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Antonio Guzmán Blanco
Martin Tovar y Tovar 20.JPG
President of Venezuela
In office
27 April 1870 – 27 February 1877
Preceded by Guillermo Tell Villegas
Succeeded by Francisco Linares
President of Venezuela
In office
26 February 1879 – 26 April 1884
Preceded by José Gregorio Valera
Succeeded by Joaquín Crespo
President of Venezuela
In office
15 September 1886 – 8 August 1887
Preceded by Joaquín Crespo
Succeeded by Hermógenes López
Personal details
Born (1829-02-28)28 February 1829
Caracas, Venezuela
Died 28 July 1899(1899-07-28) (aged 70)
Paris, France
Political party Liberal Party
Spouse(s) Ana Teresa Ibarra
Signature

Antonio Leocadio Guzmán Blanco (28 February 1829 – 28 July 1899) was President of Venezuela for three separate terms, from 1870–1877, from 1879–1884, and from 1886–1887.

Guzmán was born in Caracas as the son of Antonio Leocadio Guzmán, a Venezuelan journalist, politician as well as founder of the Liberal Party and Carlota Blanco Jerez de Aristeguieta. He was banished by the administration of General Julián Castro, and accompanied General Juan Crisóstomo Falcón in his invasion of Venezuela, becoming his general secretary. After the final defeat of Falcón at Cople in September, 1860, Guzmán accompanied his chief in his flight, and was sent to the West Indies to solicit assistance. Toward the end of 1861 he landed again with Falcón on the coast of Coro, and after numerous engagements signed on 22 May 1863, the treaty of Coche, by which arms were laid down, and a general assembly called at Victoria, which elected Falcón president and Guzmán vice president. The latter was at the same time secretary of the treasury, and went to London to negotiate a loan.

On his return he was for a short time in charge of the executive, and afterward was elected president of congress. After the overthrow of Falcón in 1868, Guzmán left the country, but headed a revolution in 1869, and in 1870 became provisional president with extraordinary powers, ruling the country for seven years as a dictator. His successor, General Francisco Linares Alcántara, died in office in December, 1878, and there were several revolutionary uprisings, till Guzmán assumed the government again. In the elections of 1883 General Joaquín Crespo, one of his friends, was declared president, and Guzmán became ambassador to France, living with great ostentation in Paris. In 1886 he again assumed the presidency; his successor, the undistinguished Hermógenes López, was also understood to be under his influence.

The autocratic nature of Guzmán's regimes was in sharp contradiction with the economic and legal reforms as well as with the achievements brought about. His government was responsible for the creation of the modern currency (bolívar), the restoration of the national anthem, the second national census, the railroad between Caracas and La Guaira, the foundation of the Venezuelan Academy of the Language, the telephone service between Caracas and La Guaira, promotion of agriculture and education (Decree of Public and Obligatory Instruction of 1870), stimulus to commerce, and important public works (the National Pantheon, the Capitol, and the Municipal Theater, among others.)

Also a distinguished freemason, he sharply reduced the power of the Roman Catholic Church in Venezuela while in office.

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonio_Guzmán_Blanco — Please support Wikipedia.
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879 news items

Granma Internacional

Granma Internacional
Thu, 22 Jan 2015 22:22:30 -0800

En agosto de 1881, el Apóstol tiene que salir de Venezuela porque se niega a alabar en sus escritos al entonces presidente de esa nación Antonio Guzmán Blanco. El hecho pone de relieve el pensamiento que ya se va fraguando en el joven periodista.
 
El Tiempo
Sun, 18 Jan 2015 01:22:30 -0800

Desde Lechería.- Diego Bautista Urbaneja Alayón (1817-1892), -hijo del ilustre prócer barcelonés de nuestra independencia del mismo nombre-, destacado político y abogado que durante los gobiernos del general Antonio Guzmán Blanco, fue ministro de ...
 
Aporrea.org (blog)
Sun, 18 Jan 2015 05:42:43 -0800

Al decretar el presidente Antonio Guzmán Blanco, al "Gloria Al Bravo Pueblo" como Himno Nacional, fue un acto patriótico, igual que el presidente Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías, cuando decreto ponerle la octava estrella a la Bandera Nacional y en el cuartel ...
 
El Carabobeño
Wed, 21 Jan 2015 12:03:45 -0800

... magistratura el 1ro de marzo de 1847, con el apoyo de los conservadores, quienes no le aceptaron luego, el perdón que concedió a Antonio Guzmán Blanco, sentenciado a muerte por conspirador en marzo de ese año; Monagas le permitió salir exiliado.
 
El Universal (Venezuela)
Sat, 03 Jan 2015 20:30:46 -0800

... un destacado político y hombre de leyes graduado en la Universidad Central de Venezuela en el año 1849 y quien llegó a ocupar durante los gobiernos del general Antonio Guzmán Blanco relevantes posiciones administrativas como ministro de Interior y ...
 
El Tiempo
Sat, 17 Jan 2015 01:33:45 -0800

Caso particular ocurre con Antonio Guzmán Blanco, quien se creía “la patria”, por lo tanto, cuando acusaba a sus enemigos de ser “traidores a la patria” se refería a que éstos no lo complacían en sus apetencias personales. Es así como llegamos a los ...
 
El Nacional.com
Mon, 12 Jan 2015 20:30:00 -0800

Zamora se encuentra el día 10 en la iglesia de San Juan acompañado de su estado mayor, ayudantes y de Antonio Guzmán Blanco su secretario; desde la torre observa el área de operaciones, al analizar la situación decide enviar a sus inmediatos hacia ...
 
El Nacional.com
Sat, 10 Jan 2015 20:30:00 -0800

Entre 1870 y 1873, Antonio Guzmán Blanco dijo muchas veces que “Venezuela es como un cuero seco, si lo pisas por una lado se levanta por el otro”. Visto a la distancia y a la luz del examen de las relaciones de trabajo alimentadas bajo los axiomas del ...
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