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Arakan Mountains
Rakhine Mountains
Arakan Mountains is located in Burma
Arakan Mountains
The Arakan Mountains are an elongated range in Western Burma
Highest point
Peak Mount Victoria
Elevation 3,094 m (10,151 ft)
Coordinates 21°25′46.36″N 93°49′10.75″E / 21.4295444°N 93.8196528°E / 21.4295444; 93.8196528
Naming
Native name ရခိုင်ရိုးမ (Arakan Yoma)
Geography
Country Burma
State Rakhine State
Range coordinates 21°16′N 93°57′E / 21.27°N 93.95°E / 21.27; 93.95Coordinates: 21°16′N 93°57′E / 21.27°N 93.95°E / 21.27; 93.95
Geology
Type of rock metamorphic and tightly folded sedimentary rocks over crystalline basement

The Arakan Mountains (Arakan Range, Rakhine Range, Rakhine Yoma , Arakan Yoma, Rakhine Roma, Arakan Roma; Burmese: ရခိုင်ရိုးမ) is a mountain range in western Burma (Myanmar), between the coast of Rakhine State and the Central Burma Basin, in which flows the Irrawaddy River. It is the most prominent of a series of parallel ridges that arc through Assam, Nagaland, Mizoram and Burma. The Arakan Mountains run from Cape Negrais in the south in to the Manipur State of India in the north. They include the Naga Hills, the Chin Hills, and the Patkai range which includes the Lushai Hills.[1] These mountains are submerged in Bay of Bengal for sufficiently long stretch and emerges again in the form of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Geology and formation[edit]

The Arakan Mountains and the parallel arcs to the west and east were formed by compression as the Indian Plate collided with the Eurasian Plate approximately along the boundary between India and Nepal.[2][3]

High points[edit]

The Arakan Mountain Range is over 600 miles (950 km) long,[1] with about 250 miles (400 km) of actual mountains. The highest point in the range is Nat Ma Taung (or Mount Victoria) at 3,094 metres (10,151 ft).

Infrastructure[edit]

The Arakan Mountains are crossed by the An route to Ngape and Minbu and by an all-weather road from Taungup to Pyay on the Irrawaddy.

History[edit]

The Arakan Mountains divide the Rakhine coast from the rest of Burma, and thus have acted as a barrier between the peoples of central Burma and those of the Indian subcontinent. This played a role in fostering the separate development of the Rakhine people, both linguistically and culturally, from the Burmese. the Arakan Mountains also served as a barrier inhibiting Burmese invasions, and allowing Arakan to develop as an separate political entity. Thus the coastal cities, such as Mrauk U and Waithali, formed the core of Arakan civilization.

There were fierce battles in these mountains between January 1943 and March 1944 during the Japanese conquest of Burma. The Japanese 33rd and 55th Divisions faced the British military on the coastal side of the range.

Ecology[edit]

The Arakan Mountains act as a barrier to the southwestern monsoon rains and thus shield the central Myanmar area, making their western slopes extraordinarily wet during the monsoon with typically over 1 metre (39 in) of rain per month, and the eastern slopes much drier.[1] They include the Chin Hills-Arakan Yoma montane forests ecoregion which is home to an elephant population and also the critically endangered Arakan Forest Turtle which was considered extinct.[4]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Rakhine Mountains". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 9 Nov 2013. 
  2. ^ See Geology of India#Plate tectonics for more detail.
  3. ^ Akhtar, Mohammad S. et al. (2010) "Structural Style and Deformation History of Assam & Assam Arakan Basin, India: from Integrated Seismic Study" (adapted from oral presentation at AAPG Annual Convention, Denver, Colorado, June 7–10, 2009)
  4. ^ Asian Turtle Trade Working Group (2000). Heosemys depressa. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 11 May 2006. Listed as Critically Endangered (CR A2cd, B1+2c v2.3)

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arakan_Mountains — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
888 videos foundNext > 

https://youtube.com/devicesupport

Our Battle Against the Arakan Mountains

Morgan describes what it's been like bike touring through Myanmar's Arakan mountains. In a word: Brutal.

Rakhapura United.mp4

Arakan is a land of Buddha. And the arakanese are Buddhists who are one the first followers of Buddha. Largely unknown to the Western world for much of its tur¬bulent history, Arakan played...

Jungles In Arakan (1940)

Unissued / unused material - dates and location unclear, though possibly of 14th Army fighting in northern Arakan between Febrary and May 1944. Possibly the Arakan area of Burma. Pan...

Spirit of Asia: The Marginalized People of the Arakan Yoma Mountains

Program rerun in English description.

RFA Burmese News, Gas pipeline causing environmental damages on Rakhine Mountain Ranges, RFA Myanmar

Youtube: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=HotNews4Asia Hot News Daily News RFA Khmer News RFA Vietnamese News RFA Tiếng Việt News RFA Burmese News RFA ...

Myanmar / Burma

YANGON (RANGOON) Yangon, the largest city, is the main gateway to Myanmar. Evergreen and cool with lush tropical trees, shady parks and beautiful lakes. The main attractions of Yangon are...

Kidou Senshi Gundam Senki (PS3) - Free Mission Mode - Zeon side - Mission #12 (offline)

It is a hard mission. Go to 4 places along with support MSs. You can play alone if you think your supports are slow and you have skill enough to pass those GM Cannons and MP Guntanks. I used...

Babaylan of Sitio Tundok.avi

Arakan Series form part of my unique experience being the first filmmaker to visit 10 indigenous Lumad villages in Arakan Valley, North Cotabato in 2002. Most of these could not be included...

The stone inscriptions (Halin , Pyu )

Halin or Halingyi : located in the Mu valley, one of the largest irrigated regions of precolonial Burma, is the northernmost Pyu city so far discovered. The earliest artifacts of Halin—city's...

888 videos foundNext > 

5 news items

 
NPR
Sat, 05 Apr 2014 04:40:51 -0700

... particularly treacherous route through the Arakan Mountains in western Burma - a route that was along - that unfolded along a military road through thick jungle, a route along which some 10,000 to 50,000 of those people who passed that way actually ...
 
The Irrawaddy News Magazine
Wed, 23 Jan 2013 03:08:47 -0800

The accident occurred on Wednesday morning at 3 am, about 30 miles away from Taungup Township, when an overnight bus travelling through the Arakan Mountains in western Burma plunged 40 meters down a mountain slope, a post on the official ...
 
AccuWeather.com (blog)
Thu, 21 Oct 2010 04:55:28 -0700

A wider area, mostly between the coast and the Arakan Mountains, will be prone to excessive rain and flooding. Storm impact for the flood-prone Irrawaddy RIver Delta and the city of Yangon should be minor barring a big southward shift in storm track.
 
Calcutta Telegraph
Thu, 07 Feb 2013 13:56:31 -0800

It's also well known that three-year-old Helen (Richardson) fled Burma and the Japanese army and trekked over the Arakan Mountains first to Calcutta, and finally to Bombay, and into the stuff of Bollywood legend. And if you really want to know, in ...
 
isikkim
Sun, 22 Jul 2012 06:30:00 -0700

In another instance, at Arakan Mountains, the Japanese troop had made captive Indian Army soldiers in their bunkers. It was here that 58 Gorkha Regiment showed their bravery and attacked the enemy post and released the Indian Army soldiers unhurt”.
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