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The Dutch fort of Arguin in 1721.
Plan of Arguim (1721).

Arguin (Portuguese: Arguim) is an island off the western coast of Mauritania in the Bay of Arguin. It is approximately 6x2 km in size, with extensive and dangerous reefs around it.[1] The island now part of the Banc d'Arguin National Park.[2]

History[edit]

The island changed hands frequently during the colonial era. The first European to visit the island was the Portuguese explorer Nuno Tristão, in 1443.[3] In 1445, Prince Henry the Navigator set up a trading post on the island, which acquired gum arabic and slaves for Portugal. By 1455, 800 slaves were shipped from Arguin to Portugal every year.[4]

In 1633, during its war against Spain (which then controlled Portugal), the Netherlands seized control of Arguin. It remained under Dutch rule until 1678, with a brief interruption by English rule in 1665. France took over the island in September 1678, but it was then abandoned until 1685.[5] Arguin's aridity and its lack of a good anchorage made long-term European settlement difficult.[1]

Arguin was a colony of Brandenburg-Prussia from 1685 to 1721. France then took control of the island, only to lose it again the following year to the Netherlands, regaining it in 1724. This period of French rule lasted four years; in 1728, it reverted to the control of indigenous peoples.[5] The island was included in the territory of the French colony of Mauritania, and it remained under Mauritanian rule when that country became independent in 1960.[2]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ a b Arguin. 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica, V. 2, p. 482
  2. ^ a b Le Parc National du Banc d'Arguin
  3. ^ Huish, John. Travels of Richard and John Lander into the interior of Africa. [1]
  4. ^ Slave Routes - Europe Portugal
  5. ^ a b [2]

Coordinates: 20°36′N 16°27′W / 20.600°N 16.450°W / 20.600; -16.450


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arguin — Please support Wikipedia.
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692 news items

 
Sud Ouest
Mon, 20 Oct 2014 01:15:00 -0700

'avis du commissaire enquêteur sur l'enquête publique portant sur le nouveau décret de la réserve naturelle nationale du banc d'Arguin avait déjà scandalisé les écologistes du bassin d'Arcachon. En effet, Jean-Denis Dumont avait, dans ses conclusions ...

Sud Ouest

Sud Ouest
Fri, 17 Oct 2014 20:14:09 -0700

Jean-Denis Dumont, le commissaire enquêteur qui a conduit l'enquête publique sur le décret modificatif de la réserve naturelle nationale du banc d'Arguin, est ingénieur agronome, mais aussi responsable du Front national sur Andernos-les-Bains, une des ...

Sud Ouest

Sud Ouest
Thu, 16 Oct 2014 21:08:20 -0700

Et d'ailleurs il ne croit pas à une « surfréquentation » d'Arguin et donc pas à une nécessité d'étendre la zone de protection intégrale sur 100 hectares minimum : « Le nombre de bateaux (hors mises à l'eau pour la journée) semble stagner à environ 12 ...
 
Sud Ouest
Tue, 14 Oct 2014 23:48:33 -0700

près l'enquête publique du 4 août au 5 septembre sur le projet de modification de la réserve naturelle nationale du banc d'Arguin, l'avis du commissaire enquêteur est favorable, mais il est assorti de grandes réserves qui vont ravir les plaisanciers et ...
 
EstriePlus.com
Sat, 18 Oct 2014 13:15:00 -0700

À l'IUGS Pavillon St-Vincent, le 17 octobre 2014, à l'âge de 84 ans, est décédée madame Germaine Arguin, fille de feu André Arguin et de feu Marie-Jeanne Belleville, demeurant à Sherbrooke. La famille vous accueillera à la Coopérative funéraire de l ...
 
Berlindailysun
Fri, 17 Oct 2014 14:45:00 -0700

Unfortunately for the home team Bears, Berlin netted the next two goals. There was 9:08 left in regulation when Dumont made it 3-1 assisted by team mates Jenna Arguin and Dandeneau. Jensyn carried the ball and crossed it to Arguin. Jenna shot on goal ...
 
Moose Jaw Times-Herald
Wed, 08 Oct 2014 22:36:33 -0700

Roy replied by taking out Arguin's shot stone and flopping behind a lot of cover to leave Arguin with limited options with her final stone. Arguin wasn't able to peel Roy's shot stone as Seaborn stole one in the final end to remain unbeaten on the season.
 
Insurance News Net
Thu, 02 Oct 2014 01:26:15 -0700

"If someone is unsure if they have a significant family history, we help them figure that out," says Annie Arguin , a certified registered nurse practitioner at Penn State Hershey Breast Center. "You don't have to do all the legwork yourself." Arguin ...
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