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Eiskanal in Augsburg, Germany
Kayaking and Rafting at Holme Pierrepont, England
Rafting and canoeing at Dutch Water Dreams

An artificial whitewater course (AWWC) is a site for whitewater canoeing, whitewater kayaking, whitewater racing, whitewater rafting, playboating and slalom canoeing with artificially generated rapids.

Course types[edit]

Three main types of course exist:

Flow diversion[edit]

These work by diverting a natural river through boulder placement or damming, or by creating new channels next to an existing river, possibly by a weir or power station outflow.

Tidal action[edit]

Created in estuaries with large tidal reaches, on a barrage across the river. The barrage is opened during a rising high tide to allow the sea water in, then shut as the tide turns. The water stored above the barrage is then forced through an artificial channel to provide water features.


The nature of artificial whitewater courses necessitates the need for a drop in the river, and enough water flow to provide hydraulics. When this isn't possible (often in flat low-lying areas), electric pumps are used to lift and re-circulate the water to the top of the course. The shapes of these courses are commonly circular or U-shaped.

Pumped courses are extremely expensive to run, typically 1-2 megawatts of electrical power is needed to pump 15 cubic metres per second of water down a course with a 5-meter drop in height.

Olympic whitewater courses[edit]

Other notable courses[edit]

Under planning or construction[edit]

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artificial_whitewater — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

75 news items

Charleston Gazette-Mail (subscription)

Charleston Gazette-Mail (subscription)
Sat, 02 Jan 2016 19:33:45 -0800

The winner of that event will represent the United States at next year's World Rafting Championship, to be held on an artificial whitewater stream in Abu Dhabi, the United Arab Emirates' capital city. “We all know each other and have all guided ...


Fri, 10 Jul 2015 14:13:04 -0700

For artificial whitewater, Peoria is pretty much the center of the universe. July 10, 2015 By Jeff Moag. Stephen Wright on the Charles City, Iowa play wave. Photo via Flickr user Cory Mutch. By Andy Kravetz. Central Illinois isn't seen as a paddling ...

The Denver Channel

The Denver Channel
Mon, 19 Oct 2015 20:31:16 -0700

Located – and highly visible – along Interstate 25 and north of the Budweiser Event Center, the Whitewater Park will center around a 20-acre artificial whitewater river system that offers varying levels of difficulty, and other wet and dry recreational ...

Denver Business Journal

Denver Business Journal
Thu, 12 Nov 2015 11:42:23 -0800

With no opposing votes and almost no questions, the Colorado Economic Development Commission agreed Thursday to make the National Western Center renovations at Denver's stock show site and the four-part “Go NoCo” initiative in various Northern ...

Surf Europe

Surf Europe
Thu, 31 Dec 2015 10:40:09 -0800

Joe Morley, two-time winner of the Adidas Sickline Extreme Kayak World Champs in Austria, learnt to kayak on artificial whitewater slalom courses. And then of course there's North Shore! Controllable waves can also improve the actual competitions ...


Mon, 23 Nov 2015 12:21:08 -0800

I am by no means an engineer, but from my experiences on artificial whitewater I've found this to be true of numerous courses with adjustable obstacles. Luckily, there is still plenty of time before the start of the Olympics for officials to fine-tune ...


Thu, 22 Oct 2015 07:58:28 -0700

... Loveland and Windsor, is pushing for the construction of two luxury hotels, one with an indoor/outdoor water park; the Stanley Film Center, an auditorium and horror-movie museum at the iconic Stanley Hotel; and an artificial whitewater river ...
Fri, 12 Jun 2015 09:18:25 -0700

An architect who helped design the artificial whitewater course used in the 1996 Olympic Games in Atlanta visited the Willimantic site and was very enthusiastic about the prospects of developing one here, Turner said – though he noted any such project ...

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