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The Dutch fort of Arguin in 1721.
Plan of Arguim (1721).

Arguin (Portuguese: Arguim) is an island off the western coast of Mauritania in the Bay of Arguin. It is approximately 6x2 km in size, with extensive and dangerous reefs around it.[1] The island now part of the Banc d'Arguin National Park.[2]

History[edit]

The island changed hands frequently during the colonial era. The first European to visit the island was the Portuguese explorer Nuno Tristão, in 1443.[3] In 1445, Prince Henry the Navigator set up a trading post on the island, which acquired gum arabic and slaves for Portugal. By 1455, 800 slaves were shipped from Arguin to Portugal every year.[4]

In 1633, during its war against Spain (which then controlled Portugal), the Netherlands seized control of Arguin. It remained under Dutch rule until 1678, with a brief interruption by English rule in 1665. France took over the island in September 1678, but it was then abandoned until 1685.[5] Arguin's aridity and its lack of a good anchorage made long-term European settlement difficult.[1]

Arguin was a colony of Brandenburg-Prussia from 1685 to 1721. France then took control of the island, only to lose it again the following year to the Netherlands, regaining it in 1724. This period of French rule lasted four years; in 1728, it reverted to the control of indigenous peoples.[5] The island was included in the territory of the French colony of Mauritania, and it remained under Mauritanian rule when that country became independent in 1960.[2]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ a b Arguin. 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica, V. 2, p. 482
  2. ^ a b Le Parc National du Banc d'Arguin
  3. ^ Huish, John. Travels of Richard and John Lander into the interior of Africa. [1]
  4. ^ Slave Routes - Europe Portugal
  5. ^ a b [2]

Coordinates: 20°36′N 16°27′W / 20.600°N 16.450°W / 20.600; -16.450


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arguin — Please support Wikipedia.
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Le Banc d'Arguin

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17190 videos foundNext > 

160 news items

 
Berlindailysun
Wed, 29 Oct 2014 13:26:15 -0700

BERLIN-- Junior Jenna Arguin scored two goals and set up the game winner to team mate Jensyn Dandeneau with just 4:31 to play in regulation, lifting the Berlin girls field hockey team to a thrilling come-from-behind 3-2 victory over the Winnisquam ...
 
Moose Jaw Times-Herald
Fri, 24 Oct 2014 22:59:01 -0700

"There were a few inopportune misses," said Arguin. "In end seven, I think Shelly's first rock picked because it took off on her. So I gave her more ice on the second one and it stayed straight. We basically had four misses in that seventh end and that ...
 
Berlindailysun
Wed, 29 Oct 2014 14:00:00 -0700

The Mounties got on the board at 17:39 on a beautiful goal scored by junior Jenna Arguin. Arguin used her body to shield off the Kearsarge defender and while moving to her right, shot back to the left corner for a 1-0 lead. Team mates Mary Cordwell and ...
 
Carroll County Times
Wed, 29 Oct 2014 13:33:37 -0700

"Or I'll be arguin' at Buck to take out the pitcher. I'll holler, 'If I can see he ain't got nothin', then you should see it, too.' "Buck's a great manager, but sometimes I get disgusted with him for letting certain relief pitchers, like [Darren] O'Day ...
 
Sud Ouest
Mon, 20 Oct 2014 01:20:50 -0700

'avis du commissaire enquêteur sur l'enquête publique portant sur le nouveau décret de la réserve naturelle nationale du banc d'Arguin avait déjà scandalisé les écologistes du bassin d'Arcachon. En effet, Jean-Denis Dumont avait, dans ses conclusions ...

Sud Ouest

Sud Ouest
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 03:03:42 -0700

e préfet réagit suite aux critiques et contestations de plusieurs associations de protection de l'environnement sur les conclusions de l'enquête publique relative au projet de décret modificatif, et plus précisément sur le conflit d'intérêt qu'il ...

France Bleu

France Bleu
Tue, 21 Oct 2014 22:48:45 -0700

Voici donc un nouvel avis de tempête autour du Banc d'Arguin. Un nouveau décret est censé paraître prochainement pour encadrer les activités nautiques autour et sur le fameux banc de sable classé espace naturel protégé. Ce territoire est l'objet d'un ...
 
EstriePlus.com
Sat, 18 Oct 2014 13:15:00 -0700

À l'IUGS Pavillon St-Vincent, le 17 octobre 2014, à l'âge de 84 ans, est décédée madame Germaine Arguin, fille de feu André Arguin et de feu Marie-Jeanne Belleville, demeurant à Sherbrooke. La famille vous accueillera à la Coopérative funéraire de l ...
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