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Arvida is a settlement of 12,000 people (2010)[1] in Quebec, Canada, that is part of the City of Saguenay. Its name is derived from the name of its founder, Arthur Vining Davis, president of the Alcoa aluminum company (later Alcan).[1]

Arvida was founded as an industrial city by Alcoa in 1927, when the first aluminum smelter was constructed. Located 240 kilometres (150 mi) north of Quebec City, south of the Saguenay River between Chicoutimi and Jonquière, the town was planned from the first day and was developed as a company town, to have a population of about 14,000 inhabitants, four Catholic parishes, and many other denominations, parishes and schools. It was known as "the City Built in 135 Days" and described by The New York Times as a "model town for working families" on "a North Canada steppe".[1]

Église Ste-Thérèse-de-l'enfant-Jésus

History[edit]

In 1912 James B. Duke purchased the rights to the power on the Saguenay River, and in 1925 the Isle Maligne power station near Lac St. Jean came on stream (then the world's largest). In 1926 more than 250 houses were completed and the first ingots were poured. In 1932 Chute-à-Caron power station near Kénogami came on stream. The Shipshaw power station, just below Chute-à-Caron, came on stream during World War II and the Saguenay Inn in Arvida was completed. In 1950 the Arvida Bridge, an arched aluminum bridge, was completed, spanning the old Saguenay gorge near the Shipshaw power house.

Arvida Bridge

During World War II, the smelter was expanded and a large hydroelectric complex was built on the Saguenay River at Shipshaw (1 200 000 HP), becoming the largest aluminum production centre in the Western world.[1] Because of its importance to the Allied war effort, the town was guarded by anti-aircraft batteries.[1] The smelter transforms imported bauxite to alumina, and then to aluminum, by electrolysis. This process, and the smelting plant thereto, employed up to 7,500 people in the 1950s and the 1960s. The plant was due to close in 2005, as it had been replaced by at least three plants constructed during the last ten years in the Saguenay area. Rio Tinto Alcan continues to operate a smelter and related plants in the Arvida area.[1]

In the early 1970s, survivors of the 1971 landslide at nearby Saint-Jean-Vianney were largely resettled to Arvida.

In 1975, the cities of Arvida, Kénogami and Jonquière were amalgamated into a new city, Jonquière. In 2002, this amalgamated Jonquière was merged with Lac-Kénogami, Shipshaw, Chicoutimi, Laterrière, La Baie and Tremblay township into the city of Saguenay.

In 2010, local Councillor Carl Dufour and others sought recognition from Parks Canada as a heritage site, the first step in applying for recognition as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.[1]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Arvida
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 13.3
(55.9)
13.9
(57)
22.2
(72)
28
(82)
34.4
(93.9)
35
(95)
35.6
(96.1)
35
(95)
33
(91)
27.8
(82)
22.8
(73)
15.6
(60.1)
35.6
(96.1)
Average high °C (°F) −10.3
(13.5)
−8.3
(17.1)
−0.9
(30.4)
7.8
(46)
16
(61)
21.7
(71.1)
24.1
(75.4)
22.2
(72)
16.6
(61.9)
9.8
(49.6)
2
(36)
−6.8
(19.8)
7.8
(46)
Average low °C (°F) −20.1
(−4.2)
−18.2
(−0.8)
−10.8
(12.6)
−1.8
(28.8)
4.4
(39.9)
10.1
(50.2)
13.2
(55.8)
11.9
(53.4)
7.2
(45)
2
(36)
−4.4
(24.1)
−15.2
(4.6)
−1.8
(28.8)
Record low °C (°F) −40
(−40)
−41.7
(−43.1)
−35
(−31)
−19
(−2)
−10
(14)
−1.1
(30)
2.2
(36)
0
(32)
−6.1
(21)
−11.1
(12)
−31.1
(−24)
−41.1
(−42)
−41.7
(−43.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) n/a n/a 50.3
(1.98)
45.7
(1.799)
75.7
(2.98)
91.7
(3.61)
114.1
(4.492)
97.4
(3.835)
100.4
(3.953)
72.3
(2.846)
73.2
(2.882)
84.7
(3.335)
n/a
Source: 1961-1990 Environment Canada [2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Peritz, Ingrid, "Saguenay 'utopia' dreaming big again", The Globe and Mail, 13 November 2010, p. A31
  2. ^ Environment CanadaCanadian Climate Normals 1961–1990. Retrieved 8 October 2012.

Further reading[edit]

Campbell is a good history of the development of aluminum smelting in the Saguenay. Hartwick's more recent book reports on work between 1950 and 68 at Labs in Arvida to develop a new industrial smelting process, the so-called monochloride process.

  • Duncan C. Campbell, Global Mission: The Story of Alcan. Volume 1: to 1950. Ontario Publishing Company Limited, 1985.
  • John M. Hartwick, Out of Arvida. Kingston, Ontario: Citoxique Press, 2007.

