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Not to be confused with Bagdad Airport.
Baghdad International Airport
مطار بغداد الدولي
Matar Baġdād ad-Dowaly
Baghdadinternationalairportaerial.JPG
IATA: BGWICAO: ORBI
BGW is located in Iraq
BGW
BGW
Location of airport in Iraq
Summary
Airport type Public / Military
Operator Iraqi Government
Location Baghdad, Iraq
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 114 ft / 35 m
Coordinates 33°15′45″N 044°14′04″E / 33.26250°N 44.23444°E / 33.26250; 44.23444
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
15R/33L 10,830 3,301 Concrete
15L/33R 13,124 4,000 Concrete
Statistics (2009)
Total passengers Increase 7,500,000 (estimate)
Source: DAFIF[1][2]

Baghdad International Airport (IATA: BGWICAO: ORBI) (Arabic: مطار بغداد الدولي‎), is Iraq's largest airport, located in a suburb about 16 km (9.9 mi) west of downtown Baghdad in the Baghdad Governorate. It is the home base for Iraq's national airline, Iraqi Airways.

History[edit]

Pre-1987[edit]

The present airport was developed under a consortium led by French company, Spie Batignolles, under an agreement made in 1979. The Iran/Iraq war delayed full opening of the airport until 1987. The airport at the time was opened as Saddam International Airport, bearing the name of the then-president of Iraq, Saddam Hussein.[3]

1987–2000[edit]

Most of Baghdad's civil flights stopped in 1991, when the United Nations imposed restrictions on Iraq after the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait during the Persian Gulf War. Because of the no-fly zone imposed on Iraq by the United States and the United Kingdom, Iraqi Airways was only able to continue domestic flights for limited periods. Internationally, Baghdad was able to receive occasional charter flights carrying medicine, aid workers, and government officials. Royal Jordanian Airlines operated regular flights from Amman to Baghdad.

2001–2004[edit]

Inside view of the terminal in 2003, showing an abandoned and nonfunctional FIDS (note the icon for the long-defunct East German airline Interflug in the fourth row from the bottom), in front of empty check-in desks and passport control

In April 2003, US-led forces invaded Iraq and changed the airport's name to Baghdad International Airport. The ICAO code for the airport consequently changed from ORBS to ORBI; the IATA code subsequently switched from SDA to BGW, which previously referred to all Baghdad airports and before that to Al Muthana Airport when Saddam was in power.

Civilian control of the airport was returned to the Iraqi Government in 2004.

2005–present[edit]

The current entrance to Baghdad International Airport, 2007

Terminal C has been refreshed with three active gate areas for carriers operating from the airport.

Military use[edit]

Within the airport there is a separate enclave called the New Al Muthana Air Base where No. 23 Squadron IqAF is based with three Lockheed C-130E Hercules transport aircraft[citation needed] and the home to a number of Sukhoi Su-25's.[4]

Airport developments[edit]

Airline service[edit]

  • The airport officially reverted to civilian control on 25 August 2004. Iraqi Airways resumed regular flights, and courier carriers also began flights.
  • On 9 October 2009, Middle East Airlines announced flights to Beirut from Baghdad. Flights will operate 4x weekly from 29 October and soon after upgraded to daily service. They will use Airbus A320 aircraft for the flights.
  • On 7 June 2012, Qatar Airways launched direct flights from Doha, four times a week.
  • On 6 March 2013, Iraqi Airways resumed direct flights from Gatwick Airport to Baghdad International Airport, flights will operate twice a week. This comes after a 23-year hiatus.

Expansion plans[edit]

On 18 May 2010, plans were unveiled for an expansion of Baghdad International Airport, which will double its capacity to 15 million passengers per year. The expansion, to be funded by foreign investors, will include the construction of three new terminals and the refurbishment of the existing three terminals, which will each accommodate 2.5 million passengers annually.[6]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

A flying carpet sculpture on the wall at BIAP. (2011)

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Air Arabia Sharjah
Air Caucasus Tbilisi[7]
Austrian Airlines
operated by Tyrolean Airways
Vienna (resumes 2 January 2015)
EgyptAir Cairo
Emirates Dubai-International
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
flydubai Dubai-International
Georgian Airways Tbilisi[8]
Gulf Air Bahrain
Iran Air Birjand, Isfahan, Mashhad
Iraqi Airways Amman-Queen Alia, Ankara, Basra, Beirut, Cairo, Copenhagen, Delhi, Dubai-International, Erbil, Frankfurt, Guangzhou,[9] Isfahan, Istanbul-Atatürk, Kuala Lumpur, London-Gatwick, Mumbai, Mosul, Mashhad, Najaf, Sulaymaniyah, Stockholm-Arlanda, Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Vienna
Mahan Air Isfahan, Tehran-Imam Khomeini
Meraj Airlines Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Mashhad, Kermanshah
Middle East Airlines Beirut
Qatar Airways Doha
Qeshm Airlines Isfahan
Royal Jordanian Amman-Queen Alia
Turkish Airlines Ankara, Istanbul-Atatürk
Zagros Airlines Isfahan, Tehran-Imam Khomeini

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Click Airways Erbil, Sharjah
Coyne Airways Dubai-International
SNAS/DHL Bahrain
Etihad Cargo Abu Dhabi
FitsAir Dubai-International

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On 22 November 2003, a European Air Transport Airbus A300B4 freighter, registered OO-DLL, operating on behalf of DHL Aviation, was hit by an SA-14 'Grail' missile shortly after take-off. The airplane lost hydraulic pressure and thus the controls. After extending the landing gear to create more drag, the crew piloted the plane using differences in engine thrust and landed the plane with minimal further damage. All 3 crew survived. Civilians planes routinely perform corkscrew landings to minimise the risk of damage from surface weapons.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Airport information for ORBI at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.Source: DAFIF.
  2. ^ Airport information for SDA at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective Oct. 2006).
  3. ^ Technology Transfer to the Middle East Book
  4. ^ AirForces Monthly. Stamford, Lincolnshire, England: Key Publishing Ltd. August 2014. p. 22. 
  5. ^ Etihad to start flights to Iraq
  6. ^ [1][dead link]
  7. ^ May 2014 Timetable, http://www.aircaucasus.com/
  8. ^ One flight every Monday as of May 2014,http://www.airzena.com/?l=E&m=1&sm=3
  9. ^ "Iraqi Airways updates China Service from late-September 2014". Airlineroute.net. 25 August 2014. Retrieved 24 September 2014. 
  10. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-22766888

External links[edit]

Media related to Baghdad International Airport at Wikimedia Commons


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baghdad_International_Airport — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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December 2012.

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278 news items

Daily Beast

Daily Beast
Mon, 13 Oct 2014 14:22:30 -0700

Sitting on the western edge of the Iraqi capital, Baghdad International Airport is a key lifeline for U.S. troops, American embassy staff—and, of course, the Iraqi economy. Since the 2003 invasion, it's housed U.S. military assets and transported ...

TIME

U.S. News & World Report
Tue, 14 Oct 2014 10:29:39 -0700

Islamic State group fighters also came within 20 kilometers from Baghdad International Airport over the weekend, said Army Gen. Martin Dempsey, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and top military adviser to President Barack Obama. The airport serves ...

World Tribune

World Tribune
Tue, 14 Oct 2014 10:26:15 -0700

A recent attack by ISIL was said to have targeted Baghdad International Airport, foiled by two U.S. Army AH-64 Apache attack helicopters. “Had they overrun the Iraqi unit, it was a straight shot to the airport,” Gen. Martin Dempsey, the chairman of the ...

World Tribune

Businessinsider India
Sun, 05 Oct 2014 07:37:30 -0700

The Islamic State group is reportedly in shooting distance from the Baghdad International Airport, according to a report by Mitchell Prothero of McClatchy. Militants from the Sunni extremist group are now moving freely in Abu Ghraib, only around 40 km ...

Washington Free Beacon

Washington Free Beacon
Mon, 06 Oct 2014 15:07:30 -0700

McClatchy reported on Friday that ISIL had established an operational presence in Abu Ghraib, a town within miles of the capital Baghdad that could enable the militants to shell the Baghdad International Airport with artillery. The airport serves as a ...

Business Insider

Business Insider
Wed, 08 Oct 2014 07:57:18 -0700

There is concern that ISIS may already be in range to shell Baghdad's International Airport. The jihadists are attempting to consolidate their hold on Abu Ghraib. The city is only 24 miles from the capital, and the militants have a number of 155 mm ...
 
Defense One
Mon, 06 Oct 2014 13:03:00 -0700

Several news outlets said the Islamic State is now operating in Abu Ghraib, a city just west of Baghdad and only a few miles from the Baghdad International Airport, where U.S. troops are positioned. It's possible the mortar attacks were launched from ...

Middle East Monitor

Middle East Monitor
Mon, 20 Oct 2014 02:45:00 -0700

US Senator John McCain has expressed his belief that the Islamic State (ISIS) is winning its battle in Iraq and Syria, and warned that it could eventually impose its control over the Baghdad international airport, As-Sabeel newspaper reported on Sunday.
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