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Avianca Flight 203
Avianca Boeing 727-200 Volpati.jpg
An Avianca Boeing 727-100 similar to the one involved.
Bombing summary
Date November 27, 1989
Summary Bombing
Site Colombia
4°35′N 74°13′W / 4.583°N 74.217°W / 4.583; -74.217Coordinates: 4°35′N 74°13′W / 4.583°N 74.217°W / 4.583; -74.217
Passengers 101
Crew 6
Fatalities 110 (including 3 on ground)
Survivors 0
Aircraft type Boeing 727
Operator Avianca Airlines
Registration HK-1803
Flight origin El Dorado Int'l Airport
Destination Alfonso Bonilla Aragón Int'l Airport

Avianca Airlines Flight 203 was a Colombian domestic passenger flight from El Dorado International Airport in Bogotá to Alfonso Bonilla Aragón International Airport in Cali. It was destroyed by a bomb over the municipality of Soacha on November 27, 1989.[1]

The aircraft took off from the Colombian capital Bogotá en route to Cali. It was in the air for five minutes and flying at a speed of 794 kilometres per hour (493 mph) when an explosive charge detonated on board, igniting fuel vapors in an empty fuel tank.

Flight[edit]

The aircraft was a Boeing 727-21 with registration number HK-1803; it was purchased from Pan Am. The aircraft took off as scheduled at 7:11 a.m. After 5 minutes into the flight a bomb placed near the fuel tank exploded at 13,000 feet. The blast ripped the airliner apart: the nose section separated from the tail section, which went down in flames. All 107 people on board were killed, as well as three people on the ground who were killed by falling debris. According to the investigations the bomb was placed by a man wearing a suit who was able to bring the bomb inside the aircraft in a suitcase.[2]

Aftermath[edit]

The bombing of Flight 203 was the deadliest single criminal attack in the many decades of Colombian violence. Pablo Escobar of the Medellín drug cartel planned the bombing, hoping it would kill presidential candidate for the 1990 elections César Gaviria Trujillo.[3] Gaviria, however, was not on the aircraft, and would go on to become President of Colombia.[4] Two Americans were among the dead, and because of this, the Bush Administration would begin Intelligence Support Activity operations to find Escobar.[4]

Dandeny Muñoz Mosquera, the chief assassin for the Medellín Cartel, was convicted in a United States District Court for the bombing and was sentenced to 10 consecutive life sentences.

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Avianca_Flight_203 — Please support Wikipedia.
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30 news items

NEWS.com.au

NEWS.com.au
Sun, 30 Aug 2015 00:52:30 -0700

In 1989, the year he appeared on the Forbes rich list, he orchestrated the bombing of Avianca Flight 203, killing 107 people. He is thought to have been responsible for around 4000 murders in all, and relatives of his victims have compared his son ...

The List

The List
Wed, 19 Aug 2015 09:18:45 -0700

It's been suggested that he was responsible for up to 4,000 deaths, including the bombing of Avianca Flight 203, which killed 110 people. But Escobar was a complex character, who also ploughed millions into the poor communities where he operated. He ...
 
The Japan Times
Thu, 27 Nov 2014 11:41:15 -0800

Colombian airline Avianca's Flight 203 had just taken off from Bogota on its way to Cali on Nov. 27, 1989, when it exploded over the town of Soacha, outside the capital, killing all 107 people on board and strewing debris and dismembered bodies across ...
 
Colombia Reports
Tue, 15 Sep 2009 13:31:23 -0700

Mendoza explained that Avianca Flight 203 bombing and the murder of presidential candidate Luis Carlos Galan both in 1989 were part of a systematic plan to exterminate those who opposed drug kingpins. Sources say that the then presidential candidate ...

Chron.com

Chron.com
Tue, 21 Jul 2015 10:20:00 -0700

Javier Peña knows what will go down in Netflix's upcoming series "Narcos," and he should. He lived it. RELATED: Texas governor says most Texas thing in response to drug lord's escape. Now retired from the Drug Enforcement Agency, Peña and his former ...

The Guardian

The Guardian
Thu, 13 Nov 2014 14:04:52 -0800

Velásquez, who was recently released from a 30-year sentence for multiple assassinations ordered by the drug lord, including the 1989 bombing of Avianca flight 203 that killed 107 people, is in hiding in Colombia and was too terrified to come to the US ...

BBC News

BBC News
Wed, 25 Jun 2014 16:02:10 -0700

A herd of hippopotamuses once owned by the late Colombian drug baron Pablo Escobar has been taking over the countryside near his former ranch - and no-one quite knows what to do with them. It was in 2007, 14 years after Escobar's death, that people in ...

The New Indian Express

The New Indian Express
Sat, 19 Jul 2014 19:15:00 -0700

November 1989: Avianca Flight 203, flying from Bogota to Cali was bombed, killing 107 people plus a possible three on the ground. September, 1993: Transair Georgian Airline's three planes shot down by Abkhazi separatist forces, killing a total 137 people.
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