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This article is about the person. For the butterfly genus, see Parnassius. For the imprint, see Inter-Varsity Press.
Saint Apollos
Епафродит, Сосфен, Аполлос, Кифа и Кесарь.jpg
Epaphroditus, Sosthenes, Apollos, Cephas and Caesar
Born 1st century
Alexandria, Egypt
Died 1st century
Honored in
Coptic Orthodox Church
Eastern Orthodox Church
Oriental Orthodox Churches
Roman Catholic Church

Apollos (Ἀπολλώς) is a 1st century Alexandrian Jewish Christian mentioned several times in the New Testament. A contemporary of Paul the Apostle, he played an important role in the churches of Ephesus and Corinth.

Biblical account[edit]

Apollos was a Jew from Alexandria. This led to speculations that Apollos preached in the allegorical style of Philo. Theologian Jerome Murphy-O'Connor, for example, recently commented: "It is difficult to imagine that an Alexandrian Jew ... could have escaped the influence of Philo, the great intellectual leader ... particularly since the latter seems to have been especially concerned with education and preaching."[1]

Apollos is first mentioned as a Christian preacher who had come to Ephesus (probably in the year 52-3), where he is described as "being fervent in spirit, he spoke and taught accurately the things concerning Jesus, though he knew only the baptism of John." [Acts 18:24-25] Priscilla and Aquila, a Jewish Christian couple who had come to Ephesus with the Apostle Paul, instructed Apollos. "When Priscilla and Aquila heard him, they took him aside and explained to him the way of God more adequately."[Acts 18:26] The differences between the two and Apollos probably included baptism and the Holy Spirit, for Acts says that Apollos "knew only the baptism of John" [Acts 18:25] and later, during Apollos' absence, recounts an encounter between Paul and some disciples at Ephesus:

Before Paul's arrival, Apollos had moved from Ephesus to Achaia[Acts 18:27][2] and is located at Corinth, the provincial capital of Achaia.[Acts 19:1] Acts reports that Apollos arrived in Achaia with letters of recommendation from Ephesian Christians and "greatly helped those who through grace had believed, for he powerfully refuted the Jews in public, showing by the Scriptures that the Christ was Jesus.[Acts 18:27-28]

Paul's First Epistle to the Corinthians (55 AD) mentions Apollos as an important figure at Corinth. Paul described Apollos' role at Corinth: "I planted, Apollos watered, but God gave the growth."[1co 3:6] Paul's Epistle refers to a schism between four parties in the Corinthian church, of which two attached themselves to Paul and Apollos respectively, using their names (the third and fourth were Peter, identified as Cephas, and Jesus Christ himself).[1co 1:10-13][3] There is no indication that Apollos favored or approved an overestimation of his person. Paul urged him to go to Corinth at the time, but Apollos refused, stating that he would come later when he had an opportunity.[1co 16:12]

Apollos is mentioned one more time in the New Testament. In the Epistle to Titus, the recipient is exhorted to "speed Zenas the lawyer and Apollos on their way".[Titus 3:13]

Extrabiblical information[edit]

Jerome states that Apollos was so dissatisfied with the division at Corinth, that he retired to Crete with Zenas the lawyer; and that the schism having been healed by Paul's letters to the Corinthians, Apollos returned to the city, and became its bishop.[4] Less probable traditions assign to him the bishop of Duras, or of Iconium in Phrygia, or of Caesarea.

Martin Luther and some modern scholars have proposed Apollos as the author of the Epistle to the Hebrews, rather than Paul or Barnabas. Both Apollos and Barnabas were Jewish Christians with sufficient intellectual authority.[5] Other than this, there are no known surviving texts attributed to Apollos.

Apollos is regarded as a saint by several Christian churches, including the Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod, which hold a commemoration for him, Aquila and Priscilla on February 13.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ J Murphy-O'Connor. Paul: A critical life. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996, p. 275
  2. ^ So the Alexandrian recension; the text in \mathfrak{P}38 and Codex Bezae indicate that Apollos went to Corinth. Joseph Fitzmyer, The Acts of the Apostles (New York: Doubleday, 1998), p. 639.
  3. ^ It is possible, though, that, as Msgr. Ronald Knox assumes, the parties were actually two, one claiming to follow Paul, the other claiming to follow Apollos. "It is surely probable that the adherents of St. Paul [...] alleged in defence of his orthodoxy the fact that he was in full agreement with, and in some sense commissioned by, the Apostolic College. Hence 'I am for Cephas'. [...] What reply was the faction of Apollos to make? It devised an expedient which has been imitated by sectaries more than once in later times; appealed behind the Apostolic College itself to him from whom the Apostolic College derived its dignity; 'I am for Christ.'" (R. Knox, Enthusiasm, p. 13)
  4. ^ Jerome, Commentary on the Epistle to Titus 3:13
  5. ^ The NIV study bible, new international version; English (UK) edition; London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1987; p.1817.

