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The Dutch fort of Arguin in 1721.
Plan of Arguim (1721).

Arguin (Portuguese: Arguim) is an island off the western coast of Mauritania in the Bay of Arguin. It is approximately 6x2 km in size, with extensive and dangerous reefs around it.[1] The island now part of the Banc d'Arguin National Park.[2]

History[edit]

The island changed hands frequently during the colonial era. The first European to visit the island was the Portuguese explorer Nuno Tristão, in 1443.[3] In 1445, Prince Henry the Navigator set up a trading post on the island, which acquired gum arabic and slaves for Portugal. By 1455, 800 slaves were shipped from Arguin to Portugal every year.[4]

In 1633, during its war against Spain (which then controlled Portugal), the Netherlands seized control of Arguin. It remained under Dutch rule until 1678, with a brief interruption by English rule in 1665. France took over the island in September 1678, but it was then abandoned until 1685.[5] Arguin's aridity and its lack of a good anchorage made long-term European settlement difficult.[1]

Arguin was a colony of Brandenburg-Prussia from 1685 to 1721. France then took control of the island, only to lose it again the following year to the Netherlands, regaining it in 1724. This period of French rule lasted four years; in 1728, it reverted to the control of indigenous peoples.[5] The island was included in the territory of the French colony of Mauritania, and it remained under Mauritanian rule when that country became independent in 1960.[2]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ a b Arguin. 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica, V. 2, p. 482
  2. ^ a b Le Parc National du Banc d'Arguin
  3. ^ Huish, John. Travels of Richard and John Lander into the interior of Africa. [1]
  4. ^ Slave Routes - Europe Portugal
  5. ^ a b [2]

Coordinates: 20°36′N 16°27′W / 20.600°N 16.450°W / 20.600; -16.450


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arguin — Please support Wikipedia.
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117 news items

 
Insurance News Net
Thu, 02 Oct 2014 01:26:15 -0700

"If someone is unsure if they have a significant family history, we help them figure that out," says Annie Arguin , a certified registered nurse practitioner at Penn State Hershey Breast Center. "You don't have to do all the legwork yourself." Arguin ...

Sud Ouest

Sud Ouest
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 20:39:38 -0700

L'enquête publique sur le projet de modification du décret, concernant la navigation et l'occupation autour du banc d'Arguin, a débuté le lundi 4 août, et s'achève ce vendredi 5 septembre. Le commissaire enquêteur, Jean-Denis Dumont, tient justement ...

Sud Ouest

Sud Ouest
Sun, 07 Sep 2014 21:11:27 -0700

'enquête publique sur le projet de modification du décret, concernant la navigation et l'occupation autour du banc d'Arguin, a pris fin vendredi. Et l'on peut dire qu'elle a cristallisé les débats et généré des positions bien tranchées. La dernière en ...
 
Berlindailysun
Mon, 15 Sep 2014 14:00:00 -0700

BERLIN- Juniors Jenna Arguin and Jensyn Dandeneau scored first half goals and goal tender Julie Downs had eight saves helping the Lady Mountaineers to a hard fought 2-1 victory over division II foe Kennett high school in field hockey action in Berlin ...

France Bleu

France Bleu
Fri, 05 Sep 2014 07:37:30 -0700

Le commissaire enquêteur a refermé ses registres ce vendredi. Il livrera ses conclusions d'ici quelques semaines. Au coeur du dossier : la modification du décret qui réglemente les activités sur le Banc d'Arguin. Le texte prévoit d'entériner la ...
 
Berlindailysun
Mon, 22 Sep 2014 13:15:00 -0700

The Lady Mountaineers made it 4-0 with 3:04 to go on a Chelsey Caron goal from forward Jenna Arguin and Cathleen Daniels. Daniels sent a pass to the corner of the field and Arguin crossed it to Caron in the high slot. Caron's blast found the back of ...
 
Conway Daily Sun
Wed, 24 Sep 2014 14:45:00 -0700

This game had it all from great fan turnout for both teams to stellar goalie play from talented sophomores Allison Solomon for the hosts and Julie Downs for the Nicole Arguin's Mounties. Both net-minders came up big in the match against quality high ...
 
Berlindailysun
Fri, 19 Sep 2014 14:11:15 -0700

BERLIN- Coach: Nicole Arguin 14th year, Assisted by Lu Johnson. Graduation: Emily Landry, Miriam Arsenault, Erika Gendron, Dakota Umbro and Danielle St Cyr. Returning Players: Seniors: Saidie Glover, Jill Williams, Holly Sullivan, Karli Lacasse ...
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