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Antonio Guzmán Blanco
Martin Tovar y Tovar 20.JPG
President of Venezuela
In office
27 April 1870 – 27 February 1877
Preceded by Guillermo Tell Villegas
Succeeded by Francisco Linares
President of Venezuela
In office
26 February 1879 – 26 April 1884
Preceded by José Gregorio Valera
Succeeded by Joaquín Crespo
President of Venezuela
In office
15 September 1886 – 8 August 1887
Preceded by Joaquín Crespo
Succeeded by Hermógenes López
Personal details
Born (1829-02-28)28 February 1829
Caracas, Venezuela
Died 28 July 1899(1899-07-28) (aged 70)
Paris, France
Political party Liberal Party
Spouse(s) Ana Teresa Ibarra
Signature

Antonio Leocadio Guzmán Blanco (28 February 1829 – 28 July 1899) was President of Venezuela for three separate terms, from 1870–1877, from 1879–1884, and from 1886–1887.

Guzmán was born in Caracas as the son of Antonio Leocadio Guzmán, a Venezuelan journalist, politician as well as founder of the Liberal Party and Carlota Blanco Jerez de Aristeguieta. He was banished by the administration of General Julián Castro, and accompanied General Juan Crisóstomo Falcón in his invasion of Venezuela, becoming his general secretary. After the final defeat of Falcón at Cople in September, 1860, Guzmán accompanied his chief in his flight, and was sent to the West Indies to solicit assistance. Toward the end of 1861 he landed again with Falcón on the coast of Coro, and after numerous engagements signed on 22 May 1863, the treaty of Coche, by which arms were laid down, and a general assembly called at Victoria, which elected Falcón president and Guzmán vice president. The latter was at the same time secretary of the treasury, and went to London to negotiate a loan.

On his return he was for a short time in charge of the executive, and afterward was elected president of congress. After the overthrow of Falcón in 1868, Guzmán left the country, but headed a revolution in 1869, and in 1870 became provisional president with extraordinary powers, ruling the country for seven years as a dictator. His successor, General Francisco Linares Alcántara, died in office in December, 1878, and there were several revolutionary uprisings, till Guzmán assumed the government again. In the elections of 1883 General Joaquín Crespo, one of his friends, was declared president, and Guzmán became ambassador to France, living with great ostentation in Paris. In 1886 he again assumed the presidency; his successor, the undistinguished Hermógenes López, was also understood to be under his influence.

The autocratic nature of Guzmán's regimes was in sharp contradiction with the economic and legal reforms as well as with the achievements brought about. His government was responsible for the creation of the modern currency (bolívar), the restoration of the national anthem, the second national census, the railroad between Caracas and La Guaira, the foundation of the Venezuelan Academy of the Language, the telephone service between Caracas and La Guaira, promotion of agriculture and education (Decree of Public and Obligatory Instruction of 1870), stimulus to commerce, and important public works (the National Pantheon, the Capitol, and the Municipal Theater, among others.)

Also a distinguished freemason, he sharply reduced the power of the Roman Catholic Church in Venezuela while in office.

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonio_Guzmán_Blanco — Please support Wikipedia.
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745 news items

Aporrea

Aporrea
Mon, 31 Aug 2015 15:18:45 -0700

Antonio Guzmán Blanco, también conocido como "El Autócrata Civilizador", participó en la Guerra Federal (1859-1863), y sus victorias militares le permitieron emerger como la principal figura militar y política del país en su tiempo. Al asumir el poder ...

Aporrea

Aporrea
Thu, 03 Sep 2015 05:00:00 -0700

Por eso la célebre concesión del Lago de Guanoco la adquirió la trasnacional que se aprovechó de los contratos otorgados desde 1873 por Antonio Guzmán Blanco. Se valieron de aquella primera concesión petrolera para poner en práctica en nuestro país ...
 
elsoldemargarita.com.ve
Wed, 02 Sep 2015 02:22:30 -0700

El ascenso del mito adquiriría un punto trascendente en 1883, fecha para la cual Antonio Guzmán Blanco, con su desvergonzado padre, Antonio Leocadio Guzmán, celebrarían los fastos del centenario del natalicio del Padre de la Patria. Como era de ...

Venezolana de Televisión

Venezolana de Televisión
Fri, 21 Aug 2015 19:06:01 -0700

Durante esa lucha, en defensa de la soberanía venezolana, destaca y luego es ascendido al grado de general en jefe de los Ejércitos de Venezuela por el presidente Antonio Guzmán Blanco en el año 1871, además de convertirse en un miembro destacado ...

Aporrea

Aporrea
Tue, 01 Sep 2015 12:18:45 -0700

Según se desprende de su historia, desde la época de Antonio Guzmán Blanco hasta el presente, lo que podría calificarse como burguesía en Venezuela no ha sido más que una burguesía (u oligarquía) parasitaria, estéril y antinacional que poco tendría en ...

El Nacional.com

El Nacional.com
Sat, 29 Aug 2015 21:30:00 -0700

Quizá ganaba apresurado la acera para contemplar a los estudiantes derribando a Manganzón y Saludante, las estatuas del vanidoso Antonio Guzmán Blanco. Siempre prestaba oídos a la conversación del mendigo con su pan y la del perro callejero con ...

Aporrea.org (blog)

Aporrea.org (blog)
Sat, 04 Apr 2015 05:33:45 -0700

El general Antonio Guzmán Blanco (1829-1894), caraqueño, es hombre culto, valiente, buen organizador, con sentido histórico, progresista, ilustrado; también vanidoso, mesiánico, megalómano, inescrupuloso, gran ladrón. Su gobierno comprende varios ...
 
Aporrea
Sat, 29 Aug 2015 09:07:30 -0700

Fue Antonio Guzmán Blanco uno de los presidentes que más ha presionado la devolución del territorio usurpado de la Guayana Esequiba e incluso reclamó la devolución de Trinidad y Tobago. Firme en este propósito no dudó en confrontar a Inglaterra, ...
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