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Not to be confused with Bagdad Airport.
Baghdad International Airport
مطار بغداد الدولي
Matar Baġdād ad-Dowaly
Baghdadinternationalairportaerial.JPG
IATA: BGWICAO: ORBI
BGW is located in Iraq
BGW
BGW
Location of airport in Iraq
Summary
Airport type Public / Military
Operator Iraqi Government
Location Baghdad, Iraq
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 114 ft / 35 m
Coordinates 33°15′45″N 044°14′04″E / 33.26250°N 44.23444°E / 33.26250; 44.23444
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
15R/33L 10,830 3,301 Concrete
15L/33R 13,124 4,000 Concrete
Statistics (2009)
Total passengers Increase 7,500,000 (estimate)
Source: DAFIF[1][2]

Baghdad International Airport (IATA: BGWICAO: ORBI) (Arabic: مطار بغداد الدولي‎), is Iraq's largest airport, located in a suburb about 16 km (9.9 mi) west of downtown Baghdad in the Baghdad Governorate. It is the home base for Iraq's national airline, Iraqi Airways.

History[edit]

Pre-1987[edit]

The present airport was developed under a consortium led by French company, Spie Batignolles, under an agreement made in 1979. The Iran/Iraq war delayed full opening of the airport until 1987. The airport at the time was opened as Saddam International Airport, bearing the name of the then-president of Iraq, Saddam Hussein.[3]

1987–2000[edit]

Most of Baghdad's civil flights stopped in 1991, when the United Nations imposed restrictions on Iraq after the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait during the Persian Gulf War. Because of the no-fly zone imposed on Iraq by the United States and the United Kingdom, Iraqi Airways was only able to continue domestic flights for limited periods. Internationally, Baghdad was able to receive occasional charter flights carrying medicine, aid workers, and government officials. Royal Jordanian Airlines operated regular flights from Amman to Baghdad.

2001–2004[edit]

Inside view of the terminal in 2003, showing an abandoned and nonfunctional FIDS (note the icon for the long-defunct East German airline Interflug in the fourth row from the bottom), in front of empty check-in desks and passport control

In April 2003, US-led forces invaded Iraq and changed the airport's name to Baghdad International Airport. The ICAO code for the airport consequently changed from ORBS to ORBI; the IATA code subsequently switched from SDA to BGW, which previously referred to all Baghdad airports and before that to Al Muthana Airport when Saddam was in power.

Civilian control of the airport was returned to the Iraqi Government in 2004.

2005–present[edit]

The current entrance to Baghdad International Airport, 2007

Terminal C has been refreshed with three active gate areas for carriers operating from the airport.

Military use[edit]

Within the airport there is a separate enclave called the New Al Muthana Air Base where No. 23 Squadron IqAF is based with three Lockheed C-130E Hercules transport aircraft[citation needed] and the home to a number of Sukhoi Su-25's.[4]

Airport developments[edit]

Airline service[edit]

  • The airport officially reverted to civilian control on 25 August 2004. Iraqi Airways resumed regular flights, and courier carriers also began flights.
  • On 9 October 2009, Middle East Airlines announced flights to Beirut from Baghdad. Flights will operate 4x weekly from 29 October and soon after upgraded to daily service. They will use Airbus A320 aircraft for the flights.
  • On 7 June 2012, Qatar Airways launched direct flights from Doha, four times a week.
  • On 6 March 2013, Iraqi Airways resumed direct flights from Gatwick Airport to Baghdad International Airport, flights will operate twice a week. This comes after a 23-year hiatus.

Expansion plans[edit]

On 18 May 2010, plans were unveiled for an expansion of Baghdad International Airport, which will double its capacity to 15 million passengers per year. The expansion, to be funded by foreign investors, will include the construction of three new terminals and the refurbishment of the existing three terminals, which will each accommodate 2.5 million passengers annually.[6]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

A flying carpet sculpture on the wall at BIAP. (2011)

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Air Arabia Sharjah
Air Caucasus Tbilisi[7]
Austrian Airlines
operated by Tyrolean Airways
Vienna (resumes 2 January 2015)
EgyptAir Cairo
Emirates Dubai-International
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
flydubai Dubai-International
Georgian Airways Tbilisi[8]
Gulf Air Bahrain
Iran Air Birjand, Isfahan, Mashhad
Iraqi Airways Amman-Queen Alia, Ankara, Basra, Beirut, Cairo, Copenhagen, Delhi, Dubai-International, Erbil, Frankfurt, Guangzhou,[9] Isfahan, Istanbul-Atatürk, Kuala Lumpur, London-Gatwick, Mumbai, Mosul, Mashhad, Najaf, Sulaymaniyah, Stockholm-Arlanda, Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Vienna
Mahan Air Isfahan, Tehran-Imam Khomeini
Meraj Airlines Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Mashhad, Kermanshah
Middle East Airlines Beirut
Qatar Airways Doha
Qeshm Airlines Isfahan
Royal Jordanian Amman-Queen Alia
Turkish Airlines Ankara, Istanbul-Atatürk
Zagros Airlines Isfahan, Tehran-Imam Khomeini

