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This article is about the person. For the butterfly genus, see Parnassius. For the imprint, see Inter-Varsity Press.
Saint Apollos
Епафродит, Сосфен, Аполлос, Кифа и Кесарь.jpg
Epaphroditus, Sosthenes, Apollos, Cephas and Caesar
Born 1st century
Alexandria, Egypt
Died 1st century
Venerated in Coptic Orthodox Church
Eastern Orthodox Church
Oriental Orthodox Churches
Roman Catholic Church

Apollos (Ἀπολλώς) is a 1st century Alexandrian Jewish Christian mentioned several times in the New Testament. A contemporary of Paul the Apostle, he played an important role in the churches of Ephesus and Corinth.

Biblical account[edit]

Apollos was a Jew from Alexandria. This led to speculations that Apollos preached in the allegorical style of Philo. Theologian Jerome Murphy-O'Connor, for example, recently commented: "It is difficult to imagine that an Alexandrian Jew ... could have escaped the influence of Philo, the great intellectual leader ... particularly since the latter seems to have been especially concerned with education and preaching."[1]

Apollos is first mentioned as a Christian preacher who had come to Ephesus (probably in the year 52-3), where he is described as "being fervent in spirit, he spoke and taught accurately the things concerning Jesus, though he knew only the baptism of John." [Acts 18:24-25] Priscilla and Aquila, a Jewish Christian couple who had come to Ephesus with the Apostle Paul, instructed Apollos. "When Priscilla and Aquila heard him, they took him aside and explained to him the way of God more adequately."[Acts 18:26] The differences between the two and Apollos probably included baptism and the Holy Spirit, for Acts says that Apollos "knew only the baptism of John" [Acts 18:25] and later, during Apollos' absence, recounts an encounter between Paul and some disciples at Ephesus:

And he said to them, "Did you receive the Holy Spirit when you believed?" And they said, "No, we have not even heard that there is a Holy Spirit." And he said, "Into what then were you baptized?" They said, "Into John's baptism." And Paul said, "John baptized with the baptism of repentance, telling the people to believe in the one who was to come after him, that is, Jesus." 5 On hearing this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. And when Paul had laid his hands on them, the Holy Spirit came on them, and they began speaking in tongues and prophesying.[Acts 19:2-6]

Before Paul's arrival, Apollos had moved from Ephesus to Achaia[Acts 18:27][2] and is located at Corinth, the provincial capital of Achaia.[Acts 19:1] Acts reports that Apollos arrived in Achaia with letters of recommendation from Ephesian Christians and "greatly helped those who through grace had believed, for he powerfully refuted the Jews in public, showing by the Scriptures that the Christ was Jesus.[Acts 18:27-28]

Paul's First Epistle to the Corinthians (55 AD) mentions Apollos as an important figure at Corinth. Paul described Apollos' role at Corinth: "I planted, Apollos watered, but God gave the growth."[1co 3:6] Paul's Epistle refers to a schism between four parties in the Corinthian church, of which two attached themselves to Paul and Apollos respectively, using their names (the third and fourth were Peter, identified as Cephas, and Jesus Christ himself).[1co 1:10-13][3] There is no indication that Apollos favored or approved an overestimation of his person. Paul urged him to go to Corinth at the time, but Apollos refused, stating that he would come later when he had an opportunity.[1co 16:12]

Apollos is mentioned one more time in the New Testament. In the Epistle to Titus, the recipient is exhorted to "speed Zenas the lawyer and Apollos on their way".[Titus 3:13]

Extrabiblical information[edit]

Jerome states that Apollos was so dissatisfied with the division at Corinth, that he retired to Crete with Zenas the lawyer; and that the schism having been healed by Paul's letters to the Corinthians, Apollos returned to the city, and became its bishop.[4] Less probable traditions assign to him the bishop of Duras, or of Iconium in Phrygia, or of Caesarea.

Martin Luther and some modern scholars have proposed Apollos as the author of the Epistle to the Hebrews, rather than Paul or Barnabas. Both Apollos and Barnabas were Jewish Christians with sufficient intellectual authority.[5] Other than this, there are no known surviving texts attributed to Apollos.

