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The Dutch fort of Arguin in 1721.
Plan of Arguim (1721).

Arguin (Portuguese: Arguim) is an island off the western coast of Mauritania in the Bay of Arguin. It is approximately 6x2 km in size, with extensive and dangerous reefs around it.[1] The island now part of the Banc d'Arguin National Park.[2]

History[edit]

The island changed hands frequently during the colonial era. The first European to visit the island was the Portuguese explorer Nuno Tristão, in 1443.[3] In 1445, Prince Henry the Navigator set up a trading post on the island, which acquired gum arabic and slaves for Portugal. By 1455, 800 slaves were shipped from Arguin to Portugal every year.[4]

In 1633, during its war against Spain (which then controlled Portugal), the Netherlands seized control of Arguin. It remained under Dutch rule until 1678, with a brief interruption by English rule in 1665. France took over the island in September 1678, but it was then abandoned until 1685.[5] Arguin's aridity and its lack of a good anchorage made long-term European settlement difficult.[1]

Arguin was a colony of Brandenburg-Prussia from 1685 to 1721. France then took control of the island, only to lose it again the following year to the Netherlands, regaining it in 1724. This period of French rule lasted four years; in 1728, it reverted to the control of indigenous peoples.[5] The island was included in the territory of the French colony of Mauritania, and it remained under Mauritanian rule when that country became independent in 1960.[2]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ a b Arguin. 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica, V. 2, p. 482
  2. ^ a b Le Parc National du Banc d'Arguin
  3. ^ Huish, John. Travels of Richard and John Lander into the interior of Africa. [1]
  4. ^ Slave Routes - Europe Portugal
  5. ^ a b [2]

Coordinates: 20°36′N 16°27′W / 20.600°N 16.450°W / 20.600; -16.450


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arguin — Please support Wikipedia.
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221 news items

CTV News

Moose Jaw Times-Herald
Sat, 29 Mar 2014 17:22:30 -0700

“It has been a good week,” said Arguin. “We have battled through a lot of close games and came out on top. We are second in the country, so we have to be happy with that.” It was a scoreless game until the fourth end when Fowler scored one. The game ...

Canadian Curling Association (press release)

Moose Jaw Times-Herald
Wed, 26 Mar 2014 22:48:45 -0700

Arguin and her Moose Jaw Ford Curling Centre foursome won two more games Wednesday in Yellowknife and clinched at least a spot in a tiebreaker at the national championships. The Saskatchewan rink of Arguin third DondaLee Deis, second Shelly ...

Canadian Curling Association

Moose Jaw Times-Herald
Thu, 27 Mar 2014 22:30:18 -0700

Arguin's Moose Jaw rink clinched a spot in the playoffs with a 7-5 win over New Brunswick's Heidi Hanlon Thursday afternoon. Arguin had a chance to clinch a bye to the final with a win in her final game and a loss by Alberta's Lois Fowler. Arguin ...

Canadian Curling Association

Moose Jaw Times-Herald
Sun, 23 Mar 2014 22:37:30 -0700

Left to right, lead Connie Fritzler, second Shelly Urquhart and third DondaLee Deis sit at a head table in the Great Western Lounge at the Moose Jaw Ford Curling Centre, as skip Lorraine Arguin addresses a crowd of supporters Wednesday evening.

Canadian Curling Association

Moose Jaw Times-Herald
Tue, 25 Mar 2014 22:58:51 -0700

Arguin had a slim 4-2 lead over Cunningham as the tightly contested game entered the eighth end. Then Cunningham scored four to put Arguin in trouble. Instead the Moose Jaw rink tied the game by scoring a deuce with the hammer and then stole a point to ...
 
Berlindailysun
Fri, 18 Apr 2014 14:11:15 -0700

We would like thank all of the players who participated, the Notre Dame Arena staff, our scorekeepers: Connor Couture and Diane Labbe, our entertainment director Gerry Fillion, Dan Arguin and our tournament officials, and finally White Mountain ...
 
SouthCoastToday.com
Sun, 13 Apr 2014 21:23:18 -0700

"We have kids who want to win and they play hard every time they take the field," Arguin said. "We've already been able to rally and win a couple of games. We were down 4-0 at Brockton and we came back to win that one 8-4. That gave us some confidence ...

Niagara Falls Review

Niagara Falls Review
Wed, 09 Apr 2014 13:15:00 -0700

At the Canadian championships, the Bodogh rink went 8-3 in the round-robin before losing 7-4 to Saskatchewan's Lorraine Arguin rink in the semifinals. In that game, the St. Catharines Curling Club rink couldn't recover from a steal of three in the ...
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