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For the Hindi film, see Bandish (film).

Bandish, Cheez or Gat[1] is a fixed, melodic composition in Hindustani vocal or instrumental music.[2] It is set in a specific raga, performed with rhythmic accompaniment by a tabla or pakhavaj, a steady drone, and melodic accompaniment by a sarangi, violin or harmonium. There are different ways of systematizing the parts of a composition. A bandish provides the literature element in the music, for standard structured singing. In the past many gharanas protected their bandishes from moving out of the family with gross incoherent vocal renditions.[3] In the realm of vocal music, it is often known as Cheez. [4]


The word Bandish is derived from Hindi language, and literally means "binding together". [4]


Sthāyī or Asthāyī: The initial, Rondo phrase or line of a fixed, melodic composition.

Antarā: The first body phrase or line of a fixed, melodic composition.

Sanchāri: The third body phrase or line of a fixed, melodic composition, seen more typically in Dhrupad bandishes.

Aabhog: The fourth and concluding body phrase or line of a fixed, melodic composition, seen more typically in Dhrupad bandishes.


There are three variations of Bandish, regarding tempo:

Vilambit Bandish: A slow and steady melodic composition, usually in Largo to Adagio speeds.

Madhyalaya Bandish: A medium tempo melodic competition, usually set in Andante to Allegretto speeds.

Drut Bandish: A fast tempo melodic composition, usually set to Allegretto speed, and onwards.

See also[edit]

Portal icon Indian classical music portal


  1. ^ Bagchee, Sandeep (1998). Nād: Understanding Rāga Music. BPI (India) PVT Ltd. p. 328. ISBN 81-86982-07-8. 
  2. ^ http://www.sadarang.com/glossary1.htm
  3. ^ http://www.hinduonnet.com/thehindu/mp/2003/03/03/stories/2003030300530200.htm
  4. ^ a b Ashok Damodar Ranade (2006). Music Contexts: A Concise Dictionary of Hindustani Music. Bibliophile South Asia. pp. 71–. ISBN 978-81-85002-63-7. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 

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52 news items

Mon, 07 Jul 2014 02:11:15 -0700

MUMBAI: It looked as though all was accomplished for SOUND.COM when the Bandish Festival at the National Center of Performing Arts (NCPA), slated to take place from July 18 to 20, 2014 came their way. SOUND.COM will be officially partnering the ...
Thu, 17 Jul 2014 08:56:15 -0700

Now in its fifth edition, the three-day NCPA Bandish festival is designed as a tribute to legendary composers. This year, vocalists Ustad Rashid Khan and Manjiri Asnare Kelkar will re-present compositions by Faiyaz Khan and Vilayat Hussain Khan of the ...

Clarkson University News (press release)

Clarkson University News (press release)
Tue, 08 Jul 2014 13:09:12 -0700

Bryce Bandish Bandish has worked with Clarkson's Shipley Center for Innovation and Reh Center for Entrepreneurship for two years to develop the Pet Pita, a safe and inexpensive way to immobilize a pet cat or dog. Made of canvas and fleece, the Pet Pita ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Thu, 24 Jul 2014 06:07:30 -0700

Rekha and Radha commenced their recital with the evening melody Raga Purya –Kalyan, furnishing a rich and fertile tonal space for elaboration. The vilambit ektal bandish “Aaj so ban erimaayi” unfurled through highly nuanced 'alap' improvisations ...

The Daily Star

The Daily Star
Sat, 19 Jul 2014 11:11:15 -0700

Ustad Sagir Uddin Khan's bandish “Ka Par Kariye Guman Re Maan” urges us to shake off all anger, haughtiness and helps broaden our hearts and horizon. Pandit Tushar Dutta's vilambit bandish “Paar Na Payo Tero” and drut bandish “Sundar Tero Roop ...
Business Standard
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 03:25:37 -0700

... have been passed on through generations. "So you can listen to khayaal numa tarana and khayaal numa tappa, along with tappa, chaturang, ashtapadi, trivat, tarana, pad, hori, bandish ki thumri, bol banaav ki thumri and jhoola," says Meeta. Read more ...

Daily News & Analysis

Daily News & Analysis
Sat, 19 Jul 2014 18:13:21 -0700

They are preparing for the fifth edition of the NCPA's Bandish Festival where Gulzar will present his translation of the Nobel laureate's work along with Chakrabarty. The duo share a bond tied together with their close association with the late ...

The New Indian Express

The New Indian Express
Sat, 19 Jul 2014 17:22:30 -0700

In 1998, during one of her visits to Late Pandit Bhim Sen Joshi's residence in Pune, Sawani got the opportunity to present a self-composed bandish (song) in Raag Yaman. “He asked me to fetch the tanpura. I sang the bandish I had composed in Raag Yaman.

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