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This article is about the town in Pakistan. For the village in Nepal, see Balakot, Nepal.
Balakot
بالاکوٹ
Balakot, Mansehra District, Pakistan.JPG
Balakot is located in Pakistan
Balakot
Balakot
Coordinates: 34°32′N 73°21′E / 34.54°N 73.35°E / 34.54; 73.35
Country  Pakistan
Province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Number of towns 1
Number of Union Councils 1

Balakot (Urdu: بالاکوٹ ‎) is a town in Mansehra District in the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. The town was destroyed during the 2005 Kashmir Earthquake, but was later rebuilt with the assistance of the Government of Pakistan and Saudi Public Assistance for Pakistan Earthquake Victims (SPAPEV),[1] a Saudi relief organisation.

Balakot valley

Location[edit]

Balakot is located at 34°33′N 73°21′E / 34.550°N 73.350°E / 34.550; 73.350Coordinates: 34°33′N 73°21′E / 34.550°N 73.350°E / 34.550; 73.350 about thirty-eight kilometres north-east of the city of Mansehra, in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa. It is a historical town, a famous tourist destination of the region and the gateway to Kaghan valley of the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa of Pakistan. The river Kunhar, originating from Lulusar lake, runs through the city and merges with Jhelum River just outside Muzaffarabad in Azad Kashmir. Patlang is also a Village of balakot It is 3km far from Balakot By Muhammad Mubashar Za man Of mondhar attershisha Mansehra

History[edit]

In 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin, In 1005 he conquered the Shahis in Kabul in 1005, and followed it by the conquests of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa. The Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire ruled the region. The Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa region became predominantly Muslim due to missionary Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the landscape of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa.

After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Sikhs invaded and occupied Mandi Bahauddin District. Bhangi Misl was the first of many Sikh bands to invade and plunder the Mughal Lahore and other cities in Punjab. Many visitors to Lahore during this era noted that much of the city was in disrepair and many of its Muslim monuments and Mosques were pillaged and desecrated by the Sikhs. The land, palaces and houses of Muslim nobility were confiscated by the Sikhs Sardars. Marbles and precious stones were pillaged from Muslim buildings, including Shalimar Gardens, and homes by the Sikhs to build Golden Temple in Amritsar and the other Sikh holy places. Syed Ahmad Barelvi a Muslim nationalist received desperate pleas of help from the persecuted Muslims of the Punjab region. The Muslims were prohibited to call Azan and lands belonging to the waqf endowments which provided financial support to Muslim institutions were confiscated by the Sikhs. Syed Ahmad Barelvi in 1821 with many supporters and spent two years organizing popular and material support for his Punjab campaign. He carefully developed a network of people through the length and breadth of India to collect funds and encourage volunteers, traveling widely throughout India attracting a following among pious Muslims. In December 1826 Sayyid Ahmad and his followers clashed with Sikh troops at Okara but with no decisive result. In a major battle near the town of Balakot in 1831, Sayyid Ahmad and Shah Ismail Shaheed with volunteer Muslims were defeated and martyred by the professional Sikh Army. The Muslims faced severe restrictions during the Sikh rule.

Climate[edit]

Balakot has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with hot summers and cool winters. Rainfall in Balakot is much higher than in most other parts of Pakistan. The heaviest rainfall occurs either in late winter (February–March) associated with frontal systems, or in the monsoon season (June–August); however, all months see significant rainfall on average.

Climate data for Balakot
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 24.4
(75.9)
25.2
(77.4)
31.1
(88)
36.0
(96.8)
43.3
(109.9)
42.1
(107.8)
41.2
(106.2)
39.7
(103.5)
35.2
(95.4)
33.9
(93)
29.0
(84.2)
24.7
(76.5)
43.3
(109.9)
Average high °C (°F) 13.9
(57)
15.2
(59.4)
19.3
(66.7)
25.9
(78.6)
31.3
(88.3)
35.5
(95.9)
32.3
(90.1)
31.2
(88.2)
31.0
(87.8)
27.4
(81.3)
22.2
(72)
15.9
(60.6)
25.09
(77.16)
Daily mean °C (°F) 8.1
(46.6)
9.5
(49.1)
13.5
(56.3)
19.3
(66.7)
24.3
(75.7)
28.1
(82.6)
26.8
(80.2)
25.9
(78.6)
24.0
(75.2)
19.3
(66.7)
14.2
(57.6)
9.5
(49.1)
18.54
(65.37)
Average low °C (°F) 2.2
(36)
3.8
(38.8)
7.6
(45.7)
12.7
(54.9)
17.4
(63.3)
20.7
(69.3)
21.2
(70.2)
20.6
(69.1)
17.1
(62.8)
11.3
(52.3)
6.1
(43)
3.1
(37.6)
11.98
(53.58)
Record low °C (°F) −3
(27)
−2.2
(28)
−1
(30)
3.9
(39)
8.0
(46.4)
10.0
(50)
15.0
(59)
13.3
(55.9)
10.0
(50)
5.2
(41.4)
1.7
(35.1)
−1.3
(29.7)
−3
(27)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 105.4
(4.15)
156.1
(6.146)
195.9
(7.713)
122.5
(4.823)
80.5
(3.169)
107.3
(4.224)
384.3
(15.13)
311.4
(12.26)
100.8
(3.969)
48.9
(1.925)
44.0
(1.732)
87.5
(3.445)
1,744.6
(68.686)
Source: NOAA (1971-1990) [2]

Administration[edit]

Administrative subdivisions of Mansehra District.

