||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2008)|
|Full name||Alina Maratovna Kabaeva|
May 12, 1983 |
Tashkent, Uzbek SSR, Soviet Union
|Height||166 centimetres (5 ft 5 in)|
|Weight||50 kilograms (110 lb)|
|Head coach(es)||Irina Viner|
|Assistant coach(es)||Vera Shatalina|
|Music||Sirtaki by Mikis Theodorakis, Walpurgis Night by Charles Gounod, Rio Rita by Harold Arlen, Espana Cani|
|Eponymous skills||backscale pivots|
Alina Maratovna Kabaeva (Russian: Али́на Мара́товна Каба́ева; Tatar: Älinä Marat qızı Qabayeva, Әлинә Марат кызы Кабаева; born May 12, 1983) is a Russian Honored Master of Sports, retired rhythmic gymnast, and politician. Since 2007, she has been a State Duma deputy from the United Russia party.
Kabaeva is Russia's second most successful rhythmic gymnast after Evgenia Kanaeva, and is also one of the most decorated gymnasts in the history of rhythmic gymnastics with two Olympic medals, 14 world championship medals and 25 European championship medals.
Athletic career 
Kabaeva, the daughter of a Tatar father and Russian mother, was born in Tashkent, Uzbek SSR, in the Soviet Union. She started rhythmic gymnastics there at the age of 3 with coach Margarita Samuilovna. Her father Marat Kabayev was a professional football (soccer) player and the family was constantly following him to different places in Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and Russia. At first, many coaches did not like Alina because they considered her "too heavy" and "ugly" to be a rhythmic gymnast, none of them seemed to consider her a rhythmic gymnast of any particular talent. In her young teens she moved to Russia, where her mother took her to the Russian head coach Irina Viner, who liked her from the start.
She stayed with Viner and made her international debut in 1996. In 1998 the 15-year-old Kabaeva won the European Championships in Portugal. At the time she was the youngest member of the Russian squad, competing alongside internationally recognized teammates, like Amina Zaripova. In 1999 Kabaeva became European Champion for the second consecutive time and won the World title in Osaka, Japan. She went on to win a total of 5 all-around titles at the European Championships and added another World title in 2003 in Budapest, Hungary.
At the 2000 Sydney Olympics, Kabaeva was expected to claim gold in all-around, but, due to an error in an otherwise exceptional performance—she dropped her hoop and ran to retrieve it outside the competition area – took home the bronze with the final score of 39.466 (Rope 9.925, Hoop 9.641, Ball 9.950, Ribbon 9.950), Belarus' Yulia Raskina took the silver medal while fellow Russian teammate Yulia Barsukova won the Olympics Gold medal.
At the 2001 World Rhythmic Gymnastics Championships, she won the gold for the ball, clubs and rope, and silver in the Individual All-Around and hoop. At the 2001 Goodwill Games in Brisbane, Australia, Kabaeva won the gold for the ball, clubs and rope, and the silver in the Individual All-Around and hoop. However, Kabaeva and her teammate Irina Tchachina tested positive to a banned diuretic (furosemide) and were stripped of their medals.
Irina Viner, the Russian head coach, who also served as the Vice President of the FIG Rhythmic Gymnastics Technical Committee at the time, said her gymnasts had been taking a food supplement called "Hyper" which contained mild diuretics, which, according to Viner, the gymnasts were taking for pre-menstrual syndrome. When the supply ran out shortly before the Goodwill Games, the team physiotherapist restocked at a local pharmacy. According to Viner, the supplement sold there was fake and contained furosemide. The commission requested the Goodwill Games organizing committee to nullify Kabaeva and Tchachina's results. The FIG also nullified their results from the World Championships in Madrid, causing Ukraine's Tamara Yerofeeva to be declared the 2001 World Champion.
At the 2004 Athens Olympics Kabaeva took home the gold medal in the individual all-around for rhythmic gymnastics with a score of 108.400 (Hoop 26.800, Ball 27.350, Clubs 27.150, Ribbon 27.100), the silver medal went to her teammate Irina Tchachina.
In October 2004, Kabaeva announced her retirement from the sport. However, in June 2005, the Russian head coach Irina Viner announced a possible comeback. Kabaeva resumed her sport career at an Italy-Russia friendly competition in Genoa, on 10 September 2005. On March 5, 2006, She won the Gazprom Moscow Grand Prix, with fellow Russians Vera Sessina and Olga Kapranova taking the second and third places. She won the silver medal in all-around at the 2006 European Championships.
