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Antonio Guzmán Blanco
Martin Tovar y Tovar 20.JPG
Portrait by Martín Tovar y Tovar
President of Venezuela
In office
27 April 1870 – 27 February 1877
Preceded by Guillermo Tell Villegas
Succeeded by Francisco Linares
President of Venezuela
In office
26 February 1879 – 26 April 1884
Preceded by José Gregorio Valera
Succeeded by Joaquín Crespo
President of Venezuela
In office
15 September 1886 – 8 August 1887
Preceded by Joaquín Crespo
Succeeded by Hermógenes López
Personal details
Born (1829-02-28)28 February 1829
Caracas, Venezuela
Died 28 July 1899(1899-07-28) (aged 70)
Paris, France
Political party Liberal Party
Spouse(s) Ana Teresa Ibarra
Signature

Antonio Leocadio Guzmán Blanco (28 February 1829 – 28 July 1899) was President of Venezuela for three separate terms, from 1870–1877, from 1879–1884, and from 1886–1887.

Guzmán was born in Caracas as the son of Antonio Leocadio Guzmán, a Venezuelan journalist, politician as well as founder of the Liberal Party and Carlota Blanco Jerez de Aristeguieta. He was banished by the administration of General Julián Castro, and accompanied General Juan Crisóstomo Falcón in his invasion of Venezuela, becoming his general secretary. After the final defeat of Falcón at Cople in September, 1860, Guzmán accompanied his chief in his flight, and was sent to the West Indies to solicit assistance. Toward the end of 1861 he landed again with Falcón on the coast of Coro, and after numerous engagements signed on 22 May 1863, the treaty of Coche, by which arms were laid down, and a general assembly called at Victoria, which elected Falcón president and Guzmán vice president. The latter was at the same time secretary of the treasury, and went to London to negotiate a loan.

On his return he was for a short time in charge of the executive, and afterward was elected president of congress. After the overthrow of Falcón in 1868, Guzmán left the country, but headed a revolution in 1869, and in 1870 became provisional president with extraordinary powers, ruling the country for seven years as a dictator. His successor, General Francisco Linares Alcántara, died in office in December, 1878, and there were several revolutionary uprisings, till Guzmán assumed the government again. In the elections of 1883 General Joaquín Crespo, one of his friends, was declared president, and Guzmán became ambassador to France, living with great ostentation in Paris. In 1886 he again assumed the presidency; his successor, the undistinguished Hermógenes López, was also understood to be under his influence.

The autocratic nature of Guzmán's regimes was in sharp contradiction with the economic and legal reforms as well as with the achievements brought about. His government was responsible for the creation of the modern currency (bolívar), the restoration of the national anthem, the second national census, the railroad between Caracas and La Guaira, the foundation of the Venezuelan Academy of the Language, the telephone service between Caracas and La Guaira, promotion of agriculture and education (Decree of Public and Obligatory Instruction of 1870), stimulus to commerce, and important public works (the National Pantheon, the Capitol, and the Municipal Theater, among others.)

Also a distinguished freemason, he sharply reduced the power of the Roman Catholic Church in Venezuela while in office.

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonio_Guzmán_Blanco — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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El presidente de Venezuela, Nicolás Maduro, inauguró el complejo deportivo “Antonio Guzmán Blanco” en beneficio de familias caraqueñas. teleSUR http://multimedia.telesurtv.net/v/maduro-inau...

7396 videos foundNext > 

872 news items

El Universal (Venezuela)

El Universal (Venezuela)
Tue, 28 Apr 2015 01:40:07 -0700

Más allá de sus condiciones como medio de transporte, el ferrocarril ha sido para los venezolanos un símbolo de progreso y modernidad. No es otro el sentido que le apreciamos a las palabras dadas por el general Antonio Guzmán Blanco, entonces ...

Perú.com

Perú.com
Mon, 27 Apr 2015 06:54:32 -0700

Su dirigente, general Antonio Guzmán Blanco, se proclama Presidente de la República. 1876.- Botadura en Portsmouth del acorazado inglés “Inflexible”, emblema de la construcción naval. 1887.- Inauguración del primer tramo del ferrocarril de Venezuela, ...
 
El Siglo de Torreón
Sat, 25 Apr 2015 23:11:15 -0700

Su dirigente, general Antonio Guzmán Blanco, se proclama Presidente de la República. 1876.- Botadura en Portsmouth del acorazado inglés "Inflexible", emblema de la construcción naval. 1887.- Inauguración del primer tramo del ferrocarril de Venezuela, ...

Aporrea.org (blog)

Aporrea.org (blog)
Sat, 04 Apr 2015 05:33:45 -0700

El general Antonio Guzmán Blanco (1829-1894), caraqueño, es hombre culto, valiente, buen organizador, con sentido histórico, progresista, ilustrado; también vanidoso, mesiánico, megalómano, inescrupuloso, gran ladrón. Su gobierno comprende varios ...

Barinas.net.ve

Barinas.net.ve
Tue, 28 Apr 2015 10:48:45 -0700

El expresidente Antonio Guzmán Blanco tenía una gran colección de cuadros del artista francés Jean Baptiste Corot. Cada vez que tenía que cambiar de residencia le pedía a los empleados y personas de la servidumbre “¡Cuidado con los Corots! Para que ...

Aporrea.org (blog)

Aporrea.org (blog)
Tue, 21 Apr 2015 06:07:30 -0700

El voto directo fue restringido durante el gobierno de Antonio Guzmán Blanco, y nuevamente limitado por los gobiernos de Cipriano Castro y de Juan Vicente Gómez. Antes de 1947, nunca se había ejecutado como tal una elección universal, directa y ...

Correo del Orinoco

Correo del Orinoco
Wed, 22 Apr 2015 06:50:46 -0700

El Constituyente de 1864, expresión de la nueva Oligarquía Liberal que se impuso con el General Falcón y Antonio Guzmán Blanco, apenas indicaba en su artículo 14, la posibilidad de que se afectase la propiedad “para obras públicas”, lo que no colidía ...

Últimas Noticias

Últimas Noticias
Thu, 09 Apr 2015 11:30:22 -0700

Más de 280 obreros comunitarios pintan, frisan e instalan las ventanas de sus casas con la "Gran Misión Barrio Nuevo Tricolor", que lleva todos los materiales para mejorar las fachadas principales desde el sector Antonio Guzmán Blanco, hasta la avenida ...
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