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Antonio Guzmán Blanco
Martin Tovar y Tovar 20.JPG
President of Venezuela
In office
27 April 1870 – 27 February 1877
Preceded by Guillermo Tell Villegas
Succeeded by Francisco Linares
President of Venezuela
In office
26 February 1879 – 26 April 1884
Preceded by José Gregorio Valera
Succeeded by Joaquín Crespo
President of Venezuela
In office
15 September 1886 – 8 August 1887
Preceded by Joaquín Crespo
Succeeded by Hermógenes López
Personal details
Born (1829-02-28)28 February 1829
Caracas, Venezuela
Died 28 July 1899(1899-07-28) (aged 70)
Paris, France
Political party Liberal Party
Spouse(s) Ana Teresa Ibarra
Signature

Antonio Leocadio Guzmán Blanco (28 February 1829 – 28 July 1899) was President of Venezuela for three separate terms, from 1870–1877, from 1879–1884, and from 1886–1887.

Guzmán was born in Caracas as the son of Antonio Leocadio Guzmán, a Venezuelan journalist, politician as well as founder of the Liberal Party and Carlota Blanco Jerez de Aristeguieta. He was banished by the administration of General Julián Castro, and accompanied General Juan Crisóstomo Falcón in his invasion of Venezuela, becoming his general secretary. After the final defeat of Falcón at Cople in September, 1860, Guzmán accompanied his chief in his flight, and was sent to the West Indies to solicit assistance. Toward the end of 1861 he landed again with Falcón on the coast of Coro, and after numerous engagements signed on 22 May 1863, the treaty of Coche, by which arms were laid down, and a general assembly called at Victoria, which elected Falcón president and Guzmán vice president. The latter was at the same time secretary of the treasury, and went to London to negotiate a loan.

On his return he was for a short time in charge of the executive, and afterward was elected president of congress. After the overthrow of Falcón in 1868, Guzmán left the country, but headed a revolution in 1869, and in 1870 became provisional president with extraordinary powers, ruling the country for seven years as a dictator. His successor, General Francisco Linares Alcántara, died in office in December, 1878, and there were several revolutionary uprisings, till Guzmán assumed the government again. In the elections of 1883 General Joaquín Crespo, one of his friends, was declared president, and Guzmán became ambassador to France, living with great ostentation in Paris. In 1886 he again assumed the presidency; his successor, the undistinguished Hermógenes López, was also understood to be under his influence.

The autocratic nature of Guzmán's regimes was in sharp contradiction with the economic and legal reforms as well as with the achievements brought about. His government was responsible for the creation of the modern currency (bolívar), the restoration of the national anthem, the second national census, the railroad between Caracas and La Guaira, the foundation of the Venezuelan Academy of the Language, the telephone service between Caracas and La Guaira, promotion of agriculture and education (Decree of Public and Obligatory Instruction of 1870), stimulus to commerce, and important public works (the National Pantheon, the Capitol, and the Municipal Theater, among others.)

Also a distinguished freemason, he sharply reduced the power of the Roman Catholic Church in Venezuela while in office.

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonio_Guzmán_Blanco — Please support Wikipedia.
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103 news items

Latin American Herald Tribune

Latin American Herald Tribune
Thu, 21 Aug 2014 21:41:15 -0700

... its autocratic past of the 19th century and the first third of the 20th, when the republican division of powers was not such, given that dictators or strongmen back then, the likes of José Antonio Páez, Antonio Guzmán Blanco, Cipriano Castro and ...
 
Noticia al Dia
Mon, 25 Aug 2014 05:56:15 -0700

Para ese momento histórico, la actuación de los representantes de las élites locales y de la dirigencia social revestía un carácter determinante en su empeño por frenar el avance de las ideas centralizadoras del gobierno de Antonio Guzmán Blanco. Tanto ...
 
Noticia al Dia
Thu, 21 Aug 2014 06:30:00 -0700

Esquemeling u Oexmelín vino a Las Antillas contratado por la Compañía de las Indias Occidentales. Fue vendido a un colono por 30 escudos y, después de mil penalidades, se puso el parche en el ojo y se embarcó con filibusteros como médico. En 1686 ...

Venezolana de Televisión

Venezolana de Televisión
Tue, 12 Aug 2014 15:38:50 -0700

Aseveró que estas deudas y crisis fueron elementos relacionados para atender el capital financiero, esto -explicó- hicieron que contrajeran deudas de formas irresponsables en el gobierno Antonio Guzmán Blanco.(Foto: VTV). pablogimenez1.jpg. Aseveró ...

Correo del Orinoco

Correo del Orinoco
Sun, 24 Aug 2014 09:33:34 -0700

Este 23 de agosto se conmemoró el día, acordado por la Unesco, para recordar esta infamia contra la humanidad. El historiador José Marcial Ramos Guédez destaca que el censo hecho por Antonio Guzmán Blanco por primera vez incorporó a todos los ...

El Nacional.com

El Nacional.com
Mon, 11 Aug 2014 21:49:27 -0700

... hipotéticamente, se abría luego de los jugosos acuerdos (para los negociadores) resultantes de la llamada Paz de Coche (Pedro José de Rojas y Antonio Guzmán Blanco), acontecimiento bien descrito por Díaz Sánchez en su libro sobre los Guzmán, que ...

Aporrea.org

Aporrea.org
Mon, 18 Aug 2014 12:07:39 -0700

Es así como, en el caso venezolano las primeras manifestaciones del Estado liberal comienzan a finales del siglo XIX con la asunción del poder del autócrata Antonio Guzmán Blanco y su ”Liberalismo Amarillo”, aunque el partido liberal fue creado por los ...

El Nacional.com

El Nacional.com
Fri, 08 Aug 2014 21:41:15 -0700

Los delincuentes se dispersaron al llegar a la avenida Antonio Guzmán Blanco, que comunica a la Cota 905 con El Paraíso. Entre ellos figuran los integrantes de una banda de secuestradores detenidos en julio. Desde la madrugada del viernes se produjo ...
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