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The Dutch fort of Arguin in 1721.
Plan of Arguim (1721).

Arguin (Portuguese: Arguim) is an island off the western coast of Mauritania in the Bay of Arguin. It is approximately 6x2 km in size, with extensive and dangerous reefs around it.[1] The island now part of the Banc d'Arguin National Park.[2]

History[edit]

The island changed hands frequently during the colonial era. The first European to visit the island was the Portuguese explorer Nuno Tristão, in 1443.[3] In 1445, Prince Henry the Navigator set up a trading post on the island, which acquired gum arabic and slaves for Portugal. By 1455, 800 slaves were shipped from Arguin to Portugal every year.[4]

In 1633, during its war against Spain (which then controlled Portugal), the Netherlands seized control of Arguin. It remained under Dutch rule until 1678, with a brief interruption by English rule in 1665. France took over the island in September 1678, but it was then abandoned until 1685.[5] Arguin's aridity and its lack of a good anchorage made long-term European settlement difficult.[1]

Arguin was a colony of Brandenburg-Prussia from 1685 to 1721. France then took control of the island, only to lose it again the following year to the Netherlands, regaining it in 1724. This period of French rule lasted four years; in 1728, it reverted to the control of indigenous peoples.[5] The island was included in the territory of the French colony of Mauritania, and it remained under Mauritanian rule when that country became independent in 1960.[2]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ a b Arguin. 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica, V. 2, p. 482
  2. ^ a b Le Parc National du Banc d'Arguin
  3. ^ Huish, John. Travels of Richard and John Lander into the interior of Africa. [1]
  4. ^ Slave Routes - Europe Portugal
  5. ^ a b [2]

Coordinates: 20°36′N 16°27′W / 20.600°N 16.450°W / 20.600; -16.450


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arguin — Please support Wikipedia.
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1665 news items

 
UNESCO.org (press release)
Wed, 11 Feb 2015 06:26:15 -0800

With support from UNESCO's World Heritage Marine Programme, the Banc d'Arguin National Park in Mauritania organized a series of educational activities for students from four local schools who are located in the park. Throughout 2014, about 100 students ...
 
SouthCoastToday.com
Thu, 05 Mar 2015 22:56:15 -0800

Matt Arguin, a graduate of GNB Voc-Tech with extensive experience in the industry, is the proud owner of SouthCoast Kitchen Designs. “Each year, our business grows,” he says. The reason? A customer-centric way of doing business. “We tend to be more ...
 
UNESCO, Centre du patrimoine mondial
Wed, 11 Feb 2015 06:31:01 -0800

Avec l'appui du Programme marin du patrimoine mondial de l'UNESCO, le Parc national du banc d'Arguin en Mauritanie a organisé une série d'activités éducatives pour les élèves de quatre écoles locales se trouvant dans le parc. Tout au long de l'année ...

Sud Ouest

Sud Ouest
Sun, 15 Feb 2015 21:13:52 -0800

Ce texte au ton bien plus virulent que ce qu'on a l'habitude de lire sur le sujet a été écrit par les responsables des Amis du banc d'Arguin, une association qui a été créée le 31 décembre 2014. Et pourquoi à ce moment-là ? « L'enquête publique sur le ...
 
Moose Jaw Times-Herald
Wed, 04 Mar 2015 23:07:30 -0800

The other quarter-final contest will see the fourth ranked Ralph Courtange squad (2-3) take on Lorraine Arguin's Easy Care Living rink (2-3). The top ranked Matt Froehlich DNT Paintless Dent Repair rink (4-1) and Joel Jordison's second seeded Seaborn ...
 
Fairbanks Daily News-Miner
Sun, 01 Mar 2015 10:28:08 -0800

But Doyon officials defend the partnership, arguin the end result is exactly what the FCC wanted — more competition in auctions for the wireless spectrum. The bidding process for the spectrum, which was called Auction 97, brought in more than $40 ...
 
Fairbanks Daily News-Miner
Sat, 28 Feb 2015 23:52:30 -0800

But Doyon officials defend the partnership, arguin the end result is exactly what the FCC wanted — more competition in auctions for the wireless spectrum. The bidding process for the spectrum, which was called Auction 97, brought in more than $40 ...
 
Middleboro Gazette
Tue, 03 Mar 2015 12:26:11 -0800

Faith Almeida, Michaela Arguin, Charlotte Corriveau, Ryan Donovan, Jessica DuBois, Amanda Dziura, Jacquelyne Levesque, Garrett Martin, Andrew Moura. HONORS. Katherine Anderson, Alyssa Andrade, Emily Andrews, Kevin Arnold, John Augustine, ...
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