digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

An arms race, in its original usage, is a competition between two or more parties to have the best armed forces. Each party competes to produce larger numbers of weapons, greater armies, or superior military technology in a technological escalation.

International conflict specialist Theresa Clair Smith, defines the term as "the participation of two or more nation-states in apparently competitive or interactive increases in quantity or quality of war material and/or persons under arms."[1]

Nowadays the term is mostly used to describe any competition where there is no absolute goal, only the relative goal of staying ahead of the other competitors, essentially the goal of proving to be "better".

Examples of arms races[edit]

WWI naval arms race[edit]

The size and power of battleships grew rapidly before, during, and after World War I: a result of competitive shipbuilding among a number of naval powers, brought to an end by the Washington Naval Treaty

From the dates 1891 to 1919, an arms race between several European countries, including Germany, France, Russia, (as well as some other smaller countries,) took place. Britain's envy of Germany's superior navy in the run up to World War I resulted in a costly building competition of Dreadnought-class ships. This tense arms race lasted until June 1914, when after two antagonistic power blocs were formed because of the rivalry, the World War broke out. If it weren't for this arms Race, World War I may never have taken place, as the governments of these nations would not have felt they had the military technology and navies to risk their citizens in the war. After the war, a new arms race developed among the victorious Allies. The Washington Naval Treaty was only partly able to put an end to the race. Prior to WWI, a dreadnought arms race also took place in South America.

Nuclear arms race[edit]

A nuclear arms race developed during the Cold War, an intense period between the Soviet Union and the United States. This was one of the main causes that began the cold war. On both sides, perceived advantages of the adversary (such as the "missile gap") led to large spending on armaments and the stockpiling of vast nuclear arsenals. Proxy wars were fought all over the world (e.g. in the Middle East, Korea, Vietnam) in which the superpowers' conventional weapons were pitted against each other. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War, tensions decreased and the nuclear arsenal of both countries were reduced.

Other uses[edit]

More generically , the term "arms race" is used to describe any competition where there is no absolute goal, only the relative goal of staying ahead of the other competitors in rank or knowledge. An arms race may also imply futility as the competitors spend a great deal of time and money, yet end up in the same situation as if they had never started the arms race.

An evolutionary arms race is a system where two populations are evolving in order to continuously one-up members of the other population. An example of this is the escalation of drug resistance in pathogens, in step with the use of increasingly powerful drugs.

This is related to the Red Queen effect (Red Queen's Hypothesis#Arms race), where two organisms co-evolve to overcome each other but each fails to progress relative to the other interactant.

In technology, there are close analogues to the arms races between parasites and hosts, such as the arms race between computer virus writers and antivirus software writers, or spammers against Internet service providers and E-mail software writers.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Smith, Theresa Clair (1980). "Arms Race Instability and War". Journal of Conflict Resolution (24): 253–284. 

Literature[edit]

  • Richard J. Barnet: Der amerikanische Rüstungswahn. Rowohlt, Reinbek 1984, ISBN 3-499-11450-X (German)
  • Jürgen Bruhn: Der Kalte Krieg oder: Die Totrüstung der Sowjetunion. Focus, Gießen 1995, ISBN 3-88349-434-8 (German)

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arms_race — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1000000 videos foundNext > 

Fall Out Boy - This Ain't A Scene, It's An Arms Race

Music video by Fall Out Boy performing This Ain't A Scene, It's An Arms Race. YouTube view counts pre-VEVO: 8548491. (C) 2006 The Island Def Jam Music Group.

Fall Out Boy - This Ain't A Scene, It's An Arms Race Lyrics

Fall Out Boy - This Ain't A Scene, It's An Arms Race from the album Infinity On High Booklet says: "hips and hearts" however it sounds like "hips and cars". ...

The Israeli-Palestinian Arms Race (Part 1/2)

Over thanksgiving, Israel launched another attack on the Gaza Strip, killing Hamas' second-in-command Ahmed Jabari. In retaliation, Hamas began firing rocket...

Empire - The new arms race

The world has entered a new arms race, but what justifies this global military addiction?

Arms Race - steampunk short film

The debut film from director Nigel Clegg, Arms Race is a steampunk action adventure set during the Crimean War. Visit http://armsracemovie.com/ for behind-th...

Asia's Arms Race

China is massively increasing its military spending, worrying many of its neighbours into joining the new arms race in Asia. For more on Adrian Brown's story...

Combat arms - A vitoria mais feia da historia ( Arms Race )

GOSTOU ? NÃO SE ESQUEÇA DE AVALIAR E ADICIONAR AOS FAVORITOS ! Canal com meu irmão: http://www.youtube.com/channel/UCsBSU... Primeiro vídeo com meu irmão : h...

The World's Deadliest Arms Race

"NUCLEAR FINALE?!" BO2: Bonus Game Mode! *Arms Race* [#35] - LIVE

This is the last & 10th episode today! Click to Subscribe: http://bitly.com/TBNRMY Thanks Dudes! My T-Shirts! http://tbnrfrags.spreadshirt.com (US/CA) http:/...

PBS Nova Evolution Ep 4 The Evolutionary Arms Race DivX5 AC3 www mvgroup org

1000000 videos foundNext > 

5995 news items

Reuters

Reuters
Thu, 02 Oct 2014 04:03:45 -0700

SAN FRANCISCO (Reuters) - High salaries and free food aren't enough any more in Silicon Valley, where maturing companies are competing for talent with creative health care and "wellness" programs that use gadgets to promote good behavior. Standard ...

Forbes

Forbes
Tue, 30 Sep 2014 20:33:57 -0700

One of the greatest threats to, and darkest clouds on the horizon of, China's future is the prospect of ruinously wasteful and dangerous arms race (already under way for almost two decades) with the United States. The following is a transcript of a ...

UC Santa Cruz

UC Santa Cruz
Sun, 28 Sep 2014 11:11:15 -0700

New findings by scientists at UC Santa Cruz suggest that an evolutionary arms race between rival elements within the genomes of primates drove the evolution of complex regulatory networks that orchestrate the activity of genes in every cell of our bodies.
 
Reuters
Thu, 02 Oct 2014 03:52:30 -0700

SAN FRANCISCO Oct 2 (Reuters) - High salaries and free food aren't enough any more in Silicon Valley, where maturing companies are competing for talent with creative health care and "wellness" programs that use gadgets to promote good behavior.

Boston Herald

Boston Herald
Tue, 30 Sep 2014 21:30:00 -0700

Last night in Kansas City, the curtain rose on a Red Sox-less postseason with a wild card game that pitted Royals ace James Shields against Oakland A's hired gun Jon Lester. Want to bet John Henry was paying attention? The Sox owner generally believes ...

Business Insider

Business Insider
Wed, 01 Oct 2014 09:30:00 -0700

China and the US could be on the verge of a new arms race, as both countries appear to be developing fifth-generation stealth aircraft that can launch from aircraft carriers. David Axe, at War is Boring, notes China has placed a full-scale model of its ...

Broadway World

Broadway World
Tue, 30 Sep 2014 21:30:41 -0700

The Soviet Union only had a few years left in it when Lee Blessing's Pulitzer-finalist A Walk In The Woods hit Broadway in 1988. The two-hander featured Robert Prosky as a comically jovial Russian negotiator and Sam Waterston as his more reserved, less ...

BetaNews

BetaNews
Tue, 30 Sep 2014 09:07:30 -0700

Let's look at some of the ways tech has defined the #OccupyHongKong protest movement, and how the constant arms race between repression and freedom of expression is holding up. Here's three ways we've noticed that technology has impacted the ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!