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Click Airways Erbil, Sharjah
Coyne Airways Dubai-International
SNAS/DHL Bahrain
Etihad Cargo Abu Dhabi
FitsAir Dubai-International

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On 22 November 2003, a European Air Transport Airbus A300B4 freighter, registered OO-DLL, operating on behalf of DHL Aviation, was hit by an SA-14 'Grail' missile shortly after take-off. The airplane lost hydraulic pressure and thus the controls. After extending the landing gear to create more drag, the crew piloted the plane using differences in engine thrust and landed the plane with minimal further damage. All 3 crew survived. Civilians planes routinely perform corkscrew landings to minimise the risk of damage from surface weapons.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Airport information for ORBI at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.Source: DAFIF.
  2. ^ Airport information for SDA at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective Oct. 2006).
  3. ^ Technology Transfer to the Middle East Book
  4. ^ AirForces Monthly. Stamford, Lincolnshire, England: Key Publishing Ltd. August 2014. p. 22. 
  5. ^ Etihad to start flights to Iraq
  6. ^ [1][dead link]
  7. ^ May 2014 Timetable, http://www.aircaucasus.com/
  8. ^ One flight every Monday as of May 2014,http://www.airzena.com/?l=E&m=1&sm=3
  9. ^ "Iraqi Airways updates China Service from late-September 2014". Airlineroute.net. 25 August 2014. Retrieved 24 September 2014. 
  10. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-22766888

External links[edit]

Media related to Baghdad International Airport at Wikimedia Commons


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baghdad_International_Airport — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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103 news items

Human Events

Human Events
Mon, 29 Sep 2014 08:06:50 -0700

The first high-value target in front of the Islamic State is Baghdad International Airport, which sits on the western boundary of the capital. On the southeast corner of the airport is the former Victory Base Complex, the former Baathist resort of ...

The American Conservative

The American Conservative
Tue, 30 Sep 2014 20:56:15 -0700

Another bad sign: basing American aircraft in-country, as is happening now near Erbil and inside Baghdad International Airport with a small number of helicopters. This means a long “tail.” That tail includes U.S. maintenance and armorers on the ground ...
 
Insurance News Net
Tue, 30 Sep 2014 03:52:30 -0700

GENERAL STATEMENT OF THE PURPOSE OF THIS CONTRACT AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE CONTRACTOR: This position is assigned to U.S. Embassy Baghdad , Baghdad Diplomatic Support Center (BDSC) located at Baghdad International Airport ...

The New Yorker

The New Yorker
Sun, 21 Sep 2014 05:11:15 -0700

At Baghdad International Airport, in 2008, General David Petraeus, the commander of coalition forces in Iraq at the time, dedicated a helicopter landing zone to him. I've often felt the urge, looking at the picture of the two of us from 2003, to pair ...

Columbus Ledger-Enquirer

Columbus Ledger-Enquirer
Thu, 18 Sep 2014 12:41:15 -0700

Departing via Baghdad's international airport is already an ordeal thanks to the security measures, which feature dogs sniffing your luggage at two locations and security personnel inspecting passports and plane tickets at four separate checkpoints ...
 
Open Democracy
Thu, 25 Sep 2014 07:26:15 -0700

It is uncertain how IS will react in the next few days, what will happen to the multiple hostages, or whether it will launch diversionary attacks (for example, on the US base that is rapidly building up at Baghdad international airport) or engineer ...

World Tribune

World Tribune
Thu, 04 Sep 2014 12:18:45 -0700

The officials said the troops would be required to secure the U.S. embassy as well as Baghdad International Airport amid the threat by ISIL. “The president has made clear his commitment to doing whatever is required to provide the necessary security ...

CTV News

Whitehouse.gov (press release)
Sun, 07 Sep 2014 10:15:00 -0700

... of flooding that would potentially pose a catastrophic threat to thousands of Iraqis along the Euphrates valley from Anbar province into parts of Baghdad, including possible flooding in areas in and around the Baghdad International Airport, where ...
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