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Not to be confused with Bagdad Airport.
Baghdad International Airport
مطار بغداد الدولي
Matar Baġdād ad-Dowaly
Baghdadinternationalairportaerial.JPG
IATA: BGWICAO: ORBI
BGW is located in Iraq
BGW
BGW
Location of airport in Iraq
Summary
Airport type Public / Military
Operator Iraqi Government
Location Baghdad, Iraq
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 114 ft / 35 m
Coordinates 33°15′45″N 044°14′04″E / 33.26250°N 44.23444°E / 33.26250; 44.23444
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
15R/33L 10,830 3,301 Concrete
15L/33R 13,124 4,000 Concrete
Statistics (2009)
Total passengers Increase 7,500,000 (estimate)
Source: DAFIF[1][2]

Baghdad International Airport (IATA: BGWICAO: ORBI) (Arabic: مطار بغداد الدولي‎), is Iraq's largest airport, located in a suburb about 16 km (9.9 mi) west of downtown Baghdad in the Baghdad Governorate. It is the home base for Iraq's national airline, Iraqi Airways.

History[edit]

Pre-1987[edit]

The present airport was developed under a consortium led by French company, Spie Batignolles, under an agreement made in 1979. The Iran/Iraq war delayed full opening of the airport until 1987. The airport at the time was opened as Saddam International Airport, bearing the name of the then-president of Iraq, Saddam Hussein.[3]

1987–2000[edit]

Most of Baghdad's civil flights stopped in 1991, when the United Nations imposed restrictions on Iraq after the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait during the Persian Gulf War. Because of the no-fly zone imposed on Iraq by the United States and the United Kingdom, Iraqi Airways was only able to continue domestic flights for limited periods. Internationally, Baghdad was able to receive occasional charter flights carrying medicine, aid workers, and government officials. Royal Jordanian Airlines operated regular flights from Amman to Baghdad.

2001–2004[edit]

Inside view of the terminal in 2003, showing an abandoned and nonfunctional FIDS (note the red and white icon for the long-defunct East German airline Interflug in the fourth row from the bottom), in front of empty check-in desks and passport control

In April 2003, US-led forces invaded Iraq and changed the airport's name to Baghdad International Airport. The ICAO code for the airport consequently changed from ORBS to ORBI; the IATA code subsequently switched from SDA to BGW, which previously referred to all Baghdad airports and before that to Al Muthana Airport when Saddam was in power.

Civilian control of the airport was returned to the Iraqi Government in 2004.

2005–present[edit]

The current entrance to Baghdad International Airport, 2007

Terminal C has been refreshed with three active gate areas for carriers operating from the airport.

Military use[edit]

Within the airport there is a separate enclave called the New Al Muthana Air Base where No. 23 Squadron IqAF is based with three Lockheed C-130E Hercules transport aircraft[citation needed] and the home to a number of Sukhoi Su-25's.[4]

Airport developments[edit]

Airline service[edit]

  • The airport officially reverted to civilian control on 25 August 2004. Iraqi Airways resumed regular flights, and courier carriers also began flights.
  • On 9 October 2009, Middle East Airlines announced flights to Beirut from Baghdad. Flights will operate 4x weekly from 29 October and soon after upgraded to daily service. They will use Airbus A320 aircraft for the flights.
  • On 7 June 2012, Qatar Airways launched direct flights from Doha, four times a week.
  • On 6 March 2013, Iraqi Airways resumed direct flights from Gatwick Airport to Baghdad International Airport, flights will operate twice a week. This comes after a 23-year hiatus.

Expansion plans[edit]

On 18 May 2010, plans were unveiled for an expansion of Baghdad International Airport, which will double its capacity to 15 million passengers per year. The expansion, to be funded by foreign investors, will include the construction of three new terminals and the refurbishment of the existing three terminals, which will each accommodate 2.5 million passengers annually.[6]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

A flying carpet sculpture on the wall at BIAP. (2011)

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Air Arabia Sharjah
Air Caucasus Tbilisi[7]
Austrian Airlines
operated by Tyrolean Airways
Vienna (resumes 2 January 2015)
EgyptAir Cairo
Emirates Dubai-International
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
flydubai Dubai-International
Georgian Airways Tbilisi[8]
Gulf Air Bahrain
Iran Air Birjand, Isfahan, Mashhad
Iraqi Airways Amman-Queen Alia, Ankara, Basra, Beirut, Cairo, Copenhagen, Delhi, Dubai-International, Erbil, Frankfurt, Guangzhou,[9] Isfahan, Istanbul-Atatürk, Kuala Lumpur, London-Gatwick, Mumbai, Mosul, Mashhad, Najaf, Sulaymaniyah, Stockholm-Arlanda, Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Vienna
Mahan Air Isfahan, Tehran-Imam Khomeini
Meraj Airlines Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Mashhad, Kermanshah
Middle East Airlines Beirut
Qatar Airways Doha
Qeshm Airlines Isfahan
Royal Jordanian Amman-Queen Alia
Turkish Airlines Ankara, Istanbul-Atatürk
Zagros Airlines Isfahan, Tehran-Imam Khomeini

