Epaphroditus, Sosthenes, Apollos, Cephas and Caesar
Saint Apollos (Ἀπολλώς) is a 1st century Alexandrian Jewish Christian mentioned several times in the New Testament. A contemporary of the Apostle Paul, he played an important role in the churches of Ephesus and Corinth.
Apollos in the New Testament 
Apollos was a Jew from Alexandria. This led to speculations that Apollos preached in the allegorical style of Philo. Theologian Jerome Murphy-O'Connor, for example, recently commented: "It is difficult to imagine that an Alexandrian Jew ... could have escaped the influence of Philo, the great intellectual leader ... particularly since the latter seems to have been especially concerned with education and preaching."
Apollos is first mentioned as a Christian preacher who had come to Ephesus (probably in the year 52/3), where he is described as "being fervent in spirit, he spoke and taught accurately the things concerning Jesus, though he knew only the baptism of John." [Acts 18:24-25] Priscilla and Aquila, a Jewish Christian who had come to Ephesus with the Apostle Paul, instructed Apollos. "When Priscilla and Aquila heard him, they took him aside and explained to him the way of God more adequately."[Acts 18:26] The differences between the two and Apollos probably included baptism and the Holy Spirit, for Acts says that Apollos "knew only the baptism of John" [Acts 18:25] and later, during Apollo's absence, recounts an encounter between Paul and some disciples at Ephesus:
||And he said to them, "Did you receive the Holy Spirit when you believed?" And they said, "No, we have not even heard that there is a Holy Spirit." And he said, "Into what then were you baptized?" They said, "Into John's baptism." And Paul said, "John baptized with the baptism of repentance, telling the people to believe in the one who was to come after him, that is, Jesus." 5 On hearing this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. And when Paul had laid his hands on them, the Holy Spirit came on them, and they began speaking in tongues and prophesying.[Acts 19:2-6]
Before Paul's arrival, Apollos had moved from Ephesus to Achaia[Acts 18:27] and is located at Corinth, the provincial capital of Achaia.[Acts 19:1] Acts reports that Apollos arrived in Achaia with letters of recommendation from Ephesian Christians and "greatly helped those who through grace had believed, for he powerfully refuted the Jews in public, showing by the Scriptures that the Christ was Jesus.[Acts 18:27-28]
Paul's First Epistle to the Corinthians (55 AD) mentions Apollos as an important figure at Corinth. Paul described Apollos' role at Corinth: "I planted, Apollos watered, but God gave the growth."[1co 3:6] Paul's Epistle refers to a schism between four parties in the Corinthian church, of which two attached themselves to Paul and Apollos respectively, using their names (the third and fourth were Peter, identified as Cephas, and Jesus Christ himself).[1co 1:10-13] There is no indication that Apollos favored or approved an overestimation of his person. Paul urged him to go to Corinth at the time, but Apollos refused, stating that he would come later when he had an opportunity.[1co 16:12]
Apollos is mentioned one more time in the New Testament. In the Epistle to Titus, the recipient is exhorted to "speed Zenas the lawyer and Apollos on their way".[Titus 3:13]
Jerome states that Apollos was so dissatisfied with the division at Corinth, that he retired to Crete with Zenas the lawyer; and that the schism having been healed by Paul's letters to the Corinthians, Apollos returned to the city, and became its bishop. Less probable traditions assign to him the bishopric of Duras, or of Iconium in Phrygia, or of Caesarea.
Martin Luther and some modern scholars have proposed Apollos as the author of the Epistle to the Hebrews, rather than Paul or Barnabas. Both Apollos or Barnabas were Jewish Christians with sufficient intellectual authority. Other than this, there are no known surviving texts attributed to Apollos.
Apollos is regarded as a saint by several Christian churches, including the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod, which hold a commemoration for him, Aquila and Priscilla on February 13.
- ^ J Murphy-O'Connor. Paul: A critical life. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996, p. 275
- ^ So the Alexandrian recension; the text in 38 and Codex Bezae indicate that Apollos went to Corinth. Joseph Fitzmyer, The Acts of the Apostles (New York: Doubleday, 1998), p. 639.
- ^ Jerome, Commentary on the Epistle to Titus 3:13
- ^ The NIV study bible, new international version; English (UK) edition; London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1987; p.1817.
Fri, 17 May 2013 09:03:13 -0700
Apollos 14, 15, 16, and 17 also left seismic stations on the moon creating a network covering a small area of the surface. These four missions' Saturn V S-IVB stages also impacted the Moon creating vibrations picked up by the seismic network. Between ...
Tue, 14 May 2013 23:57:54 -0700
Sunset 3, Sheldon 2: Dakota Stewart doubled home Katie Dierckx with the game-winning run in the top of the seventh inning to lead the Apollos to the victory over the Irish. Jade Satylen hit a two-run home run for Sunset (4-21). Sahalie Doe went 2-for-3 ...
Thu, 16 May 2013 13:30:08 -0700
This is strange indeed if the Samaritans weren't saved in the first place. (e) If the Samaritans had in fact misunderstood Philip, I would expect the apostles to correct the problem through additional teaching (as Priscilla and Aquila did with Apollos ...
Mon, 13 May 2013 14:54:29 -0700
The Apollos, meanwhile, dropped their fifth straight Metro game and finished the season at 1-14, their lone league win coming over the Wildcats on April 29. Sunset faced Sheldon in a 6A Play-In game on Tuesday after the Leader's press deadline. With a ...
Thu, 09 May 2013 14:16:18 -0700
The Beavers and Apollos proved as much at Beaverton High School on May 8 when the Beavers rode the pitching and hitting of senior Mackenzie Spencer to a 7-1 victory. The win left Beaverton in fifth place in league with a Metro League record of 5-9 and ...
New York Times
Mon, 06 May 2013 06:24:02 -0700
Growing markets contributed to another sterling quarter at the private equity giant Apollo Global Management. The firm reported on Monday that first-quarter profit increased 72 percent, to $792 million, from the period a year earlier, as the value of ...
Tue, 14 May 2013 08:12:17 -0700
Earlier, the police prosecutor, Sgt. Philip Apollos, had alleged that the accused drove a Kia Salon car with registration number AE 457 HWL in a dangerous manner. “Nnakenyi drove recklessly on Magaji Road, Jabi, Abuja, on April 28 at about 10 a.m. and ...
Tue, 14 May 2013 13:00:06 -0700
But the budget cuts that killed the last three lunar Apollo missions—Apollos 18, 19, and 20—took their toll on AAP. There was suddenly no room in the budget for a long-term, multistage orbital installation project. NASA could launch a single module ...
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