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For the Hindi film, see Bandish (film).

Bandish, Cheez or Gat[1] is a fixed, melodic composition in Hindustani vocal or instrumental music.[2] It is set in a specific raga, performed with rhythmic accompaniment by a tabla or pakhavaj, a steady drone, and melodic accompaniment by a sarangi, violin or harmonium. There are different ways of systematizing the parts of a composition. A bandish provides the literature element in the music, for standard structured singing. In the past many gharanas protected their bandishes from moving out of the family with gross incoherent vocal renditions.[3] In the realm of vocal music, it is often known as Cheez. [4]


The word Bandish is derived from Hindi language, and literally means "binding together". [4]


Sthāyī or Asthāyī: The initial, Rondo phrase or line of a fixed, melodic composition.

Antarā: The first body phrase or line of a fixed, melodic composition.

Sanchāri: The third body phrase or line of a fixed, melodic composition, seen more typically in Dhrupad bandishes.

Aabhog: The fourth and concluding body phrase or line of a fixed, melodic composition, seen more typically in Dhrupad bandishes.


There are three variations of Bandish, regarding tempo:

Vilambit Bandish: A slow and steady melodic composition, usually in Largo to Adagio speeds.

Madhyalaya Bandish: A medium tempo melodic competition, usually set in Andante to Allegretto speeds.

Drut Bandish: A fast tempo melodic composition, usually set to Allegretto speed, and onwards.

See also[edit]

Portal icon Indian classical music portal


  1. ^ Bagchee, Sandeep (1998). Nād: Understanding Rāga Music. BPI (India) PVT Ltd. p. 328. ISBN 81-86982-07-8. 
  2. ^ http://www.sadarang.com/glossary1.htm
  3. ^ http://www.hinduonnet.com/thehindu/mp/2003/03/03/stories/2003030300530200.htm
  4. ^ a b Ashok Damodar Ranade (2006). Music Contexts: A Concise Dictionary of Hindustani Music. Bibliophile South Asia. pp. 71–. ISBN 978-81-85002-63-7. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bandish — Please support Wikipedia.
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835 news items

Daily News & Analysis

Daily News & Analysis
Sat, 28 Nov 2015 17:30:00 -0800

For those old timers, who have grown up on Ustad Faiyez Khan's iconic 78 renditions, the drut in Lalit was sung by Bharathi in the same bandish, Tarpat Hun, and it was exquisitely rendered. Pandit Bhimsen Joshi once remarked that no one understood or ...

The Daily Star

The Daily Star
Sat, 28 Nov 2015 10:19:04 -0800

Jayashri's dhrupad-styled presentation and meditative bandish “Parama Purush Shri Rama”, together with solo violin piece thoroughly enthralled all. She also inspired a taalbadya lahora where Mridangam artiste Delhi S Sairam and Ghatam artiste Krishna S ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Sat, 28 Nov 2015 10:29:35 -0800

“His openness towards music set him apart. He would say that there are two kinds of music – good and bad and that classical music could also be bad. In Katyar, he has not only composed Hindustani classical abut also bandish, tarana, thumri and qawwali.

The Hindu

The Hindu
Thu, 26 Nov 2015 04:45:00 -0800

An early review commented that “the artist did not spare enough time for bandish rendition with sat sangat (jointly) on pakhawaj”. I felt the most prominent attribute of the rudraveena is its capability for nadopasana through alap. Playing with the ...
Times of India
Mon, 23 Nov 2015 14:15:47 -0800

Picking up on two of the most soothing raags of Hindustani classical music, they first presented a bandish in raag Shree in Jhap taal and finished off with raag Rageshwari set to the difficult Aada chautaal. The brothers had the audience in thrall with ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Sat, 07 Nov 2015 16:00:00 -0800

IndianRaga from Bengaluru has done it yet again. After 'Tillana' went viral a few months ago, its latest Indian classical music video, 'Eri Aali Piya Bina', a Bandish in raag Yaman sung by five promising young city-based girls, has connected with ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Thu, 19 Nov 2015 04:33:45 -0800

Here, to the exuberant Pakhawaj accompaniment of Rameshchandra Joshi and Dhyaneshwar Deshmukh, Ramakant and Umakant Gundecha brought out the poetic beauty and the emotive expressivity of the 'bandish' through their enunciations and ...
Times of India
Sun, 22 Nov 2015 10:48:12 -0800

That she was accompanied by her disciple Malani Awasthi proved to be a delight for the audience. Known for her style, known as poorv ang ki Thumri, Girija Devi began her presentation with a Saraswati Vandana before presenting a bandish in raag Bhopali.

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