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This article is about the person. For the butterfly genus, see Parnassius. For the imprint, see Inter-Varsity Press.
Saint Apollos
Епафродит, Сосфен, Аполлос, Кифа и Кесарь.jpg
Epaphroditus, Sosthenes, Apollos, Cephas and Caesar
Born 1st century
Alexandria, Egypt
Died 1st century
Honored in
Coptic Orthodox Church
Eastern Orthodox Church
Oriental Orthodox Churches
Roman Catholic Church

Apollos (Ἀπολλώς) is a 1st century Alexandrian Jewish Christian mentioned several times in the New Testament. A contemporary of Paul the Apostle, he played an important role in the churches of Ephesus and Corinth.

Apollos in the New Testament[edit]

Apollos was a Jew from Alexandria. This led to speculations that Apollos preached in the allegorical style of Philo. Theologian Jerome Murphy-O'Connor, for example, recently commented: "It is difficult to imagine that an Alexandrian Jew ... could have escaped the influence of Philo, the great intellectual leader ... particularly since the latter seems to have been especially concerned with education and preaching."[1]

Apollos is first mentioned as a Christian preacher who had come to Ephesus (probably in the year 52-3), where he is described as "being fervent in spirit, he spoke and taught accurately the things concerning Jesus, though he knew only the baptism of John." [Acts 18:24-25] Priscilla and Aquila, a Jewish Christian couple who had come to Ephesus with the Apostle Paul, instructed Apollos. "When Priscilla and Aquila heard him, they took him aside and explained to him the way of God more adequately."[Acts 18:26] The differences between the two and Apollos probably included baptism and the Holy Spirit, for Acts says that Apollos "knew only the baptism of John" [Acts 18:25] and later, during Apollos' absence, recounts an encounter between Paul and some disciples at Ephesus:

Before Paul's arrival, Apollos had moved from Ephesus to Achaia[Acts 18:27][2] and is located at Corinth, the provincial capital of Achaia.[Acts 19:1] Acts reports that Apollos arrived in Achaia with letters of recommendation from Ephesian Christians and "greatly helped those who through grace had believed, for he powerfully refuted the Jews in public, showing by the Scriptures that the Christ was Jesus.[Acts 18:27-28]

Paul's First Epistle to the Corinthians (55 AD) mentions Apollos as an important figure at Corinth. Paul described Apollos' role at Corinth: "I planted, Apollos watered, but God gave the growth."[1co 3:6] Paul's Epistle refers to a schism between four parties in the Corinthian church, of which two attached themselves to Paul and Apollos respectively, using their names (the third and fourth were Peter, identified as Cephas, and Jesus Christ himself).[1co 1:10-13] There is no indication that Apollos favored or approved an overestimation of his person. Paul urged him to go to Corinth at the time, but Apollos refused, stating that he would come later when he had an opportunity.[1co 16:12]

Apollos is mentioned one more time in the New Testament. In the Epistle to Titus, the recipient is exhorted to "speed Zenas the lawyer and Apollos on their way".[Titus 3:13]

Extrabiblical information[edit]

Jerome states that Apollos was so dissatisfied with the division at Corinth, that he retired to Crete with Zenas the lawyer; and that the schism having been healed by Paul's letters to the Corinthians, Apollos returned to the city, and became its bishop.[3] Less probable traditions assign to him the bishopric of Duras, or of Iconium in Phrygia, or of Caesarea.

Martin Luther and some modern scholars have proposed Apollos as the author of the Epistle to the Hebrews, rather than Paul or Barnabas. Both Apollos and Barnabas were Jewish Christians with sufficient intellectual authority.[4] Other than this, there are no known surviving texts attributed to Apollos.

Apollos is regarded as a saint by several Christian churches, including the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod, which hold a commemoration for him, Aquila and Priscilla on February 13.


  1. ^ J Murphy-O'Connor. Paul: A critical life. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996, p. 275
  2. ^ So the Alexandrian recension; the text in \mathfrak{P}38 and Codex Bezae indicate that Apollos went to Corinth. Joseph Fitzmyer, The Acts of the Apostles (New York: Doubleday, 1998), p. 639.
  3. ^ Jerome, Commentary on the Epistle to Titus 3:13
  4. ^ The NIV study bible, new international version; English (UK) edition; London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1987; p.1817.


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256 news items

The Oregonian - OregonLive.com
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 05:56:15 -0700

The year that it makes a run at the top of the Metro League standings, of course, but even more importantly, the Apollos hope that this is the year they make it past the second round of the playoffs for the first time since 1998 (the team fell to Lake ...
The Oregonian - OregonLive.com
Tue, 26 Aug 2014 10:21:42 -0700

For their part, the Apollos aren't backing away from the big expectations that come with winning the 2013 state crown. “This year's team could be better than last year's team,” said Sunset coach Dan Neeway. “We need a number five - one of them needs to ...
The Oregonian - OregonLive.com
Thu, 21 Aug 2014 22:03:43 -0700

The Apollos graduated a ton of senior talent - 15 starters in all - but still believe they have what it takes to make 2014 even better. This year's team will be led by senior quarterback Willy Pflug, junior defensive back/running back Caden Carter and ...


Fri, 29 Aug 2014 14:56:15 -0700

Nate Hanson, KGW HS Sports Champion 3:29 p.m. PDT August 29, 2014. Sunset Apollos Logo (Photo: KGW). CONNECTTWEETLINKEDINCOMMENTEMAILMORE. The Apollos girls soccer team kicked off the year with a 3-1 road win over Sheldon last night.
The Oregonian - OregonLive.com
Tue, 02 Sep 2014 10:26:15 -0700

Sunset's Caden Carter (shown here in 2013) and the Apollos open the 2014 season with a non-league game against Reynolds at Mt. Hood Community College at 7 p.m. Friday. Miles Vance/Beaverton Leader. By Miles Vance | mvance@oregonian.com
Wall Street Journal (blog)
Tue, 02 Sep 2014 07:37:30 -0700

U.K. firm 3i Group is making a safe investment. The firm said it agreed to buy A&A Manufacturing Co., a New Berlin, Wis.-based maker of protective and safety equipment for industrial businesses, from Audax Group, Michael Wursthorn reports. The ...
The Oregonian - OregonLive.com
Sun, 31 Aug 2014 08:11:15 -0700

The Bowmen, an upset loser in the first round of last year's 5A playoffs, make their Class 6A debut against the defending state runner-up Apollos. Westview at Wilson, 7:30 p.m. Thursday. Wilson made an unexpected run to the 5A championship game last ...


Tue, 26 Aug 2014 15:52:30 -0700

Sharpstown head football coach Charles Perridon is slightly nervous about the Apollos' opener with Westbury this week. Typically, "The Battle of Southwest Houston" is one of the highlights of Sharpstown's season. However, Perridon hopes his squad will ...

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