Kabaeva finsihed 4th in qualifications at the 2007 World Championships and did not advance into the finals due to the two per country rule with Vera Sessina and Olga Kapranova placing ahead of Kabaeva. She completed her career at the 2007 Season.
After retirement 
Since 2005 Kabaeva has been a member of the Public Chamber of Russia.
She also appeared briefly in the 2001 Japanese movie Red Shadow, performing her gymnastic routine. Since 2007, Kabaeva has been a member of the Russian parliament, the State Duma, representing the pro-Kremlin United Russia party. Since February 2008 she has been Chairman of the National Media Group's Public Council, the media group that controls Izvestia, Channel One and REN TV.
In January 2011, Alina Kabaeva appeared on the cover of Vogue Russia.
Marriage controversy 
In mid-April 2008, the Russian paper Moskovsky Korrespondent stated that she was engaged to marry the Russian President Vladimir Putin in mid-June, after he left office. It sourced the news to a St. Petersburg based planner bidding to conduct the wedding reception. On 18 April 2008, in a press conference with Silvio Berlusconi, Putin addressed the article: "There is not a single word of truth [in it]." While Putin had been abroad and unavailable for comment, Kabaeva's spokeswoman had already refused to discuss "this nonsense".
Kabaeva revolutionized rhythmic gymnastics as one of the few gymnasts to have performed new skills and elements which included the back split pivot with hand help, the ring turn and the backscale pivot that she first performed.
- Youngest rhythmic gymnast to win the European Championships in 1998 Porto at 15 years of age.
- She levels with Elena Karpuchina as the youngest rhythmic gymnast to win the All-around World Championships in 1999 Osaka at 16 years of age.
- First to perform the backscale pivot.
- Holds the record for the most European All-around titles (1998,1999,2000,2002 and 2004).
- Kabaeva is only one of the three rhythmic gymnasts ( with Ekaterina Serebrianskaya and Evgenia Kanaeva ) to win all the Grand-slam titles (Olympics, World Championships, European Championships, World Cup Final and Grand Prix Final).
Detailed Olympic results 
|Year||Competition Description||Location||Music ||Apparatus||Score-Final||Score-Qualifying|
|Sphynx by Giampiero Ponte||Ribbon||27.100||26.100|
|Syrtaki by D. Moutsis||Ball||27.350||27.250|
|Carmen's entrance and Habanera
by Georges Bizet
|Karkov by Moskovich
Turkish Delight by Harem
|Dilorom / Yor Yor
by Yulduz Usmanova and Shahzod
|Felicia by Luis Bravo||Ball||9.950||9.925|
|Les Toreadors by Georges Bizet||Hoop||9.651||9.925|
|Tsiganochka ( Gypsy Folk )||Rope||9.925||9.916|
- "Alina Kabaeva". ESPN. Archived from the original on 10 May 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-17.
- "A son in Putin's Yule stocking". NYPOST.com. 2009-12-15. Retrieved 2013-04-22.
- Alina Kabaeva. My teachers. Kabaeva-alina.com. Retrieved on 2010-12-16.
- "Results – 29/08/2004". BBC Sport. 2005-12-16. Archived from the original on 8 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-17.
- Olympic rhythmic gymnastics champion Kabaeva retires, 11-Oct-2004. GYMmedia.com. Retrieved on 2010-12-16.
- XXI. European Championships of RG - qualifications/ Will Kabaeva return?, 10-Jun-2005. GYMmedia.com. Retrieved on 2010-12-16.
- [dead link]
- Kabaeva is back! She won three of five Grand Prix Finals, 05-Mar-2006. GYMmedia.com. Retrieved on 2010-12-16.
- Alina Kabaeva
- NMG Public Council
- Quetteville, Harry de (2008-04-17). "Vladimir Putin 'to wed Olympic gymnast half his age'". London: The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 11 May 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-17.
- "Putin denies tabloid report that plans to marry former champion gymnast". International Herald Tribune. 2008-04-18. Archived from the original on 29 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-18.
- Shaun Walker, in The Independent, quoting Moskovsky Korrespondent (2008-04-18). "A president, the gymnast and marriage rumors that won't go away". London. Archived from the original on 20 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-18.
- RG named elements
- "Kabaeva RG music list". rgforum.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Alina Kabaeva|
- Official website (Russian)
- Alina Kabaeva at Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique
- Alina Kabaeva Biography and Olympic Results at Sports-Reference.com