|The Municipality of Aracaju|
|Nickname(s): "Cajueiro dos Papagaios" ("Cashew tree of the Parrots")
""Capital Universitária Nordestina"" ("Universitary State Capital for northeastern Brazil")
|Motto: "Cidade de Todos" ("City of Everybody")
"Capital da Qualidade de vida" ("Quality of life State Capital for northeastern Brazil")
Location of Aracaju in the State of Sergipe
|Incorporated (as capital)||March 17. 1855|
|• Mayor||João Alves Filho (DEM)|
|• Total||181.857 km2 (70.215 sq mi)|
|Elevation||4 m (13 ft)|
|• Density||3,400/km2 (8,800/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-3 (UTC-3)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-2 (UTC-2)|
|Area code(s)||(+55) 79|
Aracaju (Portuguese pronunciation: [aɾakaˈʒu]) is the capital of the State of Sergipe, Brazil, located in the northeastern part of the country on the coast, about 350 km (217 mi) north of Salvador. According to the 2013 Census, the city has 614,577 inhabitants, which represents approximately 33% of the state population. Adding to the populations of the municipalities forming the Metropolitan area: Barra dos Coqueiros, Nossa Senhora do Socorro and São Cristóvão, the number goes to 899 239 inhabitants.
The coast of Aracaju has many unspoiled beaches, such as the ones in Santa Luzia Island, and urban beaches, such as the most famous Atalaia. These coastal neighborhoods include playgrounds, squares, football fields, volleyball and basketball courts, residential buildings, bars, nightclubs, restaurants, banks and hotels although the most populated region is placed 13 km away in downtown area.
Aracaju, one of the first cities to be planned in Brazil, was built with the intention of becoming the state capital. It was founded in 1855, as the capital of Sergipe.
Despite being the least populated northeastern capital, its location is an important strategic point while urban, economic, cultural and political center for Brazil.
It is noted as the capital with lower inequality in Brazilian Northeast, as the city with the healthiest lifestyles of the country, national example in consideration of bike paths in the projects of urban displacement and is considered the capital of the country with lowest smoking rate, according to the National Health Ministry.
In line to be recognized as the Quality of Life metropolis is gaining prominence innovative urban displacement system called CashewBike. The project consists in using platforms scattered throughout the city, where you can rent bicycles to practice physical activity but also as any means of clean efficient transportation. In that case, provides an important integration to main buses chains terminals and near to the top colleges around the city.
The city has emerged as a good choice in low-cost tourism. Recognized as one of the safest capitals in the Northeast region and the lowest costs of living in the country, more recently has focused its tourism business in creating quality accommodation, such as world-renowned hostels. Through planned public transportation improvements were aimed at increasing the comfort and integration to the visitors users. In advance of seeking access facilities, bus lines have been performed and can be monitored in real time here
At the 2016 Summer Olympics the city hosts teams from seven countries. Soccer athletes from Japan and gymnasts from Poland, Austria, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Ukraine and Czech Republic established the city as home-base for trainning.
Although the first contact of the Portuguese in Sergipe was here, the first and most important city of that place which would be a province in the future was São Cristóvão (Saint Christopher), which became a city in 1590 as the fourth founded city in Brazil and was capital of Sergipe from 1823 to 1855. In the mid-19th century, there was a sudden need for a purpose-built harbor and administrative centers, and the core of modern Aracaju was constructed overnight, becoming the province capital in 1855, and after 1889 the state capital. In 1910, the city was made the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Aracaju.
Unlike the other Brazilian capitals that were planned and built in the 19th century, Aracaju is known throughout the country for its modern look, several festivals, and pre-carnival feast. Oil wealth, sugar cane cultivation, and more recently tourism continue to stimulate its growing economy. Colonial towns, such as Laranjeiras and São Cristóvão, are only a short bus ride away (Adapted from The Rough Guide to Brazil (2000), UK).
The warmest months Aracaju experiences are: January, February and March, with temperatures averaging 27 °C, while the average highs are 30 °C and the minimum is 24 °C. The coldest are July and August, with temperatures averaging 24 °C, with a mean maximum not exceeding 28 °C, and at night the temperature drops to 22 °C. But it may happen that the temperature gets warmer in winter and cooler in summer, as in 2002.
