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A 1907 postcard depicting the ACF plant at St. Charles, Missouri
A refrigerator car built by ACF in 1911.

American Car and Foundry (often abbreviated as ACF) is an American manufacturer of railroad rolling stock. One of its subsidiaries was once (1925–54) a manufacturer of motor coaches and trolley coaches under the brand names of (first) ACF and (later) ACF-Brill. Today ACF is known as ACF Industries LLC and is based in St. Charles, Missouri.[1] It is owned by investor Carl Icahn.


American Car and Foundry was formed and incorporated in New Jersey in 1899 as the result of the merger of 13 smaller railroad car manufacturers. The company was made up of:

Company Founded Location
Buffalo Car Manufacturing Company 1872 Buffalo, New York
Ensign Manufacturing Company[2] 1872 Huntington, West Virginia
Jackson and Woodin Manufacturing Company 1861 Berwick, Pennsylvania
Michigan-Peninsular Car Company 1892 Detroit, Michigan
Minerva Car Works 1882 Minerva, Ohio
Missouri Car and Foundry Company 1865 St. Louis, Missouri
Murray, Dougal and Company 1864 Milton, Pennsylvania
Niagara Car Wheel Company Buffalo, New York
Ohio Falls Car Company 1876 Jeffersonville, Indiana
St. Charles Car Company 1873 St. Charles, Missouri
Terre Haute Car and Manufacturing Company Terre Haute, Indiana
Union Car Company Depew, New York
Wells and French Company 1869 Chicago, Illinois

Later in 1899 ACF acquired Bloomsburg Car Manufacturing Company (of Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania). Two years later, ACF acquired Jackson and Sharp Company (founded 1863 in Wilmington, Delaware), and the Common Sense Bolster Company (of Chicago, Illinois). The unified company made a great investment in the former Jackson & Woodin plant in Pennsylvania, spending about $3 million. It was at this plant that ACF built the first all-steel passenger car in the world in 1904. The car was built for the Interborough Rapid Transit system of New York City, the first of 300 such cars ordered by the railroad.

1904 and 1905 saw ACF build several motor cars and trailers for the London Underground.[3] In those two years ACF also acquired Southern Car and Foundry (founded 1899 in Memphis, Tennessee), Indianapolis Car and Foundry and Indianapolis Car Company.

During World War I ACF produced artillery gun mounts and ammunition, submarine chasers and other boats, railway cars, and other equipment to support the Allies.[3] ACF ranked 36th among United States corporations in the value of World War II production contracts.[4]



External-braced wooden boxcar built for sugar service in Cuba by ACF. ca. 1922

In the past ACF built passenger and freight cars, including covered hopper cars for hauling such cargo as corn and other grains. One of the largest customers was the Union Pacific Railroad, whose armour-yellow carbon-steel lightweight passenger rolling stock was mostly built by ACF. The famous dome-observation car Native Son was an ACF product. Today the US passenger-car market is erratic in production and is mostly handled by specialty manufacturers. Competitors Budd, Pullman-Standard, Rohr Industries, and the St. Louis Car Company have all either left the market or gone out of business.

The manufacturing facility in Milton, Pennsylvania, is serviced by the Norfolk Southern Railway and is capable of manufacturing railcars and all related railcar components. The plant is capable of producing pressure vessels in sizes 18,000–61,000 gwc, including propane tanks, compressed gas storage, LPG storage, and all related components, including heads. The plant, covering 48 acres, provides 500,000 square feet of covered work area and seven miles of storage tracks. The Huntington, West Virginia, production site was closed in late 2009.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b ACF Industries, St. Charles, MO. "About ACF." Accessed 2011-12-18.
  2. ^ White, John H., Jr. (1993). The American railroad freight car: From the wood-car era to the coming of steel. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 142. ISBN 0-8018-4404-5. OCLC 26130632. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h ACF Industries. "History." Accessed 2011-11-18.
  4. ^ Peck, Merton J. & Scherer, Frederic M. The Weapons Acquisition Process: An Economic Analysis (1962) Harvard Business School p.619
  5. ^ S Oliver Goodwin (26 August 1956). "Saving Pilots and Planes Is Erco's Main Business: ACF Division Has 75 Pct. of Output In Simulators". The Washington Post. 
  6. ^ "R26/R28/R29". NYCSubway.org. 2005. Archived from the original on 2 December 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-03. 
  7. ^ Chronological History - Union Pacific Railroad Company
  8. ^ Kaminski, Edward S. (1999). - American Car & Foundry Company: A Centennial History, 1899-1999. - Wilton, California: Signature Press. - ISBN 0963379100
  9. ^ "A new fleet shapes up. (High-Tech Railroading)". - Railway Age. - (c/o HighBeam Research). - September 1, 1990
  10. ^ Sources:

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Car_and_Foundry_Company — Please support Wikipedia.
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1219 videos foundNext > 

The American Car and Foundry Company - Flyover - St. Charles MO - Hilliker Corporation - EMG

A quick flyaround of The American Car and Foundry Company. Brought to you by Hilliker Corporation and Elevated Media Group "ACF Industries traces its ...

