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Avery Fisher
Born Avery Robert Fisher
(1906-03-04)4 March 1906
Brooklyn, New York
Died 26 February 1994(1994-02-26) (aged 87)
New York City, New York
Known for transistorized amplifier, stereo radio-phonograph, philanthropy Avery Fisher Hall

Avery Robert Fisher (March 4, 1906 – February 26, 1994) was an amateur violinist, pioneer in the field of sound reproduction, and founder of once prestigious Fisher Electronics. He served on the board for the New York Philharmonic, Chamber Music Society at Lincoln Center, and the Marlboro Festival. He also established the Avery Fisher Artist Program that includes the Avery Fisher Prize and Career Grants in 1974. Avery Fisher Hall at Lincoln Center is named in his honor.

Early life[edit]

Avery Fisher was born in Brooklyn, New York. He attended DeWitt Clinton High School, graduated from New York University in 1929 and subsequently worked for two years in publishing. During this time, Fisher, an amateur violinist, began experimenting with audio design and acoustics. He wanted to make a radio that would sound like he was listening to a live orchestra—that would achieve high fidelity to the original sound. In 1937 he established his first company, Philharmonic Radio. In 1945, he sold the company and founded his second audio firm, Fisher Radio Company, which marketed high-performance audio products under the name The Fisher.[1]

Fisher Radio[edit]

The Fisher 500 (TA500), Fisher's first HiFi receiver (1957)

With the invention of FM by Edwin Armstrong, Fisher's desire to have a radio and amplifying device that could meet the goal of high fidelity became a reality. By the 1950s, the term receiver was used instead of radio for a unit that combined a tuner and an amplifier, but lacked speakers. In 1957, the Fisher Radio Company produced their first high fidelity FM/AM receiver, the monophonic 14-tube Fisher 500 (TA500).

In 1958, H. H. Scott introduced the first true stereophonic receiver, which used a stereo multiplex decoder. Fisher followed with its $350, 22-tube, stereophonic 600 (TA600) receiver in 1959. (A multiplex option, the Fisher MPX-200, would add four more tubes)[2]

Between 1963 and 1964, Fisher introduced their first all-transistor stereophonic receiver, the Fisher 400T. Early transistor receivers were not highly regarded by hi-fi enthusiasts, so manufacturers such as Fisher moved gradually with the technological advance. In the 1960s, Fisher made two trend-setting breakthroughs, marketing the first all-transistor (solid state) amplifier and the first receiver-phonograph combination, the forerunner of the compact stereo and integrated component system. These products brought Avery Fisher both fame and fortune. From 1959 to 1961, the firm also made important improvements in AM-FM stereo tuner design.[1]

In 1969 Fisher sold his company to the Emerson Electric Company for US $31 million, which in turn sold it to Sanyo of Japan. He was a consultant for both firms.[1] Early Fisher models under the Sanyo umbrella generally followed the high standards of the original Fisher. Over time Sanyo and Emerson turned Fisher into a high volume mass market operation. The quality that made Fisher a leader was sacrificed in favor of quantity and styling. By the late 1970s Fisher products were sometimes called "Lo Fi" by Hi Fi enthusiasts.[citation needed] Today the Fisher name is no longer used.

Philanthropy[edit]

A lifelong philanthropist, he sat on the boards of the New York Philharmonic and The Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center.

He died at age 87 in New York City on February 26, 1994 from complications of a stroke.

Today, Avery Fisher is best known for the auditorium in the Lincoln Center cultural complex in upper Manhattan that bears his name. Avery Fisher Hall houses the New York Philharmonic and is the site of various other musical and other cultural events featuring many musical ensembles. The hall was named for Fisher in 1973 after he donated $10.5 million (U.S.) to the Philharmonic.[3]

Fisher had a reputation for modesty. John Mazzola, the general manager of Lincoln Center, had to persuade him to permit Philharmonic Hall to be renamed after him. He protested that no one paid attention to such things and quipped, "Who's Major Deegan?" (a reference to the obscure namesake of the Major Deegan Expressway in the Bronx).[4]

Four decades later Fisher proved prophetic when Lincoln Center officials announced their plan to remove his name from the Hall in favor of a new donor. On November 13, 2014 they laid out a timetable for naming rights to be sold to the highest bidder in a drive to raise a total of $500 million toward renovation set to commence in 2019. Said Lincoln Center chairwoman Katherine Farley, "It will be an opportunity for a major name on a great New York jewel." Fisher's three children accepted $15 million in return for acquiescing to the deal.[3] The Hall will be renamed David Geffen Hall in September 2015 after Geffen pledged a $100 million donation to the Lincoln Center renovation.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Fisher, Avery. "Avery Fisher". Created by N. Brewer 2008-08-13. IEEE Global History Network. Retrieved 2011-03-31. 
  2. ^ 600, Fisher, Fisher's First True Stereo Receiver, Ohio University, (multiplex option would add four more tubes) 
  3. ^ a b http://www.star-telegram.com/2014/11/13/6286030/nycs-lincoln-center-to-rename.html
  4. ^ [The cost of putting footprints in sands of time,] by Tom Buckley, New York Times, Oct. 17, 1973
  5. ^ http://tucson.com/entertainment/music/david-geffen-donates-million-to-lincoln-center/article_800abbfe-b8de-533f-9e80-09f4a502355e.html

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Avery_Fisher — Please support Wikipedia.
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71788 videos foundNext > 

Exclusive: The Full Opening of Titanic in Concert at Avery Fisher Hall

If you weren't at Avery Fisher Hall on February 17 to see Maury Yeston and Peter Stone's musical Titanic in concert, fear not, because we have all you're gonna ...

