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The Dutch fort of Arguin in 1721.
Plan of Arguim (1721).

Arguin (Portuguese: Arguim) is an island off the western coast of Mauritania in the Bay of Arguin. It is approximately 6x2 km in size, with extensive and dangerous reefs around it.[1] The island now part of the Banc d'Arguin National Park.[2]


The island changed hands frequently during the colonial era. The first European to visit the island was the Portuguese explorer Nuno Tristão, in 1443.[3] In 1445, Prince Henry the Navigator set up a trading post on the island, which acquired gum arabic and slaves for Portugal. By 1455, 800 slaves were shipped from Arguin to Portugal every year.[4]

In 1633, during its war against Spain (which then controlled Portugal), the Netherlands seized control of Arguin. It remained under Dutch rule until 1678, with a brief interruption by English rule in 1665. France took over the island in September 1678, but it was then abandoned until 1685.[5] Arguin's aridity and its lack of a good anchorage made long-term European settlement difficult.[1]

In 1685 Captain Reers of the frigate "Rother Löwe" occupied the old Portuguese fort on the island. He successfully concluded a treaty with the native king in which Brandenburg was accepted as a protecting power. The treaty was ratified in 1687 and was renewed in 1698.[6] Arguin remained a colony of Brandenburg until 1721 when the French successfully assaulted the fort and then took control of the island. The Dutch took the fort and island from the French the following year only to lose it again in 1724 to the French. This period of French rule lasted four years; in 1728, it reverted to the control of indigenous peoples.[5] The island was included in the territory of the French colony of Mauritania, and it remained under Mauritanian rule when that country became independent in 1960.[2]


  1. ^ a b Arguin. 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica, V. 2, p. 482
  2. ^ a b Le Parc National du Banc d'Arguin
  3. ^ Huish, John. Travels of Richard and John Lander into the interior of Africa. [1]
  4. ^ Slave Routes - Europe Portugal
  5. ^ a b [2]
  6. ^ van der Heyden, Ulrich (1993). Rote Adler an Afrikas Küste: Die brandenburgisch-preußische Kolonie Großfriedrichsburg in Westafrika (second ed.). Berlin: Selignow. ISBN 3-933889-04-9. 

Coordinates: 20°36′N 16°27′W / 20.600°N 16.450°W / 20.600; -16.450

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arguin — Please support Wikipedia.
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3086 news items

The Sun Chronicle

The Sun Chronicle
Sun, 29 Nov 2015 00:26:15 -0800

ATTLEBORO HIGH SCHOOL CLASS OF 1966 - Ralph Arguin, a member of the Attleboro High School Class of 1966 writes: "It is official. The Attleboro High School Class of 1966 is having its 50th reunion events next summer on Friday, Aug. 19 and Saturday ...

The Union Leader

The Union Leader
Sun, 01 Nov 2015 17:40:34 -0800

Berlin's precise passing came into play again in the 48th minute when Dandeneau connected with fellow senior Jenna Arguin. Dandeneau brought the ball up from midfield and passed the ball to Arguin, who was uncovered in the circle. Arguin collected ball ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Sun, 15 Nov 2015 03:26:15 -0800

According to the authors, the presence of the river system during the recent humid periods provides the “missing link between the development of lakes over Algeria, and Mauritania, fluvial evidence in Algeria and the riverine signals recorded in the ...


Wed, 25 Nov 2015 02:52:30 -0800

A range of different measures were used to determine body composition. Arguin et al. determined fat mass and lean body mass using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. Harvie et al. determined fat mass and fat-free mass by impedance (Tanita TBF-300A, ...

Ars Technica

Ars Technica
Tue, 10 Nov 2015 09:00:19 -0800

Channels extended inland from the submarine canyon in Arguin Bay, falling right along the path predicted by the topographic analysis. The researchers were able to follow the main valley for a little over 500 kilometers to the northeast before the sands ...

Moose Jaw Times-Herald

Moose Jaw Times-Herald
Wed, 25 Nov 2015 22:11:15 -0800

Elsewhere, Bob Desjarlais' Kal Tire rink moved to 7-1 after a 6-2 win over Bret Behm's Moose Jaw Funeral Home squad (1-7), Ralph Courtnage's Terra Grain Fuels team (6-2) doubled up Jerry Cherneski's Chillers rink (3-5) 6-3 and Lorraine Arguin's Easy ...

UNESCO.org (press release)

UNESCO.org (press release)
Wed, 11 Feb 2015 06:26:15 -0800

With support from UNESCO's World Heritage Marine Programme, the Banc d'Arguin National Park in Mauritania organized a series of educational activities for students from four local schools who are located in the park. Throughout 2014, about 100 students ...

Gizmodo Australia

Gizmodo Australia
Thu, 12 Nov 2015 21:03:00 -0800

“The data presented here allow, for the first time, to establish the continuity of this past giant drainage system from the continent (Tamanrasett River) to the shelf (Arguin basin), and then to the bottom ocean (Cap Timiris Canyon),” the researchers ...

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