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The Dutch fort of Arguin in 1721.
Plan of Arguim (1721).

Arguin (Portuguese: Arguim) is an island off the western coast of Mauritania in the Bay of Arguin. It is approximately 6x2 km in size, with extensive and dangerous reefs around it.[1] The island now part of the Banc d'Arguin National Park.[2]


The island changed hands frequently during the colonial era. The first European to visit the island was the Portuguese explorer Nuno Tristão, in 1443.[3] In 1445, Prince Henry the Navigator set up a trading post on the island, which acquired gum arabic and slaves for Portugal. By 1455, 800 slaves were shipped from Arguin to Portugal every year.[4]

In 1633, during its war against Spain (which then controlled Portugal), the Netherlands seized control of Arguin. It remained under Dutch rule until 1678, with a brief interruption by English rule in 1665. France took over the island in September 1678, but it was then abandoned until 1685.[5] Arguin's aridity and its lack of a good anchorage made long-term European settlement difficult.[1]

In 1685 Captain Reers of the frigate "Rother Löwe" occupied the old Portuguese fort on the island. He successfully concluded a treaty with the native king in which Brandenburg was accepted as a protecting power. The treaty was ratified in 1687 and was renewed in 1698.[6] Arguin remained a colony of Brandenburg until 1721 when the French successfully assaulted the fort and then took control of the island. The Dutch took the fort and island from the French the following year only to lose it again in 1724 to the French. This period of French rule lasted four years; in 1728, it reverted to the control of indigenous peoples.[5] The island was included in the territory of the French colony of Mauritania, and it remained under Mauritanian rule when that country became independent in 1960.[2]


  1. ^ a b Arguin. 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica, V. 2, p. 482
  2. ^ a b Le Parc National du Banc d'Arguin
  3. ^ Huish, John. Travels of Richard and John Lander into the interior of Africa. [1]
  4. ^ Slave Routes - Europe Portugal
  5. ^ a b [2]
  6. ^ van der Heyden, Ulrich (1993). Rote Adler an Afrikas Küste: Die brandenburgisch-preußische Kolonie Großfriedrichsburg in Westafrika (second ed.). Berlin: Selignow. ISBN 3-933889-04-9. 

Coordinates: 20°36′N 16°27′W / 20.600°N 16.450°W / 20.600; -16.450

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arguin — Please support Wikipedia.
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Thu, 21 May 2015 08:42:54 -0700

Coach Beth Arguin on Dartmouth's 2-1 softball win over Bishop Stang. NUMBER TO KNOW. 3. New Bedford made three outs on foul pops to Brockton first baseman Courtney Francis in the bottom of the first inning to strand a pair of runners. The Whalers ...

Sud Ouest

Sud Ouest
Wed, 13 May 2015 19:59:23 -0700

'est sans grande surprise que la nouvelle est tombée mercredi soir. Une interdiction temporaire de pêche et de consommation des huîtres du banc d'Arguin a été prise par la préfecture. Depuis la mi-avril, l'efflorescence des algues dinophysis avait déjà ...

Le Parisien

Le Parisien
Thu, 07 May 2015 10:21:34 -0700

Les moules, coques et pétoncles sont toujours jugées impropres à la consommation dans le Bassin d'Arcachon (Gironde). Ce jeudi l'interdiction de consommer ces coquillages est à nouveau étendue au Banc d'Arguin, zone conchylicole située à l'entrée du ...
Wed, 20 May 2015 18:52:30 -0700

“The girls were excited,” Dartmouth coach Beth Arguin said. “They knew we had to win one of the next three games, so today was a big game.” Silva homered to center field in the fifth, then knocked home Rachel Pereira with an RBI double in the sixth ...


Mon, 18 May 2015 04:48:45 -0700

"Everybody on the team looks up to her," coach Beth Arguin said. "She's always on base and she anchors our infield. She's a good athlete who hits the ball hard, runs the bases well and has a great arm." The Indians play a league game at Barnstable on ...


Thu, 30 Apr 2015 06:41:20 -0700

Le 24 avril, la préfecture avait annoncé une interdiction temporaire de pêche et de commercialisation des moules, coques et pétoncles en provenance du Bassin d'Arcachon et du Banc d'Arguin, après la découverte lors d'analyses d'une contamination des ...
Wed, 06 May 2015 06:36:26 -0700

L'hôtel 4 étoiles les Bains d'Arguin Thalazur, sur le Bassin d'Arcachon, a rouvert ses portes le 16 avril 2015 après 3 mois et demi de travaux de rénovation dans ses chambres, ses salles de réception et son hall. Les travaux ont permis de rénover les ...

Sud Ouest

Sud Ouest
Wed, 22 Apr 2015 21:11:34 -0700

n ce début de semaine de vacances ensoleillée, des clients profitent des transats sur la terrasse de l'hôtel Les bains d'Arguin Thalazur, à deux pas de la plage Péreire. D'autres enfourchent leur vélo rouge, devant l'entrée de l'établissement. D'autres ...

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