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The Dutch fort of Arguin in 1721.
Plan of Arguim (1721).

Arguin (Portuguese: Arguim) is an island off the western coast of Mauritania in the Bay of Arguin. It is approximately 6x2 km in size, with extensive and dangerous reefs around it.[1] The island now part of the Banc d'Arguin National Park.[2]

History[edit]

The island changed hands frequently during the colonial era. The first European to visit the island was the Portuguese explorer Nuno Tristão, in 1443.[3] In 1445, Prince Henry the Navigator set up a trading post on the island, which acquired gum arabic and slaves for Portugal. By 1455, 800 slaves were shipped from Arguin to Portugal every year.[4]

In 1633, during its war against Spain (which then controlled Portugal), the Netherlands seized control of Arguin. It remained under Dutch rule until 1678, with a brief interruption by English rule in 1665. France took over the island in September 1678, but it was then abandoned until 1685.[5] Arguin's aridity and its lack of a good anchorage made long-term European settlement difficult.[1]

Arguin was a colony of Brandenburg-Prussia from 1685 to 1721. France then took control of the island, only to lose it again the following year to the Netherlands, regaining it in 1724. This period of French rule lasted four years; in 1728, it reverted to the control of indigenous peoples.[5] The island was included in the territory of the French colony of Mauritania, and it remained under Mauritanian rule when that country became independent in 1960.[2]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ a b Arguin. 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica, V. 2, p. 482
  2. ^ a b Le Parc National du Banc d'Arguin
  3. ^ Huish, John. Travels of Richard and John Lander into the interior of Africa. [1]
  4. ^ Slave Routes - Europe Portugal
  5. ^ a b [2]

Coordinates: 20°36′N 16°27′W / 20.600°N 16.450°W / 20.600; -16.450


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arguin — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
17005 videos foundNext > 

Arguin (official music video)

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Mauritanie: Le parc bational du banc d'Arguin

Le Dessous des Cartes --------------------- Mauritanie : le parc national du banc d'Arguin, symbole des tensions entre environnement et économie. Diffusé sur...

Wayne Marshall Tami Chynn - Arguin

Wayne Marshal, with tami chynn (who does not sing, but who wear a pretty Jamaican dress).

Mit offenen Karten - Der Nationalpark Banc d'Arguin in Mauretanien

Der Nationalpark Banc d'Arguin liegt an der mauretanischen Atlantikküste und erstreckt sich nach Osten bis zur Sahara. Aufgrund seiner großen Artenvielfalt g...

J Breez Guapo - Arguin dir. @SirBennyLo

J Breez Guapo - Arguin dir. @sirbennylo SHOT BY BENNY LO www.facebook.com/bennylofilms @jbreezguapo @sirbennylo @2greedyent.

Banc d'Arguin National Park (UNESCO/NHK)

Fringing the Atlantic coast, the park comprises sand-dunes, coastal swamps, small islands and shallow coastal waters. The contrast between the harsh desert e...

13. Lil Scrappy - Arguin' (prod. by Lex Luger)

http://www.facebook.com/pages/GuteRapOneFanPage/141120075996481 Liken & Teilen Lil Scrappy - Tha Merlo Jonez EP 01. Intro (feat. DJ Smallz) 02. Tuffer (prod....

Arguin "je vais conduire" (you can sleep while i drive)

Arguin interprète un titre de Melissa Etheridge(you can sleep while i drive )sur un texte de Monty en français et un arrangement de jean luc lamigeon avec bi...

Le Banc d'Arguin

Le Banc d'Arguin.

Lil Goofy - Arguin [The Come Up Mixtape]

Lil Goofy - Arguin [The Come Up Mixtape]

17005 videos foundNext > 

1602 news items

 
Moose Jaw Times-Herald
Thu, 08 Jan 2015 17:18:45 -0800

"Since we already qualified for the senior provincials by winning a qualifier in Regina in November we wanted to have another event right after the holidays that we could compete in," Arguin said. "The more games that we play now before we got to the ...
 
Moose Jaw Times-Herald
Mon, 12 Jan 2015 17:18:45 -0800

Unfortunately for Arguin her Moose Jaw Ford Curling Centre rink were left on the outside looking in. The foursome lost a 'C' event final 8-6 to Wendy Thienes of Shaunavon Sunday in Swift Current. That loss eliminated them at the Vittera Southern Women ...

Moose Jaw Times-Herald

Moose Jaw Times-Herald
Fri, 09 Jan 2015 21:26:15 -0800

Lorraine Arguin did not get off to the start she was hoping for at the Swift Current Curling Club on Friday. © Times-Herald photo by Nathan Liewicki. Lorraine Arguin's Moose Jaw Ford Curling Centre rink is competing at the Southern women's playdowns in ...
 
Moose Jaw Times-Herald
Tue, 30 Dec 2014 16:11:15 -0800

The Moose Jaw curling rink of skip Lorraine Arguin, third Donda Lee Deis, second Shelly Urquhart and lead Connie Fritzler won the provincial senior women's curling championship and then won nine straight games before losing the final at the Canadian ...
 
Berlindailysun
Fri, 23 Jan 2015 13:45:00 -0800

Coach Arguin introduced her valued assistant, Lou "Sarge" Johnson and the duo began handing out championship bracelets to all of the team members. The coaches broke down the team by classes, freshman, sophomores, etc, and had high praises for all of ...
 
EstriePlus.com
Thu, 22 Jan 2015 10:56:15 -0800

Le mardi 20 janvier 2015, est décédée à l'âge de 89 ans, Lucette Arguin (en religion soeur Saint-Émilien), fille de feu Léopold Arguin et de feu Lumina Vallée. La communauté vous accueillera à la Maison centrale des Filles de la Charité du Sacré-Coeur ...
 
Stowe Today
Thu, 22 Jan 2015 13:45:00 -0800

Sue Arguin has joined the team of agents at William Raveis BCK Real Estate, working out of the Barre office. Arguin lives in Barre and has been selling real estate for more than 25 years. She has been an active member of the Central Vermont Board of ...

Shaunavon Standard

Shaunavon Standard
Wed, 14 Jan 2015 14:18:45 -0800

The local rink, which features Thienes (skip), Shelley Rhodes (third), Della Moffat (second) and Sandra McKellar (lead), secured their spot at provincials after besting the Lorraine Arguin team of Moose Jaw 8-6 in a C event final at the Southern ...
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