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Banana leaf
Carp pepes, carp fish cooked with spices in a banana leaf.

Banana leaves have a wide range of applications because they are large, flexible, waterproof and decorative. They are used for cooking, wrapping and food serving in a wide range of cuisines of tropical and subtropical areas. Banana leafs are used for decorative and symbolic purposes in numerous Hindu and Buddhist ceremonies. In traditional home building in the tropical areas, roofs and fences are made of thatched dry banana leaves.[1] Banana and palm leaves were historically the primary writing surface in many nations of South and Southeast Asia.

Prasadam offered on banana leaves after Puja at a home in Guntur, India.

Like green tea, banana leaves contain large amounts of polyphenols, including EGCG. They also contain polyphenol oxidase, an enzyme that produces L-DOPA, a treatment for Parkinson's disease.[2]

Applications in cuisine[edit]

Banana leaves used in cuisine are generally large, flexible, and waterproof.[3] When cooking food with or serving or wrapping food with banana leaves, they may confer an aroma to the food leaves; steaming with banana leaves imparts a subtle sweet flavour to the dish.[4]

The leaves contain the juices, protect food from burning and add a subtle flavor.[5] In Tamil Nadu (India) leaves are fully dried and used as packing material for food stuffs and also making cups to hold liquid foods. The dried leaves are called 'Vaazhai-ch- charugu' (வாழைச் சருகு) in Tamil. Some South Indian, Filipino and Khmer recipes use banana leaves as a wrapper for frying. The leaves are later removed to retain flavor. In Vietnamese cuisine, banana leaves are used to wrap foods such as cha-lua.

In Indian and Filipino cuisine[edit]

Food served on a banana leaf in Karnataka, India.
Sumang Kamoteng Kahoy (Cassava Suman), wrapped in banana leaves.

South Indian and some Filipino food (introduced to the Philippines by Hindu merchants) are usually served on a banana leaf. Especially in the South Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala in every occasion the food must be served in a banana leaf and as a part of the food a banana is served.[6] In the Philippines, a common utilization of banana leaves in cuisine is in the preparation of the dessert known as suman, which is a glutinous rice pastry more commonly wrapped in palm leaves. In Goa on many special occasions like ganesh chaturthi people eat on banana leaves.

In Indonesian and Malaysian cuisine[edit]

Chicken satay served in pincuk, a banana leaf cone-shaped plate.

In Indonesian cuisine, banana leaf is employed in cooking method called pepes and botok; the banana leaf packages containing food ingredients and spices are cooked on steam, in boiled water or grilled on charcoal. Banana leaves are also used to wrap several kinds of snacks kue (delicacies), such as kue pisang and otak-otak, and also to wrap sticky pressed rice delicacies such as lemper and lontong.

In Java banana leaf is also used as a coned plate called "pincuk", usually to serve rujak tumbuk, pecel or satay. The pincuk is made by creating shallow cone-shaped banana leaf plate secured with lidi semat (small thorn-like nail made from the coconut leaf mid rib). The pincuk fit the left palm while the right hand used to consume the food. It is functioned as a traditional disposable take-away food container. The cleaned banana leaf is often used as a plate mat; cut banana leaf sheets placed upon rattan, bamboo or clay plates are used to serve food upon it.

In Malaysian and Singapore cuisine, banana leaves are used to wrap certain kuih and otak-otak. Malay food such as nasi lemak are also commonly wrapped with banana leaves before being wrapped with newspaper as banana leaves add fragrance to the rice.

In Caribbean and Mexican cuisine[edit]

In Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic, banana leaves and parchment paper form the wrapper for pasteles (similar to tamales). Ground green bananas stuffed with meat are packed inside and then boiled with the banana leaf imparting extra flavor and aroma.

Mexican, and more specifically Oaxacan tamales and a local variety of lamb meat, or barbacoa tacos are often steamed in banana leaves. Banana leaves are used for wrapping pork in the traditional Yucatán dish Cochinita pibil. The Hawaiian imu is often lined with banana leaves.

In Central American cuisine[edit]

Vigorón' is a traditional Nicaraguan dish. It consists of a cabbage salad known as curtido (chopped cabbage, tomatoes, onions, and chili pepper marinated in vinegar and salt), boiled yuca, and chicharrones (fried pork with skin or with meat) wrapped in Banana leaf.[7] Variations of this dish are also found in Costa Rica.

Vaho (or Baho) is a mix of meat, green plantains and yuca cooked in banana leaves.

Traditional Nicaraguan Vajo

Nacatamal is made up of mostly nixtamalized corn masa (a kind of dough traditionally made from a process called nizquezar) and lard, but includes seasonings such as salt and achiote (annatto). Filling consists of seasoned pork meat, rice, a slice of potato, bell pepper, tomato, onion, olives, cilantro and/or spearmint sprigs, and on occasion, though less commonly, capers, raisins or fresh chile (red or green) all wrapped in banana leaves. Dish is traditional to Nicaragua in Honduras.

