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Antonio Guzmán Blanco
Martin Tovar y Tovar 20.JPG
President of Venezuela
In office
27 April 1870 – 27 February 1877
Preceded by Guillermo Tell Villegas
Succeeded by Francisco Linares
President of Venezuela
In office
26 February 1879 – 26 April 1884
Preceded by José Gregorio Valera
Succeeded by Joaquín Crespo
President of Venezuela
In office
15 September 1886 – 8 August 1887
Preceded by Joaquín Crespo
Succeeded by Hermógenes López
Personal details
Born (1829-02-28)28 February 1829
Caracas, Venezuela
Died 28 July 1899(1899-07-28) (aged 70)
Paris, France
Political party Liberal Party
Spouse(s) Ana Teresa Ibarra
Signature

Antonio Leocadio Guzmán Blanco (28 February 1829 – 28 July 1899) was President of Venezuela for three separate terms, from 1870–1877, from 1879–1884, and from 1886–1887.

Guzmán was born in Caracas as the son of Antonio Leocadio Guzmán, a Venezuelan journalist, politician as well as founder of the Liberal Party and Carlota Blanco Jerez de Aristeguieta. He was banished by the administration of General Julián Castro, and accompanied General Juan Crisóstomo Falcón in his invasion of Venezuela, becoming his general secretary. After the final defeat of Falcón at Cople in September, 1860, Guzmán accompanied his chief in his flight, and was sent to the West Indies to solicit assistance. Toward the end of 1861 he landed again with Falcón on the coast of Coro, and after numerous engagements signed on 22 May 1863, the treaty of Coche, by which arms were laid down, and a general assembly called at Victoria, which elected Falcón president and Guzmán vice president. The latter was at the same time secretary of the treasury, and went to London to negotiate a loan.

On his return he was for a short time in charge of the executive, and afterward was elected president of congress. After the overthrow of Falcón in 1868, Guzmán left the country, but headed a revolution in 1869, and in 1870 became provisional president with extraordinary powers, ruling the country for seven years as a dictator. His successor, General Francisco Linares Alcántara, died in office in December, 1878, and there were several revolutionary uprisings, till Guzmán assumed the government again. In the elections of 1883 General Joaquín Crespo, one of his friends, was declared president, and Guzmán became ambassador to France, living with great ostentation in Paris. In 1886 he again assumed the presidency; his successor, the undistinguished Hermógenes López, was also understood to be under his influence.

The autocratic nature of Guzmán's regimes was in sharp contradiction with the economic and legal reforms as well as with the achievements brought about. His government was responsible for the creation of the modern currency (bolívar), the restoration of the national anthem, the second national census, the railroad between Caracas and La Guaira, the foundation of the Venezuelan Academy of the Language, the telephone service between Caracas and La Guaira, promotion of agriculture and education (Decree of Public and Obligatory Instruction of 1870), stimulus to commerce, and important public works (the National Pantheon, the Capitol, and the Municipal Theater, among others.)

Also a distinguished freemason, he sharply reduced the power of the Roman Catholic Church in Venezuela while in office.

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonio_Guzmán_Blanco — Please support Wikipedia.
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783 news items

Venezolana de Televisión

Venezolana de Televisión
Fri, 27 Mar 2015 18:18:45 -0700

El mismo Antonio Guzmán Blanco, el presidente, en ese entonces, de Venezuela la llevó del brazo y al acercarse al monumento exclamó con dolor: “¡Hijo mió, hijo mió!”. El 29 de Marzo de 1886, muere en Caracas y sus restos reposan en la cripta de los ...

teleSUR TV

teleSUR TV
Thu, 26 Mar 2015 16:03:06 -0700

En ese orden aprovechó la oportunidad para inaugurar el complejo deportivo “Antonio Guzmán Blanco” en beneficio de familias caraqueñas. A 21 años el dignatario recordó la salida del presidente Chávez de la cárcel de Yare, tras permanecer dos años en ...

Radio Reloj

Radio Reloj
Fri, 27 Mar 2015 06:30:00 -0700

El pueblo de Venezuela continúa fimando demandar que el presidente de Estados Unidos derogue el decreto de emergenciaCaracas, Venezuela.- El presidente de Venezuela, Nicolás Maduro realizó este jueves una visita a la parroquia Antímano, de la ...
 
Noticiero Digital
Wed, 25 Mar 2015 02:11:15 -0700

En 1892 el General Antonio Guzmán Blanco eleva el “Colegio de Estudios Superiores” que tenia 4 carreras universitarias desde 1854 a “Colegio Federal de Primera Categoría”, abandonando su antigua sede en la Casa de La Estrella y mudándolo al ...

El Nacional.com

El Nacional.com
Mon, 09 Mar 2015 21:36:45 -0700

El parque decretado por el General Antonio Guzmán Blanco en 1873 convirtió a El Calvario en el lugar principal de recreación de los habitantes de la ciudad "siguiendo la topografía original", una decisión que es crucial en la definición de su ...
 
El Nacional.com
Thu, 19 Mar 2015 21:30:00 -0700

Valga la pena señalar la larga nota publicada en Valencia en 1880, donde se describía la fiesta ofrecida por Antonio Guzmán Blanco y su esposa, Ana Teresa Ibarra de Guzmán Blanco, en ocasión del inicio de año. Por mediación de la prensa, los lectores ...

Panorama.com.ve

Panorama.com.ve
Tue, 10 Mar 2015 18:30:00 -0700

El expresidente Antonio Guzman Blanco tenía una gran colección de cuadros del artista francés Jean Baptiste Corot. Cada vez que tenía que cambiar de residencia le pedía a los empleados y personas de la servidumbre “¡Cuidado con los Corots! Para que ...
 
El Nacional.com
Fri, 13 Mar 2015 21:30:00 -0700

Este régimen apátrida tiene el mismo espíritu entreguista que hizo posible que durante la administración de Antonio Guzmán Blanco perdiéramos 150.000 kilómetros del territorio Esequibo, a pesar de algunas posiciones nacionalistas del célebre ególatra ...
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