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This article is about the person. For the butterfly genus, see Parnassius. For the imprint, see Inter-Varsity Press.
Saint Apollos
Епафродит, Сосфен, Аполлос, Кифа и Кесарь.jpg
Epaphroditus, Sosthenes, Apollos, Cephas and Caesar
Born 1st century
Alexandria, Egypt
Died 1st century
Venerated in Coptic Orthodox Church
Eastern Orthodox Church
Oriental Orthodox Churches
Roman Catholic Church

Apollos (Ἀπολλώς) is a 1st century Alexandrian Jewish Christian mentioned several times in the New Testament. A contemporary of Paul the Apostle, he played an important role in the churches of Ephesus and Corinth.

Biblical account[edit]

Apollos was a Jew from Alexandria. This led to speculations that Apollos preached in the allegorical style of Philo. Theologian Jerome Murphy-O'Connor, for example, recently commented: "It is difficult to imagine that an Alexandrian Jew ... could have escaped the influence of Philo, the great intellectual leader ... particularly since the latter seems to have been especially concerned with education and preaching."[1]

Apollos is first mentioned as a Christian preacher who had come to Ephesus (probably in the year 52-3), where he is described as "being fervent in spirit, he spoke and taught accurately the things concerning Jesus, though he knew only the baptism of John." [Acts 18:24-25] Priscilla and Aquila, a Jewish Christian couple who had come to Ephesus with the Apostle Paul, instructed Apollos. "When Priscilla and Aquila heard him, they took him aside and explained to him the way of God more adequately."[Acts 18:26] The differences between the two and Apollos probably included baptism and the Holy Spirit, for Acts says that Apollos "knew only the baptism of John" [Acts 18:25] and later, during Apollos' absence, recounts an encounter between Paul and some disciples at Ephesus:

And he said to them, "Did you receive the Holy Spirit when you believed?" And they said, "No, we have not even heard that there is a Holy Spirit." And he said, "Into what then were you baptized?" They said, "Into John's baptism." And Paul said, "John baptized with the baptism of repentance, telling the people to believe in the one who was to come after him, that is, Jesus." 5 On hearing this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. And when Paul had laid his hands on them, the Holy Spirit came on them, and they began speaking in tongues and prophesying.[Acts 19:2-6]

Before Paul's arrival, Apollos had moved from Ephesus to Achaia[Acts 18:27][2] and is located at Corinth, the provincial capital of Achaia.[Acts 19:1] Acts reports that Apollos arrived in Achaia with letters of recommendation from Ephesian Christians and "greatly helped those who through grace had believed, for he powerfully refuted the Jews in public, showing by the Scriptures that the Christ was Jesus.[Acts 18:27-28]

Paul's First Epistle to the Corinthians (55 AD) mentions Apollos as an important figure at Corinth. Paul described Apollos' role at Corinth: "I planted, Apollos watered, but God gave the growth."[1co 3:6] Paul's Epistle refers to a schism between four parties in the Corinthian church, of which two attached themselves to Paul and Apollos respectively, using their names (the third and fourth were Peter, identified as Cephas, and Jesus Christ himself).[1co 1:10-13][3] There is no indication that Apollos favored or approved an overestimation of his person. Paul urged him to go to Corinth at the time, but Apollos refused, stating that he would come later when he had an opportunity.[1co 16:12]

Apollos is mentioned one more time in the New Testament. In the Epistle to Titus, the recipient is exhorted to "speed Zenas the lawyer and Apollos on their way".[Titus 3:13]

Extrabiblical information[edit]

Jerome states that Apollos was so dissatisfied with the division at Corinth, that he retired to Crete with Zenas the lawyer; and that the schism having been healed by Paul's letters to the Corinthians, Apollos returned to the city, and became its bishop.[4] Less probable traditions assign to him the bishop of Duras, or of Iconium in Phrygia, or of Caesarea.

Martin Luther and some modern scholars have proposed Apollos as the author of the Epistle to the Hebrews, rather than Paul or Barnabas. Both Apollos and Barnabas were Jewish Christians with sufficient intellectual authority.[5] Other than this, there are no known surviving texts attributed to Apollos.