Aracaju experiences its wettest months between March and July, owing to the strong wind created by lower temperatures in the South and Southeast. During this period, the average amount of rainfall exceeds 200 mm per month. Between those months, the rainiest is May, where it rains about 334 mm. The driest months, between September and February, see the winds weakening and only really managing to bring light clouds. There is also less rain. The driest month is November, when it rains about 52 mm. The average rainfall between these months is approximately between 50 mm and 100 mm.
|Climate data for Aracaju (1961–1990)|
|Average high °C (°F)||29.6
|Daily mean °C (°F)||27
|Average low °C (°F)||24.3
|Record low °C (°F)||20.5
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||77.9
|Average rainy days (≥ 1 mm)||7||9||13||15||17||18||16||13||10||5||5||5||133|
|Average relative humidity (%)||78.1||76.6||78||79.6||77.6||77.3||78.2||78.2||78.1||78.7||78.8||79||78.2|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||264.1||224.3||234.1||210.6||205||176.7||200.7||221.9||218.5||250.6||262.9||251.6||2,721|
|Source: Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology (INMET).|
Aracaju lies in tropical forest. Rainforests are characterized by high rainfall, with minimum normal annual rainfall between 2,000 mm (about 78 inches or 2 meters) and 1,700 mm (about 67 inches). The soil can be poor because high rainfall tends to leach out soluble nutrients.
The economy is based on services and industry.
Aracaju has a downtown center with big department stores, such as C&A, Lojas Riachuelo, Lojas Renner, Emmanuelle Store and Esplanada for cloathing, Casas Bahia, Ricardo electro, Magazine Luiza and Insinuante for home appliances, Lojas Americanas for retail varieties, Centauro and Meggashop Outlet for materiel sportif. There's also multinational supermarket chains such as GBarbosa (national headquartered in the city) and Mercantil Rodrigues (both Cencosud subsidiaries), Bompreço and Todo Dia (Walmart subsidiaries), Extra and Pão de Açúcar (GPA subsidiaries), Atacadão (a Carrefour subsidiary), Makro (a SHV Holdings subsidiary), among others.
Another commercial spot, but also touristic in the capital center are the municipal markets Albano Franco, Antonio Franco and Thales Ferraz, which sell handicrafts, clothing, medicinal herbs, traditional foods and fresh produce. It is under construction a popular gadget market (typically developers of China Towns) in a privileged location on the city.
The first shopping mall built in the city was the RioMar Shopping Center. It's opened since 1989 and underwent expansions in 2008 and 2011. The mall is located in Serigy peninsula, more specifically at the 'Coroa do Meio' district, which is on the board of the Rio Sergipe . The project is connected to the mainland by bridge Godofredo Diniz which gives access to the Beira Mar Avenue in the neighborhood called 'July 13', one of the noblest areas of the capital.
The second private shopping center at the city was called the 'Gardens Mall' (known as 'Shopping Jardins'). It opened in 1997 and underwent expansions in 1998, 2004 and 2006. The mall is located at the eponymous neighborhood and was responsible for the growth and enhancement of the town in its surroundings, with the emergence of several residential buildings around the mall area. At this neighborhood is also located the pleasant Sowings park (known as 'Parque da Sementeira'). As RioMar Shopping Center, the 'Gardens Mall' is part of JCPM holdings group.
The third shopping is in the finishing process on an transformed historical textile factories area. It is called the Aracaju Park Mall, the first shopping mall in the northern part of the city. It houses a privileged view to be on the river Sergipe, very close to the historic and commercial center of the capital but also the meropolitan towns of Barra dos Coqueiros (accessed by João Alves bridge) and Nossa Senhora do Socorro (known as Our Lady of Perpetual Help').
The construction of the fourth shopping center is being initiated in prime location on the side of bridge Gilberto Vilanova de Carvalho, on the Poxim River where is the road entrance to Augusto Franco set and which gives access to Farolândia district, south region of the capital of Sergipe.
At the metropolitan area of Aracaju, in the city of Nossa Senhora do Socorro, there is also the so-called 'Shopping Prêmio'.
In addition to the downtown and malls at the 'Jardins' and 'Coroa do Meio' neighborhoods, there is also remarkable trade areas at Siqueira Campos and Santos Dumont neighborhoods aimed at the popular commerce and trendy districts July 13, dominated by more elegant windowshoppings and galeries, such as boutiques and delicatessens aimed at higher-income local people.
