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This article is about the person. For the butterfly genus, see Parnassius. For the imprint, see Inter-Varsity Press.
Saint Apollos
Епафродит, Сосфен, Аполлос, Кифа и Кесарь.jpg
Epaphroditus, Sosthenes, Apollos, Cephas and Caesar
Born 1st century
Alexandria, Egypt
Died 1st century
Honored in
Coptic Orthodox Church
Eastern Orthodox Church
Oriental Orthodox Churches
Roman Catholic Church

Apollos (Ἀπολλώς) is a 1st century Alexandrian Jewish Christian mentioned several times in the New Testament. A contemporary of Paul the Apostle, he played an important role in the churches of Ephesus and Corinth.

Apollos in the New Testament[edit]

Apollos was a Jew from Alexandria. This led to speculations that Apollos preached in the allegorical style of Philo. Theologian Jerome Murphy-O'Connor, for example, recently commented: "It is difficult to imagine that an Alexandrian Jew ... could have escaped the influence of Philo, the great intellectual leader ... particularly since the latter seems to have been especially concerned with education and preaching."[1]

Apollos is first mentioned as a Christian preacher who had come to Ephesus (probably in the year 52-3), where he is described as "being fervent in spirit, he spoke and taught accurately the things concerning Jesus, though he knew only the baptism of John." [Acts 18:24-25] Priscilla and Aquila, a Jewish Christian couple who had come to Ephesus with the Apostle Paul, instructed Apollos. "When Priscilla and Aquila heard him, they took him aside and explained to him the way of God more adequately."[Acts 18:26] The differences between the two and Apollos probably included baptism and the Holy Spirit, for Acts says that Apollos "knew only the baptism of John" [Acts 18:25] and later, during Apollos' absence, recounts an encounter between Paul and some disciples at Ephesus:

Before Paul's arrival, Apollos had moved from Ephesus to Achaia[Acts 18:27][2] and is located at Corinth, the provincial capital of Achaia.[Acts 19:1] Acts reports that Apollos arrived in Achaia with letters of recommendation from Ephesian Christians and "greatly helped those who through grace had believed, for he powerfully refuted the Jews in public, showing by the Scriptures that the Christ was Jesus.[Acts 18:27-28]

Paul's First Epistle to the Corinthians (55 AD) mentions Apollos as an important figure at Corinth. Paul described Apollos' role at Corinth: "I planted, Apollos watered, but God gave the growth."[1co 3:6] Paul's Epistle refers to a schism between four parties in the Corinthian church, of which two attached themselves to Paul and Apollos respectively, using their names (the third and fourth were Peter, identified as Cephas, and Jesus Christ himself).[1co 1:10-13] There is no indication that Apollos favored or approved an overestimation of his person. Paul urged him to go to Corinth at the time, but Apollos refused, stating that he would come later when he had an opportunity.[1co 16:12]

Apollos is mentioned one more time in the New Testament. In the Epistle to Titus, the recipient is exhorted to "speed Zenas the lawyer and Apollos on their way".[Titus 3:13]

Extrabiblical information[edit]

Jerome states that Apollos was so dissatisfied with the division at Corinth, that he retired to Crete with Zenas the lawyer; and that the schism having been healed by Paul's letters to the Corinthians, Apollos returned to the city, and became its bishop.[3] Less probable traditions assign to him the bishopric of Duras, or of Iconium in Phrygia, or of Caesarea.

Martin Luther and some modern scholars have proposed Apollos as the author of the Epistle to the Hebrews, rather than Paul or Barnabas. Both Apollos and Barnabas were Jewish Christians with sufficient intellectual authority.[4] Other than this, there are no known surviving texts attributed to Apollos.

Apollos is regarded as a saint by several Christian churches, including the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod, which hold a commemoration for him, Aquila and Priscilla on February 13.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ J Murphy-O'Connor. Paul: A critical life. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996, p. 275
  2. ^ So the Alexandrian recension; the text in \mathfrak{P}38 and Codex Bezae indicate that Apollos went to Corinth. Joseph Fitzmyer, The Acts of the Apostles (New York: Doubleday, 1998), p. 639.
  3. ^ Jerome, Commentary on the Epistle to Titus 3:13
  4. ^ The NIV study bible, new international version; English (UK) edition; London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1987; p.1817.

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apollos — Please support Wikipedia.
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279 news items

 
kgw.com
Thu, 04 Sep 2014 22:26:06 -0700

Head volleyball coach, Lad Salness, of the Apollos reflects on the match, the upcoming matches, and the team dynamics. 1.) How do you feel about your team's performance tonight? "I thought the kids played really well. It has never happened before that ...
 
The Oregonian - OregonLive.com
Wed, 27 Aug 2014 12:52:30 -0700

Play time: Offensively, the Apollos will get after opponents with their spread attack, an attack that made Sunset the second-highest scoring team in the Metro League in 2013. Third-year starter Willy Pflug will again key their efforts at quarterback ...
 
The Oregonian - OregonLive.com
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 05:56:15 -0700

The year that it makes a run at the top of the Metro League standings, of course, but even more importantly, the Apollos hope that this is the year they make it past the second round of the playoffs for the first time since 1998 (the team fell to Lake ...
 
The Oregonian - OregonLive.com
Thu, 21 Aug 2014 22:03:43 -0700

The Apollos graduated a ton of senior talent - 15 starters in all - but still believe they have what it takes to make 2014 even better. This year's team will be led by senior quarterback Willy Pflug, junior defensive back/running back Caden Carter and ...
 
The Oregonian - OregonLive.com
Tue, 16 Sep 2014 23:56:15 -0700

The Beaverton volleyball team, off to its best start in more than a decade at 2-1, welcomed Sunset (also 2-1) to Beaverton High School on Tuesday, but the Apollos – a top-three team at state in 2009-10 – were in no mood to tolerate the upstart Beavers ...
 
The Oregonian - OregonLive.com
Tue, 09 Sep 2014 23:33:45 -0700

The Apollos didn't want to open with perennial power Jesuit, didn't enjoy getting swept by the Crusaders, and didn't enjoy the hard lessons that talented Jesuit taught them along the way. But Sunset righted itself in round two, proved that it had ...
 
The Oregonian - OregonLive.com
Mon, 15 Sep 2014 17:24:55 -0700

Emily DeMots, Sunset volleyball: DeMots, a sophomore outside hitter on the Sunset volleyball team, made her presence felt in a big way during the Apollos' five-game win over Southridge at Southridge High School on Sept. 9. DeMots served up a seven ...
 
The Oregonian - OregonLive.com
Mon, 15 Sep 2014 17:32:32 -0700

Caden Carter, Sunset: Facing an 0-2 record, Carter helped the Apollos secure their first win of the season against Reynolds with a stellar rushing performance. Carter carried the ball 27 times for 225 yards and four touchdowns, including a 36-yard ...
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