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For other uses, see Autolycus (disambiguation).

In Greek mythology, Autolycus (/ɔːˈtɒlɪkəs/; Greek: Αὐτόλυκος Autolykos, "The Wolf Itself", or very wolf [1]) was a son of the Olympian god Hermes and Chione. He was the husband of Neaera,[2] or according to Homer,[3] of Amphithea. Autolycus fathered Anticlea (who married Laertes of Ithaca and was the mother of Odysseus) and several sons, of whom only Aesimus is named.

Life and major events[edit]

Autolycus was born the son of Hermes [4] and Chione [5] or Philonis.[6] He had a helmet to make him invisible.

Autolycus was conceived after Hermes had intercourse with the virgin Chione (Ovid 11). [7]

Pausanias states that Autolycus' real father was Daedalion (Pausanias 8. 4. 6.). [8]

Autolycus was husband to Mestra, daughter of Erysichthon (Ovid 8. 738) [9] (who could change her shape at will), or to Neaera (Pausanias 8. 4. 3), or to Amphithea (Homer, Odyssey, 19. 394). He became the father of Anticlea and Polymede, of whom the latter was the mother of Jason, the famous Argonaut who led a group of men to find the coveted Golden Fleece (Apollodorus 1.9.16). A different Autolycus, the son of Deimachus, was a part of the Argonauts who went on the journey to find the fleece.

Through Anticleia, Autolycus was also the grandfather of the famous warrior Odysseus (Homer 24.330), and he was responsible for the naming of the child as well. This happened when the nurse of the child Eurycleia "laid the child upon his knees and spoke, and addressed him: Autolycus, find now thyself a name to give to thy child's own child; be sure he has long been prayed for" (Homer 19.386-403).

Autolycus obtained most of the same skills that his supposed father Hermes possesses, such as the art of theft, trickery (Hyginus 201), and skill with the lyre and gracious song (Ovid 11. 301). It was said that he "loved to make white of black, and black of white, from a hornless animal to a horned one, or from horned one to a hornless" (Hyginus 201). He was given the gift that his thievery could not be caught by anyone (Hyginus 201).

He put his skills to the test when he stole the helmet of the great warrior and his grandson, Odysseus, "he had broken into the stout-built house of Amyntor, son of Ormenus; and he gave it to Amphidamas of Cythera to take to Scandeia, and Amphidamas gave it to Molus as a guest-gift, but he gave it to his own son Meriones to wear; and now, being set thereon, it covered the head of Odysseus" (Homer 10.254 I). Autolycus, master of thievery, was also well known for stealing Sisyphus' herd right from underneath him. Sisyphus, who was commonly known for being a crafty king that killed guests, seduced his niece and stole his brothers' throne (Hyginus 50-99) and was banished to the throes of Tartarus by the gods.

Heracles, the great Greek hero, was taught the art of wrestling by Autolycus (Apollodorus 2.4.9). However, Autolycus was a source of some controversy in Heracles' life, because Autolycus stole some cattle from Euboea and Eurytus, who accused Heracles of the deed and, upon his going mad about these accusations, Heracles killed them plus another one of Autolycus' sons, Iphitus. This led to Heracles serving three years of punishment for the deed to repent for this (Apollodorus 2.6.3).

Cultural references[edit]

Although not as well known as many other Greek mythological figures, Autolycus has appeared in a number of works of fiction.

  • A comic thief in Shakespeare's The Winter's Tale boasts that he is named after Autolycus and, like the latter's father, Mercury/Hermes, is "a snapper-up of unconsidered trifles".
  • Autolycus is the name of Debbie Aldridge's horse in the BBC Radio 4 series The Archers.
  • Autolycus is the name of a midget submarine owned by the Lost Boys, the thieves of Philip Reeve's Mortal Engines series of books.
  • Autolycus appears in an episode of the Canadian television series Class of the Titans episode "Bad Blood" voiced by Joseph May. He was hired by Cronus to steal Hercules's last surviving arrow.
  • The superhero/trickster figure of Uncle Sam in Robert Coover's The Public Burning (1977, New York, Grove Books) is described in the following terms (p. 7): "American Autolycus, they called him in the Gospels, referring to his cunning powers of conjuration, transmutation, and magical consumption (he can play the shell game, not with a mere pea, but with whole tin mines, forests, oil fields, mountain ranges, and just before Thanksgiving this past year made an entire island disappear!)”.
  • In the game Age of Empires Online, there's an army of computer-controlled opponents, who call themselves the Followers of Autolycus, must be defeated during several quests of the Greek civilization.

