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This article is about the currency kwanza. For the river in Angola, see Cuanza River. For the American holiday, see Kwanzaa.
Angolan kwanza
ISO 4217 code AOA
Central bank Banco Nacional de Angola
 Website www.bna.ao
User(s)  Angola
Inflation 13.1%
 Source The World Factbook, 2009 est.
Subunit
 1/100 cêntimo
Symbol Kz
Coins
 Freq. used 1, 2, 5, 10 kwanzas
 Rarely used 10, 50 cêntimos
Banknotes 10, 50, 100, 200, 500, 1,000, 2,000, 5,000 kwanzas

The kwanza (sign: Kz; ISO 4217 code: AOA) is the currency of Angola. Four different currencies using the name kwanza have circulated since 1977.

Overview[edit]

Start date Finish date ISO 4217 Currency unit Subunit Notes
8 Jan 1977 24 Sep 1990 AOK Kwanza 100 lwei 1 kwanza = 1 Angolan escudo
25 Sep 1990 30 Jun 1995 AON Novo kwanza none 1 novo kwanza = 1 kwanza
1 Jul 1995 30 Nov 1999 AOR Kwanza reajustado none 1 kwanza reajustado = 1000 novos kwanzas
1 Dec 1999 present AOA Kwanza 100 cêntimos 1 kwanza = 1,000,000 kwanzas reajustados

First Kwanza, AOK, 1975-1990[edit]

Kwanza was introduced following Angolan independence. It replaced the escudo at par and was subdivided into 100 lwei. Its ISO 4217 code was AOK.

Coins[edit]

The first coins issued for the kwanza did not bear any date, although all bore the date of independence, 27 December 1975. They were in denominations of 10, 20, 50 lwei, 1, 2, 5 and 10 kwanzas. 20 kwanza coins were added in 1978. The last date to appear on coins was 1979.

Banknotes[edit]

On 8 January 1977, banknotes dated 11 DE NOVEMBRO DE 1975 were introduced by the Banco Nacional de Angola (National Bank of Angola) in denominations of 20, 50, 100, 500, and 1000 kwanzas.[1] The 20 kwanza note was replaced by a coin in 1978.

Novo kwanza, AON, 1990-1995[edit]

In 1990, the novo kwanza was introduced, with the ISO 4217 code AON. Although it replaced the kwanza at par, Angolans could only exchange 5% of all old notes for new ones; they had to exchange the rest for government securities. This kwanza suffered from high inflation.

Banknotes[edit]

This currency was only issued in note form. The first banknotes issued in 1990 were overprints on earlier notes in denominations of 50 (report not confirmed), 500, 1000 and 5000 novos kwanzas (5000 novos kwanzas overprinted on 100 kwanzas). In 1991, the word novo was dropped from the issue of regular banknotes for 100, 500, 1000, 5000, 10,000, 50,000, 100,000 and 500,000 kwanzas.

Kwanza reajustado, AOR, 1995-1999[edit]

In 1995, the kwanza reajustado replaced the previous kwanza at a rate of 1,000 to 1. It had the ISO 4217 code AOR. The inflation continued and no coins were issued.

Banknotes[edit]

Despite the exchange rate, such was the low value of the old kwanza that the smallest denomination of banknote issued was 1000 kwanza reajustado. Other notes were 5,000, 10,000, 50,000, 100,000, 500,000, 1,000,000 and 5,000,000 kwanzas.

Second kwanza, AOA, 1999-[edit]

In 1999, a second currency was introduced simply called the kwanza. Unlike the first kwanza, this currency is subdivided into 100 cêntimos. The introduction of this currency saw the reintroduction of coins. Although it suffered early on from high inflation, its value has now stabilized.

Coins[edit]

Coins
Value Technical parameters Description Date of first minting
Diameter Mass Composition Edge Obverse Reverse
10 cêntimos 15 mm 1.5 g Copper plated steel Reeded State title, Coat of arms, year Value 1999
50 cêntimos 18 mm 3 g
1 kwanza 21 mm 4.5 g Cupronickel Reeded State title, Coat of arms, year Value 1999
2 kwanzas 22 mm 5 g
5 kwanzas 26 mm 7 g
For table standards, see the coin specification table.

Coins in 10 and 50 cêntimo denominations are no longer used, as the values are minuscule.

Banknotes[edit]

Banknotes of the Angolan Kwanza (1999 series)
Image Value Main Colour Description Date of
Obverse Reverse Obverse Reverse Watermark printing issue
[1] [2] 1 kwanza Pink Agostinho Neto, José Eduardo dos Santos Women picking cotton Sculpture October 1999 1 December 1999
[3] [4] 5 kwanzas Light green Serra da Leba
[5] [6] 10 kwanzas Red 2 antelopes
[7] [8] 50 kwanzas Lime Off-shore oil rig
[9] [10] 100 kwanzas Yellow-brown Banco Nacional de Angola
[11] [12] 200 kwanzas Lilac Aerial view of Luanda November 2003 19 July 2004
[13] [14] 500 kwanzas Orange Cotton
[15] [16] 1000 kwanzas Rose Coffee plantation
[17] [18] 2000 kwanzas Lime Sea shore 2006

The banknotes are quite similar in design, with only different colours separating them.

