digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

The Sonva Mandap in the Chunar fort, the place, where according to a popular belief, Alha married Sonva

The Alha Khand (c. 12th Century) is an early poetic work in Hindi which consists of a number of ballads describing the brave acts of two Banaphar Rajput heroes, Alha and Udal. This work has been entirely handed down by oral tradition and presently exists in many recensions, which differ from one another both in language and subject matter. The Bundeli, the Bagheli, the Awadhi, the Bhojpuri and the Kannauji recensions are the most well known among these.[1][2] The original language of this work has been continuously modernized over the centuries to suit the dialect of the reciter and it has been lost wholly in this process. This epical work was probably written by Jagnayak (or Jagnik), a contemporary to Chand Bardai and the court poet of Chandela ruler Paramardi Deva (Parmal) of Mahoba in Bundelkhand. This work is also known as the Parmal Raso. The work was written in the Alha metre.

The ballads from this work are still sung during the monsoons by the professional bardic singers (known as the Alhets) in various parts of northern India, mostly in Bihar, eastern Uttar Pradesh and northern Madhya Pradesh. No manuscript of this text has been found so far. In 1865, Charles Elliott compiled a recension by collating various oral versions into 23 cantos and this recension was the basis of the first printed edition in 1871.[1] Later George Abraham Grierson enlarged this recension with additional inputs. Portions of this recension was translated into English ballad metre by William Waterfield, under the title of The Nine-Lakh Chain or the Maro Feud (1876). Later, this translation, along with the abstracts of the untranslated portions and an introduction written by Grierson was published under the title of The Lay of Alha: A Saga of Rajput Chivalry as Sung by Minstrels of Northern India (1923).

Contents[edit]

The heroes of this poem are two brothers, Alha and Udal (or Udan), the generals of Parmal’s army who fought in the battle of Mahoba between Prithviraj III and Parmal in c.1182. The narration begins with the early exploits of Alha and Udal. They fought with the Karingarai (or Kalingarai) and killed him to avenge the killings of their father Dassaraj (or Dasraj) and uncle Baccharaj. Later they fought the battle of Mahoba. According to the Bhojpuri and the Kannauji recensions, Alha married Sonvati (Sonva), the princess of Nainagarh (Chunar), while according to the some other Western Hindi recensions he married Macchil, the daughter of Raghomacch of Haridwar. Apart from Alha and Udal, the brave deeds of other heroes like Malkhan and Sulkhan (the sons of Baccharaj), Brahamjit (the son of Parmal) and Talhan Syed are also described in this work. This work narrates the details of fifty-two wars in total.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Alha Udal of U.P.". rediff.com, Hindi edition. August 24, 2000. 
  2. ^ a b Mishra, Pt. Lalita Prasad (2007). Alhakhand (in Hindi) (15 ed.). Lucknow (India): Tejkumar Book Depot (Pvt) Ltd. pp. 1–11 (History of Mahoba). 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alha-Khand — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
758 videos foundNext > 

desi alha INDAL HARAN 1

Udal Janam Alha - By Lallu Bajpai

Visit us at: www.kanhaiyacassette.com Join us on facebook: www.facebook.com/kanhaiyacassette This album is produced by Kanhaiya Cassette Jhansi. Please conta...

सबसे बड़े लड़इया Aalha Udal [ Monday&Tuesday10 pm on DD national]

watch every Monday&Tuesday on dd national 10 pm ( truth story of aalha udal.)२९ अक्टूबर से सबसे बड़े लड़इया देखिये सोमवार और मंगलवार रात १० बजे सिर्फ दूरदर्श...

birha udal amarjit ki ladai alha khand ga ashok yadav gajipur

by hariom music.

Machla Haran Vol 1 Alha - By Deshraj Pateriya (Promo)

Visit us at: www.kanhaiyacassette.com Join us on facebook: www.facebook.com/kanhaiyacassette This album is produced by Kanhaiya Cassette Jhansi. Please conta...

Alha Bhujariyo Ki Ladai Vol 1- Deshraj Patairiya

Visit us at: www.kanhaiyacassette.com Join us on facebook: www.facebook.com/kanhaiyacassette This album is produced by Kanhaiya Cassette Jhansi. Please conta...

Prithiviraj Aur Alha Ki Ladai | Bhojpuri Birha Veer Rush | Bhagwan Yadav Bagi | Aarohi

सुंदर Actresses, hottest मॉडल, लाजबाब romatic scene, Super Hit & hottest video songs, भोजपुरी फिल्मों के गानें, भोजपुरी वीरहा,...

Alha Machhala Haran Vol 16 (Pathrigadh Ki Ladai)

Alha Manauaa Vol 1- Deshraj Patairiya

Visit us at: www.kanhaiyacassette.com Join us on facebook: www.facebook.com/kanhaiyacassette This album is produced by Kanhaiya Cassette Jhansi. Please conta...

Dharti Ka Veer Yodha Prithviraj Chauhan - Episode 195 : Alha kills Prithviraj's soldiers

Prithviraj comes to see Udal and Alha's power and he challenges Alha. Prithviraj's soldiers kills Parmar's soldier and Parmar asks his commander to bring Alh...

758 videos foundNext > 

We're sorry, but there's no news about "Alha-Khand" right now.

Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Alha-Khand

You can talk about Alha-Khand with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!