Coordinates: 48°26′N 71°11′W / 48.433°N 71.183°W / 48.433; -71.183

External links[edit]

  • "Giant of the North" Popular Mechanics, December 1943, article on the crash program to create the Shipshaw hydroelectric project

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arvida,_Quebec — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1251 videos foundNext > 

Ancestors Revenge - Demiurgic Apprentices (Drum-Cam) - Arvida, QC, 30/06/2013

Drum-Cam of ''Demiurgic Apprentices'' from Ancestors Revenge live at ''Le K-Baret'' in Arvida, Chicoutimi, Québec, June 30th 2013... Performed by Richard-Wil...

RS departing Port Alfred for Arvida

A Roberval Saguenay train departs Port Alfred (La Baie, QC) with bauxite and other raw materials that will be converted to aluminum ingots at the RioTinto (f...

CN 369-HERVEY-Quebec-11Sep2010.wmv

CN 369 à Hervey Jct, en provenance d'Arvida, sur la subdivision Lac St Jean, avec les locos CN 2683 et 8857, 48 wagons, Loco DPU CN 2225 au milieu du train, ...

GMTX GP38-2 2632 Switching @ Arvida 05/04/14

Arvida in October

Some glimpses of the fall colours in the old Alcan company town of Arvida, now part of Jonquière in the Saguenay-Lac St Jean region of Quebec. Filmed circa 1...

Rénovation de l'ancien hôpital d'Arvida

Alors que le gouvernement du Québec fait subir une cure de rajeunissement à l'ancien hôpital d'Arvida, le maire de Saguenay Jean Tremblay lance une réflexion...

Saguenay accorde une aide pour La Maison Le Chêne à Arvida

Saguenay octroie une aide financière de 250 000$ pour la construction d'une résidence spécialisée en soins palliatifs à Arvida. L'annonce a été faite ce lund...

Saguenay construit...Arvida

Émission diffusée à partir du 1 décembre 2014.

Halloween 2010 - Téléjournal Radio Canada

Halloween 2010 Chez moi à Arvida, Saguenay, Québec, Canada At home, Arvida, Saguenay, Québec, Canada Info : HTTP://www.facebook.com/MaisonHanteeArvida.

Arvida Crew - Montréal ( Live )

Arvida Crew Live @ Café Campus Octobre 2011.

1251 videos foundNext > 

34 news items

 
TheChronicleHerald.ca (registration)
Fri, 19 Dec 2014 14:30:00 -0800

SAGUENAY, Que. — The Quebec government has reached an agreement in principle with Rio Tinto Alcan that would extend the aluminum producer's remaining Arvida operations in Saguenay until the end of 2020, protecting 1,000 jobs. The agreement gives ...
 
The Epoch Times
Sun, 21 Nov 2010 17:56:35 -0800

Aerial view of Arvida today, with the smelter and related plants in the background. (Pierre Lahoud). Advertisement. A carefully planned company town in Quebec built by a fiery American industrialist as a “utopia” for the working man is being put ...

Socialist Project

Socialist Project
Fri, 29 Nov 2013 23:04:24 -0800

In 2004, workers in Arvida, Quebec went so far as to occupy and operate their aluminum plant under worker control to protest closure. The next step has been demonstrated in Argentina where workers took over abandoned factories and transformed them into ...
 
Globe and Mail
Mon, 26 Nov 2012 12:59:56 -0800

A Quebec mayor is in court fighting for the right to open city council meetings with a prayer and is citing the preamble to the Constitution to bolster his case. In his opening arguments Monday the lawyer for Saguenay's colourful mayor, Jean Tremblay ...
 
Utica Observer Dispatch (blog)
Tue, 05 Nov 2013 11:30:28 -0800

Bill Dineen called the shots from the Aeros bench, with Doug Harvey as his assistant. For someone as Dineen, from the small industrial city of Arvida, Quebec, what was it like coaching a hockey club closer to the Mexican border than to most WHA franchises?
 
Baltimore Sun
Thu, 21 Mar 2013 08:16:58 -0700

... where Mr. More attended Cornell University and earned a bachelor's degree in 1950. He worked for Alcan in Arvida, Quebec, before moving to New Jersey and taking a job as a marketing representative with what become Exxon in 1953. He retired in 1983.
 
Courrier du Saguenay
Mon, 18 Aug 2014 05:00:00 -0700

BASEBALL.Quatre joueuses de la région représenteront le Québec lors du Championnat Canadien de Baseball féminin Bantam 2014 à Saguenay. Neuf équipes provinciales, dont deux formations québécoises, s'affronteront au stade de baseball d'Arvida du ...

Toronto Star

Toronto Star
Mon, 02 Sep 2013 05:00:47 -0700

Non-sport moments also linger: school rep at the Empire Club luncheon at the Royal York; among a group from Toronto students who travelled to Chicoutimi and Arvida, Quebec as part of a student exchange Young Voyageur program. I got used to being the ...
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