melodious gamak, aakar taan, beautiful ragdari, and pukar.
 
Columbia Daily Herald
Sat, 13 Dec 2014 21:21:13 -0800

Despite valiant offensive efforts from Summit's Amber Bandish who led the team with six points and Sydney Forrest with five points, as well as Zacharyia Esmon remaining active on the defensive end, the inability to get early momentum doomed Summit.

The Hindu

The Hindu
Mon, 15 Dec 2014 05:23:58 -0800

'Vibhushitanang Riputamang,' a vintage Jasraj bandish was the next composition set in Sankara. This raag is close to Hamsadhwani, Sharma told her audience. Some of them must have wondered what an alert mind it takes to either deploy or omit the ...
 
Free press journal
Tue, 16 Dec 2014 21:34:59 -0800

Ashiwini Morgahade , who had earned laurels for her singing all over the country, sang some verses in Raag Lalit and a special bandish embellished with Taal Tilwada—'Morey Ghar Aawo Piyu Morey'. She also gave a presentation dipped in Madhya Leen ...

The Daily Star

The Daily Star
Mon, 01 Dec 2014 10:04:54 -0800

The artiste's teentaal bandish “Eri Malaniya Gund Lao Re” had striking aspects too -- including khatka, ascending-descending taan, sapat taan and jamjama taan. Manjusha later performed a Mishra Khamaj Thumri based on ada choutaal. “Sawarey Salune ...
 
Hindu Business Line
Fri, 07 Nov 2014 00:48:45 -0800

A sonata is a composition. Any set of notes, with or without words, even when held together ludicrously, is a composition. How, then, is the bandish distinctive? The Indian classical music lexicon is notoriously off-putting, so it's best to look for a ...
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