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Not to be confused with Bagdad Airport.
Baghdad International Airport
مطار بغداد الدولي
Matar Baġdād ad-Dowaly
Baghdadinternationalairportaerial.JPG

IATA: BGWICAO: ORBI

BGW is located in Iraq
BGW
BGW
Location of airport in Iraq
Summary
Airport type Public / Military
Operator Iraqi Government
Location Baghdad, Iraq
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 114 ft / 35 m
Coordinates 33°15′45″N 044°14′04″E / 33.26250°N 44.23444°E / 33.26250; 44.23444
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
15R/33L 10,830 3,301 Concrete
15L/33R 13,124 4,000 Concrete
Statistics (2009)
Total passengers Increase 7,500,000 (estimate)
Source: DAFIF[1][2]

Baghdad International Airport (IATA: BGWICAO: ORBI) (Arabic: مطار بغداد الدولي‎), is Iraq's largest airport, located in a suburb about 16 km (9.9 mi) west of downtown Baghdad in the Baghdad Governorate. It is the home base for Iraq's national airline, Iraqi Airways.

History[edit]

Pre-1987[edit]

The present airport was developed under a consortium led by French company, Spie Batignolles, under an agreement made in 1979. The Iran/Iraq war delayed full opening of the airport until 1987. The airport at the time was opened as Saddam International Airport, bearing the name of the then-president of Iraq, Saddam Hussein.[3]

1987–2000[edit]

Most of Baghdad's civil flights stopped in 1991, when the United Nations imposed restrictions on Iraq after the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait during the Persian Gulf War. Because of the no-fly zone imposed on Iraq by the United States and the United Kingdom, Iraqi Airways was only able to continue domestic flights for limited periods. Internationally, Baghdad was able to receive occasional charter flights carrying medicine, aid workers, and government officials. Royal Jordanian Airlines operated regular flights from Amman to Baghdad.

2001–2004[edit]

Inside view of the terminal in 2003, showing an abandoned and nonfunctional FIDS (note the red and white icon for the long-defunct East German airline Interflug in the fourth row from the bottom), in front of empty check-in desks and passport control

In April 2003, US-led forces invaded Iraq and changed the airport's name to Baghdad International Airport. The ICAO code for the airport consequently changed from ORBS to ORBI; the IATA code subsequently switched from SDA to BGW, which previously referred to all Baghdad airports and before that to Al Muthana Airport when Saddam was in power.

Civilian control of the airport was returned to the Iraqi Government in 2004.

2005–present[edit]

The current entrance to Baghdad International Airport, 2007

Terminal C has been refreshed with three active gate areas for carriers operating from the airport.

Baghdad Airport Road, connecting the airport with the Green Zone, which was once a dangerous route full of IEDs, has been refurbished with palm trees, manicured lawns, and a fountain, with Turkish assistance.[4]

Military use[edit]

Within the airport there is a separate enclave called the New Al Muthana Air Base where No. 23 Squadron IqAF is based with three Lockheed C-130E Hercules transport aircraft[citation needed] and the home to a number of Sukhoi Su-25's.[5]

Airport developments[edit]

Airline service[edit]

  • The airport officially reverted to civilian control on 25 August 2004. Iraqi Airways resumed regular flights, and courier carriers also began flights.
  • On 9 October 2009, Middle East Airlines announced flights to Beirut from Baghdad. Flights will operate 4x weekly from 29 October and soon after upgraded to daily service. They will use Airbus A320 aircraft for the flights.
  • On 7 June 2012, Qatar Airways launched direct flights from Doha, four times a week.
  • On 6 March 2013, Iraqi Airways resumed direct flights from Gatwick Airport to Baghdad International Airport, flights will operate twice a week. This comes after a 23-year hiatus.

Expansion plans[edit]

On 18 May 2010, plans were unveiled for an expansion of Baghdad International Airport, which will double its capacity to 15 million passengers per year. The expansion, to be funded by foreign investors, will include the construction of three new terminals and the refurbishment of the existing three terminals, which will each accommodate 2.5 million passengers annually.[7]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

A flying carpet sculpture on the wall at BIAP. (2011)

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Air Arabia Sharjah
Air Caucasus Tbilisi[8]
EgyptAir Cairo
Emirates Dubai-International
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
flydubai Dubai-International
Georgian Airways Tbilisi[9]
Gulf Air Bahrain
Iran Air Birjand, Isfahan, Mashhad
Iraqi Airways Amman-Queen Alia, Ankara, Basra, Beijing, Beirut, Cairo, Copenhagen, Delhi, Dubai-International, Erbil, Frankfurt, Guangzhou,[10] Isfahan, Istanbul-Atatürk, Kuala Lumpur, Kutaisi, London-Gatwick, Manchester, Mashhad, Mumbai, Najaf, Stockholm-Arlanda, Sulaymaniyah, Tehran-Mehrabad, Vienna, Yerevan
Mahan Air Isfahan, Tehran-Imam Khomeini
Meraj Airlines Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Mashhad, Kermanshah
Middle East Airlines Beirut
Qatar Airways Doha
Qeshm Airlines Isfahan
Royal Jordanian Amman-Queen Alia
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
Zagros Airlines Isfahan, Tehran-Imam Khomeini

