digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Bálint Bakfark (Hungarian: [ˈbaːlint ˈbɒkfɒrk]; also Valentin Bakfark, his name is variously spelled as Bacfarc, Bakfarc, Bakfarkh, Bakffark, Backuart) (1507 – August 15 or August 22, 1576) was a Hungarian and Polish composer of Saxon origin,[1] and lutenist of the Renaissance. He was enormously influential as a lutenist in his time, and renowned as a virtuoso on the instrument.

Life[edit]

He was born in Braşov (Brassó), Transylvania (nowadays in Romania) into a family of German (Saxon) origin. An orphan, he was brought up by the Greff family, and was educated in Buda at the court of John Zápolya. Bakfark remained there until 1540, though he possibly traveled to Italy once during this time.

Sometime in the 1540s he traveled to Paris, but, finding the position of lutenist to the king filled, he left for Jagiellon Poland in 1549, where he was employed as a court lutenist by Sigismund Augustus II. From then until 1566, he traveled extensively around Europe, with his renown increasing, but remained faithful to his employer in spite of numerous efforts by other monarchs to win him away; the riches bestowed on him by Sigismund may have affected his decision to remain attached to the court in Vilnius (Wilno).

What happened to him in 1566 is not precisely known, but he clearly did something to provoke the wrath of the king, and scarcely had time to flee before Polish army troops ransacked his house and destroyed his possessions. After this, he lived for a while in Vienna, and then returned to Transylvania, but not for long; in 1571 he moved to Padua, in Italy, where he remained until his death during the plague of 1576.

As was common practice at the time, all the possessions of plague victims were destroyed by fire, so most of his manuscript music was lost.

Music and influence[edit]

While Bakfark almost certainly wrote an enormous amount of music, very little was reprinted: a commonly given reason was that it was simply too difficult for others to play. His surviving works include ten fantasies, seven madrigals, eight chansons, and fourteen motets—all in amazingly faithful polyphonic arrangements for lute alone. Additionally, he transcribed vocal motets by contemporary composers such as Josquin des Prez, Clemens non Papa, Nicolas Gombert, and Orlando di Lasso into arrangements for the lute.

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Article "Bálint Bakfark", in The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, ed. Stanley Sadie. 20 vol. London, Macmillan Publishers Ltd., 1980. ISBN 1-56159-174-2
  • Gustave Reese, Music in the Renaissance. New York, W.W. Norton & Co., 1954. ISBN 0-393-09530-4

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bálint_Bakfark — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
519 videos foundNext > 

Polish & Hungarian Lute Music of the Renaissance (ca.1507-1619)

00:00 - Diomedes Cato (ca.1560/70 - after 1602) Galliarda II 01:44 - Albert Dlugoraj (ca. 1557-1619) Kowaly 04:32 - Bálint Bakfark (1507-1576) Fantasie 08:45...

EHH04 Z39 Bakfark Bálint - IX. lantfantázia

FANTASIA of BAKFARK

Bálint Bakfark (his name is variously spelled as Bachfarrt, Backvart, Bekwark, and occasionally his first name is rendered as Valentin); 1507 -- August 15 or...

Dániel Benkö - Dans uit Tabulatura van Valentinus Bakfark.wmv

Luitmuziek uit de 16e eeuw, weergaloos gespeeld. Eigenlijk Top 40 muziek uit die tijd!

Balint Bakfark - Gaillarde Non dite mai - Lute

This video is dedicated to my friends Gabor and Roger T. and also for all friends... thanks for listening ;-) Bakfark was one of the greatest virtuoso of the...

Gagliarda by Bálint Bakfark - 16th century

Gagliarda by Bálint Bakfark - 16th century. Bálint Bakfark (also known as Valentin Bakfark, his name is variously spelled as Bacfarc, Bakfarc, Bakfarkh, Bakf...

Bálint Bakfark: Schöner deutscher Tanz-Non dite mai

2014.06.15 Károlyi Castle Nagykároly/Carei Keresztesi Ildikó Lőrincz Tünde Jónucz Alfonz Lőrincz Szilveszter Vezér János.

robert johnson y balint bakfark Banda ancha

B. Bakfark-Je prens en gre

Bálint Bakfark (his name is variously spelled as Bacfarc, Bakfarc, Bakfarkh, Bakffark, Backuart, and occasionally his first name is rendered as Valentin); 15...

EHH05 Z13a Bakfark Bálint - Fantázia

Benkő-féle előadás CD-n (HCD 31564 / CD 1 / 4 Fantasia IV à 4): http://partner.hungaroton.net/hu/print/2119 Online (4 Fantasia IV à 4): http://www.hungaroton...

519 videos foundNext > 

We're sorry, but there's no news about "Bálint Bakfark" right now.

Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Bálint Bakfark

You can talk about Bálint Bakfark with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!