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The Dutch fort of Arguin in 1721.
Plan of Arguim (1721).

Arguin (Portuguese: Arguim) is an island off the western coast of Mauritania in the Bay of Arguin. It is approximately 6x2 km in size, with extensive and dangerous reefs around it.[1] The island now part of the Banc d'Arguin National Park.[2]

History[edit]

The island changed hands frequently during the colonial era. The first European to visit the island was the Portuguese explorer Nuno Tristão, in 1443.[3] In 1445, Prince Henry the Navigator set up a trading post on the island, which acquired gum arabic and slaves for Portugal. By 1455, 800 slaves were shipped from Arguin to Portugal every year.[4]

In 1633, during its war against Spain (which then controlled Portugal), the Netherlands seized control of Arguin. It remained under Dutch rule until 1678, with a brief interruption by English rule in 1665. France took over the island in September 1678, but it was then abandoned until 1685.[5] Arguin's aridity and its lack of a good anchorage made long-term European settlement difficult.[1]

In 1685 Captain Reers of the frigate "Rother Löwe" occupied the old Portuguese fort on the island. He successfully concluded a treaty with the native king in which Brandenburg was accepted as a protecting power. The treaty was ratified in 1687 and was renewed in 1698.[6] Arguin remained a colony of Brandenburg until 1721 when the French successfully assaulted the fort and then took control of the island. The Dutch took the fort and island from the French the following year only to lose it again in 1724 to the French. This period of French rule lasted four years; in 1728, it reverted to the control of indigenous peoples.[5] The island was included in the territory of the French colony of Mauritania, and it remained under Mauritanian rule when that country became independent in 1960.[2]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ a b Arguin. 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica, V. 2, p. 482
  2. ^ a b Le Parc National du Banc d'Arguin
  3. ^ Huish, John. Travels of Richard and John Lander into the interior of Africa. [1]
  4. ^ Slave Routes - Europe Portugal
  5. ^ a b [2]
  6. ^ van der Heyden, Ulrich (1993). Rote Adler an Afrikas Küste: Die brandenburgisch-preußische Kolonie Großfriedrichsburg in Westafrika (second ed.). Berlin: Selignow. ISBN 3-933889-04-9. 

Coordinates: 20°36′N 16°27′W / 20.600°N 16.450°W / 20.600; -16.450


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arguin — Please support Wikipedia.
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3255 news items

UNESCO.org (press release)

UNESCO.org (press release)
Thu, 28 Apr 2016 06:41:15 -0700

Simultaneously, the Government of the Islamic Republic of Mauritania presented details about its intention to have the Banc d'Arguin National Park and its surrounding marine waters designated as a PSSA during a special event at IMO Headquarters on ...

Sud Ouest

Sud Ouest
Sun, 03 Apr 2016 20:13:15 -0700

Rappelons les faits : le 9 février, le conseil national de la protection de la nature a donné un avis favorable à la modification du décret de la réserve naturelle nationale du banc d'Arguin avec six voix pour, cinq contre, douze abstentions et onze ...
 
SouthCoastToday.com
Mon, 25 Apr 2016 19:03:45 -0700

Michaela Arguin was also impressive, taking first in the javelin (53-2), 400 hurdles (1:14) and mile (6:17). … Apponequet's other wins came from Julia Garland in the 2-mile (15:31), Becky Goodfellow in the 800 (2:47) and Caitlin Sardelis in the 100 ...

The Boston Globe

The Boston Globe
Fri, 22 Apr 2016 08:22:30 -0700

Although the company had to do a lot of renovation to the more than 80-year-old building, owner Matt Arguin said he tried to preserve the historic nature of the structure. Southcoast Kitchen Designs is open 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Monday through Friday, with ...

The Boston Globe

The Boston Globe
Fri, 15 Apr 2016 08:45:00 -0700

Matt Arguin likes to build things. After learning carpentry at Greater New Bedford Regional Vocational-Technical High School, he worked for a cabinet maker for 10 years and in 2005 started building a different project: his own business. Arguin, 38 ...
 
Bangor Daily News
Sun, 24 Apr 2016 07:37:30 -0700

2, Central (Hunter Arguin, Evan Crocker, Kyle Ham, Joshua Rand), 48.11. 3, John Bapst (Connor Reese, Nick Brown, Ben Cotton, Steve Fitzpatrick), 49.43. 4, GSA (Eason Ye, John Hassett, Sam Scheff, Hunter Dorr), 50.79. 5, Bucksport (Johann Bradley, ...

Foster's Daily Democrat

The Union Leader
Tue, 15 Mar 2016 20:42:30 -0700

Arguin scored within the final five minutes of each of the first two periods. The senior's first goal with 1:55 left in the opening period put the Mountaineers on top, 1-0. Arguin deposited the puck into the left corner of the St. Thomas/Dover net with ...
 
SouthCoastToday.com
Fri, 22 Apr 2016 18:41:15 -0700

Rainville finished with two singles and Kayleigh Alfonso added a pair of singles for the Indians, who trailed 6-4 heading into what proved to be their final at bat. "The kids never stopped battling," Dartmouth coach Beth Arguin said. "They kept putting ...
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