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An Ansco B2 Speedex Junior

Ansco was the brand name of a photographic company based in Binghamton, New York, which produced photographic films, papers and cameras from the mid-1800s until the 1980s.[1][2] It also sold rebadged versions of cameras made by other manufacturers, including Agfa and Chinon. A Minolta-built Ansco model was the first 35 mm camera in space and their film was used in space, too.

History[edit]

Early History[edit]

Advertisement for Ansco Speedex Film, 1920.

The company was founded in 1842 (pre-dating Kodak in the photography business) as E. Anthony & Co. (later E. and H.T. Anthony & Company, when Edward Anthony's brother officially joined the business) and became the Anthony & Scovill Co. in 1901, after a merger with the Camera business of Scovill Manufacturing (Connecticut), founded by James Mitchell Lamson Scovill and William Henry Scovill. That year the company headquarters relocated to Binghamton New York. This was already a site of one of Ansco's photographic paper manufacturing facilities. Just after that, in 1905 it settled a landmark patent infringement case against Eastman Kodak, which had been violating the Goodwin roll film patent (Hannibal Goodwin of Newark, New Jersey) held by Ansco. The settlement received from Kodak was very small compared to the damage done to Ansco, which already had financial problems as a result of business lost to Eastman Kodak.[3]

Merger with Agfa[edit]

In 1928 Ansco merged with the German photo company Agfa to form a corporation named Agfa-Ansco. Later that year that firm and other German-owned chemical firms were merged into a Swiss holding company, Inter-nationale Gesellschaft für Chemische Unternehmungen AG or IG Chemie, that was controlled by Germany's chemical industry conglomerate, IG Farben. In 1929 the parent corporation's name was changed to American IG Chemical Corporation or American IG, later renamed General Aniline & Film, which continued to produce cameras under the Agfa-Ansco name.[3]

During the period before the U.S. entrance into World War II, the Agfa-Ansco business grew enormously, with added manufacturing capacity in paper, film and camera manufacturing. The Agfa-Ansco interests in the U.S. and Binghamton factory were taken over by the U.S. government in 1941 due to its ties with Germany.[3] The Ansco company was merged with General Aniline as General Aniline & Film in 1939.

Color film: Anscochrome[edit]

Prior to the war, Agfa-Ansco had marketed Agfacolor film made in Germany. To assist the war effort, the company experts used available information to develop a similar product, first called Ansco Color, later Anscochrome. After the war, Anscochrome was widely distributed, but met with limited commercial success in competition with Kodak products. An important marketing feature was its greater speed in comparison to Kodachrome.[4][5] A second advantage was that users, professional or amateur, could process the film in their own darkrooms rather than having to send it away (as with Kodachrome) or use cumbersome re-exposure steps as with Kodak Ektachrome.

Post-War Business[edit]

The company was the last business to be sold as enemy assets to American interests in the 1960s. At that time, a new headquarters was constructed in Vestal, New York, adjacent to the new college campus of Harpur College (now Binghamton University). This location is the only remaining evidence of Ansco in the Binghamton area, and is currently occupied by the University. It continued to do business after World War II as Ansco until 1967 when the company adopted the parent's name of General Aniline & Film (GAF), and a variety of cameras as well as films were sold under this name until the business was shut down in the early 1980s. Briefly in the 1970s, it was the official film of Disneyland and at this time, actor Henry Fonda served as the company's spokesman in television commercials including one that featured Jodie Foster in her first acting role.[6] The last Ansco cameras were produced in the early 1990s by a Hong Kong business that bought the rights to the name.[3]

Gallery[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Current,Ira. ANSCO Reminiscences Broome County Historical Society Newsletter, Spring 1995.
  2. ^ Ollinger, James. A Brief History of Agfa, Ansco and GAF Cameras.
  3. ^ a b c d Camp, William L. Ansco Chronology, From a Binghamton, N. Y. point of view. July 14, 2011.
  4. ^ Anscochrome and Ansco color transparencies slides. June 11, 2010.
  5. ^ About Ansco. February 07, 2008.
  6. ^ 1971 GAF View Master Commercial with Henry Fonda & Jodie Foster at YouTube

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ansco — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

811 news items

Diario El Rancagüino

Diario El Rancagüino
Mon, 08 Feb 2016 13:50:45 -0800

El pasado sábado y domingo llegaron hasta el Club Ansco de Rancagua las delegaciones de los 17 equipos de volleyball que disputaron el campeonato preparatorio organizado por Alexis Gómez y Fabián Astudillo. Cabe destacar que los 17 equipos se ...

Catanzaro Informa

Catanzaro Informa
Sun, 07 Feb 2016 03:03:45 -0800

Dopo essere stata esposta in diverse città italiane, è approdata anche nel capoluogo calabrese la mostra, unica nel suo genere, nata dalla scoperta casuale e dall'acquisto di una pellicola vergine scaduta da oltre 70 anni, una Ansco Supreme prodotta ...

Financieele Dagblad

Financieele Dagblad
Wed, 03 Feb 2016 00:01:00 -0800

'We zien de vraag naar hoog opgeleide financials in het hele land stijgen', zegt Ansco Dokkum, directeur Yacht Finance. 'In absolute aantallen is het aanbod van banen in de Randstad het grootst, maar ook in de rest van Nederland kan de financieel ...
 
Accountant.nl
Wed, 03 Feb 2016 01:39:42 -0800

Dat meldt arbeidsbemiddelaar Yacht Finance. "We zien de vraag naar hoogopgeleide financials in het hele land stijgen", zegt Ansco Dokkum, directeur Yacht Finance. "In absolute aantallen is het aanbod van banen in de Randstad het grootst, maar ook in de ...

PULSO

PULSO
Mon, 01 Feb 2016 00:15:00 -0800

La norma obliga a que el representante del sillón se elija por medio de una quina con representantes tanto de la Federación de Supervisores (Fesuc) como de la Asociación Nacional de Supervisores del Cobre (Ansco). “Existe una anomalía en el diseño de ...

CN24TV

CN24TV
Thu, 04 Feb 2016 11:41:15 -0800

La mostra, unica nel suo genere, nasce dalla scoperta casuale e dall'acquisto di una pellicola vergine scaduta da oltre 70 anni, una Ansco Supreme prodotta negli U.S.A attorno al 1941. La bobina è stata testata, bobinata a mano in rullini da 10 pose e ...

People Magazine

People Magazine
Mon, 26 Oct 2015 10:57:48 -0700

Olson's fascination with the visual world started at age 12 when his grandfather gave him his first camera, an Ansco Flash, to take pictures on the family farm in Morris, Illinois. At age 21, he became the youngest photographer ever hired at LIFE ...

WTVD-TV

WTVD-TV
Fri, 08 Jan 2016 11:07:30 -0800

Walker called AT&T's subcontractor, Ansco. "He said the line that goes from the control box to the valves that controls the sprinkler system was cut here, and he agreed they worked over here, but because it was cut here it couldn't be their fault ...
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