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The Dutch fort of Arguin in 1721.
Plan of Arguim (1721).

Arguin (Portuguese: Arguim) is an island off the western coast of Mauritania in the Bay of Arguin. It is approximately 6x2 km in size, with extensive and dangerous reefs around it.[1] The island now part of the Banc d'Arguin National Park.[2]

History[edit]

The island changed hands frequently during the colonial era. The first European to visit the island was the Portuguese explorer Nuno Tristão, in 1443.[3] In 1445, Prince Henry the Navigator set up a trading post on the island, which acquired gum arabic and slaves for Portugal. By 1455, 800 slaves were shipped from Arguin to Portugal every year.[4]

In 1633, during its war against Spain (which then controlled Portugal), the Netherlands seized control of Arguin. It remained under Dutch rule until 1678, with a brief interruption by English rule in 1665. France took over the island in September 1678, but it was then abandoned until 1685.[5] Arguin's aridity and its lack of a good anchorage made long-term European settlement difficult.[1]

Arguin was a colony of Brandenburg-Prussia from 1685 to 1721. France then took control of the island, only to lose it again the following year to the Netherlands, regaining it in 1724. This period of French rule lasted four years; in 1728, it reverted to the control of indigenous peoples.[5] The island was included in the territory of the French colony of Mauritania, and it remained under Mauritanian rule when that country became independent in 1960.[2]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ a b Arguin. 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica, V. 2, p. 482
  2. ^ a b Le Parc National du Banc d'Arguin
  3. ^ Huish, John. Travels of Richard and John Lander into the interior of Africa. [1]
  4. ^ Slave Routes - Europe Portugal
  5. ^ a b [2]

Coordinates: 20°36′N 16°27′W / 20.600°N 16.450°W / 20.600; -16.450


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arguin — Please support Wikipedia.
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17134 videos foundNext > 

Arguin (official music video)

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Mauritanie: Le parc bational du banc d'Arguin

Le Dessous des Cartes --------------------- Mauritanie : le parc national du banc d'Arguin, symbole des tensions entre environnement et économie. Diffusé sur...

Wayne Marshall Tami Chynn - Arguin

Wayne Marshal, with tami chynn (who does not sing, but who wear a pretty Jamaican dress).

Mit offenen Karten - Der Nationalpark Banc d'Arguin in Mauretanien

Der Nationalpark Banc d'Arguin liegt an der mauretanischen Atlantikküste und erstreckt sich nach Osten bis zur Sahara. Aufgrund seiner großen Artenvielfalt g...

MAURITANIE : La pêche aux mulets (Banc d'Arguin)

In Mauritania, a nation of fishermen trying to survive and preserve its culture and traditional skills in the natural reserve of the Parc National du Banc d'...

Arguin "je vais conduire" (you can sleep while i drive)

Arguin interprète un titre de Melissa Etheridge(you can sleep while i drive )sur un texte de Monty en français et un arrangement de jean luc lamigeon avec bi...

Banc d'Arguin National Park (UNESCO/NHK)

Fringing the Atlantic coast, the park comprises sand-dunes, coastal swamps, small islands and shallow coastal waters. The contrast between the harsh desert e...

J Breez Guapo - Arguin dir. @SirBennyLo

J Breez Guapo - Arguin dir. @sirbennylo SHOT BY BENNY LO www.facebook.com/bennylofilms @jbreezguapo @sirbennylo @2greedyent.

13. Lil Scrappy - Arguin' (prod. by Lex Luger)

http://www.facebook.com/pages/GuteRapOneFanPage/141120075996481 Liken & Teilen Lil Scrappy - Tha Merlo Jonez EP 01. Intro (feat. DJ Smallz) 02. Tuffer (prod....

Lil Goofy - Arguin [The Come Up Mixtape]

Lil Goofy - Arguin [The Come Up Mixtape]

17134 videos foundNext > 

1799 news items

 
Berlindailysun
Fri, 19 Dec 2014 09:03:45 -0800

BERLIN--Head Coach: Tanya Rosenburg third season, assistant Paul Arguin. Graduation: Melanie Morin 3-6-9, Emily Landry 6-2-8, and Dakota Umbro 1-1-2. Returning Players: Seniors; Holly Sullivan 3-2-5, and Sarah Schoenbeck 2-1-3, Juniors Meagan ...

Junkee

Junkee
Tue, 16 Dec 2014 13:48:18 -0800

Turns out their mum, Joy from North Carolina, just wants her two boys to get along and come home for the holiday season, which is why she rang up Washington Post to yell at them both about all this arguin' they've been doin' so close to Christmas.
 
Moose Jaw Times-Herald
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 21:15:00 -0800

In other draws, Wade Gray's Protec Video rink dumped Lorraine Arguin's Easy Care Living rink 9-4, and Matt Froehlich's DNT Paintless Den Repair team blanked Warren Marcotte's Keons/Double Shift rink 8-0 in five ends. Organizations: Cash League ...
 
The Herald-News
Sun, 14 Dec 2014 03:26:15 -0800

Joliet West High School student who received the PSAE Award were Kyra Adams, Katherine Adrien, Leticia Alvarez, Brooke Anthony, Miguel Arana, Matthew Arguin, Mitchell Batis, Dru Berry, Luis Bibian, Matthew Browning, Robert Carlisle, Simone Carroll, ...
 
Berlindailysun
Wed, 29 Oct 2014 13:36:41 -0700

BERLIN-- Junior Jenna Arguin scored two goals and set up the game winner to team mate Jensyn Dandeneau with just 4:31 to play in regulation, lifting the Berlin girls field hockey team to a thrilling come-from-behind 3-2 victory over the Winnisquam ...
 
Saskatoon StarPhoenix
Sun, 07 Dec 2014 23:18:45 -0800

Arguin defeated Saskatoon's Sherry Anderson 8-6 in Saturday's A-side final, while Folk won Sunday's B-side final 6-5 over Saskatoon's Merle Kopach. Following her defeat, Kopach dropped down to Sunday's C-Side final, but was defeated by Syrota 11-3.
 
Berlindailysun
Fri, 14 Nov 2014 11:23:37 -0800

The Fall awards for the two-time division III BHS field hockey team came rolling in this past week, and veteran coach Nicole Arguin was tabbed as the division's coach of the year. We have a lot going on locally and nationally, so get yourself ready and ...
 
Moose Jaw Times-Herald
Wed, 10 Dec 2014 21:15:00 -0800

DNT Painless Dent Repair (Matt Froehlich) beat Kal Tire (Bob Desjarlais) 6-1, Easy Care Living (Lorraine Arguin) beat Chow & McLeod (Murray Stroeder) 7-1 and BNT Chartered Accountants (Derek Owens) beat Redgoat/Dupont (Carson Ackerman) 8-7.
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