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Arakan Mountains
Rakhine Mountains
Arakan Mountains is located in Myanmar
Arakan Mountains
The Arakan Mountains are an elongated range in Western Burma
Highest point
Peak Mount Victoria
Elevation 3,094 m (10,151 ft)
Coordinates 21°25′46.36″N 93°49′10.75″E / 21.4295444°N 93.8196528°E / 21.4295444; 93.8196528
Native name ရခိုင်ရိုးမ (Arakan Yoma)
Country Burma
State Rakhine State
Range coordinates 21°16′N 93°57′E / 21.27°N 93.95°E / 21.27; 93.95Coordinates: 21°16′N 93°57′E / 21.27°N 93.95°E / 21.27; 93.95
Type of rock metamorphic and tightly folded sedimentary rocks over crystalline basement

The Arakan Mountains (Arakan Range, Rakhine Range, Rakhine Yoma , Arakan Yoma, Rakhine Roma, Arakan Roma; Burmese: ရခိုင်ရိုးမ) is a mountain range in western Burma (Myanmar), between the coast of Rakhine State and the Central Burma Basin, in which flows the Irrawaddy River. It is the most prominent of a series of parallel ridges that arc through Assam, Nagaland, Mizoram and Burma. The Arakan Mountains run from Cape Negrais in the south in to the Manipur State of India in the north. They include the Naga Hills, the Chin Hills, and the Patkai range which includes the Lushai Hills.[1] These mountains are submerged in Bay of Bengal for sufficiently long stretch and emerges again in the form of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Geology and formation[edit]

The Arakan Mountains and the parallel arcs to the west and east were formed by compression as the Indian Plate collided with the Eurasian Plate approximately along the boundary between India and Nepal.[2][3]

High points[edit]

The Arakan Mountain Range is over 600 miles (950 km) long,[1] with about 250 miles (400 km) of actual mountains. The highest point in the range is Nat Ma Taung (or Mount Victoria) at 3,094 metres (10,151 ft).


The Arakan Mountains are crossed by the An route to Ngape and Minbu and by an all-weather road from Taungup to Pyay on the Irrawaddy.


The Arakan Mountains divide the Rakhine coast from the rest of Burma, and thus have acted as a barrier between the peoples of central Burma and those of the Indian subcontinent. This played a role in fostering the separate development of the Rakhine people, both linguistically and culturally, from the Burmese. The Arakan Mountains also served as a barrier inhibiting Burmese invasions, and allowing Arakan to develop as an separate political entity. Thus the coastal cities, such as Mrauk U and Waithali, formed the core of Arakan civilization.

There were fierce battles in these mountains between January 1943 and March 1944 during the Japanese conquest of Burma. The Japanese 33rd and 55th Divisions faced the British military on the coastal side of the range.


The Arakan Mountains act as a barrier to the southwestern monsoon rains and thus shield the central Myanmar area, making their western slopes extraordinarily wet during the monsoon with typically over 1 metre (39 in) of rain per month, and the eastern slopes much drier.[1] They include the Chin Hills-Arakan Yoma montane forests ecoregion which is home to an elephant population and also the critically endangered Arakan Forest Turtle which was considered extinct.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Rakhine Mountains". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 9 Nov 2013. 
  2. ^ See Geology of India#Plate tectonics for more detail.
  3. ^ Akhtar, Mohammad S. et al. (2010) "Structural Style and Deformation History of Assam & Assam Arakan Basin, India: from Integrated Seismic Study" (adapted from oral presentation at AAPG Annual Convention, Denver, Colorado, June 7–10, 2009)
  4. ^ Asian Turtle Trade Working Group (2000). Heosemys depressa. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 11 May 2006. Listed as Critically Endangered (CR A2cd, B1+2c v2.3)

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arakan_Mountains — Please support Wikipedia.
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1057 videos foundNext > 

Our Battle Against the Arakan Mountains

Morgan describes what it's been like bike touring through Myanmar's Arakan mountains. In a word: Brutal.

Spirit of Asia: The Marginalized People of the Arakan Yoma Mountains

Program rerun in English description.

famous mountains and hill of north east india

The Mahabharat Range is known as Lesser Himalaya located in Sikkim and border with Nepal and Bhutan. Lesser Himalaya run parallels to Shivalik hill range ...

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A seabed area in a mountain of Arakan


How beautiful upon the mountains Are the feet of him who brings good news, Who proclaims peace, Who brings glad tidings of good things, Who proclaims ...

Jungles In Arakan (1940)

Unissued / unused material - dates and location unclear, though possibly of 14th Army fighting in northern Arakan between Febrary and May 1944. Possibly the ...


Kidou Senshi Gundam Senki (PS3) - Free Mission Mode - Zeon side - Mission #12 (online Hell Mode)

1057 videos foundNext > 

3 news items

The Diplomat

The Diplomat
Fri, 15 May 2015 00:17:42 -0700

The plight of thousands of Rohingya stuck on rickety boats after fleeing their homes in Myanmar is quite possibly the greatest embarrassment ASEAN has ever faced. And the reality is the 10-nation trading bloc is incapable of dealing with the tragedy ...
Sat, 05 Apr 2014 04:40:51 -0700

... particularly treacherous route through the Arakan Mountains in western Burma - a route that was along - that unfolded along a military road through thick jungle, a route along which some 10,000 to 50,000 of those people who passed that way actually ...

Calcutta Telegraph

Calcutta Telegraph
Thu, 07 Feb 2013 13:56:31 -0800

It's also well known that three-year-old Helen (Richardson) fled Burma and the Japanese army and trekked over the Arakan Mountains first to Calcutta, and finally to Bombay, and into the stuff of Bollywood legend. And if you really want to know, in ...

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