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Ausiàs March
Ausias Marc.jpg
A 15th-century painting by Jacomart in the Church of Santa Maria in Xàtiva, once thought to portray Ausiàs March
Born 1400
Beniarjó, Kingdom of Valencia (Crown of Aragon)
Died 1459
València, Kingdom of Valencia (Crown of Aragon)
Occupation Poet and knight
Language Catalan
Notable work(s) Plena de Seny, Llir entre Cards, Amor, amor, Mon darrer bé, Oh, foll amor
Spouse(s) Isabel Martorell (m. 1439–41), Joana Escorna (m. 1443–50)
Relative(s)

Ausiàs March (Valencian pronunciation: [awziˈaz ˈmaɾk]) (1400 – March 3, 1459) was a medieval Valencian poet and knight from Gandia, Valencia. He is considered as one of the most important poets of the "Golden Century" (Segle d'or) of Valencian literature.

Biography[edit]

Not much is known of March's life. He was born in approximately 1400 to a Valencian noble family. His father, Pere March, was himself a poet and served at the court of the younger brother of King Alfonso IV, Peter. His uncle, Jaume March II, was also a poet. March was one of the two children of Pere's second wife, Lionor of Ripoll; he had a younger sister, Peirona.[1]

In 1413, the still-young March became head of his family—part of the Valencian petty nobility—upon the death of his father. From a very young age he took part in the expeditions that King Alfons el Magnànim carried out in the Mediterranean. After returning from these expeditions in 1427, he settled in Gandia. After this return, he would never again leave the region where he was born. March was twice married: first to Isabel Martorell (sister of the writer Joanot Martorell), and later to Joana Escorna.

In 1450, he moved from Gandia to Valencia. It was there that on March 3, 1459, he died. While March himself was buried in his family's chapel at the Valencia Cathedral, the two wives and the family of the poet are buried in the Monastery of Sant Jeroni de Cotalba. Five illegitimate children but no legitimate heirs have been attributed to him.

Poetry[edit]

March's tomb, in the Valencia Cathedral

Inheriting an easy fortune from his father, Pere March—the treasurer to the Duke of Gandia—and enjoying the powerful patronage of Charles of Viana, prince of Aragon, March was able to devote himself to poetical composition. He is an undisguised follower of Petrarch, carrying the imitation to such a point that he addressed his Cants d'amor (love songs) to a lady whom he professed to have seen first in church on Good Friday. So far as the difference of language allows, he reproduced the rhythmical cadences of his model, but this should be qualified as the medieval tradition of locus communis requested this following. This is something Petrarch himself did and it need not to be stressed.[2] March is a very original and idiosyncratic poet. In the Cants de mort (death hymns) he touches a note of brooding sentiment peculiar to himself. It can be said that he developed Petrarch's rhetoric and used it for more inner psychological meditations, as other major poets like Camões and Shakespeare would.

March was one of the first poets to use the local vernacular, Valencian, instead of the troubadour language, Occitan. His poems are marked by obscurity, a sometimes monotonous morbidity, and a conflicting battle between desire and morality, achieved at its apex in the great Cant Spiritual. He was fully entitled to the supremacy which he enjoyed among his contemporaries, and the success of his innovation no doubt encouraged Boscán to introduce the Italian metres into Castilian. [3] His verses were transmitted in manuscript tradition until its first print edition in Valencian in 1543, but they had already become known through the Spanish translation in 1539.

March's poetry has been set to music by Raimon, Joan Brudieu and other composers.[4]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Ausiàs March – L'autor" (in Catalan). Iluisvives.com. Retrieved 19 March 2014. 
  2. ^ For a thorough treatment of imitatio, see Thomas M. Greene's The Light in Troy
  3. ^ Chisholm 1911.
  4. ^ Four settings by Brudieu: Fantasiant, Amor a mi descobre. Si fos Amor substança rahonable. Lir entre carts, lo meu voler se tempra. Plena de seny, donau-me una crosta. on CD accompanying book, Magraner, Charles. Fantasiant, Música y poesía para Ausiàs March CDM 0927, Valencia 2009

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ausiàs_March — Please support Wikipedia.
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87 news items

levante.emv.com

levante.emv.com
Sat, 28 Jun 2014 19:18:47 -0700

Ausiàs March es un genio con poca fortuna en su recuerdo en la ciudad de Valencia. Ni sus restos reposan debajo de la bella lápida con su nombre en la Catedral ni murió en la casa donde una placa dice, desde hace más de cien años, que vivió.

Diari de Girona

Diari de Girona
Sun, 29 Jun 2014 21:13:17 -0700

VALÈNCIA | ALFONS GARCIA La memòria d'Ausiàs March a la ciutat de València no està "plena de seny", com els seus poemes, sinó plena d'errors. El geni del Segle d'Or, el més gran poeta valencià de la història per a molts, no ha tingut sort i avui, 555 ...
 
Diari de Girona
Sat, 28 Jun 2014 21:31:45 -0700

ALFONS GARCIA | VALÈNCIA És un gran enigma. Aquesta és la resposta més directa a la pregunta del titular. No obstant això, dues coses es donen avui per segures: la primera, que Ausiàs March (1400 - 1459) va ser enterrat a la Catedral de València; i la ...
 
levante.emv.com
Mon, 23 Jun 2014 19:20:13 -0700

e. p. valencia L' Arxiu del Regne de València va a exponer, en su actividad divulgativa los Tesoros del Archivo del Reino, el testamento de Ausiàs March de 29 de octubre de 1458. El poeta, al sentirse enfermo en su casa de la calle Avellanas, dictó sus ...

Woodlands Online, LLC

Woodlands Online, LLC
Tue, 15 Jul 2014 15:52:30 -0700

But whereas multilingual conversations might be lost in the streets of Valencia, they are prevalent in one place: our residence, Colegio Mayor Ausias March. At the moment, there are 32 Americans from Northeastern, a group of about the same size from ...
 
VilaWeb
Tue, 24 Jun 2014 20:56:15 -0700

L'Arxiu del Regne de València exposarà el testament que el poeta Ausiàs March va escriure l'any 1458 en sentir-se malalt i pròxim a la mort, segons que ha anunciat la conselleria de Cultura a través d'una nota de premsa. El testament forma part de la sèrie ...
 
Las Provincias
Fri, 18 Jul 2014 15:41:15 -0700

El evento cuenta también con una zona de acampada en la zona arbolada del Parque Ausias March. Laura Beatriz, directora del festival, señaló que esta segunda edición del festival espera reunir a más de 3.000 personas en el concierto y 1.000 en la ...
 
el periodic
Thu, 17 Jul 2014 10:15:00 -0700

Los alumnos participantes provenían del IES Ausiàs March de Gandia, Colegio Los Naranjos de Gandia, IES Blasco Ibáñez de Cullera, IES Jaume II el Just de Tavernes de la Valldigna y eran de primero o segundo de Bachiller o de Ciclo Formativo de Grado ...
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