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Antonio Guzmán Blanco
Martin Tovar y Tovar 20.JPG
President of Venezuela
In office
27 April 1870 – 27 February 1877
Preceded by Guillermo Tell Villegas
Succeeded by Francisco Linares
President of Venezuela
In office
26 February 1879 – 26 April 1884
Preceded by José Gregorio Valera
Succeeded by Joaquín Crespo
President of Venezuela
In office
15 September 1886 – 8 August 1887
Preceded by Joaquín Crespo
Succeeded by Hermógenes López
Personal details
Born (1829-02-28)28 February 1829
Caracas, Venezuela
Died 28 July 1899(1899-07-28) (aged 70)
Paris, France
Political party Liberal Party
Spouse(s) Ana Teresa Ibarra
Signature

Antonio Leocadio Guzmán Blanco (28 February 1829 – 28 July 1899) was President of Venezuela for three separate terms, from 1870–1877, from 1879–1884, and from 1886–1887.

Guzmán was born in Caracas as the son of Antonio Leocadio Guzmán, a Venezuelan journalist, politician as well as founder of the Liberal Party and Carlota Blanco Jerez de Aristeguieta. He was banished by the administration of General Julián Castro, and accompanied General Juan Crisóstomo Falcón in his invasion of Venezuela, becoming his general secretary. After the final defeat of Falcón at Cople in September, 1860, Guzmán accompanied his chief in his flight, and was sent to the West Indies to solicit assistance. Toward the end of 1861 he landed again with Falcón on the coast of Coro, and after numerous engagements signed on 22 May 1863, the treaty of Coche, by which arms were laid down, and a general assembly called at Victoria, which elected Falcón president and Guzmán vice president. The latter was at the same time secretary of the treasury, and went to London to negotiate a loan.

On his return he was for a short time in charge of the executive, and afterward was elected president of congress. After the overthrow of Falcón in 1868, Guzmán left the country, but headed a revolution in 1869, and in 1870 became provisional president with extraordinary powers, ruling the country for seven years as a dictator. His successor, General Francisco Linares Alcántara, died in office in December, 1878, and there were several revolutionary uprisings, till Guzmán assumed the government again. In the elections of 1883 General Joaquín Crespo, one of his friends, was declared president, and Guzmán became ambassador to France, living with great ostentation in Paris. In 1886 he again assumed the presidency; his successor, the undistinguished Hermógenes López, was also understood to be under his influence.

The autocratic nature of Guzmán's regimes was in sharp contradiction with the economic and legal reforms as well as with the achievements brought about. His government was responsible for the creation of the modern currency (bolívar), the restoration of the national anthem, the second national census, the railroad between Caracas and La Guaira, the foundation of the Venezuelan Academy of the Language, the telephone service between Caracas and La Guaira, promotion of agriculture and education (Decree of Public and Obligatory Instruction of 1870), stimulus to commerce, and important public works (the National Pantheon, the Capitol, and the Municipal Theater, among others.)

Also a distinguished freemason, he sharply reduced the power of the Roman Catholic Church in Venezuela while in office.

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonio_Guzmán_Blanco — Please support Wikipedia.
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123 news items

 
Times Higher Education
Wed, 15 Oct 2014 16:03:45 -0700

In 1870, President Antonio Guzmán Blanco signed a decree making education public, free and compulsory for all Venezuelans. Implying that free education can be attributed to Chávez or his Bolivarian revolution is simply a fallacy. Sadly, the only thing ...
 
El Periodiquito
Tue, 28 Oct 2014 12:18:45 -0700

Luego del terremoto del año 1812, el Presidente Antonio Guzmán Blanco decretó en 1874 convertir la estructura destruida de la iglesia de la Santísima Trinidad en el Panteón Nacional, que fuera erigida en el año 1744, sitio destinado a guardar los ...
 
El Nacional.com
Sun, 26 Oct 2014 21:30:00 -0700

Una curiosidad es la de Martín Tovar y Tovar, representante de las artes plásticas con una obra que exaltó la heroicidad de los próceres. “Creó la iconografía venezolana. Se debió a Antonio Guzmán Blanco, otro militar civilista, que le encargó esas ...
 
Aporrea.org
Sat, 25 Oct 2014 21:18:45 -0700

El déspota ilustrado venezolano Antonio Guzmán Blanco decreta la Educación Pública, Gratuita y obligatoria en 1870, cuando sólo funcionan en el país 300 escuelas con 10.000 alumnos; en 1877 hay 1.131 escuelas primarias con 43.000 alumnos y se han ...
 
Aporrea.org
Thu, 23 Oct 2014 08:56:15 -0700

El Estado venezolano tiene un sistema de imprentas propias (léase, la Imprenta Nacional, que es la más antigua, fue fundada por Antonio Guzmán Blanco a fines del siglo XIX, la Imprenta Municipal de Caracas y la recién fundada Imprenta de la Cultura ...

Venezolana de Televisión

Venezolana de Televisión
Sat, 11 Oct 2014 15:18:45 -0700

Luego del terremoto del año 1812, el Presidente, Antonio Guzmán Blanco, decretó en 1874, convertir la estructura destruida de la iglesia de la Santísima Trinidad en el Panteón Nacional, sitio destinado a guardar los restos de los personajes ilustres ...
 
Noticias24
Tue, 21 Oct 2014 13:19:58 -0700

Explicó que el día 15 de octubre se arribó al 142 aniversario de la imprenta nacional y de su producto que es la Gaceta Oficial, “esto fue una iniciativa del ex-presidente Antonio Guzmán Blanco, quien decretó la edición de un periódico oficial el cual ...
 
El Nacional.com
Fri, 17 Oct 2014 21:30:00 -0700

Ese acto –que fue encabezado por el presidente de la república, Antonio Guzmán Blanco– fue antecedido por un cuidadoso trabajo previo. En primer lugar, hubo de ser resuelto el trazado de la primera ruta. En este punto se decidió que la primera sección ...
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