References[edit]

  1. ^ KJ Gutzwiller (associate professor of classics at the University of Cincinnati c.1991) -. Theocritus' Pastoral Analogies: The Formation of a Genre (p.37). Univ of Wisconsin Press, 1991 ISBN 0299129446. Retrieved 2015-04-12. (ed. < very wolf >)
  2. ^ Pausanias viii. 4. § 3 (cited in Smith)
  3. ^ Odyssey xix. 394, &c. (cited in Smith)
  4. ^ Bibliotheca, Library 1.9.16
  5. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae 201
  6. ^ Catalogue of Women fr. 64.
  7. ^ Ovid - Metamorphoses - Book the Eleventh : The Transformation of Daedalion Translated by Samuel Garth, John Dryden, et al (MIT) [Retrieved 2015-04-12](ed. < ... unresisted revels in her arms ... >)
  8. ^ Pausanias - Pausanias's Description of Greece (p.lix) translated by J G Frazer Cambridge University Press, 10 May 2012 ISBN 1108047238 [Retrieved 2015-04-12]
  9. ^ I Ziogas (Lecturer in Classics at the Australian National University, Canberra) - Ovid and Hesiod: The Metamorphosis of the Catalogue of Women (p.136) Cambridge University Press, 11 Apr 2013 ISBN 1107007410 [Retrieved 2015-04-12](ed. the author (I Ziogas) states a detail of Ovid 8. 738, < Mestra is not actually mentioned by name in Ovid 8. 738 >)
  10. ^ Murray, Nicholas, biography on Aldous Huxley 2002.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autolycus — Please support Wikipedia.
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695 news items

KY3

KY3
Wed, 17 Jun 2015 10:43:11 -0700

While there, she met cast members Ted Raimi and Bruce Campbell, AKA Joxer and Autolycus on "Xena," who spent the whole weekend with her, Pitre-Blanchard said. "They pushed her around in her wheelchair the whole time and talked with her," she said.

NJ.com

NJ.com
Thu, 11 Jun 2015 04:15:00 -0700

"I'd love to play one of the clown roles, like Autolycus or the Shepherd's Son in this play," said Stryker, "because they get to be so entertaining, and an actor can be more inventive in achieving that than with what dramatic characters must do, but ...

Herald Sun

Herald Sun
Sat, 27 Jun 2015 00:37:35 -0700

... blood splatters and fake chainsaws on their hands in honour of Ash Williams himself, cult film legend Bruce Campbell (although to this reporter — who also snagged an autograph — he'll always be Autolycus from Xena: Warrior Princess) appearing for ...
 
NewsOK.com
Tue, 09 Jun 2015 21:52:30 -0700

Tiffany Tuggle Rogers as Mopsa, Joshua McGowen as Autolycus and Jessie Roark as Dorcus create some merriment in "The Winter's Tale." Photo provided. Far-fetched but fanciful, uneven but ultimately rewarding, the Bard's late play is being staged at ...

Comicbook.com

Comicbook.com
Sun, 21 Jun 2015 21:00:28 -0700

Campbell's other memorable roles include Sam Axe from television series Burn Notice, Uncle Phil from TV series The Replacements, and Autolycus from Xena: Warrior Princess and Hercules: The Legendary Journeys. He also held memorable cameos in all ...

Broadway World

Broadway World
Thu, 11 Jun 2015 22:30:37 -0700

... Albanesius of Chesterfield as Autolycus; James Bloss of Marlton as Cleomenes; Jack Bathke of Robbinsville as Dion; Tara Mershon of West Amwell as Perdita; John Eldis of Ewing as the Shepherd; Michael Krahel of Hillsborough as the Shepherd's brother ...

CNN

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Fri, 05 Jun 2015 08:06:26 -0700

Douglas Rushkoff writes a regular column for CNN.com. He is a media theorist, the author of the book "Present Shock: When Everything Happens Now" and professor of media studies at CUNY/Queens. The opinions expressed in this commentary are solely ...

Engadget

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Fri, 29 May 2015 16:30:30 -0700

Even though Google started the whole mobile payment thing years ago with Google Wallet, it never really took off with the masses. Google's newly announced Android Pay, however, might. Just like Google Wallet, Android Pay lets you simply tap your phone ...
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