|Andronikos IV Palaiologos|
|Emperor of the Byzantine Empire|
|Reign||12 August 1376 – 1 July 1379|
|Full name||Andronikos IV Palaiologos
Ἀνδρόνικος Δ' Παλαιολόγος
|Born||2 April 1348|
|Birthplace||Constantinople, Byzantine Empire|
|Died||28 June 1385|
|Place of death||Selymbria, Byzantine Empire|
|Predecessor||John V Palaiologos|
|Successor||John V Palaiologos|
|Consort to||Keratsa of Bulgaria|
|Issue||John VII Palaiologos
|Father||John V Palaiologos|
Although associated as co-emperor with his father since the early 1350s, Andronikos IV rebelled when the Ottoman sultan Murad I forced John V into vassalage in 1373. Andronikos IV had allied with Murad's son Savcı Bey, who was rebelling against his own father, but both rebellions failed. Murad I blinded his son and demanded that John V have Andronikos IV blinded as well, but John V blinded Andronikos in only one eye.
In July 1376, the Genoese helped Andronikos to escape from prison, whence he went straight to sultan Murad I, and agreed to return Gallipoli in return for his support. Gallipoli had been retaken by the Byzantines ten years before, with the assistance of Amadeus VI, Count of Savoy. The sultan duly provided a mixed force of cavalry and infantry and with these, Andronikos was able to take control of Constantinople. Here he was able to capture and imprison both John V and his son Manuel.
However, he made the mistake of favouring the Genoese too highly by awarding it Tenedos. The governor there refused to hand it over, and passed it on to Venice. In the same year, 1377, he crowned his young son John VII as co-emperor. However in 1379 John and Manuel escaped to sultan Murad, and with the assistance of the Venetians, overthrew Andronikos later in the year. The Venetians restored John V to the throne, and Manuel II. Andronikos fled to Galata, staying there until 1381, when he was once again made co-emperor and heir to the throne despite his earlier treachery. Andronikos IV was also given the city of Selymbria (Silivri) as his personal domain. However, he predeceased his father there in 1385, never to rule as legitimate emperor.
- John VII Palaiologos, emperor in 1390;
- two daughters.
|Ancestors of Andronikos IV Palaiologos|
- Gibbon, Edward, Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Modern Library, v. iii, p. 651
- Harris, Jonathan, The End of Byzantium. Yale University Press, 2010. ISBN 978-0-300-11786-8
- Nicol, Donald M., The Last Centuries of Byzantium. Cambridge University Press, 1993, 2nd edition. ISBN 0-521-43991-4
- Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. Oxford University Press, 1991.
Andronikos IV Palaiologos
Palaiologos dynastyBorn: 2 April 1348 Died: 28 June 1385
John V Palaiologos
with John VII Palaiologos (1377–1379)
John V Palaiologos
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