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This article is about the person. For the butterfly genus, see Parnassius. For the imprint, see Inter-Varsity Press.
Saint Apollos
Епафродит, Сосфен, Аполлос, Кифа и Кесарь.jpg
Epaphroditus, Sosthenes, Apollos, Cephas and Caesar
Born 1st century
Alexandria, Egypt
Died 1st century
Honored in
Coptic Orthodox Church
Eastern Orthodox Church
Oriental Orthodox Churches
Roman Catholic Church

Apollos (Ἀπολλώς) is a 1st century Alexandrian Jewish Christian mentioned several times in the New Testament. A contemporary of Paul the Apostle, he played an important role in the churches of Ephesus and Corinth.

Biblical account[edit]

Apollos was a Jew from Alexandria. This led to speculations that Apollos preached in the allegorical style of Philo. Theologian Jerome Murphy-O'Connor, for example, recently commented: "It is difficult to imagine that an Alexandrian Jew ... could have escaped the influence of Philo, the great intellectual leader ... particularly since the latter seems to have been especially concerned with education and preaching."[1]

Apollos is first mentioned as a Christian preacher who had come to Ephesus (probably in the year 52-3), where he is described as "being fervent in spirit, he spoke and taught accurately the things concerning Jesus, though he knew only the baptism of John." [Acts 18:24-25] Priscilla and Aquila, a Jewish Christian couple who had come to Ephesus with the Apostle Paul, instructed Apollos. "When Priscilla and Aquila heard him, they took him aside and explained to him the way of God more adequately."[Acts 18:26] The differences between the two and Apollos probably included baptism and the Holy Spirit, for Acts says that Apollos "knew only the baptism of John" [Acts 18:25] and later, during Apollos' absence, recounts an encounter between Paul and some disciples at Ephesus:

Before Paul's arrival, Apollos had moved from Ephesus to Achaia[Acts 18:27][2] and is located at Corinth, the provincial capital of Achaia.[Acts 19:1] Acts reports that Apollos arrived in Achaia with letters of recommendation from Ephesian Christians and "greatly helped those who through grace had believed, for he powerfully refuted the Jews in public, showing by the Scriptures that the Christ was Jesus.[Acts 18:27-28]

Paul's First Epistle to the Corinthians (55 AD) mentions Apollos as an important figure at Corinth. Paul described Apollos' role at Corinth: "I planted, Apollos watered, but God gave the growth."[1co 3:6] Paul's Epistle refers to a schism between four parties in the Corinthian church, of which two attached themselves to Paul and Apollos respectively, using their names (the third and fourth were Peter, identified as Cephas, and Jesus Christ himself).[1co 1:10-13] There is no indication that Apollos favored or approved an overestimation of his person. Paul urged him to go to Corinth at the time, but Apollos refused, stating that he would come later when he had an opportunity.[1co 16:12]

Apollos is mentioned one more time in the New Testament. In the Epistle to Titus, the recipient is exhorted to "speed Zenas the lawyer and Apollos on their way".[Titus 3:13]

Extrabiblical information[edit]

Jerome states that Apollos was so dissatisfied with the division at Corinth, that he retired to Crete with Zenas the lawyer; and that the schism having been healed by Paul's letters to the Corinthians, Apollos returned to the city, and became its bishop.[3] Less probable traditions assign to him the bishop of Duras, or of Iconium in Phrygia, or of Caesarea.

Martin Luther and some modern scholars have proposed Apollos as the author of the Epistle to the Hebrews, rather than Paul or Barnabas. Both Apollos and Barnabas were Jewish Christians with sufficient intellectual authority.[4] Other than this, there are no known surviving texts attributed to Apollos.

Apollos is regarded as a saint by several Christian churches, including the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod, which hold a commemoration for him, Aquila and Priscilla on February 13.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ J Murphy-O'Connor. Paul: A critical life. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996, p. 275
  2. ^ So the Alexandrian recension; the text in \mathfrak{P}38 and Codex Bezae indicate that Apollos went to Corinth. Joseph Fitzmyer, The Acts of the Apostles (New York: Doubleday, 1998), p. 639.
  3. ^ Jerome, Commentary on the Epistle to Titus 3:13
  4. ^ The NIV study bible, new international version; English (UK) edition; London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1987; p.1817.

