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Antonio Guzmán Blanco
Martin Tovar y Tovar 20.JPG
President of Venezuela
In office
27 April 1870 – 27 February 1877
Preceded by Guillermo Tell Villegas
Succeeded by Francisco Linares
President of Venezuela
In office
26 February 1879 – 26 April 1884
Preceded by José Gregorio Valera
Succeeded by Joaquín Crespo
President of Venezuela
In office
15 September 1886 – 8 August 1887
Preceded by Joaquín Crespo
Succeeded by Hermógenes López
Personal details
Born (1829-02-28)28 February 1829
Caracas, Venezuela
Died 28 July 1899(1899-07-28) (aged 70)
Paris, France
Political party Liberal Party
Spouse(s) Ana Teresa Ibarra
Signature

Antonio Leocadio Guzmán Blanco (28 February 1829 – 28 July 1899) was President of Venezuela for three separate terms, from 1870–1877, from 1879–1884, and from 1886–1887.

Guzmán was born in Caracas as the son of Antonio Leocadio Guzmán, a Venezuelan journalist, politician as well as founder of the Liberal Party and Carlota Blanco Jerez de Aristeguieta. He was banished by the administration of General Julián Castro, and accompanied General Juan Crisóstomo Falcón in his invasion of Venezuela, becoming his general secretary. After the final defeat of Falcón at Cople in September, 1860, Guzmán accompanied his chief in his flight, and was sent to the West Indies to solicit assistance. Toward the end of 1861 he landed again with Falcón on the coast of Coro, and after numerous engagements signed on 22 May 1863, the treaty of Coche, by which arms were laid down, and a general assembly called at Victoria, which elected Falcón president and Guzmán vice president. The latter was at the same time secretary of the treasury, and went to London to negotiate a loan.

On his return he was for a short time in charge of the executive, and afterward was elected president of congress. After the overthrow of Falcón in 1868, Guzmán left the country, but headed a revolution in 1869, and in 1870 became provisional president with extraordinary powers, ruling the country for seven years as a dictator. His successor, General Francisco Linares Alcántara, died in office in December, 1878, and there were several revolutionary uprisings, till Guzmán assumed the government again. In the elections of 1883 General Joaquín Crespo, one of his friends, was declared president, and Guzmán became ambassador to France, living with great ostentation in Paris. In 1886 he again assumed the presidency; his successor, the undistinguished Hermógenes López, was also understood to be under his influence.

The autocratic nature of Guzmán's regimes was in sharp contradiction with the economic and legal reforms as well as with the achievements brought about. His government was responsible for the creation of the modern currency (bolívar), the restoration of the national anthem, the second national census, the railroad between Caracas and La Guaira, the foundation of the Venezuelan Academy of the Language, the telephone service between Caracas and La Guaira, promotion of agriculture and education (Decree of Public and Obligatory Instruction of 1870), stimulus to commerce, and important public works (the National Pantheon, the Capitol, and the Municipal Theater, among others.)

Also a distinguished freemason, he sharply reduced the power of the Roman Catholic Church in Venezuela while in office.

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonio_Guzmán_Blanco — Please support Wikipedia.
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874 news items

El Carabobeño

El Carabobeño
Sat, 20 Dec 2014 09:15:00 -0800

Es importante recordar que la Fundación J. V. Seijas tiene como sede las instalaciones de lo que fue el primer acueducto de la ciudad, también conocido como la “Vieja Caja de Agua”, construida en 1886 por el entonces presidente Antonio Guzmán Blanco.

ACN ( Agencia Carabobeña de Noticias)

ACN ( Agencia Carabobeña de Noticias)
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 05:41:15 -0800

De la Catedral pasaron en el Gobierno de Antonio Guzmán Blanco al Panteón Nacional, un templo donde predomina la afirmación de su grandeza. JEB BUSH INICIÓ EL CAMINO HACIA LA CASA BLANCA. Aunque de momento, el exgobernador de ...
 
El Nacional.com
Thu, 11 Dec 2014 20:30:00 -0800

Por lo que se refiere a Caracas, la colina de El Calvario (antes de que Antonio Guzmán Blanco mandara a construir allí el paseo que conocemos hasta el día de hoy) sirvió para recorrido del alma en pena del traidor (como él se calificaba). Los ...
 
Diario El Tiempo
Sat, 13 Dec 2014 03:43:59 -0800

En 1881 con la creación por parte del presidente Antonio Guzmán Blanco del Gran Estado de Los Andes se le denomina como ciudad y en 1904 se designa como capital del Distrito Miranda. La Basílica Menor de Santa Lucía fue construida en 1911 y junto ...

Últimas Noticias

Últimas Noticias
Wed, 10 Dec 2014 20:42:08 -0800

Para la fecha se había convertido en un potencial turístico e histórico donde se encontraban emblemáticas edificaciones, como la Casa Presidencial La Guzmania, construida bajo el mandato del general Antonio Guzmán Blanco. Hospedajes que recibieron ...
 
Correo del Caroní
Sat, 13 Dec 2014 12:15:00 -0800

Se truncó esta presencia en el último cuarto del siglo XIX con el decreto de Antonio Guzmán Blanco, extrañando de territorio venezolano a todas las monjas de clausura. Quedó latente en Mérida el vacío. A finales del siglo XIX llegaron a Mérida por poco ...
 
Informe21.com
Tue, 09 Dec 2014 06:03:45 -0800

Dirección: Av. Antonio Guzmán Blanco, entre el Parque El Pinar y la redoma La India. Urbanización El Paraíso (frente al Cocodrilos Sports Park). - ¿Te has imaginado casarte en la cima de El Ávila? Pues, ahora el restaurante “Soho Galipán” puede hacer ...
 
El Periodiquito
Sat, 22 Nov 2014 05:52:30 -0800

Una muestra del artista plástico Antonio Herrera Toro serpa exhibida al público el próximo 4 de diciembre, en los espacios de la Galería de Arte Nacional (GAN), informa una nota de prensa emitida por esta institución cultural, publicada por el diario ...
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