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Antonio Guzmán Blanco
Martin Tovar y Tovar 20.JPG
President of Venezuela
In office
27 April 1870 – 27 February 1877
Preceded by Guillermo Tell Villegas
Succeeded by Francisco Linares
President of Venezuela
In office
26 February 1879 – 26 April 1884
Preceded by José Gregorio Valera
Succeeded by Joaquín Crespo
President of Venezuela
In office
15 September 1886 – 8 August 1887
Preceded by Joaquín Crespo
Succeeded by Hermógenes López
Personal details
Born (1829-02-28)28 February 1829
Caracas, Venezuela
Died 28 July 1899(1899-07-28) (aged 70)
Paris, France
Political party Liberal Party
Spouse(s) Ana Teresa Ibarra
Signature

Antonio Leocadio Guzmán Blanco (28 February 1829 – 28 July 1899) was President of Venezuela for three separate terms, from 1870–1877, from 1879–1884, and from 1886–1887.

Guzmán was born in Caracas as the son of Antonio Leocadio Guzmán, a Venezuelan journalist, politician as well as founder of the Liberal Party and Carlota Blanco Jerez de Aristeguieta. He was banished by the administration of General Julián Castro, and accompanied General Juan Crisóstomo Falcón in his invasion of Venezuela, becoming his general secretary. After the final defeat of Falcón at Cople in September, 1860, Guzmán accompanied his chief in his flight, and was sent to the West Indies to solicit assistance. Toward the end of 1861 he landed again with Falcón on the coast of Coro, and after numerous engagements signed on 22 May 1863, the treaty of Coche, by which arms were laid down, and a general assembly called at Victoria, which elected Falcón president and Guzmán vice president. The latter was at the same time secretary of the treasury, and went to London to negotiate a loan.

On his return he was for a short time in charge of the executive, and afterward was elected president of congress. After the overthrow of Falcón in 1868, Guzmán left the country, but headed a revolution in 1869, and in 1870 became provisional president with extraordinary powers, ruling the country for seven years as a dictator. His successor, General Francisco Linares Alcántara, died in office in December, 1878, and there were several revolutionary uprisings, till Guzmán assumed the government again. In the elections of 1883 General Joaquín Crespo, one of his friends, was declared president, and Guzmán became ambassador to France, living with great ostentation in Paris. In 1886 he again assumed the presidency; his successor, the undistinguished Hermógenes López, was also understood to be under his influence.

The autocratic nature of Guzmán's regimes was in sharp contradiction with the economic and legal reforms as well as with the achievements brought about. His government was responsible for the creation of the modern currency (bolívar), the restoration of the national anthem, the second national census, the railroad between Caracas and La Guaira, the foundation of the Venezuelan Academy of the Language, the telephone service between Caracas and La Guaira, promotion of agriculture and education (Decree of Public and Obligatory Instruction of 1870), stimulus to commerce, and important public works (the National Pantheon, the Capitol, and the Municipal Theater, among others.)

Also a distinguished freemason, he sharply reduced the power of the Roman Catholic Church in Venezuela while in office.

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonio_Guzmán_Blanco — Please support Wikipedia.
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80 news items

 
The New Republic
Wed, 02 Apr 2014 13:26:37 -0700

It was 1870, in fact, when President Antonio Guzmán Blanco—the visionary military dictator who dominated politics at the time—created a mandate for the state to teach all children "morals, reading and writing the national language, practical ...

Noticias24

Noticias24
Wed, 16 Apr 2014 03:41:15 -0700

Fue en 1870 cuando el entonces presidente, Antonio Guzmán Blanco, mandó a derribar la edificación para construir lo que actualmente es el Teatro Municipal. Esta decisión se debía a la condición anticlerical del mandatario, quien tuvo que ceder ante los ...

Noticia al Dia

Noticia al Dia
Wed, 16 Apr 2014 08:21:39 -0700

En 1870 el presidente Antonio Guzmán Blanco mandó a derribar la capilla del Nazareno de San Pablo para construir el Teatro de Caracas, tras las peticiones de su esposa el Mandatario cedió para realizar las construcción a pocas cuadras de la Basilica de ...

Noticias24

Noticias24
Tue, 15 Apr 2014 09:41:15 -0700

Fue bajo el gobierno de Antonio Guzmán Blanco que se inició la construcción del sistema ferroviario en el año de 1887, pero fue el General Joaquín Crespo el 1 de febrero de 1894, quien lo inauguró. Foto: Archivo / Fotosdelosteques. El Gran Ferrocarril ...

Panorama.com.ve

Panorama.com.ve
Fri, 04 Apr 2014 07:55:05 -0700

Infraestructura Abandono, inseguridad y corrupción son algunos de los acompañantes de los cuerpos que reposan en el Cementerio General del Sur, de Caracas. Fundado por Antonio Guzmán Blanco, en 1876, la principal necrópolis de la ciudad capital ...
 
EntornoInteligente
Thu, 03 Apr 2014 13:50:28 -0700

Como bien dijo Antonio Guzmán Blanco hace más de 125 años: "Venezuela es como un cuero seco porque se pisa por un lado y se levanta por otro" . Alguno dice que la oposición venezolana "no tiene plan de país" como alternativa a la bazofia actual.
 
Últimas Noticias
Tue, 01 Apr 2014 17:00:00 -0700

En el liceo Antonio Guzmán Blanco, los 585 alumnos ya fueron consultados. Érika Carrillo y Zaimar Sánchez valoraron el ser tomados en cuenta para diseñar nuevas políticas educativas. Algunos estudiantes de las dos instituciones visitadas dijeron que ...
 
El Tiempo
Thu, 27 Mar 2014 05:51:17 -0700

Antonio Guzmán Blanco acuñó la afirmación según la cual “Venezuela es como un cuero seco porque se pisa por un lado y se levanta por otro”, para referir el temperamento contestatario de los criollos frente a las injusticias y los abusos. El fracaso del ...
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