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Click Airways Erbil, Sharjah
Coyne Airways Dubai-International
SNAS/DHL Bahrain
Etihad Cargo Abu Dhabi
FitsAir Dubai-International

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On 22 November 2003, a European Air Transport Airbus A300B4 freighter, registered OO-DLL, operating on behalf of DHL Aviation, was hit by an SA-14 'Grail' missile shortly after take-off. The airplane lost hydraulic pressure and thus the controls. After extending the landing gear to create more drag, the crew piloted the plane using differences in engine thrust and landed the plane with minimal further damage. All 3 crew survived. Civilians planes routinely perform corkscrew landings to minimise the risk of damage from surface weapons.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Airport information for ORBI at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.Source: DAFIF.
  2. ^ Airport information for SDA at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective Oct. 2006).
  3. ^ Technology Transfer to the Middle East Book
  4. ^ AirForces Monthly. Stamford, Lincolnshire, England: Key Publishing Ltd. August 2014. p. 22. 
  5. ^ Etihad to start flights to Iraq
  6. ^ [1][dead link]
  7. ^ May 2014 Timetable, http://www.aircaucasus.com/
  8. ^ One flight every Monday as of May 2014,http://www.airzena.com/?l=E&m=1&sm=3
  9. ^ "Iraqi Airways updates China Service from late-September 2014". Airlineroute.net. 25 August 2014. Retrieved 24 September 2014. 
  10. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-22766888

External links[edit]

Media related to Baghdad International Airport at Wikimedia Commons


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baghdad_International_Airport — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
66962 videos foundNext > 

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December 2012.

Baghdad International Airport Expansion Project/FS2004

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Landing in Baghdad Airport with Emirates (HD)

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طريق مطار بغداد الدولي ساعة 12 ليلا يوم 19-1-2013 .... أنا و أصدقائي صورنا الطريق.

C-130H Hercules Moves Cargo Out of Baghdad International Airport, Iraq

737th EAS Retrogrades Iraq. Video by Staff Sgt. Roidan Carlson | U.S. Air Forces Central Command Public Affairs | Date: 10.28.2013. A C-130H Hercules crew fr...

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66962 videos foundNext > 

3339 news items

ABC News

Helena Independent Record
Sun, 16 Nov 2014 06:03:45 -0800

Near the Baghdad International Airport, the Islamic State group claimed responsibility for a car bomb at one of the first airport checkpoints, wounding five people and causing extensive damage to cars in the parking lot. In a statement posted on a ...
 
Fox News
Sun, 16 Nov 2014 01:33:45 -0800

Near the Baghdad International Airport, police say a car bomb tore through a parking lot at one of the checkpoints leading to the airport, wounding five people and causing extensive damage to cars. Hospital officials confirmed the casualties. All spoke ...

Department of Defense

Department of Defense
Sat, 15 Nov 2014 15:37:30 -0800

During a town hall-type meeting at Baghdad International Airport, Dempsey assured troops that the current mission in Iraq is a different one than Operation Iraqi Freedom. “This time we want to have a partner in the government of Iraq that actually ...
 
Christian Broadcasting Network
Thu, 20 Nov 2014 13:22:30 -0800

IRAQ - Since ISIS began its advance across Iraq, there has not been much news coming from inside the country, especially the capital of Baghdad. CBN Contributor Chuck Holton recently obtained a rare visa to travel there, where he found things to be ...
 
Los Angeles Times
Sat, 01 Nov 2014 05:01:24 -0700

Sgt. Ahmed Hassan says he hasn't fired a shot at Islamic State fighters in six weeks. From his perch atop an Iraqi army guard tower in this ramshackle city just west of Baghdad, he peers over his rifle sight toward a military checkpoint clogged with ...

UN News Centre

UN News Centre
Mon, 17 Nov 2014 12:15:00 -0800

17 November 2014 – A United Nations convoy of three vehicles proceeding from the Baghdad International Airport to the International Zone was hit with at least one explosion this morning, the Organization's assistance mission in the country reported today.

World Tribune

World Tribune
Thu, 20 Nov 2014 11:30:00 -0800

In mid-November, a Russian aircraft filled with arms and ammunition landed in Baghdad International Airport. Officials said the Russian aircraft contained 40 tons of cargo and arrived in Baghdad after being refused landing in the northern airport of ...

Sky News Australia

Sky News Australia
Sun, 16 Nov 2014 08:07:30 -0800

A series of explosions in Baghdad has killed at least five people and wounded nearly 20, including a bombing claimed by the Islamic State militant group near the Baghdad International Airport. The first blast took place near a police patrol in the ...
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