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This article is about the person. For the butterfly genus, see Parnassius. For the imprint, see Inter-Varsity Press.
Saint Apollos
Епафродит, Сосфен, Аполлос, Кифа и Кесарь.jpg
Epaphroditus, Sosthenes, Apollos, Cephas and Caesar
Born 1st century
Alexandria, Egypt
Died 1st century
Honored in
Coptic Orthodox Church
Eastern Orthodox Church
Oriental Orthodox Churches
Roman Catholic Church

Apollos (Ἀπολλώς) is a 1st century Alexandrian Jewish Christian mentioned several times in the New Testament. A contemporary of Paul the Apostle, he played an important role in the churches of Ephesus and Corinth.

Apollos in the New Testament[edit]

Apollos was a Jew from Alexandria. This led to speculations that Apollos preached in the allegorical style of Philo. Theologian Jerome Murphy-O'Connor, for example, recently commented: "It is difficult to imagine that an Alexandrian Jew ... could have escaped the influence of Philo, the great intellectual leader ... particularly since the latter seems to have been especially concerned with education and preaching."[1]

Apollos is first mentioned as a Christian preacher who had come to Ephesus (probably in the year 52-3), where he is described as "being fervent in spirit, he spoke and taught accurately the things concerning Jesus, though he knew only the baptism of John." [Acts 18:24-25] Priscilla and Aquila, a Jewish Christian couple who had come to Ephesus with the Apostle Paul, instructed Apollos. "When Priscilla and Aquila heard him, they took him aside and explained to him the way of God more adequately."[Acts 18:26] The differences between the two and Apollos probably included baptism and the Holy Spirit, for Acts says that Apollos "knew only the baptism of John" [Acts 18:25] and later, during Apollos' absence, recounts an encounter between Paul and some disciples at Ephesus:

And he said to them, "Did you receive the Holy Spirit when you believed?" And they said, "No, we have not even heard that there is a Holy Spirit." And he said, "Into what then were you baptized?" They said, "Into John's baptism." And Paul said, "John baptized with the baptism of repentance, telling the people to believe in the one who was to come after him, that is, Jesus." 5 On hearing this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. And when Paul had laid his hands on them, the Holy Spirit came on them, and they began speaking in tongues and prophesying.[Acts 19:2-6]

Before Paul's arrival, Apollos had moved from Ephesus to Achaia[Acts 18:27][2] and is located at Corinth, the provincial capital of Achaia.[Acts 19:1] Acts reports that Apollos arrived in Achaia with letters of recommendation from Ephesian Christians and "greatly helped those who through grace had believed, for he powerfully refuted the Jews in public, showing by the Scriptures that the Christ was Jesus.[Acts 18:27-28]

Paul's First Epistle to the Corinthians (55 AD) mentions Apollos as an important figure at Corinth. Paul described Apollos' role at Corinth: "I planted, Apollos watered, but God gave the growth."[1co 3:6] Paul's Epistle refers to a schism between four parties in the Corinthian church, of which two attached themselves to Paul and Apollos respectively, using their names (the third and fourth were Peter, identified as Cephas, and Jesus Christ himself).[1co 1:10-13] There is no indication that Apollos favored or approved an overestimation of his person. Paul urged him to go to Corinth at the time, but Apollos refused, stating that he would come later when he had an opportunity.[1co 16:12]

Apollos is mentioned one more time in the New Testament. In the Epistle to Titus, the recipient is exhorted to "speed Zenas the lawyer and Apollos on their way".[Titus 3:13]

Extrabiblical information[edit]

Jerome states that Apollos was so dissatisfied with the division at Corinth, that he retired to Crete with Zenas the lawyer; and that the schism having been healed by Paul's letters to the Corinthians, Apollos returned to the city, and became its bishop.[3] Less probable traditions assign to him the bishopric of Duras, or of Iconium in Phrygia, or of Caesarea.

Martin Luther and some modern scholars have proposed Apollos as the author of the Epistle to the Hebrews, rather than Paul or Barnabas. Both Apollos and Barnabas were Jewish Christians with sufficient intellectual authority.[4] Other than this, there are no known surviving texts attributed to Apollos.

Apollos is regarded as a saint by several Christian churches, including the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod, which hold a commemoration for him, Aquila and Priscilla on February 13.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ J Murphy-O'Connor. Paul: A critical life. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996, p. 275
  2. ^ So the Alexandrian recension; the text in \mathfrak{P}38 and Codex Bezae indicate that Apollos went to Corinth. Joseph Fitzmyer, The Acts of the Apostles (New York: Doubleday, 1998), p. 639.
  3. ^ Jerome, Commentary on the Epistle to Titus 3:13
  4. ^ The NIV study bible, new international version; English (UK) edition; London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1987; p.1817.

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apollos — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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219 news items

wtkr.com

wtkr.com
Thu, 24 Jul 2014 14:50:34 -0700

Williamsburg, Va. – Today, rollercoaster riders were in for the experience of a lifetime when they had to walk off of Busch Gardens' Apollo's Chariot after the ride was shut down briefly. According to Kevin Crossett, the park spokesman, the ride shut ...
 
Wilson County News
Wed, 20 Aug 2014 07:35:15 -0700

I planted the seed, Apollos watered it, but God made it grow.” “... so is my Word that goes out from my mouth, it will not return to me empty, but will accomplish what I desire and achieve the purpose for which I sent it.” “... if we or an angel from ...
 
Austin American-Statesman (blog)
Mon, 18 Aug 2014 04:03:45 -0700

An offense that averaged 40.8 points per game also retains its top passer (senior Josh Covey), top receiver (senior Apollos Hester) and all-state kicker (senior Tre Honshtein). Senior Zach Pare, who has earned scholarship offers from North Texas and ...

ChristianityToday.com

ChristianityToday.com
Mon, 18 Aug 2014 02:45:00 -0700

Now we possess the paradoxical spirit of urgency and lightness when it comes to salvation. We stay urgent in prayer, but we embrace Paul's attitude. "I planted the seed, Apollos watered it, but God made it grow." (1 Cor. 3:6.) We do our part, as ...
 
Allentown Morning Call
Sun, 17 Aug 2014 20:47:19 -0700

1979—A crowd of 5,747 at Allentown School District Stadium, the second-largest of the season, watches the Pennsylvania Stoners secure an American Soccer League playoff berth in their first season with a 6-1 win over the New York Apollos. 1979—The ...
 
Montana Standard
Sun, 17 Aug 2014 23:05:56 -0700

He completed 185 of 259 passes last fall for the 7-3 Apollos, who lost a first-round playoff game. The film may remind fans of current Griz quarterback Jordan Johnson. Pflug remembers being an eighth grader watching Johnson lead Eugene's Sheldon High ...
 
Leader-Telegram
Sun, 17 Aug 2014 20:51:49 -0700

The four bands include Apollos, a rock group from the Twin Cities, Dust of Men is a folk rock group from Eau Claire. Harbor and Home is a folk rock band from the Twin Cities. Marah in the Main Sail, our headline act, is another Twin Cities rock band ...
 
Yahoo News
Fri, 01 Aug 2014 04:26:15 -0700

At an upcoming space artifact auction, among the selection of astronauts' autographs, spacecraft parts and mission patches, is a 45-year-old press kit from the 1969 Apollo 11 moon landing. Its 250 pages browned with age, it isn't the auction's star lot ...
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