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For other uses, see Artois (disambiguation).
Artois (purple) within the modern departement of Pas-de-Calais
Flag of the County of Artois

Artois (French pronunciation: ​[aʁˈtwa]; adjective Artesian; Dutch: Artesië) is a former province of northern France. Its territory has an area of around 4,000 km² and a population of about one million. Its principal cities are Arras (Dutch: Atrecht), Saint-Omer, Lens and Béthune.

Location[edit]

Artois occupies the interior of the Pas-de-Calais département,[1] the western part of which constitutes the former Boulonnais. Artois roughly corresponds to the arrondissements of Arras, Béthune, Saint Omer, and Lens, and the eastern part of the arrondissement of Montreuil. It occupies the western end of the coalfield which stretches eastward through the neighbouring Nord département and across central Belgium.

History[edit]

Main article: History of Artois
Location of the County of Artois in the 15th century

Originally a feudal county itself, Artois was annexed by the county of Flanders. It came to France in 1180 as a dowry of a Flemish princess, Isabelle of Hainaut, and was again made a separate county in 1237 for Robert, a grandson of Isabelle. Through inheritance, Artois came under the rule of the dukes of Burgundy in 1384. At the death of the fourth duke, Charles the Bold, Artois was inherited by the Habsburgs and passed to the dynasty's Spanish line. After the religious revolts of 1566 in the Netherlands, Artois briefly entered the Dutch Revolt in 1576, participating in the Pacification of Ghent until it formed the Union of Atrecht in 1579.

After the Union of Atrecht, Artois and Hainaut (Dutch: Henegouwen) reached a separate agreement with Philip II. Artois remained with the Spanish Netherlands until it was conquered by the French during the Thirty Years War. The annexation was acknowledged during the Treaty of the Pyrenees in 1659, and it became a French province. Artois had already been largely French-speaking, but it was part of the Southern Netherlands until the French annexation.

Artois experienced rapid industrial development during the second half of the 19th century, fueled by its rich coal resources. During World War I, the front line between the opposing Entente and Allied armies in France ran through the province, resulting in enormous physical damage. Since the second half of the 20th century, Artois has suffered along with nearby areas because of the decline of the coal industry.

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Artois" in The New Encyclopaedia Britannica. Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica Inc., 15th edn., 1992, Vol. 1, p. 607.
  2. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 50°30′N 2°30′E / 50.500°N 2.500°E / 50.500; 2.500


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artois — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

41563 news items

The Independent

The Independent
Wed, 13 Aug 2014 14:06:57 -0700

Using European pale lagers (Budvar, Heineken and Stella Artois), researchers at the Stockholm School of Economics blind-tested 138 volunteers aged between 21 and 70. They were given three samples of the beer, two of which were the same and one was ...
 
PRWeek UK
Fri, 15 Aug 2014 03:07:30 -0700

PRWeek understands that the company has recently kicked off a review of both its six-figure Stella Artois and Budweiser accounts, with procurement leading the process. Threepipe, which handles the Stella Artois work, and Mischief PR, which looks after ...

The Drum

The Drum
Wed, 13 Aug 2014 00:52:30 -0700

Focussing on European pale lagers researchers gave the blindfolded participants samples of Budvar, Heineken and Stella Artois to see if they could identify their favourite tipple, something they could not do, suggesting that personal preference has ...
 
La Voix du Nord
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 08:33:45 -0700

16e édition pour Histoires et rêves d'Artois et toujours la même ferveur. Le nombre de bénévoles (figurants, techniciens…) ne faiblit pas et on en compte toujours sept cents ! Dominique Martens, le metteur en scène, est toujours aux commandes. Depuis ...
 
La Voix du Nord
Wed, 20 Aug 2014 03:07:30 -0700

Réagir. Envoyer par e-mail · Le journal du jour à partir de 0,79 €. Suite de notre rubrique estivale, « Direct dans l'assiette », avec une petite virée à Vis-en-Artois, où les Lanvin tiennent depuis trente ans une petite production de fruits et légumes ...

Het Nieuwsblad

Het Nieuwsblad
Thu, 14 Aug 2014 01:37:30 -0700

Voor het onderzoek werden drie populaire bieren uitgekozen: het Belgische bier Stella Artois, het Nederlandse Heineken en het Tsjechische Budvar. Het experiment ging uit van een zogenaamde driehoekstest: de 138 deelnemers tussen 21 en 70 jaar oud ...
 
The Journal News / Lohud.com
Wed, 20 Aug 2014 21:16:22 -0700

Some of the liquid amber and gold that flows from the 12 beer taps is seasonal, like Shock Top, Sam Adams Summer Ale, Harp and Stella Artois. Then there is the perennial favorite: Guinness, of course. Brooklyn Lager keeps it somewhat local. The bottled ...
 
La Voix du Nord
Wed, 20 Aug 2014 08:45:00 -0700

Nouveau volet dans notre série des « Projets des maires » avec Jean-Michel Desailly, élu à Aubigny. Pas vraiment une nouvelle tête, mais des projets au compteur pour ce quatrième mandat. Qui sera son dernier.
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