digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Avery Fisher
Born Avery Robert Fisher
(1906-03-04)4 March 1906
Brooklyn, New York
Died 26 February 1994(1994-02-26) (aged 87)
New York City, New York
Known for transistorized amplifier, stereo radio-phonograph, philanthropy Avery Fisher Hall

Avery Robert Fisher (March 4, 1906 – February 26, 1994) was an amateur violinist, pioneer in the field of sound reproduction, and founder of once prestigious Fisher Electronics. He served on the board for Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts, the New York Philharmonic, Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center, and the Marlboro Festival. He also established the Avery Fisher Artist Program that includes the Avery Fisher Prize and Career Grants in 1974. Philharmonic Hall at Lincoln Center was named in his honor from 1973 until September 2015, when it was renamed David Geffen Hall.

Early life[edit]

Avery Fisher was born in Brooklyn, New York. He attended DeWitt Clinton High School, graduated from New York University in 1929 and subsequently worked for two years in publishing. During this time, Fisher, an amateur violinist, began experimenting with audio design and acoustics. He wanted to make a radio that would sound like he was listening to a live orchestra—that would achieve high fidelity to the original sound. In 1937 he established his first company, Philharmonic Radio. In 1945, he sold the company and founded his second audio firm, Fisher Radio Company, which marketed high-performance audio products under the name The Fisher.[1]

Fisher Radio[edit]

The Fisher 500 (TA500), Fisher's first HiFi receiver (1957)

With the invention of FM by Edwin Armstrong, Fisher's desire to have a radio and amplifying device that could meet the goal of high fidelity became a reality. By the 1950s, the term receiver was used instead of radio for a unit that combined a tuner and an amplifier, but lacked speakers. In 1957, the Fisher Radio Company produced their first high fidelity FM/AM receiver, the monophonic 14-tube Fisher 500 (TA500).

In 1958, H. H. Scott introduced the first true stereophonic receiver, which used a stereo multiplex decoder. Fisher followed with its $350, 22-tube, stereophonic 600 (TA600) receiver in 1959. (A multiplex option, the Fisher MPX-200, would add four more tubes)[2]

Between 1963 and 1964, Fisher introduced their first all-transistor stereophonic receiver, the Fisher 400T. Early transistor receivers were not highly regarded by hi-fi enthusiasts, so manufacturers such as Fisher moved gradually with the technological advance. In the 1960s, Fisher made two trend-setting breakthroughs, marketing the first all-transistor (solid state) amplifier and the first receiver-phonograph combination, the forerunner of the compact stereo and integrated component system. These products brought Avery Fisher both fame and fortune. From 1959 to 1961, the firm also made important improvements in AM-FM stereo tuner design.[1]

In 1969 Fisher sold his company to the Emerson Electric Company for US $31 million, which in turn sold it to Sanyo of Japan. He was a consultant for both firms.[1] Early Fisher models under the Sanyo umbrella generally followed the high standards of the original Fisher. Over time Sanyo and Emerson turned Fisher into a high volume mass market operation. The quality that made Fisher a leader was sacrificed in favor of quantity and styling. By the late 1970s Fisher products were sometimes called "Lo Fi" by Hi Fi enthusiasts.[citation needed] Today the Fisher name is no longer used.

Philanthropy[edit]

A lifelong philanthropist, he sat on the boards of Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts, the New York Philharmonic and The Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center.

He died at age 87 in New York City on February 26, 1994 from complications of a stroke.

Today, Avery Fisher is best known for the auditorium in the Lincoln Center cultural complex in upper Manhattan that once bore his name. Avery Fisher Hall housed the New York Philharmonic and was the site of various other musical and cultural events featuring many musical ensembles. The hall was named for Fisher in 1973 after he donated $10.5 million (U.S.) to the Philharmonic.[3]

Fisher had a reputation for modesty. John Mazzola, the general manager of Lincoln Center, had to persuade him to permit Philharmonic Hall to be renamed after him. He protested that no one paid attention to such things and quipped, "Who's Major Deegan?" (a reference to the obscure namesake of the Major Deegan Expressway in the Bronx).[4]