The region of Atalaia beach has, comparatively for the locals, still bad services given the distance from the main shopping centers and commercial downtown. However, trade has grown sharply eyeing the city's tourism growth as well as new residential housing (inhabited mainly by residents from foreigners and outsiders that prefer the convenience of living at the coast beaches). This investments vacuum, in turn, rapidly expanded trading specifically by the 'Orla de Atalaia' region and in particular through the open of some low cost franchises such as the hotel chain Ibis Budget, fast-food Subway and McDonalds but also famous national gym chain 'SmartFit' that is being implemented. This potential phenomenon has led to greater physical integration of this touristic region by throughout occupation of the city's inhabitants which is connecting it to the traditional and more commercial areas, as well as the heart area of the Orla (known as the Arcos Square ) which is strategically located 3.5 kilometers from the Aracaju Airport, one of the major points in access to the most of the city's visitors.
- Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS) Federal University of Sergipe;
- Universidade Tiradentes (Unit) (Tiradentes University);
- Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia de Sergipe (IFS) Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Sergipe;
- Faculdade Maurício de Nassau (Uninassau);
- Faculdade Estácio de Sergipe (Fase);
- Sistema COC de Educação (UniCOC);
- Universidade Norte do Paraná (Unopar);
Museu do Artesanato, Museu do Instituto Histórico e Geográfico de Sergipe, Museu do Homem Sergipano, Museu Memorial de Sergipe, Museu de Antropologia, Museu de Arte Bélica da Polícia Militar de Sergipe and Museu de Arte e História Rosa Faria, Museu da Gente Sergipana.
Arquivo Público Estadual de Sergipe, Biblioteca da FANESE and Biblioteca Pública Epiphâneo Dórea.
Movie theaters in the Jardins Mall and Riomar Mall(Cinemark), and Shopping Premium.
The city is served by the Santa Maria Airport. It began operating on 30 October 1952 with a single 1,200m runway, though it did not have an access road until 1958. In 1961, the runway was extended to 1,500m and a passenger terminal was built in 1962. Since February 1975 the airport is operated by Infraero. The runway was further extended to 2,200m in 1993 and the passenger terminal greatly enlarged in 1998.
Aracaju is connected to the major cities of Brazil by BR-235 and BR-101 federal highways.
Intl chains accommodations
- Mercure Orla de Atalaia (AccorHotels Group);
- Ibis Jardins (AccorHotels Group);
- Ibis Budget Orla de Atalaia (AccorHotels Group);
- Radisson Orla de Atalaia (Carlson Rezidor Hotel Group);
- Quality Inn Coroa do Meio - attached to RioMar Mall (Choice Hotels Intl Inc.);
- Best Western Orla de Atalaia (Choice Hotels Intl Inc.);
- Holiday Inn Jardins (InterContinental Hotels Group);
- Go Inn Farolândia universitarian city (Carlson Rezidor Hotel Group);
- Meps Executive Administrative city of Aracaju (Brazil Hospitality Group - BHG);
- Prodigy Beach Resort & Convenions Barra dos Coqueiros (GJP Hotels & Resorts);
- Thessaloniki, Greece
- Mykonos, Greece
- Concepción, Chile
- Coimbra, Portugal
- Yaroslavl, Russia
- Guangzhou, China
- Daman, India
- Salvador, Brazil
- Juazeiro, Brazil
- Maceió, Brazil
- Recife, Brazil
- João Pessoa, Brazil
- "Precipitação Acumulada Mensal e Anual (mm)" (in Portuguese). Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. 1961–1990. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved August 30, 2014.
- "Temperatura Média Compensada (°C)" (in Portuguese). Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. 1961–1990. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved August 30, 2014.
- "Temperatura Máxima (°C)" (in Portuguese). Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. 1961–1990. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved August 30, 2014.
- "Temperatura Mínima (°C)" (in Portuguese). Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. 1961–1990. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved August 30, 2014.
- "Temperatura Mínima Absoluta (ºC)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology (Inmet). Archived from the original on June 21, 2014. Retrieved August 30, 2014.
- "Número de Dias com Precipitação Maior ou Igual a 1 mm (dias)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved August 30, 2014.
- "Insolação Total (horas)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved August 30, 2014.
- "Umidade Relativa do Ar Média Compensada (%)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved August 30, 2014.
- GDP (PDF) (in Portuguese). Aracaju, Brazil: IBGE. 2005. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. Retrieved 2007-07-18.
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