Balakot is one of the main cities of Mansehra District. It serves as the chief city of Balakot Tehsil, which is the largest Tehsil of Mansehra District. It has also a Union Council and administers the many surrounding smaller towns and villages.[3]

History[edit]

The town or village of Balakot is occupied mainly by Khankhel Swati family, Gujjar, Awan, Swati, Syed, Turk, Mughal and Hanki tribes. It is located on the banks of the River Kunhar before it enters the Kashmir Valley. The Sikhs tried to free Mansehra in the 1818 but were met with resistance from the occupying army. As the Mansehra region fell under Sikh control, it was annexed to Punjab. The movement placed Waziristan, the Mohmand country beyond Kunhar, Chitral and Yusufzai tribes within the control and responsibility of the Indian government. Syed Ahmad Shaheed and Shah Ismail Shaheed, with the help of the Mujahadeen, including the local tribes of tehsil Balakot from Kaghan to Garhi Habibullah led many revolts and attacks against the Sikhs. At last on 6 May 1831, during a fierce battle, Syed Ahmad Shaheed and Shah Ismail Shaheed along with hundreds of their followers were killed.[4] The central mosque of Balakot is named after Syed Ahmed Shaheed. The areas includes diverse groups, especially Pashtuns and Hindko speakers.

Earthquake 2005[edit]

Kunhar river near Balakot during July

The town was completely destroyed in the massive earthquake on 8 October 2005. The United Arab Emirates has volunteered to rebuild this town into an improved one with housing colonies, schools, hospitals, and other civic facilities. However the Pakistan government has announced that the city will be relocated.[5] The town will be reconstructed about 20 km away at a safer spot with more earthquake-proof buildings. The hillside town of Balakot, comprising 12 union councils with a population of 30,000 people, was completely destroyed by the earthquake on October 8, 2005. Over 90 per cent of the houses were reduced to muddy smears. The survivors will be relocated to the New Balakot City, currently being developed near Mansehra. [

References[edit]

http://tribune.com.pk/story/269962/2005-earthquake-balakot-remembers-its-dead-amid-tears-and-sobs/

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balakot — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

722 news items

NDTV

NDTV
Sun, 02 Aug 2015 12:05:13 -0700

Firing across the LoC began around 9.30 pm in Krishan Ghati and Mandi in Poonch district, Balakot, and Palanwala sectors in Rajouri and Jammu respectively. Indian forces have opened retaliatory fire and the exchange of fire is still on. The Pakistani ...

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Sat, 01 Aug 2015 17:00:00 -0700

Shops and businesses in Abbottabad, Havelian, Haripur, Ghazi, Mansehra, Shinkiari, Bafa, Balakot, Battagram and Kohistan also remained shut from early hours of morning till 5pm. In DI Khan, some traders demanded the removal of Minister for Finance ...

Daily Times

Business Recorder (press release) (blog)
Sun, 02 Aug 2015 16:03:45 -0700

Mianwali 147, Kohat 119, Cherat 72, Risalpur 63, Bahawalpur A/P 58, D.G Khan 57, Noorpurthal 54, Rawlakot 44, Joharabad 42, Shorkot 40, Okara 36, Sahiwal 35, Balakot, Barkhan 25, Bhawalnagar, Peshawar A/P 24, M.B Din 21, Chakwal 20, Faisalabad ...

SAMAA TV (press release) (blog)

SAMAA TV (press release) (blog)
Sat, 01 Aug 2015 23:33:45 -0700

Cherat=217, Kohat=115, Risalpur=75, Bahawalpur A/P=58, D.G.Khan=57, Saidu Sharif=51, Joharabad=45, Sahiwal=45, Bahawalnagar=41, Peshawar A/P=41, Peshawar City=40, Shorkot=40, D.I.Khan=39, Okara=39, Bhakkar=38, Balakot=36.2, Sargodha ...
 
The Nation
Sun, 02 Aug 2015 18:52:30 -0700

On Sunday, Mianwali received 147mm rain, Kohat 119mm, Cherat 72mm, Risalpur 63mm, Bahawalpur 58mm, DG Khan 57mm, Noorpurthal 54mm, Rawlakot 44mm, Joharabad 42mm, Shorkot 40mm, Islamabad 39mm, Okara 36mm, Sahiwal 35mm, Balakot ...
 
Daily Times
Wed, 01 Jul 2015 17:22:21 -0700

The delegation was briefed on the progress and impediments for the new Balakot city. A detailed briefing was made by ERRA Chief of Staff Brig Abu Bakr Bajwa and an exhaustive question answer session was conducted to crystallise the prevailing ...

SAMAA TV (press release) (blog)

SAMAA TV (press release) (blog)
Fri, 31 Jul 2015 04:12:18 -0700

Multan 42, Balakot, Bahawalnagar 26, Sahiwal 22, Bahawalpur City 20, Okara 11, Barkhan, Kotli 09, Bahawalpur A/P 08, Drosh, Jhelum 06, Rahim Yar Khan, Larkana 05, Khanpur, Malamjabba 04, Khuzdar, Dir, Sibbi, D.G.Khan 03, Garhi Dupatta 02, Bhakkar ...

The Nation

The Nation
Fri, 31 Jul 2015 18:41:15 -0700

On Friday, DI Khan received 93mm rain, Kot Addu 65mm, Multan 58mm, Layyah 42mm, DG Khan 31mm, Balakot 26mm, Bahawalpur 24mm, Sahiwal 23mm, Okara 21mm, Bahawalnagar 18mm, Shorkot and Zhob 11mm each, Jhang 07mm, Drosh, Lahore ...
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