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apollos — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
298136 videos foundNext > 

TWC News Austin: High School Blitz Interview with Apollos Hester

TWC News Austin full video: http://bit.ly/1DsV4r2) TWC News Austin reporter Lauren Mickler and videographer Jesse Moloney interview East View High School Fo...

Scoreboard by Apollos Hester - Songify This!

After an intense dogfight, Apollos Hester tells Lauren Mickler how he won - and also the meaning of life. Original - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X7ymriMh...

Apollos Hester joins ESPNU's Recruiting Nation

Recruiting Nation, Thursdays 6pm on ESPNU.

Apollos Hester (East View, TX) - 2014 Highlights

http://www.maxpreps.com/blogs/maxwire-national-blog/XbKk8sujB06jrdn-6q-uhA/high-school-football-players-inspirational-post-game-speech.htm Apollos Hester mig...

Fanstand Life: EV's Apollos Hester - "It Can Be Done"

Previously unreleased in full, iReporter Kenzie Hensley caught up with #EastView WR Apollos Hester ('15) for a word of inspiration after the Patriots long da...

Apollo's Prison Advice for Teresa

Apollo Nida offers Teresa Giudice some helpful tips on surviving prison before she heads to the big house after the holidays.

At The End Of The Day, Here's Apollo's Story - The RCMS With Wanda Smith

He's been in the headlines for quite a lot of drama lately. Apollo Nida stopped by The Ryan Cameron Morning Show With Wanda Smith to discuss his situation, h...

Scoreboard by Apollos Hester 1 Hour

Hi,This is not my video ! :) Look at description Original: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X7ymriMhoj0 Original Song: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3CClOsC...

Rocky IV Apollo's fight

Apollo vs. Ivan Drago fight enjoy it.

Audiomachine - Apollos Triumph

Please read description :-) Company: Audiomachine Song: Apollo's Triumph Album: Helios Year: 2012 Home: www.audiomachine.com Images: http://wall.alphacoders....

298136 videos foundNext > 

5111 news items

OregonLive.com

OregonLive.com
Thu, 04 Dec 2014 16:46:13 -0800

But the offense and defense both soon got on track, which was never more evident than when the Apollos built a 63-0 lead in the first half against Glencoe in Week 5. Sunset then scored 84 points over the next two weeks with victories over Beaverton and ...

kgw.com

kgw.com
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 22:33:45 -0800

The Apollos jumped out to a 7-2 lead as Cleveland deciphered ways to penetrate Sunset's zone. Instead of forcing the issue on offense, the Warriors used their defense to create easy opportunities. Cleveland went on a 11-2 run, which included a couple ...

TWC News

TWC News
Thu, 25 Sep 2014 21:32:29 -0700

Apollos Hester was already a popular kid in high school, but this week, his popularity spread far beyond Georgetown. “When I first saw the YouTube video, it had 300 views,” he said. “It was about Sunday night when I started getting all of these ...

TWC News

TWC News
Mon, 22 Sep 2014 08:40:29 -0700

GEORGETOWN, Texas — Apollos Hester, wide receiver for the East View Patriots, made the interview hall-of-fame Friday night after he delivered the most epic post-game interview to ever go down at a high school football game. The team had just wrapped ...

Eurweb.com

ESPN
Wed, 24 Sep 2014 13:17:09 -0700

You might have seen Texas high school football player Apollos Hester's incredible postgame speech from this past Friday. Now comes the sequel. No, not a new oration from Mr. Hester, but a catchy-as-heck song via YouTube superstars schmoyoho, aka The ...

FOXSports.com

People Magazine
Mon, 22 Sep 2014 09:32:38 -0700

The high-schooler from Austin, Texas, was interviewed by TWC News Austin's Lauren Mickler after a Sept. 19 game (Hester's East View team beat Vandegrift 42-41), and Hester took the opportunity to reel off a speech that's part TED Talk, part "I Believe ...

OregonLive.com

OregonLive.com
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 16:45:00 -0800

The Apollos last captured a state title in 1994 and the closest they have come ever since was a narrow second place finish to Jesuit in 2013 – the year the Crusaders won their fourth title in a row. But Sunset hopes its performance Tuesday against ...
 
Houston Chronicle
Thu, 18 Dec 2014 14:07:30 -0800

The Apollos deliver freewheeling performances: The group digs into the dynamic "Fantasy on Bulgarian Rhythms" by Houston composer Karim Al-Zand and sings out sweetly in the likes of "O Sole Mio." Available from iTunes and other websites.
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