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A 1907 postcard depicting the ACF plant at St. Charles, Missouri
A refrigerator car built by ACF in 1911.

American Car and Foundry (often abbreviated as ACF) is a manufacturer of railroad rolling stock. One of its subsidiaries was once (1925–54) a manufacturer of motor coaches and trolley coaches under the brand names of (first) ACF and (later) ACF-Brill. Today ACF is known as ACF Industries LLC and is based in St. Charles, Missouri.[1] It is owned by investor Carl Icahn.


American Car and Foundry was formed and incorporated in New Jersey in 1899 as the result of the merger of 13 smaller railroad car manufacturers. The company was made up of:

Company Founded Location
Buffalo Car Manufacturing Company 1872 Buffalo, New York
Ensign Manufacturing Company[2] 1872 Huntington, West Virginia
Jackson and Woodin Manufacturing Company 1861 Berwick, Pennsylvania
Michigan-Peninsular Car Company 1892 Detroit, Michigan
Minerva Car Works 1882 Minerva, Ohio
Missouri Car and Foundry Company 1865 St. Louis, Missouri
Murray, Dougal and Company 1864 Milton, Pennsylvania
Niagara Car Wheel Company Buffalo, New York
Ohio Falls Car Manufacturing Company 1876 Jeffersonville, Indiana
St. Charles Car Company 1873 St. Charles, Missouri
Terre Haute Car and Manufacturing Company Terre Haute, Indiana
Union Car Company Depew, New York
Wells and French Company 1869 Chicago, Illinois

Later in 1899, ACF acquired Bloomsburg Car Manufacturing Company (of Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania). Two years later, ACF acquired Jackson and Sharp Company (founded 1863 in Wilmington, Delaware), and the Common Sense Bolster Company (of Chicago, Illinois). The unified company made a great investment in the former Jackson & Woodin plant in Pennsylvania, spending about $3 million. It was at this plant that ACF built the first all-steel passenger car in the world in 1904. The car was built for the Interborough Rapid Transit system of New York City, the first of 300 such cars ordered by the railroad.

1904 and 1905 saw ACF build several motor cars and trailers for the London Underground.[3] In these two years, ACF also acquired Southern Car and Foundry (founded 1899 in Memphis, Tennessee), Indianapolis Car and Foundry and Indianapolis Car Company.

ACF produced artillery gun mounts and ammunition, submarine chasers and other boats, railway cars and other equipment during World War I to support the Allies.[3] ACF ranked 36th among United States corporations in the value of World War II production contracts.[4]



External-braced wooden boxcar built for sugar service in Cuba by ACF. ca. 1922

Historically, ACF built passenger and freight cars and covered hopper cars for hauling items like corn or other grains. . One of the largest customers was Union Pacific, whose armour-yellow carbon steel lightweight passenger rolling stock was mostly built by ACF. The famous dome-observation car, Native Son, was an ACF product. Today, the American passenger car market is erratic in production, and is mostly handled by specialty manufacturers. Competitors Budd, Pullman-Standard, and St. Louis Car have all either exited the market or gone out of business.

The manufacturing facility located in Milton, Pennsylvania is serviced by the Norfolk Southern railroad and is capable of manufacturing railcars and all related railcar components. The plant is capable of producing pressure vessels in sizes ranging from 18,000 – 61,000 gwc, to include propane tanks, compressed gas storage, LPG storage, and all related components including heads. The plant covers 48 acres providing 500,000 square feet of covered work area and 7 miles of railroad storage track. The Huntington, WV production site was closed in late 2009.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b ACF Industries, St. Charles, MO. "About ACF." Accessed 2011-12-18.
  2. ^ White, John H., Jr. (1993). The American Railroad Freight Car. Boston and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 142. ISBN 0-8018-5236-6. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h ACF Industries. "History." Accessed 2011-11-18.
  4. ^ Peck, Merton J. & Scherer, Frederic M. The Weapons Acquisition Process: An Economic Analysis (1962) Harvard Business School p.619
  5. ^ S Oliver Goodwin (26 August 1956). "Saving Pilots and Planes Is Erco's Main Business: ACF Division Has 75 Pct. of Output In Simulators". The Washington Post. 
  6. ^ "R26/R28/R29". NYCSubway.org. 2005. Archived from the original on 2 December 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-03. 
  7. ^ Chronological History - Union Pacific Railroad Company
  8. ^ Kaminski, Edward S. (1999). - American Car & Foundry Company: A Centennial History, 1899-1999. - Wilton, California: Signature Press. - ISBN 0963379100
  9. ^ "A new fleet shapes up. (High-Tech Railroading)". - Railway Age. - (c/o HighBeam Research). - September 1, 1990
  10. ^ Sources:

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Car_and_Foundry_Company — Please support Wikipedia.
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15 news items


Wed, 14 Jan 2015 21:03:45 -0800

The American Car and Foundry Company had reopened their Buffalo plant in 1940 to manufacture munitions during the war years. Bethlehem Steel, which acquired Lackawanna Steel CO. employed over 20,000 people, and was the world's largest steel ...

Curbed NY

Thu, 16 Oct 2014 09:52:14 -0700

Sal Pallante, the current owner, writes in his listing "This is a rare, once in a lifetime, opportunity to own a major piece of New York City history," noting the car was "built in 1935 by the American Car and Foundry Company under contract for the ...

New York Daily News

New York Daily News
Wed, 15 Oct 2014 15:18:45 -0700

The car was built by the American Car and Foundry Company. It was first used on the IND line and was moved to the BMT line in the 1960s before being taken out of service in 1975. The design is rare: there were a total of 500 R6 subway cars built for ...
Dayton Daily News
Sat, 03 May 2014 13:07:32 -0700

In 1901 Moskowitz moved to Berwick, Pa., where he worked for the American Car and Foundry Company. He again organized a colony for the workers. In 1906 Moskowitz returned to Dayton and built the Kossuth Colony, his third labor colony. It was for the ...
St. Louis Public Radio
Thu, 16 Jan 2014 02:10:33 -0800

When word came that four former Post-Dispatch people were being inducted into the St. Louis Media Hall of Fame, we asked our own Robert W. Duffy to reflect on those he had worked with. I finally plowed my way into the newsroom of the St. Louis ...


Fri, 30 Aug 2013 04:06:22 -0700

Business Car 104, as the car was called when her father took it over, had been built by the American Car and Foundry Company for the Wabash Railroad. Not only was Dr. Stillman a fan of the Long Island Cannonball, but a fictional train called “The ...


Wed, 26 Jun 2013 21:03:50 -0700

ACF, headquartered in Missouri, was formed in 1899 as the American Car and Foundry Company. Over the decades, it has made cars for New York City's then-fledgling subway system and the London Underground and materiel for use in World War I and II.


Tue, 23 Apr 2013 04:26:15 -0700

Based in St. Charles, Mo., ARI was formed in 1994 when the railcar component manufacturing and railcar maintenance assets were acquired from its predecessor company, American Car and Foundry Company. Today, ARI is a fully-integrated supplier to the ...

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