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Antonio Guzmán Blanco
Martin Tovar y Tovar 20.JPG
President of Venezuela
In office
27 April 1870 – 27 February 1877
Preceded by Guillermo Tell Villegas
Succeeded by Francisco Linares
President of Venezuela
In office
26 February 1879 – 26 April 1884
Preceded by José Gregorio Valera
Succeeded by Joaquín Crespo
President of Venezuela
In office
15 September 1886 – 8 August 1887
Preceded by Joaquín Crespo
Succeeded by Hermógenes López
Personal details
Born (1829-02-28)28 February 1829
Caracas, Venezuela
Died 28 July 1899(1899-07-28) (aged 70)
Paris, France
Political party Liberal Party
Spouse(s) Ana Teresa Ibarra
Signature

Antonio Leocadio Guzmán Blanco (28 February 1829 – 28 July 1899) was President of Venezuela for three separate terms, from 1870–1877, from 1879–1884, and from 1886–1887.

Guzmán was born in Caracas as the son of Antonio Leocadio Guzmán, a Venezuelan journalist, politician as well as founder of the Liberal Party and Carlota Blanco Jerez de Aristeguieta. He was banished by the administration of General Julián Castro, and accompanied General Juan Crisóstomo Falcón in his invasion of Venezuela, becoming his general secretary. After the final defeat of Falcón at Cople in September, 1860, Guzmán accompanied his chief in his flight, and was sent to the West Indies to solicit assistance. Toward the end of 1861 he landed again with Falcón on the coast of Coro, and after numerous engagements signed on 22 May 1863, the treaty of Coche, by which arms were laid down, and a general assembly called at Victoria, which elected Falcón president and Guzmán vice president. The latter was at the same time secretary of the treasury, and went to London to negotiate a loan.

On his return he was for a short time in charge of the executive, and afterward was elected president of congress. After the overthrow of Falcón in 1868, Guzmán left the country, but headed a revolution in 1869, and in 1870 became provisional president with extraordinary powers, ruling the country for seven years as a dictator. His successor, General Francisco Linares Alcántara, died in office in December, 1878, and there were several revolutionary uprisings, till Guzmán assumed the government again. In the elections of 1883 General Joaquín Crespo, one of his friends, was declared president, and Guzmán became ambassador to France, living with great ostentation in Paris. In 1886 he again assumed the presidency; his successor, the undistinguished Hermógenes López, was also understood to be under his influence.

The autocratic nature of Guzmán's regimes was in sharp contradiction with the economic and legal reforms as well as with the achievements brought about. His government was responsible for the creation of the modern currency (bolívar), the restoration of the national anthem, the second national census, the railroad between Caracas and La Guaira, the foundation of the Venezuelan Academy of the Language, the telephone service between Caracas and La Guaira, promotion of agriculture and education (Decree of Public and Obligatory Instruction of 1870), stimulus to commerce, and important public works (the National Pantheon, the Capitol, and the Municipal Theater, among others.)

Also a distinguished freemason, he sharply reduced the power of the Roman Catholic Church in Venezuela while in office.

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonio_Guzmán_Blanco — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

853 news items

 
Live Trading News
Sat, 21 Feb 2015 11:59:24 -0800

In 1873, the government of President Antonio Guzmán Blanco issued the Commercial Code which indeed included a section regarding commercial exchanges. In 1887, the first Exchange Bulletin began circulating in the market place offering shares prices of ...
 
El Universal (Venezuela)
Mon, 23 Feb 2015 20:30:17 -0800

A tal efecto el Presidente Antonio Guzmán Blanco decreta y efectúa la expropiación del terreno –contando con la debida y justa indemnización– ocupado por el Convento de las Madres Concepciones, situado entre las esquinas de La Bolsa y San Francisco, ...

Noticia al Dia

Noticia al Dia
Tue, 24 Feb 2015 11:41:15 -0800

Recordó que toda la obra de López Rivas, sus dibujos “fueron de aquí de su estado, el enalteció este gentilicio, lucho por su libertad, como mencionaban en el discurso, cuando -Antonio- Guzman Blanco quiso convertir el estado en una aldea de pescadores ...

Noticia al Dia

Noticia al Dia
Wed, 18 Feb 2015 11:18:45 -0800

Particularmente en oposición al presidente Antonio Guzmán Blanco, que mostraba ojeriza hacia el Estado Zulia, debido al espíritu libre de los zulianos. Después de “La Antorcha” nacieron otros medios como “El Periódico”, en 1876 y “El Mensajero” en 1877 ...

Venezolana de Televisión

Venezolana de Televisión
Mon, 09 Feb 2015 18:08:19 -0800

Entre los contertulios de la Fotografía Artística se hallaba el general Antonio Guzmán Blanco. Ejecutó una serie de pinturas históricas por encargo del entonces presidente de Venezuela, Guzmán Blanco. Cabe destacar que en esta época la gesta heroica y ...
 
Últimas Noticias
Mon, 16 Feb 2015 15:10:10 -0800

La historia reseña que en 1873, durante el gobierno de Antonio Guzmán Blanco, esta festividad alcanzó la mayor popularidad. Se dice que en esta época la aristocracia venezolana celebraba el Carnaval de manera refinada, con carrozas, comparsas, ...
 
laverdad.com
Sat, 14 Feb 2015 20:30:00 -0800

Entre otros, los ocurridos a Antonio Guzmán Blanco, Joaquín Crespo, Francisco Linares Alcántara, Juan Vicente Gómez, Carlos Delgado Chalbaud y Rómulo Betancourt. Existe una historia de los servicios de inteligencia y contrainteligencia de Venezuela: la ...
 
Noticiero Digital
Thu, 12 Feb 2015 04:13:34 -0800

En 1881 Antonio Guzmán Blanco fusiona al Zulia con Falcón y traslada la capital hasta Casigua y luego Capatárida. En 1904 Cipriano Castro junto al Ministro de Educación de ese entonces, Eduardo Blanco, el mismo de “Venezuela Heroica”, acometen el ...
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