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The Dutch fort of Arguin in 1721.
Plan of Arguim (1721).

Arguin (Portuguese: Arguim) is an island off the western coast of Mauritania in the Bay of Arguin. It is approximately 6x2 km in size, with extensive and dangerous reefs around it.[1] The island now part of the Banc d'Arguin National Park.[2]

History[edit]

The island changed hands frequently during the colonial era. The first European to visit the island was the Portuguese explorer Nuno Tristão, in 1443.[3] In 1445, Prince Henry the Navigator set up a trading post on the island, which acquired gum arabic and slaves for Portugal. By 1455, 800 slaves were shipped from Arguin to Portugal every year.[4]

In 1633, during its war against Spain (which then controlled Portugal), the Netherlands seized control of Arguin. It remained under Dutch rule until 1678, with a brief interruption by English rule in 1665. France took over the island in September 1678, but it was then abandoned until 1685.[5] Arguin's aridity and its lack of a good anchorage made long-term European settlement difficult.[1]

Arguin was a colony of Brandenburg-Prussia from 1685 to 1721. France then took control of the island, only to lose it again the following year to the Netherlands, regaining it in 1724. This period of French rule lasted four years; in 1728, it reverted to the control of indigenous peoples.[5] The island was included in the territory of the French colony of Mauritania, and it remained under Mauritanian rule when that country became independent in 1960.[2]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ a b Arguin. 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica, V. 2, p. 482
  2. ^ a b Le Parc National du Banc d'Arguin
  3. ^ Huish, John. Travels of Richard and John Lander into the interior of Africa. [1]
  4. ^ Slave Routes - Europe Portugal
  5. ^ a b [2]

Coordinates: 20°36′N 16°27′W / 20.600°N 16.450°W / 20.600; -16.450


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arguin — Please support Wikipedia.
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Barre Montpelier Times Argus
Fri, 17 Apr 2015 23:56:15 -0700

... Lucy Gray, Maya Humbert, Avery Motyka, Lilian Olson, James Stephens; eighth grade: Emma Arguin, Matthew Hagenlocher, Lexus Jarvis, Ruth Milne, Amelia Wrigley; ninth grade: Elizabeth Andrew, Laura Milne; 10th grade: Gabrielle Cicio, Abigail Detrick; ...
 
Barre Montpelier Times Argus
Thu, 16 Apr 2015 00:07:30 -0700

“We plan to make it viral,” Boisvert said, crediting class president Alex Arguin for coming up with #Survivorship and classmate Rose Meriam for working on the logo they'll use to kick off the campaign they hope will catch fire. “Everyone has stories ...
 
UNESCO.org (press release)
Wed, 11 Feb 2015 06:26:15 -0800

With support from UNESCO's World Heritage Marine Programme, the Banc d'Arguin National Park in Mauritania organized a series of educational activities for students from four local schools who are located in the park. Throughout 2014, about 100 students ...

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Wed, 08 Apr 2015 11:45:00 -0700

Le secrétaire général du parti Union pour la République (UPR), Oumar Ould Matallah serait nommé, président du Conseil d'Administration du parc national du Banc d'Arguin, selon notre confrère, arabophone Atlasinfo, qui rapporte l'information, dans sa ...

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Inside NoVA
Wed, 01 Apr 2015 04:20:29 -0700

Emily Weatherholtz struck out 15 and allowed two hits Tuesday as Osbourn Park High School's softball team defeated Manchester (Ohio) 8-0 on the second day of the Grand Strand Classic in Myrtle Beach. Lauren Ecole paced the Yellow Jackets (5-0) at the ...

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Fri, 09 Jan 2015 21:26:15 -0800

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Fri, 17 Apr 2015 20:56:15 -0700

A2DBA se fait un devoir de participer aux enquêtes publiques concernant tout projet pouvant avoir une incidence sur l'environnement et le cadre de vie des habitants du Bassin, ainsi elle a émis des avis au sujet du banc d'Arguin et de la LGV Sud-Ouest.
 
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Tue, 30 Dec 2014 16:12:29 -0800

Left to right, lead Connie Fritzler, second Shelly Urquhart and third Donda Lee Deis sit at a head table in the Great Western Lounge at the Moose Jaw Ford Curling Centre, as skip Lorraine Arguin addresses a crowd of supporters. The quartet of curlers ...
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