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Arch 22 monument, a memorial of the 1994 coup
Coat of arms of The Gambia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Gambia

Armed Forces Provisional Ruling Council (AFPRC) gained control of Gambia in July 1994, in a military coup d'état. The AFPRC deposed the Dawda Jawara government and banned opposition political activity. Lieutenant Yahya A.J.J. Jammeh, chairman of the AFPRC, became head of state. Few months later Captain Sadibou Hydara who was the spokesperson of the AFPRC, and Captain Sabali deputy leader of the AFPRC were accused by president Jammeh of an alleged coup plot. Both men were arrested and detained at the maximum prison. Captain Hydara was tortured and killed in prison. It was believed that Captain Hydara who was the most educated among the original members of the AFPRC was in favor of returning the country to civilian rule, and strongly objected to president Jammeh's candidacy.

The AFPRC announced a transition plan for return to democratic civilian rule. The Provisional Independent Electoral Commission (PIEC) was established in 1996 to conduct national elections. The transition process included the compilation of a new electoral register; adoption of a new constitution by referendum in August of that year; presidential elections in September of that year and legislative elections in January 1997, respectively. Colonel Jammeh retired from the Army to run for president. Col. Jammeh won the elections, and was sworn into office as President of the Republic of the Gambia on November 6, 1996.

The PIEC was transformed into the Independent Electoral Commission on April 17, 1997; this commission deals with voter registration and the holding of elections and referendums.[1][2][3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Background Note: The Gambia, U.S. Department of State, March 2006.
  2. ^ Country Report on Human Rights Practices for The Gambia, U.S. Department of State, March 4, 2002.
  3. ^ "Thousands protest peacefully at murder of journalist", IRIN, December 22, 2004.

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3 news items

 
Jollofnews
Wed, 30 Jul 2014 06:49:18 -0700

When Yahya Jammeh first came to power in a military coup back in1994, hardly anyone gave both him and his Armed Forces Provisional Ruling Council (AFPRC) any chance of survival for any length of time, let alone assume leadership of this country for 20 ...

Senegambia News

Senegambia News
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 15:33:47 -0700

The objectives of the Armed Forces Provisional Ruling Council (AFPRC) Junta turned civilian (APRC) Government is therefore to cling on to power at all cost, plunder the country's resources without being challenged by any opposing force within the country.
 
Afrique en Ligue
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 06:52:30 -0700

Le président gambien, Yahya Jammeh, a célébré, mardi 22 juillet, ses 20 années au pouvoir de manière discrète, ont confirmé des sources officielles à la PANA à Banjul. “Les manifestations ont coïncidé ces dernières années avec le mois béni de Ramadan.
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