Nacatamales ready to be steamed

In religion[edit]

Banana leaves are predominantly used by Hindus and Buddhists as a decorative element for special functions, marriages, and ceremonies in southern India and Southeast Asia. Balinese Hindu prepared banana leaf as the container for floral offerings called canang dedicated for hyang (spirits or deities) and gods. These floral offerings were placed in various places around the house.

As a writing surface[edit]

Banana and palm leaves were historically the primary writing surface in many nations of South and Southeast Asia. This has influenced the evolution of their scripts. The rounded letters of many of the scripts of southern India (such as Oriya and Sinhala), of Burmese, and of Javanese, for example, are thought to be such an influence: Sharp angles and tracing straight lines along the vein of the leaf with a sharp writing implement would risk splitting the leaf and ruining the surface, so rounded letters, or letter with straight lines in only the vertical or diagonal direction, were required for practical daily use.[8]

In such situations, the ribs of the leaves function as the dividing lines of ruled paper, separating lines of text. It is believed that this was so influential in the development of rongorongo of Easter Island that the more elaborate wood tablets were fluted to imitate the surface of a banana leaf.[9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Molina, A.B., Roa, V.N., Van den Bergh, I., Maghuyop, M.A. Advancing banana and plantain R & D in Asia and the Pacific. p. 84. 
  2. ^ Chu H.-L., Yeh D.-B., Shaw J.-F. (1993.) Production of L-DOPA by banana leaf polyphenol oxidase, Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin., 34: 57–60.]
  3. ^ Frozen Banana Leaf, Temple of Thai Food Store
  4. ^ Black Cod Steamed in Banana Leaves with Thai Marinade, Frog Mom
  5. ^ "Banana". Hortpurdue.edu. Archived from the original on 15 April 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-16. 
  6. ^ Srinivasan, Balasubramanian. "Uses of Banana Leaf". Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  7. ^ http://www.whats4eats.com/vegetables/vigoron-recipe
  8. ^ Sanford Steever, 'Tamil Writing', in Daniels & Bright, The World's Writing Systems, 1996, p. 426
  9. ^ Barthel, Thomas S. (1971). Pre-contact Writing in Oceania. Current Trends in Linguistics 8. Den Haag, Paris: Mouton. p. 1169. 

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260 news items

FOX10 News - Mobile
Mon, 04 Aug 2014 06:55:54 -0700

Arrange the Banana Leaf lengthwise in front of you. Sprinkle 1 Tbl. seasoning where fish will go. Put herb butter on top of seasoning. Place fish on top of butter and sprinkle remaining seasoning on top. Fold in Banana Leaf from sides first and then ...
The Star Online
Tue, 05 Aug 2014 20:44:06 -0700

HAVE you nominated your favourite eatery for banana leaf meals for The Star People's Food Awards? You have until Aug 10 to nominate your favourite place in the Klang Valley and stand a chance to win hotel stays and dining vouchers at top-rated hotels.
Wall St. Cheat Sheet
Sun, 24 Aug 2014 12:18:15 -0700

Lay down 1 banana leaf. Place one heaped tablespoon of the cooled rice in the center. Add a single piece of banana, followed by another tablespoon of rice (the banana should be sandwiched). Now fold the sides of the leaves over, as you would a parcel.

Neighborhood Notes

Neighborhood Notes
Mon, 25 Aug 2014 14:11:15 -0700

Barometer: Tamales, naturally, especially the Oaxaqueño cochinita pibil (slow-roasted pork steamed in a banana leaf) with an El Diablo (roasted habanero-infused tequila, mango puree, lemon and lime juices, and a salty, spicy rim) to wash it down.

Minneapolis Star Tribune (blog)

Minneapolis Star Tribune (blog)
Sat, 23 Aug 2014 20:45:00 -0700

Laborers who work outdoors often wear full-body umbrellas made from bamboo and banana leaf. One of the most fascinating and beautiful features in the region are the "living bridges" spanning rain-soaked valleys. For centuries, locals have been training ...
FOX 4 News
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 06:28:14 -0700

4. Pre-heat oven to 350 degrees. Place the pork wrapped in banana leaf in dutch oven or roasting pan along with pork stock and roast for 5 hours covered. 5. After 5 hours add shredded cabbage and return to oven for another 30 minutes. 6. Remove from ...
Westword (blog)
Wed, 20 Aug 2014 04:37:11 -0700

Corn plays a starring role in nearly everything. Fresh masa is used to make several dishes, including pork- or chicken-stuffed tamales, steamed the Yucatecan way, in a banana leaf, and slathered with tomato sauce. But it is masa harina that the ...

Detroit Metro Times (blog)

Detroit Metro Times (blog)
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 22:15:00 -0700

Many gringos seem to like the dry, cylindrical Mexican tamales, and they may have their charms, but a moist, banana-leaf wrapped Salvadoran (or Honduran or Guatemalan) tamale is a different creature, with a moist, thick body and a filling that does ...

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