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For the Hindi film, see Bandish (film).

Bandish, Cheez or Gat[1] is a fixed, melodic composition in Hindustani vocal or instrumental music.[2] It is set in a specific raga, performed with rhythmic accompaniment by a tabla or pakhavaj, a steady drone, and melodic accompaniment by a sarangi, violin or harmonium. There are different ways of systematizing the parts of a composition. A bandish provides the literature element in the music, for standard structured singing. In the past many gharanas protected their bandishes from moving out of the family with gross incoherent vocal renditions.[3] In the realm of vocal music, it is often known as Cheez. [4]


The word Bandish is derived from Hindi language, and literally means "binding together". [4]


Sthāyī or Asthāyī: The initial, Rondo phrase or line of a fixed, melodic composition.

Antarā: The first body phrase or line of a fixed, melodic composition.

Sanchāri: The third body phrase or line of a fixed, melodic composition, seen more typically in Dhrupad bandishes.

Aabhog: The fourth and concluding body phrase or line of a fixed, melodic composition, seen more typically in Dhrupad bandishes.


There are three variations of Bandish, regarding tempo:

Vilambit Bandish: A slow and steady melodic composition, usually in Largo to Adagio speeds.

Madhyalaya Bandish: A medium tempo melodic competition, usually set in Andante to Allegretto speeds.

Drut Bandish: A fast tempo melodic composition, usually set to Allegretto speed, and onwards.

See also[edit]

Portal icon Indian classical music portal


  1. ^ Bagchee, Sandeep (1998). Nād: Understanding Rāga Music. BPI (India) PVT Ltd. p. 328. ISBN 81-86982-07-8. 
  2. ^ http://www.sadarang.com/glossary1.htm
  3. ^ http://www.hinduonnet.com/thehindu/mp/2003/03/03/stories/2003030300530200.htm
  4. ^ a b Ashok Damodar Ranade (2006). Music Contexts: A Concise Dictionary of Hindustani Music. Bibliophile South Asia. pp. 71–. ISBN 978-81-85002-63-7. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 

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61 news items

The Daily Star

The Daily Star
Thu, 18 Sep 2014 11:00:00 -0700

The presentation of the bandish was “Main To Shehzad Ko Dhuran Chalia”. Priyanka wrapped up her performance with a Meera Bhajan “Kahiyo Rey Prabhu Awan Ki”, set on a morning Raga Bhairavi. Iftekhar Alam Pradhan on tabla, Bizon Chandra Mistry on ...
The Hindu
Thu, 11 Sep 2014 06:41:15 -0700

It explores the nuances of the raag, scales through the three octaves and then launches into the bandish (song/composition) led by a mridang or pakhawaz (not the tabla). The raga grammar is rooted in tradition and text; hence it is not easy for a ...

The New Indian Express

The New Indian Express
Sat, 20 Sep 2014 09:30:00 -0700

The bandish, the traditional classical composition tuned to a raga, continues to be celebrated as “cover song”. From Bhairav, Durga, Maru Bihag, Bhimpalasi, Gorakh Kalyan and Yaman Kalyan, to the Malhars, Kalyani, Sindhu Bhairavi, Darbari and other ...

The Daily Star

The Daily Star
Mon, 15 Sep 2014 11:00:00 -0700

His vilambit bandish “E Bali Bali Jaoon” (on vilambit ektaal) evoked Radha's excitement and pining for a tryst with Krishna, while his drut bandish “Payelia Jhankar” (on teentaal) performance had a similar theme. Pandit Tushar Dutta beautified his ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Thu, 18 Sep 2014 05:32:28 -0700

... in drut laya, (in most dancers, the feet move apart in an ugly posture), the sheer grace of a sliding foot, in executing a meend or elongated bols, and in dealing with unarticulated intervals in a bandish displayed the finish of the Kumudini Lakhia ...
The Daily Star
Fri, 12 Sep 2014 11:00:00 -0700

The Daily Star-Bengal Arts Precinct turned into a hearty congregation of classical music connoisseurs on Thursday evening, as Pandit Tushar Dutta enthralled a discerning audience. Bengal Foundation and The Daily Star, in association with Indira Gandhi ...

Times of India

Times of India
Mon, 25 Aug 2014 11:38:12 -0700

The right thing to do is to say 'traditional' in credits, but most composers are fairly shameless or brazen in admitting that their supposedly original composition is a popular folk song from Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Bengal or is a thumri, raag ...

Times of India

Times of India
Sat, 13 Sep 2014 17:56:15 -0700

"It would have been a huge challenge if I had married a man who hadn't a clue why I was waking up at 2 in the morning to set a bandish. The creative moment is precious to an artiste and if you refuse to respect you may as well kill her," says Katkar ...

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