MTA Subways - American Car & Foundry Co. R6 #1000 Nostalgia Special departing 175th Street

MTA New York City Subway American Car & Foundry Company R6 #1000 on a Nostalgia Special trip hosting by the New York Transit Museum departing 175th ...

MTA Subways - American Car & Foundry Co R6 #1000 Nostalgia Special arriving into 175th Street

MTA New York City Subway American Car & Foundry Company R6 #1000 on a Nostalgia Special trip hosting by the New York Transit Museum arriving into ...

ACF Talgo

Historical scenes at the American Car and Foundry Company (ACF) plant Wilmington showing various phases in construction of the Talgo cars. English, Super 8 ...

Trolley Pageant at the Illinois Railway Museum, July 6, 2013

The Illinois Railway Museum's annual Trolley Pageant is a chance for the museum to showcase their extensive collection of electric railroad equipment.

MTA Subways - ACF Co. R4 #401 Holiday Special departing 34th Street-Herald Square [Mobile Video]

MTA New York City Subway American Car and Foundry Company R4 #401 operating as the Holiday Special to 2nd Avenue departing 34th Street-Herald ...

Chicago Rapid Transit wooden cars at IRM

Two 1907 products of American Car and Foundry Company. Illinois Railway Museum in Union, IL. Recorded 9-16-12.

Sioux City Foundry Company featured on Manufacturing Marvels aired on FOX Business Network

A family-owned company approaching 150 years of experience pouring gray and ductile iron castings, has made Sioux City Foundry the benchmark of ...

Special! American Car Foundry R1/4/6/9s on on a Manhattan bound (M) train leaving Fresh Pond Road

Special! American Car Foundry R1/4/6/9s entering Essex Street for (M) service

To inaugurate weekend (M) service to Essex Street, a 5 car train of R1/4/6/9s ran on the (M) on June 7 between Essex Street and Metropolitan Avenue Middle ...

1219 videos foundNext > 

15 news items

Memphis Magazine (blog)

Memphis Magazine (blog)
Thu, 25 Jun 2015 10:20:08 -0700

Streetcar tracks for the Memphis Street Railway Company run down the middle of the photo, and to the left are the buildings and smokestacks of the American Car and Foundry Company, a sprawling business that built those streetcars. Lily writes, “There ...


Wed, 14 Jan 2015 21:03:45 -0800

The American Car and Foundry Company had reopened their Buffalo plant in 1940 to manufacture munitions during the war years. Bethlehem Steel, which acquired Lackawanna Steel CO. employed over 20,000 people, and was the world's largest steel ...

Curbed NY

Thu, 16 Oct 2014 09:41:15 -0700

Sal Pallante, the current owner, writes in his listing "This is a rare, once in a lifetime, opportunity to own a major piece of New York City history," noting the car was "built in 1935 by the American Car and Foundry Company under contract for the ...

New York Daily News

New York Daily News
Wed, 15 Oct 2014 15:23:55 -0700

The car was built by the American Car and Foundry Company. It was first used on the IND line and was moved to the BMT line in the 1960s before being taken out of service in 1975. The design is rare: there were a total of 500 R6 subway cars built for ...


Wed, 26 Jun 2013 21:03:50 -0700

ACF, headquartered in Missouri, was formed in 1899 as the American Car and Foundry Company. Over the decades, it has made cars for New York City's then-fledgling subway system and the London Underground and materiel for use in World War I and II.
Dayton Daily News
Sat, 03 May 2014 13:07:32 -0700

In 1901 Moskowitz moved to Berwick, Pa., where he worked for the American Car and Foundry Company. He again organized a colony for the workers. In 1906 Moskowitz returned to Dayton and built the Kossuth Colony, his third labor colony. It was for the ...


Fri, 30 Aug 2013 04:06:22 -0700

Business Car 104, as the car was called when her father took it over, had been built by the American Car and Foundry Company for the Wabash Railroad. Not only was Dr. Stillman a fan of the Long Island Cannonball, but a fictional train called “The ...
St. Louis Public Radio
Thu, 16 Jan 2014 02:10:33 -0800

When word came that four former Post-Dispatch people were being inducted into the St. Louis Media Hall of Fame, we asked our own Robert W. Duffy to reflect on those he had worked with. I finally plowed my way into the newsroom of the St. Louis ...

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