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This article is about the person. For the butterfly genus, see Parnassius. For the imprint, see Inter-Varsity Press.
Saint Apollos
Епафродит, Сосфен, Аполлос, Кифа и Кесарь.jpg
Epaphroditus, Sosthenes, Apollos, Cephas and Caesar
Born 1st century
Alexandria, Egypt
Died 1st century
Venerated in Coptic Orthodox Church
Eastern Orthodox Church
Oriental Orthodox Churches
Roman Catholic Church

Apollos (Greek: Ἀπολλώς) was a 1st century Alexandrian Jewish Christian mentioned several times in the New Testament. A contemporary of Paul the Apostle, he played an important role in the early development of the churches of Ephesus and Corinth.

Biblical account[edit]

Apollos is first mentioned as a Christian preacher who had come to Ephesus (probably in the year 52-3), where he is described as "being fervent in spirit, he spoke and taught accurately the things concerning Jesus, though he knew only the baptism of John" (Acts 18:24-25). Priscilla and Aquila, a Jewish Christian couple who had come to Ephesus with the Apostle Paul, instructed Apollos:

"When Priscilla and Aquila heard him, they took him aside and explained to him the way of God more adequately."[Acts 18:26]

The differences between the two understandings probably related to baptism with the Holy Spirit, since Apollos "knew only the baptism of John". Later, during Apollos' absence, recounts an encounter between Paul and some disciples at Ephesus:

And he said to them, "Did you receive the Holy Spirit when you believed?" And they said, "No, we have not even heard that there is a Holy Spirit." And he said, "Into what then were you baptized?" They said, "Into John's baptism." And Paul said, "John baptized with the baptism of repentance, telling the people to believe in the one who was to come after him, that is, Jesus." 5 On hearing this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. And when Paul had laid his hands on them, the Holy Spirit came on them, and they began speaking in tongues and prophesying.[Acts 19:2-6]

Before Paul's arrival, Apollos had moved from Ephesus to Achaia[Acts 18:27] [1] and was living in Corinth, the provincial capital of Achaia.[Acts 19:1] Acts reports that Apollos arrived in Achaia with a letter of recommendation from the Ephesian Christians and "greatly helped those who through grace had believed, for he powerfully refuted the Jews in public, showing by the Scriptures that the Christ was Jesus (Acts 18:27-28).

Paul's First Epistle to the Corinthians (55 AD) mentions Apollos as an important figure at Corinth. Paul described Apollos' role at Corinth: "I planted, Apollos watered, but God gave the growth."[1co 3:6] Paul's Epistle refers to a schism between four parties in the Corinthian church, of which two attached themselves to Paul and Apollos respectively, using their names (the third and fourth were Peter, identified as Cephas, and Jesus Christ himself).[1co 1:10-13][2] There is no indication that Apollos favored or approved an overestimation of his person. Paul urged him to go to Corinth at the time, but Apollos refused, stating that he would come later when he had an opportunity.[1co 16:12]

Apollos is mentioned one more time in the New Testament. In the Epistle to Titus, the recipient is exhorted to "speed Zenas the lawyer and Apollos on their way".[Titus 3:13]

Extrabiblical information[edit]

Jerome states that Apollos was so dissatisfied with the division at Corinth, that he retired to Crete with Zenas the lawyer; and that the schism having been healed by Paul's letters to the Corinthians, Apollos returned to the city, and became its bishop.[3] Less probable traditions assign to him the bishop of Duras, or of Iconium in Phrygia, or of Caesarea.

Significance[edit]

Martin Luther and some modern scholars have proposed Apollos as the author of the Epistle to the Hebrews, rather than Paul or Barnabas. Both Apollos and Barnabas were Jewish Christians with sufficient intellectual authority.[4] Other than this, there are no known surviving texts attributed to Apollos.

The Pulpit Commentary describes him as 'a very remarkable man' and recognises 'St. Paul's high esteem for him'.[5]

Apollos' origin in Alexandria has led to speculations that he would have preached in the allegorical style of Philo. Theologian Jerome Murphy-O'Connor, for example, commented: "It is difficult to imagine that an Alexandrian Jew ... could have escaped the influence of Philo, the great intellectual leader ... particularly since the latter seems to have been especially concerned with education and preaching."[6]

Apollos is regarded as a saint by several Christian churches, including the Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod, which hold a commemoration for him, together with saints Aquila and Priscilla, on 13 February.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ So the Alexandrian recension; the text in \mathfrak{P}38 and Codex Bezae indicate that Apollos went to Corinth. Joseph Fitzmyer, The Acts of the Apostles (New York: Doubleday, 1998), p. 639.
  2. ^ It is possible, though, that, as Msgr. Ronald Knox assumes, the parties were actually two, one claiming to follow Paul, the other claiming to follow Apollos. "It is surely probable that the adherents of St. Paul [...] alleged in defence of his orthodoxy the fact that he was in full agreement with, and in some sense commissioned by, the Apostolic College. Hence 'I am for Cephas'. [...] What reply was the faction of Apollos to make? It devised an expedient which has been imitated by sectaries more than once in later times; appealed behind the Apostolic College itself to him from whom the Apostolic College derived its dignity; 'I am for Christ.'" (R. Knox, Enthusiasm, p. 13)
  3. ^ Jerome, Commentary on the Epistle to Titus 3:13
  4. ^ The NIV study bible, new international version; English (UK) edition; London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1987; p.1817.
  5. ^ Pulpit Commentary on Acts 18, http://biblehub.com/commentaries/pulpit/acts/18.htm accessed 3 October 2015
  6. ^ J Murphy-O'Connor. Paul: A critical life. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996, p. 275

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apollos — Please support Wikipedia.
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167563 videos foundNext > 

TWC News Austin: High School Blitz Interview with Apollos Hester

TWC News Austin full video: http://bit.ly/1DsV4r2) TWC News Austin reporter Lauren Mickler and videographer Jesse Moloney interview East View High School ...