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apollos — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
324920 videos foundNext > 

TWC News Austin: High School Blitz Interview with Apollos Hester

TWC News Austin full video: http://bit.ly/1DsV4r2) TWC News Austin reporter Lauren Mickler and videographer Jesse Moloney interview East View High School Fo...

Scoreboard by Apollos Hester - Songify This!

After an intense dogfight, Apollos Hester tells Lauren Mickler how he won - and also the meaning of life. Original - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X7ymriMh...

Apollos Hester joins ESPNU's Recruiting Nation

Recruiting Nation, Thursdays 6pm on ESPNU.

Apollos Hester (East View, TX) - 2014 Highlights

http://www.maxpreps.com/blogs/maxwire-national-blog/XbKk8sujB06jrdn-6q-uhA/high-school-football-players-inspirational-post-game-speech.htm Apollos Hester mig...

Fanstand Life: EV's Apollos Hester - "It Can Be Done"

Previously unreleased in full, iReporter Kenzie Hensley caught up with #EastView WR Apollos Hester ('15) for a word of inspiration after the Patriots long da...

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He's been in the headlines for quite a lot of drama lately. Apollo Nida stopped by The Ryan Cameron Morning Show With Wanda Smith to discuss his situation, h...

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http://clicktotweet.com/ibaAS NOTE: THIS VIDEO WAS FILMED WITH PERMISSION FROM PARK MANAGEMENT WITH PRIOR APPROVAL AT BUSCH GARDENS WILLIAMSBURG! WARNING: FO...

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324920 videos foundNext > 

1660 news items

TWC News

TWC News
Fri, 26 Sep 2014 05:45:00 -0700

What a week it has been for East View's Apollos Hester. The Patriots wide receiver gave an incredibly passionate and inspirational post-game speech on our show last week, and the world loved it. His video has over six million views and there is even a ...

The Oregonian - OregonLive.com

The Oregonian - OregonLive.com
Wed, 29 Oct 2014 22:48:45 -0700

“I think we just pushed through every single point,” explained Sunset sophomore libero Reilly Schreck, who helped lead the Apollos' defense against Thurston hitters Darian Stedman and Haleigh Coleman. “We realized that regardless of the score, we ...

Wall Street Journal

Wall Street Journal
Thu, 30 Oct 2014 04:09:03 -0700

This copy is for your personal, non-commercial use only. To order presentation-ready copies for distribution to your colleagues, clients or customers visit http://www.djreprints.com. http://online.wsj.com/articles/apollos-profit-plummets-1414667283. 17 ...
 
Derry Journal
Fri, 26 Sep 2014 08:19:52 -0700

Keep up to date with all the latest local news on your iPhone or Android phone with our mobile site. Visit this website on your mobile to start enjoying it on the move. Place your Ad online. Create your own advertisement or send someone a special message.
 
The Oregonian - OregonLive.com
Thu, 30 Oct 2014 14:54:51 -0700

For Sunset, closing out the regular season with a win is paramount, and the Apollos' Friday result will also determine how high the team finishes in the final OSAA rankings. Sunset is currently ranked 20th and still has chance to host a first-round ...

Wall Street Journal (blog)

Wall Street Journal (blog)
Thu, 30 Oct 2014 11:11:15 -0700

Oil prices might be falling, but Apollo Global Management LLC's thirst for petroleum hasn't diminished. The New York private-equity firm sees an “opportune time to buy physical assets at a significant discount to energy prices implied by the financial ...
 
Wall Street Journal (blog)
Thu, 30 Oct 2014 05:11:56 -0700

Apollo Global Management LLC on Thursday said it would continue its streak of paying out a big dividend despite third-quarter earnings that declined dramatically as the firm's asset sales slowed and the value of its private-equity funds declined. The ...

ChristianityToday.com

ChristianityToday.com
Thu, 30 Oct 2014 08:45:00 -0700

Priscilla and Aquila could have rejected Apollos outright, pointing fingers and calling for the body to abandon him en masse. Instead, they patiently bore with him, guiding him with careful explanation. Of even greater concern is mockery through which ...
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