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The Dutch fort of Arguin in 1721.
Plan of Arguim (1721).

Arguin (Portuguese: Arguim) is an island off the western coast of Mauritania in the Bay of Arguin. It is approximately 6x2 km in size, with extensive and dangerous reefs around it.[1] The island now part of the Banc d'Arguin National Park.[2]


The island changed hands frequently during the colonial era. The first European to visit the island was the Portuguese explorer Nuno Tristão, in 1443.[3] In 1445, Prince Henry the Navigator set up a trading post on the island, which acquired gum arabic and slaves for Portugal. By 1455, 800 slaves were shipped from Arguin to Portugal every year.[4]

In 1633, during its war against Spain (which then controlled Portugal), the Netherlands seized control of Arguin. It remained under Dutch rule until 1678, with a brief interruption by English rule in 1665. France took over the island in September 1678, but it was then abandoned until 1685.[5] Arguin's aridity and its lack of a good anchorage made long-term European settlement difficult.[1]

In 1685 Captain Reers of the frigate "Rother Löwe" occupied the old Portuguese fort on the island. He successfully concluded a treaty with the native king in which Brandenburg was accepted as a protecting power. The treaty was ratified in 1687 and was renewed in 1698.[6] Arguin remained a colony of Brandenburg until 1721 when the French successfully assaulted the fort and then took control of the island. The Dutch took the fort and island from the French the following year only to lose it again in 1724 to the French. This period of French rule lasted four years; in 1728, it reverted to the control of indigenous peoples.[5] The island was included in the territory of the French colony of Mauritania, and it remained under Mauritanian rule when that country became independent in 1960.[2]


  1. ^ a b Arguin. 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica, V. 2, p. 482
  2. ^ a b Le Parc National du Banc d'Arguin
  3. ^ Huish, John. Travels of Richard and John Lander into the interior of Africa. [1]
  4. ^ Slave Routes - Europe Portugal
  5. ^ a b [2]
  6. ^ van der Heyden, Ulrich (1993). Rote Adler an Afrikas Küste: Die brandenburgisch-preußische Kolonie Großfriedrichsburg in Westafrika (second ed.). Berlin: Selignow. ISBN 3-933889-04-9. 

Coordinates: 20°36′N 16°27′W / 20.600°N 16.450°W / 20.600; -16.450

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arguin — Please support Wikipedia.
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3454 news items

Herald-Mail Media

Herald-Mail Media
Tue, 09 Feb 2016 19:38:35 -0800

North Middle School eighth-grader Craig Arguin chats with speaker Mark Strauss Tuesday at a presentation about the Holocaust. Buy this photo. Posted: Tuesday, February 9, 2016 10:30 pm | Updated: 10:45 pm, Tue Feb 9, 2016. Holocaust survivor relates ...

Moose Jaw Times-Herald

Moose Jaw Times-Herald
Wed, 10 Feb 2016 22:56:15 -0800

The top ranked DNT Paintless Dent Repair rink skipped by Matt Froehlich improved to 16-0 on the season after they defeated Lorraine Arguin's eighth seeded Easy Care Living team by a score of 7-2 in seven ends. Froehlich will face defending league ...
Wed, 10 Feb 2016 14:52:30 -0800

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DeSoto Times-Tribune

DeSoto Times-Tribune
Mon, 08 Feb 2016 14:18:45 -0800

The Rotary Club of Olive Branch recently recognized the January Students of the Month from Lewisburg High School. From left are club president Justin Burns, students Ian Arguin and Harlie Ray, along with principal Chris Fleming. Bob Bakken|DTT ...
The Union Leader
Sat, 06 Feb 2016 21:15:00 -0800

Chris Mead provided the game-winning goal with 1:25 remaining in overtime to lift the Bow High boys' hockey team to a 5-4 road victory over Keene Saturday at Keene Ice. Josh Connor, Doug Champagne and Brandan Tibbetts each scored a goal for Bow ...

The Sun Chronicle

The Sun Chronicle
Sat, 06 Feb 2016 21:03:45 -0800

ATTLEBORO HIGH SCHOOL CLASS OF 1966 - Ralph Arguin, a member of the Attleboro High School Class of 1966 writes: "It is official. The Attleboro High School Class of 1966 is having its 50th reunion events next summer on Friday, Aug. 19 and Saturday ...


Wed, 03 Feb 2016 10:45:00 -0800

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The Northfield News
Thu, 04 Feb 2016 13:56:15 -0800

... another plan and works even harder! She enjoys being with young children and as a gymnastics coach she is already having a positive impact on the lives of many young students. We are proud to announce this week's Marauder of the Week, Emma Arguin ...

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