Scoreboard by Apollos Hester - Songify This!

After an intense dogfight, Apollos Hester tells Lauren Mickler how he won - and also the meaning of life. Original - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X7ymriMhoj0 find us ...

Lookas - Apollo

Download Link ♫ ➥https://soundcloud.com/lookasmusic/apollo Add our Snapchat : yt.thenation ♫ Support Trap Nation ♫ ♢http://alltrapnation.com/ ...

Rocky IV Apollo's fight

Apollo vs. Ivan Drago fight enjoy it.

Rocky IV - Apollo's Permanent K.O.(1985)

Apollo faces the Russian boxer. Drago last punch permanently 'knocks out' Apollo Creed. CAST: Brigitte Nielsen, Burt Young, Carl Weathers, Dolph Lundgren, ...

Audiomachine - Apollo's Triumph (Epic Beautiful Cinematic Electronic)

Follow audiomachine on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/audiomachine Buy audiomachine music on iTunes: http://smarturl.it/audiomachine Amazon: ...

Audiomachine - Apollos Triumph

Please read description :-) Follow audiomachine on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/audiomachine Buy this album on iTunes: http://smarturl.it/helios1 ...

Apollos Hester (East View, TX) - 2014 Highlights

http://www.maxpreps.com/blogs/maxwire-national-blog/XbKk8sujB06jrdn-6q-uhA/high-school-football-players-inspirational-post-game-speech.htm Apollos ...

Scoreboard by Apollos Hester 1 Hour

Hi,This is not my video ! :) Look at description Original: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X7ymriMhoj0 Original Song: ...

Flat Earth & Apollo's Key - connecting the UN logo with CERN (+ the Flat Earth)

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167563 videos foundNext > 

20168 news items

Mynewsdesk (pressmeddelande)

Mynewsdesk (pressmeddelande)
Mon, 08 Feb 2016 01:00:00 -0800

Apollo har de senaste åren gjort en satsning på koncepthotell. Nu öppnar det första familjekoncepthotellet på Gran Canaria. Det femte i ordningen av Mondo Family Resorts och det första på en vinterdestination. Det är det omåttligt populära hotellet ...

OregonLive.com

OregonLive.com
Fri, 05 Feb 2016 22:22:30 -0800

Sunset (10-9, 5-4) gave Beaverton all it could handle as the Apollos came out firing behind guard Zach Niebergall. The senior, who finished with 29 points, scored 13 points in the first quarter, when he continually got in the lane off pick-and-rolls ...

Chron.com

Chron.com
Tue, 09 Feb 2016 12:34:19 -0800

... has allowed them to navigate their way through District 20-5A. Also qualifying for the playoffs from District 20-5A, in order, are Yates, North Forest and Sharpstown. The Lions and Bulldogs were vying for the No. 2 seed, while the Apollos have ...

kgw.com

kgw.com
Tue, 02 Feb 2016 23:34:14 -0800

The Crusaders (12-6, 5-3) took the first step towards getting right by beating Sunset 66-53 Tuesday night and avenging its loss to the Apollos (10-8, 5-3) earlier in the season. “We all took it personal,” Jesuit guard Chuka Mekkam said of the first ...

Troy Daily News

Troy Daily News
Sun, 07 Feb 2016 06:26:15 -0800

It took them 11 Apollos before they got there. I think in 10 more trips I might be able to say I have taken one giant step for mankind. I just hope I don't end up like Percy Fawcett or Sir John Franklin in the process. If I disappear, look for me at ...

Abidjan.net

Abidjan.net
Tue, 26 Jan 2016 14:41:15 -0800

Apollos Dan Thé, Ivoirien résidant à Londres (Angleterre) et actuaire de profession au service de grandes banques et compagnies d'assurance anglaise, suisse et américaine, est un spécialiste des risques financiers. Récemment admis comme membre du ...
 
Svenska Dagbladet
Tue, 02 Feb 2016 00:19:36 -0800

Wallenbergsfärens riskkapitalbolag EQT har lagt ett kontantbud värt omkring 1,35 miljarder schweiziska franc (drygt 11 miljarder kronor) på den schweiziska resekoncernen Kuoni. Av TT. 2016-02-02 09.18. Spara artikel. Dela. Twitter Facebook E-post.

Portland Tribune

Portland Tribune
Wed, 16 Dec 2015 23:52:30 -0800

The loss started a three-game skid for the Apollos (they also fell to South Salem and South Medford) that didn't stop until their 61-59 win over Cleveland on Tuesday — their record moved to 2-3; the Vikings, meanwhile, won twice more after beating the ...
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