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Austrian Academy of Sciences
Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften
OeAW english blue2.jpg
Logo ÖAW
Agency overview
Formed 1921
Preceding agency
  • Kaiserliche Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien (founded 1847)
Type National Academy
Jurisdiction  Austria
Headquarters Vienna, Austria
Agency executives
Child agencies
Website ÖAW Home Page

The Austrian Academy of Sciences (in German Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften) is a legal entity under the special protection of the Republic of Austria. According to the statutes of the Academy its mission is to promote the sciences and humanities in every respect and in every field, particularly in fundamental research. In 2009, the Austrian Academy of Sciences was ranked 82nd among the 300 topmost research institutions in the world, based on its internet presence, by Webometrics Ranking of World Research Centers [4].

History[edit]

In 1713, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz suggested to establish such an Academy, inspired by the Royal Society and the Académie des Sciences. The "Kaiserliche Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien" was finally established by Imperial Patent on May 14, 1847.

The Academy soon began extensive research. In the humanities the Academy started with researching and publishing important historical sources of Austria. Research in natural sciences also covered a wide variety of topics.

The 1921 federal law guaranteed the legal basis of the Academy in the newly founded First Republic of Austria. And from the mid-1960s onwards it became the country's leading institution in the field of non-university basic research.

The Academy is also a learned society, and its past members have included Christian Doppler, Theodor Billroth, Anton Eiselsberg, Eduard Suess, Ludwig Boltzmann, Paul Kretschmer, Hans Horst Meyer, Roland Scholl, Julius von Schlosser and the Nobel Prize winners Julius Wagner-Jauregg, Victor Hess, Erwin Schrödinger and Konrad Lorenz.[1]

Among the Academy's numerous publications are the Corpus Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum Latinorum and eco.mont – Journal on Protected Mountain Areas Research and Management.

Research facilities[edit]

The Academy of Sciences has established more than 25 institutions. In 2012, a reorganization prompted the outsourcing of various institutions to Universities as well as mergers. The Academy's institutes are divided into two major fields, the natural sciences (mathematisch-naturwissenschaftliche Klasse) and the human sciences (philosophisch-historische Klasse).

In the field of human science, there are the Institute for the Study of Ancient Culture, which is well-known for the analysis of excavation results in Carnuntum and Ephesos, the Institute for Interdisciplinary Mountain Research, focusing on montology, the Institute of Culture Studies and Theatre History, and the Vienna Institute of Demography, among others.

Facilities that focus on natural science include the Institute of Molecular Biotechnology (which is operated in cooperation with Boehringer Ingelheim), the Gregor Mendel Institute, the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information, the Acoustics Research Institute and the Space Research Institute.

Gallery of Research[edit]

During his term as president of the Academy (1991–2003), Prof. Werner Welzig initiated the establishment of the Galerie der Forschung.[2] In 2005 the Gallery organised its pilot event "Mapping controversies: the case of the genetically modified food",[3] which was staged in the Alte Aula in Vienna.

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Basic information from official website
  2. ^ [1] Press release of the Austrian Academy of Sciences
  3. ^ [2] Announcement of the event on the website of the European Commission

Coordinates: 48°12′31″N 16°22′39″E / 48.20872°N 16.37739°E / 48.20872; 16.37739


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Austrian_Academy_of_Sciences — Please support Wikipedia.
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449 news items

 
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Thu, 27 Aug 2015 11:00:00 -0700

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GenomeWeb
Mon, 17 Aug 2015 11:46:09 -0700

NEW YORK (GenomeWeb) – Scientists from the Research Center for Molecular Medicine at the Austrian Academy of Sciences have developed a ChIP-seq protocol that makes use of transposase tagmentation for library construction. Dubbed ChIPmentation ...

Network World

Network World
Fri, 21 Aug 2015 08:33:45 -0700

Physicists from the University of Vienna and the Austrian Academy of Sciences have developed a "new quantum computation scheme" where tasks can be accomplished "more efficiently than a standard quantum computer," the university says on its website.

Huffington Post

Huffington Post
Tue, 18 Aug 2015 17:49:47 -0700

In 2013, scientists at the Institute of Molecular Biotechnology of the Austrian Academy of Sciences revealed a lab-grown brain that had the same level of development as that in a 9-week-old fetus and was incapable of thought, according to the BBC.
 
Kathmandu Post
Wed, 26 Aug 2015 21:58:16 -0700

According to a China Daily report, Wang, a postdoctoral fellow of theoretical physics at the Austrian Academy of Sciences, set up the Institute of Care-Life in Chengdu to conduct research into early warning system. The system has been installed in all ...

Phys.Org

Phys.Org
Tue, 11 Aug 2015 05:00:00 -0700

A team of physicists from the University of Vienna and the Austrian Academy of Sciences have demonstrated a new quantum computation scheme in which operations occur without a well-defined order. The researchers led by Philip Walther and Caslav ...

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Sat, 15 Aug 2015 02:45:00 -0700

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Mon, 10 Aug 2015 17:52:51 -0700

The sessions of the conference will be held at the University of Vienna and the Austrian Academy of Sciences. Also a limited number of roundtable discussions, a few additional special events as well as a film program will be staged. “The conference is ...
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