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Antonio Guzmán Blanco
Martin Tovar y Tovar 20.JPG
President of Venezuela
In office
27 April 1870 – 27 February 1877
Preceded by Guillermo Tell Villegas
Succeeded by Francisco Linares
President of Venezuela
In office
26 February 1879 – 26 April 1884
Preceded by José Gregorio Valera
Succeeded by Joaquín Crespo
President of Venezuela
In office
15 September 1886 – 8 August 1887
Preceded by Joaquín Crespo
Succeeded by Hermógenes López
Personal details
Born (1829-02-28)28 February 1829
Caracas, Venezuela
Died 28 July 1899(1899-07-28) (aged 70)
Paris, France
Political party Liberal Party
Spouse(s) Ana Teresa Ibarra
Signature

Antonio Leocadio Guzmán Blanco (28 February 1829 – 28 July 1899) was President of Venezuela for three separate terms, from 1870–1877, from 1879–1884, and from 1886–1887.

Guzmán was born in Caracas as the son of Antonio Leocadio Guzmán, a Venezuelan journalist, politician as well as founder of the Liberal Party and Carlota Blanco Jerez de Aristeguieta. He was banished by the administration of General Julián Castro, and accompanied General Juan Crisóstomo Falcón in his invasion of Venezuela, becoming his general secretary. After the final defeat of Falcón at Cople in September, 1860, Guzmán accompanied his chief in his flight, and was sent to the West Indies to solicit assistance. Toward the end of 1861 he landed again with Falcón on the coast of Coro, and after numerous engagements signed on 22 May 1863, the treaty of Coche, by which arms were laid down, and a general assembly called at Victoria, which elected Falcón president and Guzmán vice president. The latter was at the same time secretary of the treasury, and went to London to negotiate a loan.

On his return he was for a short time in charge of the executive, and afterward was elected president of congress. After the overthrow of Falcón in 1868, Guzmán left the country, but headed a revolution in 1869, and in 1870 became provisional president with extraordinary powers, ruling the country for seven years as a dictator. His successor, General Francisco Linares Alcántara, died in office in December, 1878, and there were several revolutionary uprisings, till Guzmán assumed the government again. In the elections of 1883 General Joaquín Crespo, one of his friends, was declared president, and Guzmán became ambassador to France, living with great ostentation in Paris. In 1886 he again assumed the presidency; his successor, the undistinguished Hermógenes López, was also understood to be under his influence.

The autocratic nature of Guzmán's regimes was in sharp contradiction with the economic and legal reforms as well as with the achievements brought about. His government was responsible for the creation of the modern currency (bolívar), the restoration of the national anthem, the second national census, the railroad between Caracas and La Guaira, the foundation of the Venezuelan Academy of the Language, the telephone service between Caracas and La Guaira, promotion of agriculture and education (Decree of Public and Obligatory Instruction of 1870), stimulus to commerce, and important public works (the National Pantheon, the Capitol, and the Municipal Theater, among others.)

Also a distinguished freemason, he sharply reduced the power of the Roman Catholic Church in Venezuela while in office.

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonio_Guzmán_Blanco — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

1571 news items

 
El Nacional.com
Thu, 11 Feb 2016 20:30:00 -0800

Cuando se habla de los ferrocarriles en Venezuela, la tendencia lleva a asociar este medio de transporte con el gobierno de Antonio Guzmán Blanco. La asociación no es arbitraria por cuanto durante el quinquenio (1879-1884) se inauguran diversas vías ...
 
El Universal (Venezuela)
Mon, 08 Feb 2016 09:52:27 -0800

Ell que otrora fuera patrimonio histórico de la nación inaugurado por el general Antonio Guzmán Blanco en 1876, el Cementerio General del Sur muestra actualmente su peor cara, Los caraqueños que lo visitan revelan que el campo santo sufre una ...
 
El Universal (Venezuela)
Mon, 08 Feb 2016 20:30:48 -0800

... en busca de nuevos horizontes en 1887; en la capital suenan "vientos de fronda", los ciudadanos y los estudiantes derriban las estatuas del autócrata Antonio Guzmán Blanco, en el periodo presidencial del doctor Juan Pablo Rojas Paúl (1888-1890).
 
El Universal (Venezuela)
Mon, 08 Feb 2016 09:03:45 -0800

Ell que otrora fuera patrimonio histórico de la nación inaugurado por el general Antonio Guzmán Blanco en 1876, el Cementerio General del Sur muestra actualmente su peor cara, Los caraqueños que lo visitan revelan que el campo santo sufre una ...
 
Terra.com
Tue, 09 Feb 2016 07:45:00 -0800

Castillo, en diálogo con Notimex, dijo que en Venezuela, la primera fiesta de Carnaval se realizó en 1873, durante el gobierno de Antonio Guzmán Blanco, quien se propuso acabar con la constante agresión del carnaval con agua y sustancias nocivas.

Noticias24

Noticias24
Sat, 10 Oct 2015 14:00:00 -0700

Nota de Prensa) – Personal directivo y obrero de la Fundación para la Protección y Defensa del Patrimonio Cultural de Caracas (Fundapatrimonio), llevó a cabo un operativo de limpieza profunda en la Casa de Campo de Antonio Guzmán Blanco, ubicada ...

Noticia al Dia

Noticia al Dia
Mon, 08 Feb 2016 04:00:00 -0800

Posteriormente, en la gerencia de Antonio Guzmán Blanco estos festejos fueron reestructurados y algunas tradiciones fueron prohibidas, como los juegos con agua y las populares jeringas cargadas de algunos líquidos que arrojaban a la gente en las calles ...

Noticia al Dia

Noticia al Dia
Wed, 13 Jan 2016 09:36:18 -0800

La víctima, de nombre Freidy Eduardo Castro Zabala, de 14 años, había salido de su clase en el liceo Antonio Guzmán Blanco, el cual funciona en una sede que se alterna con otra unidad educativa, ubicada al lado del antiquísimo liceo Baralt. Dos alumnas ...
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