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The Dutch fort of Arguin in 1721.
Plan of Arguim (1721).

Arguin (Portuguese: Arguim) is an island off the western coast of Mauritania in the Bay of Arguin. It is approximately 6x2 km in size, with extensive and dangerous reefs around it.[1] The island now part of the Banc d'Arguin National Park.[2]

History[edit]

The island changed hands frequently during the colonial era. The first European to visit the island was the Portuguese explorer Nuno Tristão, in 1443.[3] In 1445, Prince Henry the Navigator set up a trading post on the island, which acquired gum arabic and slaves for Portugal. By 1455, 800 slaves were shipped from Arguin to Portugal every year.[4]

In 1633, during its war against Spain (which then controlled Portugal), the Netherlands seized control of Arguin. It remained under Dutch rule until 1678, with a brief interruption by English rule in 1665. France took over the island in September 1678, but it was then abandoned until 1685.[5] Arguin's aridity and its lack of a good anchorage made long-term European settlement difficult.[1]

Arguin was a colony of Brandenburg-Prussia from 1685 to 1721. France then took control of the island, only to lose it again the following year to the Netherlands, regaining it in 1724. This period of French rule lasted four years; in 1728, it reverted to the control of indigenous peoples.[5] The island was included in the territory of the French colony of Mauritania, and it remained under Mauritanian rule when that country became independent in 1960.[2]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ a b Arguin. 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica, V. 2, p. 482
  2. ^ a b Le Parc National du Banc d'Arguin
  3. ^ Huish, John. Travels of Richard and John Lander into the interior of Africa. [1]
  4. ^ Slave Routes - Europe Portugal
  5. ^ a b [2]

Coordinates: 20°36′N 16°27′W / 20.600°N 16.450°W / 20.600; -16.450


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arguin — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

471 news items

Sud Ouest

Sud Ouest
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 20:39:38 -0700

Publicité. L'enquête publique sur le projet de modification du décret, concernant la navigation et l'occupation autour du banc d'Arguin, a débuté le lundi 4 août, et s'achève ce vendredi 5 septembre. Publicité. Le commissaire enquêteur, Jean-Denis ...

Sud Ouest

Sud Ouest
Thu, 14 Aug 2014 04:38:27 -0700

Les plaisanciers souhaitent, par exemple, pouvoir continuer à mouiller 48 heures au banc d'Arguin, et non pas seulement du lever au coucher du soleil. Ils n'acceptent pas, non plus, une réduction de la surface disponible ou une réduction de l'espace ...

France Bleu

France Bleu
Mon, 11 Aug 2014 00:18:45 -0700

Les plaisanciers du Bassin d'Arcachon sont vent debout contre un projet de décret modificatif concernant le Banc d'Arguin. Le texte prévoit de limiter les zones de mouillage et de les interdire la nuit. Les propriétaires de bateaux pourraient ...

Francetv info

Francetv info
Mon, 04 Aug 2014 07:20:11 -0700

FRANCE 3 AQUITAINE. Le décret de modification de la réserve naturelle est soumis à une enquête publique qui a été lancée aujourd'hui. L'occasion pour le public de se rendre à la mairie de La Teste et rencontrer le commissaire enquêteur, ou simplement ...
 
Berlindailysun
Wed, 27 Aug 2014 12:52:30 -0700

GORHAM—In an effort to reduce costs and energy consumption, the town of Gorham is in the process of conducting a street light survey to determine which lights can be safely turned off. Last year, the town implemented the Midnight Savings Program ...
 
Berlindailysun
Fri, 22 Aug 2014 16:03:45 -0700

The Mountaineer offense will be potent and score a lot of goals especially with forwards Jensyn Dandeneau and a healthy Jenna Arguin. Berlin travels to Winnisquam today and plays their alumni on Wednesday at Community field. Berlin will again be ...
 
SouthCoastToday.com
Sat, 09 Aug 2014 13:05:11 -0700

NEW BEDFORD — Robert A. Provencal, age 77, of New Bedford, died Friday, August 8, 2014 at Sacred Heart Home after an extended battle with Alzheimer's disease. He was the husband of the late Jeanne (Arguin) Provencal. Born in New Bedford to the late ...

Regina Leader-Post

Regina Leader-Post
Wed, 20 Aug 2014 01:38:29 -0700

Some in town felt the report wasn't specific enough to offer any kind of real comfort, but the town's assistant general director, Marie-Claude Arguin, said the new recommendations are satisfying. "It's not about how specific the recommendations are ...
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