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The Dutch fort of Arguin in 1721.
Plan of Arguim (1721).

Arguin (Portuguese: Arguim) is an island off the western coast of Mauritania in the Bay of Arguin. It is approximately 6x2 km in size, with extensive and dangerous reefs around it.[1] The island now part of the Banc d'Arguin National Park.[2]

History[edit]

The island changed hands frequently during the colonial era. The first European to visit the island was the Portuguese explorer Nuno Tristão, in 1443.[3] In 1445, Prince Henry the Navigator set up a trading post on the island, which acquired gum arabic and slaves for Portugal. By 1455, 800 slaves were shipped from Arguin to Portugal every year.[4]

In 1633, during its war against Spain (which then controlled Portugal), the Netherlands seized control of Arguin. It remained under Dutch rule until 1678, with a brief interruption by English rule in 1665. France took over the island in September 1678, but it was then abandoned until 1685.[5] Arguin's aridity and its lack of a good anchorage made long-term European settlement difficult.[1]

Arguin was a colony of Brandenburg-Prussia from 1685 to 1721. France then took control of the island, only to lose it again the following year to the Netherlands, regaining it in 1724. This period of French rule lasted four years; in 1728, it reverted to the control of indigenous peoples.[5] The island was included in the territory of the French colony of Mauritania, and it remained under Mauritanian rule when that country became independent in 1960.[2]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ a b Arguin. 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica, V. 2, p. 482
  2. ^ a b Le Parc National du Banc d'Arguin
  3. ^ Huish, John. Travels of Richard and John Lander into the interior of Africa. [1]
  4. ^ Slave Routes - Europe Portugal
  5. ^ a b [2]

Coordinates: 20°36′N 16°27′W / 20.600°N 16.450°W / 20.600; -16.450


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arguin — Please support Wikipedia.
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3603 news items

 
Berlindailysun
Fri, 14 Nov 2014 11:23:37 -0800

The Fall awards for the two-time division III BHS field hockey team came rolling in this past week, and veteran coach Nicole Arguin was tabbed as the division's coach of the year. We have a lot going on locally and nationally, so get yourself ready and ...
 
Berlindailysun
Wed, 29 Oct 2014 13:26:15 -0700

BERLIN-- Junior Jenna Arguin scored two goals and set up the game winner to team mate Jensyn Dandeneau with just 4:31 to play in regulation, lifting the Berlin girls field hockey team to a thrilling come-from-behind 3-2 victory over the Winnisquam ...
 
Moose Jaw Times-Herald
Wed, 26 Nov 2014 21:15:00 -0800

The win vaulted the Redgoat/Dupont rink into a tie for second place in the league with Lorraine Arguin's Easy Care Living Rink and Bob Desjarlais' Kal Tire rink at 6-3. It also helps Ackerman's rink inch closer to its goal of being grouped into the 'A ...
 
Berlindailysun
Wed, 19 Nov 2014 13:33:45 -0800

Concerned landowner Dennis Arguin has attended the selectmen meetings regularly to voice his concerns about the rising water. The town temporarily placed sand bags long the property, but Arguin said more permanent measures need to be taken.
 
Berlindailysun
Fri, 21 Nov 2014 14:41:15 -0800

Rosenburg will be assisted by Paul Arguin and it appears that Berlin may be hosting some type of Christmas tournament over the holiday vacation week. More information will be available in the near future. There will be no alumni games this season for ...
 
Berlindailysun
Mon, 03 Nov 2014 07:00:00 -0800

With 16:04 left to play in the first half, head coach Nicky Arguin called for a time out. It was the third straight playoff contest that Berlin found themselves trailing. "We basically told them to refocus," said Arguin. "The girls had the excited ...

UNESCO.org (press release)

UNESCO.org (press release)
Tue, 11 Feb 2014 01:45:00 -0800

The Banc d'Arguin National Park (Mauritania) and The Wadden Sea (Germany /The Netherlands) are the most critical sites for migratory birds on the East Atlantic Flyway and are intimately connected in a unique and fascinating way. The Wadden Sea ...
 
Baltimore Sun
Wed, 29 Oct 2014 13:06:29 -0700

"Or I'll be arguin' at Buck to take out the pitcher. I'll holler, 'If I can see he ain't got nothin', then you should see it, too.' "Buck's a great manager, but sometimes I get disgusted with him for letting certain relief pitchers, like [Darren] O'Day ...
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