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This article is about the town in Pakistan. For the village in Nepal, see Balakot, Nepal.
Balakot
بالاکوٹ
Pictured prior to earthquake
Pictured prior to earthquake
Balakot is located in Pakistan
Balakot
Balakot
Coordinates: 34°32′N 73°21′E / 34.54°N 73.35°E / 34.54; 73.35
Country  Pakistan
Province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Number of towns 1
Number of Union Councils 1

Balakot (Urdu: بالاکوٹ ‎) is a town in Mansehra District in the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. The town was destroyed during the 2005 earthquake and was later rebuilt with the assistance of the Government of Pakistan and Saudi Public Assistance for Pakistan Earthquake Victims (SPAPEV),[1] a Saudi relief organisation. A separate project, initiated by the Government of Pakistan 'New Balakot City' is being developed near Mansehra, with plans to relocate the population of two Union Councils of Balakot, demarcated as a Red Zone.

Location[edit]

Balakot is located at 34°33′N 73°21′E / 34.550°N 73.350°E / 34.550; 73.350Coordinates: 34°33′N 73°21′E / 34.550°N 73.350°E / 34.550; 73.350 about thirty-eight kilometres north-east of the city of Mansehra, in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa. It is a historical town, a famous tourist destination of the region and the gateway to Kaghan valley of the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa of Pakistan. The river Kunhar, originating from Lulusar lake, runs through the city and merges with Jhelum River just outside Muzaffarabad in Azad Kashmir.

History[edit]

In 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin, In 1005 he conquered the Shahis in Kabul in 1005, and followed it by the conquests of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa. The Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire ruled the region. The Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa region became predominantly Muslim due to missionary Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the landscape of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa.

Climate[edit]

Balakot has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with hot summers and cool winters. Rainfall in Balakot is much higher than in most other parts of Pakistan. The heaviest rainfall occurs either in late winter (February–March) associated with frontal systems, or in the monsoon season (June–August); however, all months see significant rainfall on average.

Climate data for Balakot
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 24.4
(75.9)
25.2
(77.4)
31.1
(88)
36.0
(96.8)
43.3
(109.9)
42.1
(107.8)
41.2
(106.2)
39.7
(103.5)
35.2
(95.4)
33.9
(93)
29.0
(84.2)
24.7
(76.5)
43.3
(109.9)
Average high °C (°F) 13.9
(57)
15.2
(59.4)
19.3
(66.7)
25.9
(78.6)
31.3
(88.3)
35.5
(95.9)
32.3
(90.1)
31.2
(88.2)
31.0
(87.8)
27.4
(81.3)
22.2
(72)
15.9
(60.6)
25.09
(77.16)
Daily mean °C (°F) 8.1
(46.6)
9.5
(49.1)
13.5
(56.3)
19.3
(66.7)
24.3
(75.7)
28.1
(82.6)
26.8
(80.2)
25.9
(78.6)
24.0
(75.2)
19.3
(66.7)
14.2
(57.6)
9.5
(49.1)
18.54
(65.37)
Average low °C (°F) 2.2
(36)
3.8
(38.8)
7.6
(45.7)
12.7
(54.9)
17.4
(63.3)
20.7
(69.3)
21.2
(70.2)
20.6
(69.1)
17.1
(62.8)
11.3
(52.3)
6.1
(43)
3.1
(37.6)
11.98
(53.58)
Record low °C (°F) −3
(27)
−2.2
(28)
−1
(30)
3.9
(39)
8.0
(46.4)
10.0
(50)
15.0
(59)
13.3
(55.9)
10.0
(50)
5.2
(41.4)
1.7
(35.1)
−1.3
(29.7)
−3
(27)
Precipitation mm (inches) 105.4
(4.15)
156.1
(6.146)
195.9
(7.713)
122.5
(4.823)
80.5
(3.169)
107.3
(4.224)
384.3
(15.13)
311.4
(12.26)
100.8
(3.969)
48.9
(1.925)
44.0
(1.732)
87.5
(3.445)
1,744.6
(68.686)
Source: NOAA (1971-1990) [2]

Administration[edit]

Administrative subdivisions of Mansehra District.

