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Antonio Guzmán Blanco
Martin Tovar y Tovar 20.JPG
Portrait by Martín Tovar y Tovar
President of Venezuela
In office
27 April 1870 – 27 February 1877
Preceded by Guillermo Tell Villegas
Succeeded by Francisco Linares
President of Venezuela
In office
26 February 1879 – 26 April 1884
Preceded by José Gregorio Valera
Succeeded by Joaquín Crespo
President of Venezuela
In office
15 September 1886 – 8 August 1887
Preceded by Joaquín Crespo
Succeeded by Hermógenes López
Personal details
Born (1829-02-28)28 February 1829
Caracas, Venezuela
Died 28 July 1899(1899-07-28) (aged 70)
Paris, France
Political party Liberal Party
Spouse(s) Ana Teresa Ibarra
Signature

Antonio Leocadio Guzmán Blanco (28 February 1829 – 28 July 1899) was President of Venezuela for three separate terms, from 1870–1877, from 1879–1884, and from 1886–1887.

Guzmán was born in Caracas as the son of Antonio Leocadio Guzmán, a Venezuelan journalist, politician as well as founder of the Liberal Party and Carlota Blanco Jerez de Aristeguieta. He was banished by the administration of General Julián Castro, and accompanied General Juan Crisóstomo Falcón in his invasion of Venezuela, becoming his general secretary. After the final defeat of Falcón at Cople in September, 1860, Guzmán accompanied his chief in his flight, and was sent to the West Indies to solicit assistance. Toward the end of 1861 he landed again with Falcón on the coast of Coro, and after numerous engagements signed on 22 May 1863, the treaty of Coche, by which arms were laid down, and a general assembly called at Victoria, which elected Falcón president and Guzmán vice president. The latter was at the same time secretary of the treasury, and went to London to negotiate a loan.

On his return he was for a short time in charge of the executive, and afterward was elected president of congress. After the overthrow of Falcón in 1868, Guzmán left the country, but headed a revolution in 1869, and in 1870 became provisional president with extraordinary powers, ruling the country for seven years as a dictator. His successor, General Francisco Linares Alcántara, died in office in December, 1878, and there were several revolutionary uprisings, till Guzmán assumed the government again. In the elections of 1883 General Joaquín Crespo, one of his friends, was declared president, and Guzmán became ambassador to France, living with great ostentation in Paris. In 1886 he again assumed the presidency; his successor, the undistinguished Hermógenes López, was also understood to be under his influence.

The autocratic nature of Guzmán's regimes was in sharp contradiction with the economic and legal reforms as well as with the achievements brought about. His government was responsible for the creation of the modern currency (bolívar), the restoration of the national anthem, the second national census, the railroad between Caracas and La Guaira, the foundation of the Venezuelan Academy of the Language, the telephone service between Caracas and La Guaira, promotion of agriculture and education (Decree of Public and Obligatory Instruction of 1870), stimulus to commerce, and important public works (the National Pantheon, the Capitol, and the Municipal Theater, among others.)

Also a distinguished freemason, he sharply reduced the power of the Roman Catholic Church in Venezuela while in office.

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonio_Guzmán_Blanco — Please support Wikipedia.
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776 news items

Noticia al Dia

Noticia al Dia
Mon, 06 Jul 2015 07:37:30 -0700

Contaba una vez Humboldt a sus amigos en París (Circa 1815) las impresiones mas insólitas desde el punto de vista de las bellezas de la naturaleza de la Amazonia venezolana, durante su extraordinaria expedición por las regiones equinocciales del ...

Aporrea

Aporrea
Mon, 06 Jul 2015 06:18:45 -0700

Un amigo me recordó acertadamente lo que dijo Antonio Guzmán Blanco sobre Venezuela: "Venezuela es un cuero seco, que si lo pisan por un lado, por el otro se levanta". Eso tiene pensando mucho a los analistas de los servicios de inteligencia de los ...

El Nacional.com

El Nacional.com
Sat, 04 Jul 2015 21:30:00 -0700

Durante el siglo XIX hubo preocupaciones aleatorias por reunir las cartas, como los esfuerzos de Antonio Leocadio Guzmán y su hijo, el ex presidente Antonio Guzmán Blanco. En el siglo XX, Vicente Lecuna se preocupó por recopilar y ordenar la mayor ...

El Canal

El Canal
Mon, 29 Jun 2015 17:11:15 -0700

Esta tradición continuaría a lo largo de la historia de los países latinoamericanos con multiplicidad de caudillos como exponentes: Antonio López de Santa Ana en México, Gabriel García Moreno en Ecuador, José Antonio Páez y Antonio Guzmán Blanco en ...

Aporrea

Aporrea
Fri, 03 Jul 2015 05:33:45 -0700

Volviendo al tema, Armas Chitty nos dijo, que el Panteón Nacional lo hizo Antonio Guzmán Blanco para los héroes de la nacionalidad y no para los indios. Nos proponía que hiciéramos un Panteón aparte para los indios. (¿Habrá que hacer otro para los ...

EntornoInteligente

EntornoInteligente
Mon, 06 Jul 2015 04:15:00 -0700

Al concluir la Guerra Federal, Antonio Guzmán Blanco suscribió un polémico empréstito por un millón y medio de libras, el cual, según él mismo afirmó en un gesto de incontenible sinceridad o de frío cinismo, fue el origen de su considerable fortuna.
 
El Universal (Venezuela)
Wed, 17 Jun 2015 21:30:11 -0700

También, el general y doctor Antonio Guzmán Blanco vicepresidente, hasta que se reuniera la Asamblea Constituyente de la Federación, lo cual ignoran. Con todo, el 12/8 Falcón convoca a elecciones para la Asamblea a reunirse el 10/12, cuyas normas ...
 
EntornoInteligente
Sat, 04 Jul 2015 22:26:15 -0700

En 1876 es inaugurado por el presidente Antonio Guzmán Blanco el Cementerio General del Sur, que comenzó a funcionar en Caracas el 10 de julio de ese mismo año. A partir de ese momento se prohibió realizar entierros en otros cementerios de la ...
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