Apollos is regarded as a saint by several Christian churches, including the Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod, which hold a commemoration for him, Aquila and Priscilla on 13 February.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ J Murphy-O'Connor. Paul: A critical life. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996, p. 275
  2. ^ So the Alexandrian recension; the text in \mathfrak{P}38 and Codex Bezae indicate that Apollos went to Corinth. Joseph Fitzmyer, The Acts of the Apostles (New York: Doubleday, 1998), p. 639.
  3. ^ It is possible, though, that, as Msgr. Ronald Knox assumes, the parties were actually two, one claiming to follow Paul, the other claiming to follow Apollos. "It is surely probable that the adherents of St. Paul [...] alleged in defence of his orthodoxy the fact that he was in full agreement with, and in some sense commissioned by, the Apostolic College. Hence 'I am for Cephas'. [...] What reply was the faction of Apollos to make? It devised an expedient which has been imitated by sectaries more than once in later times; appealed behind the Apostolic College itself to him from whom the Apostolic College derived its dignity; 'I am for Christ.'" (R. Knox, Enthusiasm, p. 13)
  4. ^ Jerome, Commentary on the Epistle to Titus 3:13
  5. ^ The NIV study bible, new international version; English (UK) edition; London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1987; p.1817.

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apollos — Please support Wikipedia.
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4138 news items

CBC.ca

CBC.ca
Thu, 12 Mar 2015 02:33:45 -0700

The MV Apollo may have been stuck in ice in St. Barbe for days, but the crew aboard the Apollo space shuttle nearly ran out of oxygen while on a space mission. When? Apollo 13 launched from Kennedy Space Center April 11, 1970, circled the moon and ...

Indiainfoline

NDTV
Tue, 17 Mar 2015 23:38:11 -0700

Shares of Piramal Enterprises surged as much as 3.5 per cent to hit intraday high of Rs. 917 after the company said that it is in talks with Apollo to buy its health information network company Health Super Hiway. The company in a statement to the ...

The Temiskaming Speaker

The Temiskaming Speaker
Wed, 18 Mar 2015 11:33:45 -0700

Amélie Granmaître (playing the ball), Isabelle Gauthier and their teammates from Ecole secondaire catholique Sainte Marie (ESCSM) were in Hamilton March 9-11. The Senior Girls were competing in the Ontario… Please Log in or Register for a Speaker ...

OregonLive.com

OregonLive.com
Tue, 31 Mar 2015 23:11:15 -0700

About two minutes later, Sunset's Amanda Calderwood tied the game again, but it would be the last time all evening that the Apollos would draw even. Wilsonville went to halftime with a 9-2 lead. Sunset did not go away quietly in the second half ...

American Clarion

American Clarion
Fri, 27 Mar 2015 16:26:15 -0700

“My brothers and sisters, some from Chloe's household have informed me that there are quarrels among you. What I mean is this: One of you says, 'I follow Paul'; another, 'I follow Apollos'; another, 'I follow Cephas'; still another, 'I follow Christ.
 
CollegeSwimming.com
Mon, 30 Mar 2015 09:07:30 -0700

Stitt will be a 2015 graduate of Sunset High School in Portland, Ore., where as a team captain, she has helped the Apollos to two-consecutive Metro League district titles. This past season, she was her league's top performer in two individual events ...
 
The Star
Tue, 31 Mar 2015 00:37:03 -0700

"Residents have continued to suffer huge losses occasioned by banditry attacks," Apollos told journalists in Nyahururu town on Monday. She accused the government of taking too long to deploy Kenya Police Reservists, despite the fact that some have been ...
 
Taunton Daily Gazette
Wed, 25 Mar 2015 20:11:15 -0700

Green, who was one of 18 male nominees, is the first Tiger player to received the prestigious award since Apollos Wade captured it in 2008. He also became the first Greater Taunton athlete to win the Dave Cowens award since Coyle-Cassidy's Brenna ...
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