Apollos is regarded as a saint by several Christian churches, including the Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod, which hold a commemoration for him, Aquila and Priscilla on 13 February.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ J Murphy-O'Connor. Paul: A critical life. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996, p. 275
  2. ^ So the Alexandrian recension; the text in \mathfrak{P}38 and Codex Bezae indicate that Apollos went to Corinth. Joseph Fitzmyer, The Acts of the Apostles (New York: Doubleday, 1998), p. 639.
  3. ^ It is possible, though, that, as Msgr. Ronald Knox assumes, the parties were actually two, one claiming to follow Paul, the other claiming to follow Apollos. "It is surely probable that the adherents of St. Paul [...] alleged in defence of his orthodoxy the fact that he was in full agreement with, and in some sense commissioned by, the Apostolic College. Hence 'I am for Cephas'. [...] What reply was the faction of Apollos to make? It devised an expedient which has been imitated by sectaries more than once in later times; appealed behind the Apostolic College itself to him from whom the Apostolic College derived its dignity; 'I am for Christ.'" (R. Knox, Enthusiasm, p. 13)
  4. ^ Jerome, Commentary on the Epistle to Titus 3:13
  5. ^ The NIV study bible, new international version; English (UK) edition; London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1987; p.1817.

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apollos — Please support Wikipedia.
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6261 news items

Expressen

Expressen
Tue, 01 Sep 2015 06:16:09 -0700

Det inställda planet gav ringeffekter på olika av Apollos planerade flygningar – charterflyg på måndagen såväl hem från som till Korfu och Preveza drabbades av dygnslånga förseningar. De försenade söndagsflyget till Alanya lyfte till sist klockan 00:45 ...

Chron.com

Chron.com
Tue, 25 Aug 2015 13:00:26 -0700

There's nothing like a rivalry game to jump-start a season. The Sharpstown football team will get that opportunity this weekend when the Apollos battle Westbury at 6 p.m. Saturday, Aug. 29, at Butler Stadium. Sharpstown head coach Charles Perridon ...
 
WMDT
Mon, 31 Aug 2015 20:56:15 -0700

Make sure to keep an eye out for Shawne Bowens, Ajay Palmer, and Apollos Murat to help lead this team past their 1-9 mark last season. Copyright 2015 by WMDT.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or ...

The Guardian (blog)

The Guardian (blog)
Tue, 01 Sep 2015 02:00:00 -0700

He performed in a third while wearing the uniform of the long-gone New York Apollos against the Boston Astros in the 1975 American Soccer League final. That turned into yet another bizarre affair, a 157-minute, 30-second marathon at Memorial Field in ...
 
Coos Bay World
Mon, 31 Aug 2015 10:37:30 -0700

Metro League: Aloha Warriors, Beaverton Beavers, Century Jaguars, Glencoe Crimson Tide, Jesuit Crusaders, Southridge Skyhawks, Sunset Apollos, Westview Wildcats. Mount Hood Conference: Barlow Bruins, Centennial Eagles, Central Catholic Rams, ...
 
Muncie Star Press
Sat, 29 Aug 2015 06:52:30 -0700

SUITS FILED. Circuit Court 1. State vs. Cassandra K. Thompson, 31, 200 block of Autumn Oaks Boulevard, New Castle, domestic battery. Citizens State Bank of New Castle vs. Amie D. Stockton and occupants, 1710 Cottage Ave., New Castle, foreclosure.
 
Dagen
Sat, 29 Aug 2015 09:07:30 -0700

Hvordan kom så Apollos til tro? Det vet vi ikke. Men i Apollos hjemby Aleksandria var det stadig forbindelser med Det hellige land og Jerusalem på 30- og 40-tallet. Det kan ha vært jøder som var inspirert av døperen Johannes og hans forkynnelse av én ...

The Star Democrat

The Star Democrat
Wed, 26 Aug 2015 20:11:15 -0700

“As far as our starting positions, our strengths would be at wings, with Eric and Apollos, and Shawne at quarterback,” Mangum added. “Our work comes on the offensive line right now and... we, defensively, other than Jay, in the first scrimmage, we have ...
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