The Banco National de Angola issued a new series of kwanza banknotes on March 22, 2013 in denominations of 50, 100, 200 and 500 kwanzas. The other denominations (1000, 2000 and 5000 kwanzas) were issued on May 31, 2013.[2][3]

Historical exchange rates[edit]

This table shows the historical value of one U.S. dollar in Angola kwanzas:

Date Currency code and Name Rate
1994 AON novo kwanza 34,200 to 850,000
January to June 1995 AON novo kwanza 1,000,000 to 2,100,000
1 July 1995 1000 AON -> 1 AOR (kwanza reajustado)
July to December 1995 AOR kwanza reajustado 2,100 to 13,000
1996 AOR kwanza reajustado 13,000 to 210,000 to 194,000
1997 AOR kwanza reajustado 194,000 to 253,300
1998 AOR kwanza reajustado 253,300 to 594,000
1999 AOR kwanza reajustado 594,000 to 5,400,000
1 December 1999 1 million AOR -> 1 AOA (kwanza)
2000 AOA kwanza 5.4 to 16.3
2001 AOA kwanza 16.3 to 31.12
2002 AOA kwanza 31.12 to 57.47
2003 AOA kwanza 57.47 to 86.88 to 78.61
2004 AOA kwanza 78.61 to 85.90
2005 AOA kwanza 85.90 to 88.97 to 80.58
2006 AOA kwanza 80.58 to 89.01 to 80.57
2007 AOA kwanza 80.57 to 74.78 to 75.16
2008 AOA kwanza 75.16 to -

On several occasions during the 1990s, Angola's currency was the least valued currency unit in the world.[citation needed]

Current AOA exchange rates
From Google Finance: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD INR CNY KRW
From Yahoo! Finance: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD INR CNY KRW
From XE.com: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD INR CNY KRW
From OANDA.com: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD INR CNY KRW
From fxtop.com: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD INR CNY KRW

Production[edit]

The Angolan kwanza has been produced by De la Rue in England.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Linzmayer, Owen (2012). "Angola". The Banknote Book. San Francisco, CA: www.BanknoteNews.com. 
  2. ^ Angola new 50-, 100-, 200-, and 500-kwanza notes confirmed BanknoteNews.com. April 11, 2013. Retrieved on 2013-04-11.
  3. ^ Angola new 1,000-, 2,000-, and 5,000-kwanza notes confirmed BanknoteNews.com. June 24, 2013. Retrieved on 2013-06-27.

External links[edit]

Kwanza
Preceded by:
Angolan escudo
Reason: independence (in 1975)
Ratio: at par
Currency of Angola
1977 – 1990
Succeeded by:
Novo kwanza
Reason: government seized part of the money supply
Ratio: at par (see article for more detail)
Novo kwanza
Preceded by:
Kwanza
Reason: government seized part of the money supply
Ratio: at par (see article for more detail)
Currency of Angola
1990 – 1995
Succeeded by:
Kwanza reajustado
Reason: inflation
Ratio: 1 kwanza reajustado = 1000 novos kwanzas
Kwanza reajustado
Preceded by:
Novo kwanza
Reason: inflation
Ratio: 1 kwanza reajustado = 1000 novos kwanzas
Currency of Angola
1995 – 1999
Succeeded by:
Kwanza
Reason: inflation
Ratio: 1 kwanza = 1,000,000 kwanzas reajustados
Kwanza
Preceded by:
Kwanza reajustado
Reason: inflation
Ratio: 1 kwanza = 1,000,000 kwanzas reajustados
Currency of Angola
1999 –
Succeeded by:
Current

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angolan_kwanza — Please support Wikipedia.
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7922 news items

 
BDlive
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 22:11:15 -0800

Devaluation of the Angolan kwanza adds more risk. "The kwanza is devaluing at an annual rate of 18% against the US dollar. The central bank wants a gradual decline but they may not be able to achieve it," she says. Arguably at most risk is high-flying ...

BBC News

BBC News
Tue, 25 Nov 2014 09:26:15 -0800

Falling oil prices also affected the Angolan kwanza, which hit a record low against the dollar on Tuesday. The bank's governor Godwin Emefiele said: "Falling oil prices have consistently reduced the accretion to external reserves, thus constraining the ...
 
New Era
Wed, 24 Sep 2014 00:30:00 -0700

Santa Clara — Trading in the Angolan kwanza at Oshikango in Namibia and using the Namibian dollar in Santa Clara, Angola, would commence in the next six months, once bank personnel have been trained on security features of the two currencies, and ...
 
The Star
Mon, 15 Dec 2014 00:03:13 -0800

The Angolan Kwanza [Angola is the second biggest oil producer in Sub-Saharan Africa after Nigeria] is at a record low. Both countries are like Russia and are praying for a 'Hail-Mary' pass. It's not going to happen. Capital Economics estimates that ...
 
Macauhub
Tue, 16 Dec 2014 03:37:30 -0800

The Zaire Provincial Development Plan, approved Monday by the Economic Commission of the Angolan Council of Ministers, includes estimated expenses of 715 billion kwanza (US$7 billion), said the provincial governor. José Joanes André said that amount ...
 
The New Age Online
Sat, 22 Nov 2014 21:26:15 -0800

They are selling cellphone airtime, vegetables and exchanging dollars for Angolan kwanza. "We set up here after the supermarket opened," says Maria. "It's a great location. There are a lot of pedestrians so there are lots of opportunities to make a sale.".
 
Macauhub
Fri, 12 Dec 2014 03:48:45 -0800

The proposed Angolan State Budget for 2015, approved Thursday in Luanda, includes a deficit of 1.031 billion kwanza (US$10.114 billion), to be covered using external and domestic financing. According to the government, which submitted the proposal ...
 
Yahoo!7 News
Mon, 24 Nov 2014 18:03:45 -0800

They are selling mobile phone airtime, vegetables and exchanging US dollars for Angolan kwanza. "We set up here after the supermarket opened," says Maria. "It's a great location. There are a lot of pedestrians so there are lots of opportunities to make ...
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