Balakot is one of the main cities of Mansehra District. It serves as the chief city of Balakot Tehsil, which is the largest Tehsil of Mansehra District. It has also a Union Council and administers the many surrounding smaller towns and villages.[3]

History[edit]

The town or village of Balakot is occupied mainly by Khankhel Swati family, Gujjar, Awan, Swati, Syed, Turk, Mughal and Hanki tribes. It is located on the banks of the River Kunhar before it enters the Kashmir Valley. The Sikhs tried to free Mansehra in the 1818 but were met with resistance from the occupying army. As the Mansehra region fell under Sikh control, it was annexed to Punjab. The movement placed Waziristan, the Mohmand country beyond Kunhar, Chitral and Yusufzai tribes within the control and responsibility of the Indian government. Syed Ahmad Shaheed and Shah Ismail Shaheed, with the help of the Mujahadeen, including the local tribes of tehsil Balakot from Kaghan to Garhi Habibullah led many revolts and attacks against the Sikhs. At last on 6 May 1831, during a fierce battle, Syed Ahmad Shaheed and Shah Ismail Shaheed along with hundreds of their followers were killed.[4] The central mosque of Balakot is named after Syed Ahmed Shaheed. The areas includes diverse groups, the spoken language is Hindko .

Earthquake 2005[edit]

Kunhar river near Balakot during July

The town was completely destroyed in the massive earthquake on 8 October 2005. The United Arab Emirates has volunteered to rebuild this town into an improved one with housing colonies, schools, hospitals, and other civic facilities. However the Pakistan government has announced that the city will be relocated.[5] The town will be reconstructed about 20 km away at a safer spot with more earthquake-proof buildings.

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balakot — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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33 news items

DAWN.com

DAWN.com
Fri, 19 Sep 2014 18:07:30 -0700

District health officer Naeem Awan, and Mansehra, Oghi and Balakot assistant commissioners were also in attendance. Mr Ikramullah asked heads of departments to provide vehicles and staff to anti-polio teams during the three-day vaccination drive ...

Business Recorder

Business Recorder
Sat, 20 Sep 2014 00:52:30 -0700

... catchments of Rivers Indus, Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi and Sutlej during the same period. No significant rainfall event has been reported by Flood Forecasting Division, Lahore during the past 24 hours except for Balakot = 26 mm and Muzaffarabad = 15 mm.
 
DAWN.com
Tue, 16 Sep 2014 01:26:10 -0700

They pitched a tent and started helping families in Balakot and surrounding areas. “We lived in a tent for two years and after that we moved into a container for the next three years. Our people lost everything and as long as they didn't have homes, we ...
 
DAWN.com
Mon, 15 Sep 2014 19:26:15 -0700

The district livestock chief said that awareness sessions would also be held for public, especially butchers in Gari Habibullah, Mansehra, Oghi and Balakot tehsils. Dr Mughal said that fumigation drive would also be carried out at the cattle markets ...
 
The News International
Tue, 02 Sep 2014 19:37:30 -0700

Sohail said a contractor Zulfiqar Khan had submitted an application stating that both accused had demanded Rs20,000 from him for giving him the contract for receiving levy of transportation of local fruit and vegetable to other parts of country from ...

The Nation

The Nation
Wed, 17 Sep 2014 05:11:15 -0700

With the non-stop travelling we first reached Naran , crossing Abbottabad and Balakot, stayed there for a while to gear up for next long journey. With the dirt road up we reached Babusar top which is a lonely, wind-swept mountaintop with no settlements ...

The Nation

The Nation
Sun, 14 Sep 2014 20:00:00 -0700

... Garhi Dupatta 30 mm, Mangla 25 mm, Siakot 16 mm, Muzaffarabad, Kotli, Jhelum and Chakwal 15 mm each, Lahore 13 mm, Gujrat 10 mm, Rawalakot 08 mm, Johar Abad 07 mm, Gujranwala 06 mm, Murree 05 mm, Kasur, Balakot and Kakul 01 mm each.

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Fri, 22 Aug 2014 18:37:04 -0700

According to police, the jeep carrying 17 people from village Changan in the Neelum Valley was coming back from Naaran Raydi Shrine in Balakot, when it met the incident due to speeding. The injured were shifted to the district headquarters hospital in ...
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