Four decades later Fisher proved prophetic when Lincoln Center officials announced their plan to remove his name from the Hall in favor of a new donor. On November 13, 2014 they laid out a timetable for naming rights to be sold to the highest bidder in a drive to raise a total of $500 million toward renovation set to commence in 2019. Said Lincoln Center chairwoman Katherine Farley, "It will be an opportunity for a major name on a great New York jewel." Fisher's three children accepted $15 million in return for acquiescing to the deal.[3] The Hall was renamed David Geffen Hall in September 2015 after Geffen pledged a $100 million donation to the Lincoln Center renovation.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Fisher, Avery. "Avery Fisher". Created by N. Brewer 2008-08-13. IEEE Global History Network. Retrieved 2011-03-31. 
  2. ^ 600, Fisher, Fisher's First True Stereo Receiver, Ohio University, (multiplex option would add four more tubes) 
  3. ^ a b http://www.star-telegram.com/2014/11/13/6286030/nycs-lincoln-center-to-rename.html
  4. ^ [The cost of putting footprints in sands of time,] by Tom Buckley, New York Times, Oct. 17, 1973
  5. ^ http://tucson.com/entertainment/music/david-geffen-donates-million-to-lincoln-center/article_800abbfe-b8de-533f-9e80-09f4a502355e.html

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Avery_Fisher — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

10826 news items

San Francisco Classical Voice

San Francisco Classical Voice
Wed, 06 Apr 2016 18:05:10 -0700

Alexi Kenney recently won an Avery Fisher Career Grant, one of the most prestigious awards given to young musicians working toward a solo career. Kenney, a 22-year-old violinist from Palo Alto, was given the award in late March, but was first notified ...
 
Inside Philanthropy
Thu, 07 Apr 2016 12:02:22 -0700

Avery Fisher, the founder of the Fisher electronic company, donated $10.5 million in 1973 toward the renovation of the former Philharmonic Hall in Lincoln Center. As a result, the hall was renamed the Avery Fisher Hall. Fast forward to November 2014 ...

Hollywood Reporter

Hollywood Reporter
Fri, 29 Apr 2016 09:52:30 -0700

Avery Fisher Hall at Lincoln Center, 132 W. 65th St. 4 p.m., Tuesday, May 17. New entertainment president Channing Dungey host her first presentation to advertisers. In keeping with tradition, Jimmy Kimmel will participate, though it's unclear if he'll ...

The Chicago Maroon

The Chicago Maroon
Thu, 28 Apr 2016 22:03:45 -0700

After cementing its current configuration (with Masumi Per Rostad on viola) in 2001, the group went on to win the prestigious Avery Fisher Grant, a Grammy, and Musical America's Ensemble of the Year Award. Pacifica was named the Quartet-in-Residence of ...

The Boston Musical Intelligencer

The Boston Musical Intelligencer
Thu, 28 Apr 2016 14:20:35 -0700

The recipient of a 2016 Avery Fisher Career Grant, violinist Alexi Kenny has given recitals at the Kennedy Center in Washington D.C. and in Chicago's Dame Myra Hess series. He has played chamber music with Musicians from Ravinia's Steans Institute and ...
 
Noozhawk
Thu, 28 Apr 2016 11:35:34 -0700

This season he embarked on tours of South America and Asia and returned to the Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center for engagements in New York and on tour, among other highlights. A 2009 Avery Fisher Career Grant recipient, Bax has performed ...

Midland Daily News

Midland Daily News
Thu, 28 Apr 2016 13:48:45 -0700

This isn't St. John's first trip to Midland, having soloed with the Midland Symphony Orchestra in 2003, the same year he was awarded the Avery Fisher Career Grant from Lincoln Center in New York. St. John first came on the scene in 1988, performing at ...

Wicked Local

Wicked Local
Thu, 28 Apr 2016 15:37:00 -0700

Pianist Pei-Shan Lee's concert career has taken her to the Kennedy Center, Lincoln Center's Avery Fisher and Alice Tully Hall, Carnegie Hall's Weill Recital Hall, New England Conservatory's Jordan Hall and tours of France, Germany, Belgium and Israel.
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight