digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Armenians in Bulgaria
Total population
(10,832 (2001), estimation up to 22,000)
Regions with significant populations
Plovdiv Province: 3,140
Varna Province: 2,240
Sofia: 1,672
Languages
Armenian, Bulgarian, Russian
Related ethnic groups
Armenian diaspora

All figures from [1]
Part of a series on
Armenians
Armenian culture
Architecture · Art
Cuisine · Dance · Dress
Literature · Music  · History
By country or region
Armenia · Nagorno-Karabakh Republic
See also Nagorno-Karabakh
Armenian diaspora
Russia · France · India
United States · Iran · Georgia
Azerbaijan · Argentina · Brazil
Lebanon · Syria · Ukraine
Poland · Canada · Australia
Turkey · Greece · Cyprus
 · Egypt
Subgroups
Hamshenis · Cherkesogai · Armeno-Tats · Lom people · Hayhurum
Religion
Armenian Apostolic · Armenian Catholic
Evangelical · Brotherhood ·
Languages and dialects
Armenian: Eastern · Western
Persecution
Genocide · Hamidian massacres
Adana massacre · Anti-Armenianism
Bandeau Arménie.png
Armenia Portal

Armenians (Bulgarian: арменци, armentsi) are the fifth largest minority, after Russians, in Bulgaria, numbering 6,552 according to the 2011 census,[2] down from 10,832 in 2001, while Armenian organizations estimate up to 22,000.[3] Armenians have lived in the Balkans (including the territory of modern Bulgaria) since no later than the 5th century, when they moved there as part of the Byzantine cavalry. Since then, the Armenians have had a continuous presence in Bulgarian lands and have often played an important part in the history of Bulgaria from early Medieval times until the present.

The main centres of the Armenian community in the country are the major cities Plovdiv (3,140 Armenians in Plovdiv Province in 2001), Varna (2,240 in Varna Province), Sofia (1,672) and Burgas (904 in Burgas Province).

The traditional language of the community is Western Armenian, though since education during the Communist period in Bulgaria was in Eastern Armenian, many are also fluent in the latter dialect. Bulgarian, being the official language, is spoken fluently by almost all Armenians in the country.

History[edit]

The Armenians that settled between the 6th and the 11th century in the Rhodopes, Thrace and Macedonia were several thousand in number, mostly Paulicians and Tondrakians and had very strong communal ties. They had very strong ties and influenced the Bulgarian sect of the Bogomils and were later assimilated into it, Bulgarianized and later converted to Roman Catholicism (see Roman Catholicism in Bulgaria) or Islam (see Pomaks). The mother of 11th-century Bulgarian tsar Samuil was the daughter of the Armenian king, Ashot II. Maria, the wife of 10th-century Tsar Peter I, was the granddaughter of Byzantine emperor of Armenian origin, Romanos I Lekapenos. Another Byzantine emperor—Basil I, the founder of the Macedonian dynasty and an Armenian from Thrace—spent his early years as a captive in the First Bulgarian Empire in the 9th century.

After both Bulgaria and Armenia were conquered by the Ottoman Empire, many Armenian settlers from Armenia, Crimea, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Asia Minor arrived in what is now Bulgaria due to internal migration. Those coming from Armenia were forced to seek a new homeland because of their country's devastation by Arabs, Persians, and Turks.[4] With Bulgaria gaining autonomy in the aftermath of the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78, many Armenians fled the Ottoman Empire because of the Hamidian massacres in the 1890s and settled in the country, particularly in the major cities of Plovdiv and Varna. In 1878, there were 5,300 Armenians in the Principality of Bulgaria and Eastern Rumelia, and this number increased by almost 20,000 after the Hamidian massacres.[4]

At the time of the Balkan Wars (1912–1913) the Armenians in Bulgaria numbered about 35,000. During this time the legendary Armenian national hero, Andranik Ozanian participated in the Balkan Wars in the Bulgarian army, alongside general Garegin Nzhdeh (another national hero) as a commander of Armenian auxiliary troops. Bulgarian authorities honored Andranik and Nzhdeh with the Order of Bravery.[5] After the events surrounding the Armenian Genocide in the Ottoman Empire (1915–1917) 22,000 additional Armenians sought refuge in Bulgaria during the government of Aleksandar Stamboliyski in 1922.

During the Communist rule of Bulgaria (1945–1989) and the time of the Soviet Union, most of the Armenians returned to their homeland, then the Armenian SSR, but many chose to stay in Bulgaria or emigrate to other countries such as the United States.[4] In the 1990s, after the dissolution of the USSR, the poor economic conditions in Armenia and the military conflicts in the Caucasus caused a number of Armenians to seek a better future in Bulgaria as emigrants or travel through Bulgaria to western Europe or the United States. Since the 1990s the population of Armenians in Bulgaria has continually decreased due to immigration and assimilation.

Culture, religion and media[edit]

Armenian Apostolic church St. George in Plovdiv, Bulgaria

The Armenians and their historical faith were an inspiration for noted Bulgarian poet Peyo Yavorov to write one of his most recognizable works, the poem Armentsi (Armenians), describing the Armenians as 'forlorn exiles, a miserable fragment; of an ever-brave martyr-people; little children of a troubled slavewoman-mother; and victims of a legendarily great feat':

Three Armenian newspapers are published in Bulgaria: Armentsi issued in Burgas every fortnight with a circulation of 3,500; the weekly Vahan issued in Plovdiv with a circulation of 1,000; and the weekly Erevan issued in Sofia.[3] The Armenian General Benevolent Union (AGBU) publishes a monthly bulletin Parekordzagani Tsayn.

There are a total of ten Armenian Apostolic churches and two chapels in twelve cities, mostly in those urban centres with a significant Armenian population: Aytos, Burgas, Pazardzhik, Russe, Shumen, Sliven, Stara Zagora, Varna and Yambol. All churches are under an eparchy based in Sofia.[3] The Armenian Evangelical Church in Bulgaria is located in Plovdiv.

Notable Bulgarian Armenians[edit]

Partially Armenian Bulgarians[edit]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "01.03.2001 TO POPULATION BY DISTRICT AND ETHNIC GROUP". Sofia: REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA. NATIONAL STATISTICAL INSTITUTE. 2001. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  2. ^ "Население по местоживеене, възраст и етническа група" (in Bulgarian). National Statistical Institute. 2011. Archived from the original on 13 June 2012. Retrieved 2012-06-13. 
  3. ^ a b c "Website of the Armenian community in Bulgaria" (in Bulgarian). Retrieved 2006-07-10. 
  4. ^ a b c "Armenians" (in Bulgarian). OMDA.bg. Archived from the original on 21 July 2006. Retrieved 2006-07-10. 
  5. ^ (in Russian) Андраник Озанян: Документы и материалы, Ереван, 1991.
  6. ^ N. and H. Buxton (1914). Travels and Politics in Armenia. London. pp. 31–32. 
  7. ^ Philips Price, Morgan (1918). War and Revolution in Asiatic Russia. London: Allen and Unwin. p. 31. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armenians_in_Bulgaria — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
15189 videos foundNext > 

Armenians in Bulgaria

Armenians in Bulgaria.

Armenian genocide 100 years later in Bulgaria Plovdiv

ARMENIANS IN BULGARIA

This video is a compilation of photographs of the Bulgarian photographer Julian Angelov. All the images have been shot for the project ARMENIANS IN ...

Армянская музыка:TAKUHI-ARMENIANS IN BULGARIA 2011

HEAR IT ! ARMENIAN /BULGARIAN SINGER TAGUHI AND Armenian Embassy in Sofia, Bulgaria (HOT PARTY) Армянкa.

Armenian genocide !!! Bulgaria Plovdiv! 2015!!!

Armenian genocide 100 years later in Bulgaria Plovdiv Part 2

Slavonic Alphabet Statues Installed in Pliska, Bulgaria

Sculptor Ruben Nalbandian along with his 12 co-artists, carved letters of the Slavonic alphabet out of red Armenian tuf stone. The letters were installed in the ...

Bulgarian poem "Armenians"

on1manshow | December 24, 2007 Peyo Yavorov - Armenians Изгнаници клети, отломка нищожна от винаги храбър народ мъченик, дечица...

Armenians in the plane! "Bulgaria air" from Sofia to Paris

Newly Appointed Locum Tenens of the Armenian Diocese of Bulgaria

By the Pontifical order of His Holiness Karekin II, Supreme Patriarch and Catholicos of All Armenians, Very Reverend Father Abgar Hovakimian was appointed ...

15189 videos foundNext > 

3 news items

Open Democracy

Open Democracy
Wed, 22 Apr 2015 21:06:30 -0700

Armenians in Bulgaria: a little-known history. Historically, Armenian nationalism has found a safe harbor and large support on Bulgarian soil. The two peoples share the sentiment of being fellow victims of the Ottoman Empire, which ruled Bulgaria until ...

The Sofia Globe

The Sofia Globe
Sun, 19 Apr 2015 08:33:45 -0700

The same day, at the Sofia Municipality building, there will be an exhibition dedicated to Armenia and Armenians in Bulgaria. The following day, there will be a motor vehicle procession through the streets of the capital to the Armenian cemetery in ...

Examiner.com

Examiner.com
Mon, 23 Apr 2012 08:05:37 -0700

Spurred in part by the current Tayyip Erdogan-led Turkish government's increasing tilt toward Iran and hostility toward Israel, members of local Jewish communities are paying more, some might say overdue, attention to the Armenian Genocide in the ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight