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Eiskanal in Augsburg, Germany
Kayaking and Rafting at Holme Pierrepont, England
Rafting and canoeing at Dutch Water Dreams

An artificial whitewater course (AWWC) is a site for whitewater canoeing, whitewater kayaking, whitewater racing, whitewater rafting, playboating and slalom canoeing with artificially generated rapids.

Course types[edit]

Three main types of course exist:

Flow diversion[edit]

These work by diverting a natural river through boulder placement or damming, or by creating new channels next to an existing river, possibly by a weir or power station outflow.

Tidal action[edit]

Created in estuaries with large tidal reaches, on a barrage across the river. The barrage is opened during a rising high tide to allow the sea water in, then shut as the tide turns. The water stored above the barrage is then forced through an artificial channel to provide water features.


The nature of artificial whitewater courses necessitates the need for a drop in the river, and enough water flow to provide hydraulics. When this isn't possible (often in flat low-lying areas), electric pumps are used to lift and re-circulate the water to the top of the course. The shapes of these courses are commonly circular or U-shaped.

Pumped courses are extremely expensive to run, typically 1-2 megawatts of electrical power is needed to pump 15 cubic metres per second of water down a course with a 5-meter drop in height.

Olympic whitewater courses[edit]

Other notable courses[edit]

Under planning or construction[edit]

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artificial_whitewater — Please support Wikipedia.
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82 news items


Thu, 07 Apr 2016 10:55:33 -0700

Format: Paddlers in each class will make two runs on the artificial whitewater course on both Friday and Saturday, with their best score on Friday combined with their best on Saturday to determine their standing. This will be the same format used at ...

The Sunday Post

The Sunday Post
Fri, 15 Apr 2016 17:12:21 -0700

And a derelict basin area at neighbouring Pinkston has been turned into Scotland's only artificial whitewater course, where you can kayak, canoe, open-water swim and more. It's one more example of how hundreds of years of history have been brought ...

Surf Europe

Surf Europe
Thu, 31 Dec 2015 10:22:30 -0800

Joe Morley, two-time winner of the Adidas Sickline Extreme Kayak World Champs in Austria, learnt to kayak on artificial whitewater slalom courses. And then of course there's North Shore! Controllable waves can also improve the actual competitions ...

West Virginia MetroNews

West Virginia MetroNews
Fri, 01 Apr 2016 07:03:45 -0700

You can't be in charge of it,” she said. The winner of the national championships will represent the United States at the next World Rafting Championship held on Oct. 31 through Nov. 5 on an artificial whitewater stream in Abu Dhabi. Adventures on the ...

Charleston Gazette-Mail (subscription)

Charleston Gazette-Mail (subscription)
Sat, 02 Jan 2016 19:43:08 -0800

The winner of that event will represent the United States at next year's World Rafting Championship, to be held on an artificial whitewater stream in Abu Dhabi, the United Arab Emirates' capital city. “We all know each other and have all guided ...

Charleston Gazette-Mail (subscription)

Charleston Gazette-Mail (subscription)
Sun, 06 Mar 2016 20:07:30 -0800

Sweets of the East raft team members Jo Beth Stamm, Sherry Spiker and Hannah Vogt warm up for national and possibly international competition in the chilly waters of New River at Fayette Station. Not pictured are teammates Margaret Cadmus and Koreen ...


Mon, 23 Nov 2015 12:21:08 -0800

I am by no means an engineer, but from my experiences on artificial whitewater I've found this to be true of numerous courses with adjustable obstacles. Luckily, there is still plenty of time before the start of the Olympics for officials to fine-tune ...

Denver Business Journal

Denver Business Journal
Thu, 12 Nov 2015 11:42:23 -0800

With no opposing votes and almost no questions, the Colorado Economic Development Commission agreed Thursday to make the National Western Center renovations at Denver's stock show site and the four-part “Go NoCo” initiative in various Northern ...

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