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An Ansco B2 Speedex Junior

Ansco was the brand name of a photographic company based in Binghamton, New York, which produced photographic films, papers and cameras from the mid-1800s until the 1980s.[1][2] It also sold rebadged versions of cameras made by other manufacturers, including Agfa and Chinon. A Minolta-built Ansco model was the first 35 mm camera in space.

History[edit]

Early History[edit]

Advertisement for Ansco Speedex Film, 1920.

The company was founded in 1842 (pre-dating Kodak in the photography business) as E. Anthony & Co. (later E. and H.T. Anthony & Company, when Edward Anthony's brother officially joined the business) and became the Anthony & Scovill Co. in 1901, after a merger with the Camera business of Scovill Manufacturing (Connecticut). That year the company headquarters relocated to Binghamton New York. This was already a site of one of Ansco's photographic paper manufacturing facilities. Just after that, in 1905 it settled a landmark patent infringement case against Eastman Kodak, which had been violating the Goodwin roll film patent (Hannibal Goodwin of Newark, New Jersey) held by Ansco. The settlement received from Kodak was very small compared to the damage done to Ansco, which already had financial problems as a result of business lost to Eastman Kodak.[3]

Merger with Agfa[edit]

In 1928 Ansco merged with the German photo company Agfa to form a corporation named Agfa-Ansco. Later that year that firm and other German-owned chemical firms were merged into a Swiss holding company, Inter-nationale Gesellschaft für Chemische Unternehmungen AG or IG Chemie, that was controlled by Germany's chemical industry conglomerate, IG Farben. In 1929 the parent corporation's name was changed to American IG Chemical Corporation or American IG, later renamed General Aniline & Film, which continued to produce cameras under the Agfa-Ansco name.[3]

During the period before the U.S. entrance into World War II, the Agfa-Ansco business grew enormously, with added manufacturing capacity in paper, film and camera manufacturing. The Agfa-Ansco interests in the U.S. and Binghamton factory were taken over by the U.S. government in 1941 due to its ties with Germany.[3] The Ansco company was merged with General Aniline as General Aniline & Film in 1939.

Color film: Anscochrome[edit]

Pror to the war, Agfa-Ansco had marketed Agfacolor film made in Germany. To assist the war effort, the company experts used available information to develop a similar product, first called Ansco Color, later Anscochrome. After the war, Anscochrome was widely distributed, but met with limited commercial success in competition with Kodak products. An important marketing feature was its greater speed in comparison to Kodachrome.[4][5] A second advantage was that users, professional or amateur, could process the film in their own darkrooms rather than having to send it away (as with Kodachrome) or use cumbersome re-exposure steps as with Kodak Ektachrome.

Post-War Business[edit]

The company was the last business to be sold as enemy assets to American interests in the 1960s. At that time, a new headquarters was constructed in Vestal, New York, adjacent to the new college campus of Harpur College (now Binghamton University). This location is the only remaining evidence of ANSCO in the Binghamton area, and is currently occupied by the University. It continued to do business after World War II as Ansco until 1967 when the company adopted the parent's name of General Aniline & Film (GAF), and a variety of cameras as well as films were sold under this name until the business was shut down in the early 1980s. Briefly in the 1970s, it was the official film of Disneyland and at this time, actor Henry Fonda served as the company's spokesman in television commercials including one that featured Jodie Foster in her first acting role.[6] The last Ansco cameras were produced in the early 1990s by a Hong Kong business that bought the rights to the name.[3]

Gallery[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Current,Ira. ANSCO Reminiscences Broome County Historical Society Newsletter, Spring 1995.
  2. ^ Ollinger, James. A Brief History of Agfa, Ansco and GAF Cameras.
  3. ^ a b c d Camp, William L. Ansco Chronology, From a Binghamton, N. Y. point of view. July 14, 2011.
  4. ^ Anscochrome and Ansco color transparencies slides. June 11, 2010.
  5. ^ About Ansco. February 07, 2008.
  6. ^ 1971 GAF View Master Commercial with Henry Fonda & Jodie Foster at YouTube

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ansco — Please support Wikipedia.
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1030 videos foundNext > 

1959 ANSCO CAMERAS COMMERCIAL CHRISTMAS

1959 Ansco commercial suggestion cameras as an ideal Christmas gift to a young housewife. Subscribe to Captain Bijou!! More vintage videos, trailers and comm...

Ansco ShurFlash - Film Loading

I demonstrate how to load an Ansco Shurflash Box camera. This procedure will work for many different types of box camera that use 120 film.

Agfa Ansco Box Camera

In this video we take a look at what I believe to be some variation of the Agfa Ansco No. 2 box camera. I go over this camera in particular and give some of ...

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Wanted to show shutter mechanism operation. And tell about that it can easlily be repaired if you hear little parts rattling around. Ew, boring, 6 minutes.

Ansco Automatic Reflex - American Best TLR

The Ansco Automatic Reflex was a premium-priced American TLR introduced in 1947. The original model lacked flash sync, and film winding did not re-cock the s...

Vintage Old 1950's Ansco Anscomatic Slide Projector Commercial

Agfa Isolette and Ansco Speedex Lens Collimating.wmv

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1950 Vintage Ansco Cadet Camera Commercial

I have never heard of Ansco cameras or Ansco film. I have learned something. As hard as it is to get an "old dog" to learn something, it actually happened.

Ansco Flash Clipper

Showcase of Ansco's 1910 "Flash Clipper" camera. The "Flash Clipper" is an historic marvel and a photographic masterpiece. Find out why...

Ansco Pix Panorama Flipped Lens Camera

I show how to flip the lens on an Ansco Pix Panorama camera.

1030 videos foundNext > 

5 news items

 
WorkersCompensation.com (press release)
Wed, 02 Apr 2014 15:30:00 -0700

Additional participants are Georgia Power, Pike Electric, the National Safety Council – Georgia Chapter, Ansco & Associates and the Governor's Office of Highway Safety. "Alliance members have demonstrated initiative and leadership organizing this ...

PetaPixel

PetaPixel
Thu, 20 Mar 2014 11:06:41 -0700

For those wanting specifics, the remaining companies whose branding he used are Ansco, Efke, Maco, Orwo, Perutz and Svema. ba81095c653acf5d87dd76e1d44eca5e_large. Being we're the first to get a write-up out about Daksiewicz' latest Kickstarter ...
 
Coosa Valley News
Sun, 06 Apr 2014 14:22:30 -0700

Additional participants are Georgia Power, Pike Electric, the National Safety Council – Georgia Chapter, Ansco & Associates and the Governor`s Office of Highway Safety. Alliance members have demonstrated initiative and leadership organizing this ...

El Mostrador

El Mostrador
Thu, 10 Apr 2014 00:00:32 -0700

Diario El Rancagüino

Diario El Rancagüino
Sat, 05 Apr 2014 09:30:00 -0700

... correspondiente al mes de marzo, en el seminario “Análisis del Escenario Económico Actual y los desafíos de la VI Región”, organizado por dicha institución junto a Diario Estrategia y auspiciado por Diario El Rancagüino, Club Ansco y Revista Gestión.
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