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The Dutch fort of Arguin in 1721.
Plan of Arguim (1721).

Arguin (Portuguese: Arguim) is an island off the western coast of Mauritania in the Bay of Arguin. It is approximately 6x2 km in size, with extensive and dangerous reefs around it.[1] The island now part of the Banc d'Arguin National Park.[2]

History[edit]

The island changed hands frequently during the colonial era. The first European to visit the island was the Portuguese explorer Nuno Tristão, in 1443.[3] In 1445, Prince Henry the Navigator set up a trading post on the island, which acquired gum arabic and slaves for Portugal. By 1455, 800 slaves were shipped from Arguin to Portugal every year.[4]

In 1633, during its war against Spain (which then controlled Portugal), the Netherlands seized control of Arguin. It remained under Dutch rule until 1678, with a brief interruption by English rule in 1665. France took over the island in September 1678, but it was then abandoned until 1685.[5] Arguin's aridity and its lack of a good anchorage made long-term European settlement difficult.[1]

Arguin was a colony of Brandenburg-Prussia from 1685 to 1721. France then took control of the island, only to lose it again the following year to the Netherlands, regaining it in 1724. This period of French rule lasted four years; in 1728, it reverted to the control of indigenous peoples.[5] The island was included in the territory of the French colony of Mauritania, and it remained under Mauritanian rule when that country became independent in 1960.[2]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ a b Arguin. 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica, V. 2, p. 482
  2. ^ a b Le Parc National du Banc d'Arguin
  3. ^ Huish, John. Travels of Richard and John Lander into the interior of Africa. [1]
  4. ^ Slave Routes - Europe Portugal
  5. ^ a b [2]

Coordinates: 20°36′N 16°27′W / 20.600°N 16.450°W / 20.600; -16.450


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arguin — Please support Wikipedia.
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351 news items

 
Moose Jaw Times-Herald
Fri, 24 Oct 2014 22:59:01 -0700

"There were a few inopportune misses," said Arguin. "In end seven, I think Shelly's first rock picked because it took off on her. So I gave her more ice on the second one and it stayed straight. We basically had four misses in that seventh end and that ...

Sud Ouest

Sud Ouest
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 03:03:42 -0700

e préfet réagit suite aux critiques et contestations de plusieurs associations de protection de l'environnement sur les conclusions de l'enquête publique relative au projet de décret modificatif, et plus précisément sur le conflit d'intérêt qu'il ...
 
Sud Ouest
Mon, 20 Oct 2014 01:20:50 -0700

'avis du commissaire enquêteur sur l'enquête publique portant sur le nouveau décret de la réserve naturelle nationale du banc d'Arguin avait déjà scandalisé les écologistes du bassin d'Arcachon. En effet, Jean-Denis Dumont avait, dans ses conclusions ...

France Bleu

France Bleu
Tue, 21 Oct 2014 22:48:45 -0700

Voici donc un nouvel avis de tempête autour du Banc d'Arguin. Un nouveau décret est censé paraître prochainement pour encadrer les activités nautiques autour et sur le fameux banc de sable classé espace naturel protégé. Ce territoire est l'objet d'un ...

Sud Ouest

Sud Ouest
Fri, 17 Oct 2014 20:14:09 -0700

Jean-Denis Dumont, le commissaire enquêteur qui a conduit l'enquête publique sur le décret modificatif de la réserve naturelle nationale du banc d'Arguin, est ingénieur agronome, mais aussi responsable du Front national sur Andernos-les-Bains, une des ...

Sud Ouest

Sud Ouest
Thu, 16 Oct 2014 21:08:20 -0700

Et d'ailleurs il ne croit pas à une « surfréquentation » d'Arguin et donc pas à une nécessité d'étendre la zone de protection intégrale sur 100 hectares minimum : « Le nombre de bateaux (hors mises à l'eau pour la journée) semble stagner à environ 12 ...
 
The Union Leader
Fri, 24 Oct 2014 22:03:45 -0700

Jenna Arguin and Mary Cordwell each added a goal and an assist for Berlin. Mountaineer goalie Julie Downs made three saves in the shut out, while Lydia Pinard and Maddie Smith had four and five saves for Kearsarge.Winnisquam 4, Bow 0: In Tilton, the ...
 
Regina Leader-Post
Fri, 24 Oct 2014 19:26:15 -0700

The George Pellerin Memorial Scholarship was presented to Jeff Arguin of Moose Jaw, an electrician, who was the highest achieving journeyperson of all the trades. The Commission Board of Directors Scholarship was awarded Ty Rettman of Bengough, ...
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