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The Dutch fort of Arguin in 1721.
Plan of Arguim (1721).

Arguin (Portuguese: Arguim) is an island off the western coast of Mauritania in the Bay of Arguin. It is approximately 6x2 km in size, with extensive and dangerous reefs around it.[1] The island now part of the Banc d'Arguin National Park.[2]

History[edit]

The island changed hands frequently during the colonial era. The first European to visit the island was the Portuguese explorer Nuno Tristão, in 1443.[3] In 1445, Prince Henry the Navigator set up a trading post on the island, which acquired gum arabic and slaves for Portugal. By 1455, 800 slaves were shipped from Arguin to Portugal every year.[4]

In 1633, during its war against Spain (which then controlled Portugal), the Netherlands seized control of Arguin. It remained under Dutch rule until 1678, with a brief interruption by English rule in 1665. France took over the island in September 1678, but it was then abandoned until 1685.[5] Arguin's aridity and its lack of a good anchorage made long-term European settlement difficult.[1]

Arguin was a colony of Brandenburg-Prussia from 1685 to 1721. France then took control of the island, only to lose it again the following year to the Netherlands, regaining it in 1724. This period of French rule lasted four years; in 1728, it reverted to the control of indigenous peoples.[5] The island was included in the territory of the French colony of Mauritania, and it remained under Mauritanian rule when that country became independent in 1960.[2]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ a b Arguin. 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica, V. 2, p. 482
  2. ^ a b Le Parc National du Banc d'Arguin
  3. ^ Huish, John. Travels of Richard and John Lander into the interior of Africa. [1]
  4. ^ Slave Routes - Europe Portugal
  5. ^ a b [2]

Coordinates: 20°36′N 16°27′W / 20.600°N 16.450°W / 20.600; -16.450


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arguin — Please support Wikipedia.
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1400 news items

 
SouthCoastToday.com
Thu, 05 Mar 2015 22:56:15 -0800

Matt Arguin, a graduate of GNB Voc-Tech with extensive experience in the industry, is the proud owner of SouthCoast Kitchen Designs. “Each year, our business grows,” he says. The reason? A customer-centric way of doing business. “We tend to be more ...
 
UNESCO.org (press release)
Wed, 11 Feb 2015 06:26:15 -0800

With support from UNESCO's World Heritage Marine Programme, the Banc d'Arguin National Park in Mauritania organized a series of educational activities for students from four local schools who are located in the park. Throughout 2014, about 100 students ...
 
Moose Jaw Times-Herald
Wed, 11 Mar 2015 23:22:30 -0700

Arguin will face Joel Jordison's number one seeded Seaborn Insurance squad in a rematch of last year's final. Desjarlais' rink will take on Matt Froehlich's second ranked DNT Paintless Dent Repair squad in the other game. In Pool B action, all eight ...

MassLive.com

MassLive.com
Sun, 15 Mar 2015 06:37:48 -0700

Xavier A. Tondeur and Cristina Casado Tondeur to Across the Campus Umass LLC, 235 West St., $235,000. Karen C. Desantis and Jeffrey F. Desantis to John A. Root and Leslie M. Scott, 23 Greenleaves Drive, $116,500. Reynold A. Gladu and Patricia F.

Moose Jaw Times-Herald

Moose Jaw Times-Herald
Fri, 09 Jan 2015 21:26:15 -0800

Lorraine Arguin did not get off to the start she was hoping for at the Swift Current Curling Club on Friday. © Times-Herald photo by Nathan Liewicki. Lorraine Arguin's Moose Jaw Ford Curling Centre rink is competing at the Southern women's playdowns in ...
 
Stockhouse
Thu, 12 Mar 2015 04:26:15 -0700

"RHI is the undisputed leader in the refractory systems market," stated Denis Arguin, Orbite's Vice President Engineering & Operations. "Based on the breadth and depth of their experience and skill set, we are confident RHI is the right partner for us ...
 
Moose Jaw Times-Herald
Wed, 18 Mar 2015 23:33:45 -0700

The top ranked Seaborn Insurance rink advanced to the final with a 9-2 win over Lorraine Arguin's fourth seeded Easy Care Living rink in a rematch of last year's championship game. The contest was decided with a pair of three-enders in the fifth and ...
 
Middleboro Gazette
Tue, 03 Mar 2015 12:26:11 -0800

Faith Almeida, Michaela Arguin, Charlotte Corriveau, Ryan Donovan, Jessica DuBois, Amanda Dziura, Jacquelyne Levesque, Garrett Martin, Andrew Moura. HONORS. Katherine Anderson, Alyssa Andrade, Emily Andrews, Kevin Arnold, John Augustine, ...
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