Ragtime Opening Avery Fisher Hall

2010 Avery Fisher Career Grant recipient Yuja Wang, pianist

Yuja Wang, piano Schubert-Liszt, "Gretchen am Spinnrade," S.558/8; Mozart, "Turkish March," from Sonata in A, K.331 (arr. Arcadi Volodos)

Nyack Christian College at Avery Fisher Hall

Celebration of God's faithfulness!

Avery Fisher Prize 2000

Debussy - Premiere rhapsody (2:00) David Shifrin, clarinet Reiko Uchida, piano Sarasate - Zigeunerweisen (11:34) Edgar Meyer, double bass Mike Marshall, ...

Jackie Evancho - Avery Fisher Hall - The Impossible Dream - HD

Jackie Evancho on iTunes: http://goo.gl/fNOLZ Jackie Evancho on Amazon: http://goo.gl/aWYKc --- Connect With Jackie ...

2011 Avery Fisher Career Grant recipient Caroline Goulding, violinist

Caroline Goulding, violin; with Shuai Wang, piano Tartini/arr. Pavanello, Sonata in g for Violin and Piano, Devil's Trill Part 1.

Barbaralee Diamonstein and... Avery Fisher, 1979

Interviewer: Barbaralee Diamonstein-Spielvogel Part of the Diamonstein-Spielvogel Video Archive in the Duke University Libraries: ...

Chorus Angelicus singing with Eric Whitacre at Avery Fisher Hall 2

2012 Avery Fisher Career Grant recipient Conrad Tao, pianist

Conrad Tao, pianist Liszt Hungarian Rhapsody No. 6.

71788 videos foundNext > 

12159 news items

Wall Street Journal (blog)

Wall Street Journal (blog)
Mon, 08 Jun 2015 14:56:15 -0700

Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts has selected Vin Cipolla, president of the Municipal Art Society of New York, to lead its portion of the campaign to renovate the New York Philharmonic's aging home at Avery Fisher Hall. Vin Cipolla, president of ...

New York Times

New York Times
Thu, 02 Jul 2015 16:56:32 -0700

A concert of the music from their movies begins performances on Monday at Avery Fisher Hall, as part of the Lincoln Center Festival. For the program, Mr. Elfman reorchestrated 15 suites (which will be conducted by the Grammy winner John Mauceri), and ...

New York Times

New York Times
Wed, 04 Mar 2015 09:00:36 -0800

But raising money promised to be a challenge; the family of Avery Fisher had threatened legal action 13 years ago if the concert hall were to be rebuilt or renovated under a new name. That obstacle was overcome in November, when the Fisher family ...

New York Times

New York Times
Thu, 02 Jul 2015 15:52:30 -0700

Danny Elfman's Music from the Films of Tim Burton (Monday through July 12) It might be difficult for patrons in Edward Scissorhands costumes to get past security at Avery Fisher Hall. But listeners are encouraged to come in costume as their favorite ...

Deseret News

Deseret News
Fri, 03 Jul 2015 15:41:15 -0700

The last time the choir was in New York City was in 2003 at Avery Fisher Hall in Lincoln Center. The choir and orchestra performed the concert set prepared for the indoor venues of this tour by music director Mack Wilberg, focusing largely on classical ...

IrishCentral

IrishCentral
Sun, 05 Jul 2015 04:15:00 -0700

This event will be free to ticket holders for the July 14 performance. For tickets to DruidShakespeare: The History Plays call CenterCharge at 212-721-6500 212-721-6500 or visit the festival box office located at Avery Fisher Hall, 65th Street and ...

New York Times

New York Times
Wed, 10 Jun 2015 05:00:00 -0700

In last weekend's Arts & Leisure section, Vivien Schweitzer reported on the history of the artistic depictions of Joan of Arc in previewing Arthur Honegger's oratorio “Joan of Arc at the Stake,” which opens tonight at Avery Fisher Hall for a four-night ...

New York Post

Crain's New York Business
Thu, 13 Nov 2014 13:03:57 -0800

In a highly unusual move, Lincoln Center will rename Avery Fisher Hall in honor of a donor who makes a sizable gift toward the planned renovation of the theater, which is expected to cost more than $500 million. Avery Fisher Hall is the longtime home ...
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