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The Dutch fort of Arguin in 1721.
Plan of Arguim (1721).

Arguin (Portuguese: Arguim) is an island off the western coast of Mauritania in the Bay of Arguin. It is approximately 6x2 km in size, with extensive and dangerous reefs around it.[1] The island now part of the Banc d'Arguin National Park.[2]

History[edit]

The island changed hands frequently during the colonial era. The first European to visit the island was the Portuguese explorer Nuno Tristão, in 1443.[3] In 1445, Prince Henry the Navigator set up a trading post on the island, which acquired gum arabic and slaves for Portugal. By 1455, 800 slaves were shipped from Arguin to Portugal every year.[4]

In 1633, during its war against Spain (which then controlled Portugal), the Netherlands seized control of Arguin. It remained under Dutch rule until 1678, with a brief interruption by English rule in 1665. France took over the island in September 1678, but it was then abandoned until 1685.[5] Arguin's aridity and its lack of a good anchorage made long-term European settlement difficult.[1]

Arguin was a colony of Brandenburg-Prussia from 1685 to 1721. France then took control of the island, only to lose it again the following year to the Netherlands, regaining it in 1724. This period of French rule lasted four years; in 1728, it reverted to the control of indigenous peoples.[5] The island was included in the territory of the French colony of Mauritania, and it remained under Mauritanian rule when that country became independent in 1960.[2]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ a b Arguin. 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica, V. 2, p. 482
  2. ^ a b Le Parc National du Banc d'Arguin
  3. ^ Huish, John. Travels of Richard and John Lander into the interior of Africa. [1]
  4. ^ Slave Routes - Europe Portugal
  5. ^ a b [2]

Coordinates: 20°36′N 16°27′W / 20.600°N 16.450°W / 20.600; -16.450


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arguin — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

1330 news items

 
Seacoastonline.com
Mon, 07 Jul 2014 23:11:15 -0700

DOVER — Bernard L. "Ben" Arguin, 83, formerly of Hampton, died peacefully Wednesday, July 2, 2014, at Strafford County Nursing Home in Dover, with his wife and daughters by his side. He was born Nov. 14, 1930, in Berlin, a son of the late Willie N ...

Sud Ouest

Sud Ouest
Tue, 29 Jul 2014 06:58:40 -0700

'enquête publique sur le décret modificatif de la réserve naturelle nationale du Banc d'Arguin, sur le bassin d'Arcachon, ne débutera que le 7 août mais certains représentants des plaisanciers se positionnent d'ores et déjà contre les nouvelles ...

Sud Ouest

Sud Ouest
Thu, 24 Jul 2014 20:24:26 -0700

Du lundi 4 août au vendredi 5 septembre, le tant attendu décret de modification de la réserve naturelle nationale du banc d'Arguin (4 370 hectares entre la dune du Pilat et la pointe du Cap-Ferret) sera soumis à enquête publique. « Les objectifs ...
 
TriCities.com
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 20:45:00 -0700

Abingdon #24 Thomas Francisco tagged out DTQ #9 Carson Arguin on second during the State baseball game in Abingdon, Viginia on Wednesday. BHC 072414 AbingdonBaseball 02.jpg. Earl Neikirk ...

RTL.fr

RTL.fr
Wed, 16 Jul 2014 00:03:36 -0700

ÇA SE PASSE CHEZ MOI - Dimitri Delorme est garde et animateur du Banc d'Arguin, situé à l'entrée du bassin d'Arcachon. Il exerce ce métier depuis huit ans. - Ça se passe chez moi, du 16 juillet 2014. La page de l'émission : Ça se passe chez moi. Une ...

Keene State College

Keene State College
Fri, 18 Jul 2014 06:52:30 -0700

I said to myself, oh boy, I don't think she's going to make it,” said Berlin Field Hockey Coach Nicole Arguin. “But she is such a sweetheart and such a hard worker, and with our concept of team she fit right in to the type of girls we had.” Although ...
 
New Hampshire Public Radio
Thu, 03 Jul 2014 18:02:57 -0700

Andrew Arguin, another co-owner, imagines taking the coffee-and-meat pairing a step further. “You know, meat recipes like pork chop recipes or even tenderloin recipes, you'll find a lot that actually have coffee grinds within the recipes,” he says ...
 
Bangor Daily News
Sat, 12 Jul 2014 05:56:15 -0700

2, Hunter Arguin, Central, 1:02.77. 3, Gavin McDonald, Red Riots(Orono), 1:05.47.1500 Bantam: 1, Caleb Shearer, Una-Millinocket, 6:51.38. 2, Lucas Allen, Red Riots(Orono), 7:06.47. 3, Colby Oiler, Bangor, 7:08.64.1500 Midget: 1, Nicholas Cormier, Blue ...
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