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Click Airways Erbil, Sharjah
Coyne Airways Dubai-International
SNAS/DHL Bahrain
Etihad Cargo Abu Dhabi
FitsAir Dubai-International
RUS Aviation Sharjah
Silk Way Airlines Baku

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On 22 November 2003, a European Air Transport Airbus A300B4 freighter, registered OO-DLL, operating on behalf of DHL Aviation, was hit by an SA-14 'Grail' missile shortly after take-off. The airplane lost hydraulic pressure and thus the controls. After extending the landing gear to create more drag, the crew piloted the plane using differences in engine thrust and landed the plane with minimal further damage. All 3 crew survived. Civilians planes routinely perform corkscrew landings to minimise the risk of damage from surface weapons.[11]
  • On 26 January 2015, a flydubai Boeing 737-800 on a Dubai to Baghdad service, was hit by small arms fire on approach to Baghdad International Airport with 154 passengers on board. The plane landed safely.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Airport information for ORBI at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.Source: DAFIF.
  2. ^ Airport information for SDA at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective Oct. 2006).
  3. ^ Technology Transfer to the Middle East Book
  4. ^ Arango, Tim (20 November 2014). "Amid Mutual Suspicion, Turkish Premier Visits Iraq". New York Times Company. New York Times. Retrieved 22 November 2014. 
  5. ^ AirForces Monthly. Stamford, Lincolnshire, England: Key Publishing Ltd. August 2014. p. 22. 
  6. ^ Etihad to start flights to Iraq
  7. ^ [1][dead link]
  8. ^ May 2014 Timetable, http://www.aircaucasus.com/
  9. ^ One flight every Monday as of May 2014,http://www.airzena.com/?l=E&m=1&sm=3
  10. ^ "Iraqi Airways updates China Service from late-September 2014". Airlineroute.net. 25 August 2014. Retrieved 24 September 2014. 
  11. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-22766888
  12. ^ "Boeing Hit by Gunfire in Baghdad". Airliner World: 83. March 2015. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Baghdad International Airport at Wikimedia Commons


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baghdad_International_Airport — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
34719 videos foundNext > 

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Baghdad International Airport Expansion Project/FS2004

A design concept of a new expansion terminal for Baghdad International Airport by Hasan M. Al-Qaysi.

Baghdad International Airport Road Ambush

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طريق مطار بغداد الدولي - Baghdad International Airport Road

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A squad of PSDs is ambushed by insurgents on the road to BIAP. The man seen to be injured survives, but the man in the passenger side of the vehicle cointaining the camera is fatally wounded...

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34719 videos foundNext > 

1173 news items

Foreign Policy (blog)

Foreign Policy (blog)
Mon, 30 Mar 2015 13:37:30 -0700

Headquartered at a base beside Baghdad International Airport, Crytzer's command is known as Joint Special Operations Task Force – Iraq, and will likely include Navy SEALs and Marine special operations elements as well as A-teams from a Special Forces ...

ATWOnline

ATWOnline
Mon, 30 Mar 2015 12:07:30 -0700

... Islamic State militants, while both Libya and Syria have been increasingly shunned by international carriers as civil wars rage. In January, a flydubai service on approach to Baghdad international Airport was reportedly hit by small arms fire from ...
 
Tribune-Review
Sat, 07 Mar 2015 21:17:34 -0800

The United States has about 2,000 advisers and force protection units working in three known places: Baghdad International Airport; the Ain al Asad Air Base in Anbar province, most of which is controlled by the Islamic State; and Irbil, the capital of ...

Iran News Update

Iran News Update
Sun, 29 Mar 2015 13:15:00 -0700

... has ordered his regime's officials to increase secret and overt executions, and the regime's Quds Force has missioned its Iraqi proxy group Asa'ib Ahl al-Haq to conduct rocket and terrorist attacks against Camp Liberty near Baghdad International ...
 
gulfnews.com
Thu, 26 Mar 2015 07:15:00 -0700

This is despite the fact that they provide a crucial service by securing a position that protects flight paths to Baghdad's international airport, which lies on the western fringe of the capital. Mosques and charities in the capital and the south take ...

DefenseNews.com

DefenseNews.com
Mon, 09 Mar 2015 10:48:45 -0700

The Diplomatic Support Center is a 350-acre facility run by the State Department next to the Baghdad International Airport, which is also thought to house the US Army Apache helicopters sent to Baghdad last year. While their numbers are still ...

Brainerd Daily Dispatch

Brainerd Daily Dispatch
Tue, 24 Mar 2015 22:03:45 -0700

Paul's unit received a mission to construct an enemy prisoner of war holding area near the Baghdad International Airport. Paul's platoon came under attack by a company sized element. Paul led a counterattack against the enemy which repulsed the enemy ...

The National

New York Times
Tue, 27 Jan 2015 03:02:28 -0800

BAGHDAD — A commercial jet carrying 154 passengers was struck by gunfire as it landed at Baghdad International Airport, officials said Tuesday, adding to fears that Iraq's most important transportation hub remains vulnerable to militant attacks.
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