digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















Alessandro Cardinal Farnese, by Titian

Alessandro Farnese (5 October 1520 – 2 March 1589), an Italian cardinal and diplomat and a great collector and patron of the arts, was the grandson of Pope Paul III (who also bore the name Alessandro Farnese), and the son of Pier Luigi Farnese, Duke of Parma, who was murdered in 1547.[1][2] He should not be confused with his nephew Alessandro Farnese, Governor of the Spanish Netherlands, (illegitimate) grandson of Emperor Charles V and great-grandson of Pope Paul III.


Born at Valentano (current province of Viterbo), he studied at Bologna, and was appointed administrator of the Diocese of Parma.

On 18 December 1534, at the age of 14, he was appointed Cardinal Deacon of the Title of Sant'Angelo by Paul III, his grandfather, who had been elected to the papacy two months previously.

The Gran Cardinale received many other offices and benefices, becoming Vice-Chancellor of the Holy Roman Church, Governor of Tivoli, Archpriest of St. Mary Major Basilica, Archpriest of St. Peter's Basilica, Administrator of Jaen, Spain, of Vizeu, Portugal, of Würzburg[citation needed], Germany and of Avignon, France. In 1536 he became Bishop of Monreale, Sicily.

He became Bishop of Massa in 1538, Archbishop of Tours in 1553, and Bishop of Cahors; Archbishop of Benevento, and Cardinal-Bishop of Ostia and Velletri and Dean of the College of Cardinals in 1580.

Titian's triple portrait, Pope Paul III and his Grandsons, depicts Alessandro at left.

He also became a Papal Legate, arranging peace between the perpetually warring Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and Francis I of France. In 1546 he accompanied the troops sent by the pope to the aid of Charles V against the Schmalkaldic League. In 1580, he was an unsuccessful candidate for the papacy. Among the buildings that Cardinal Farnese built or restored are the Church of the Gesù in Rome, the Villa Farnese at Caprarola, and the Farnese palace near Lake Bracciano, and the monastery Tre Fontane.

Alessandro Farnese is remembered for gathering the greatest collection of Roman sculpture assembled in private hands since Antiquity, now mostly in Naples, after passing by inheritance to the Bourbon-Parma kings.[3] His generosity towards artists made a virtual academy[4] at the power house he built at Caprarola and in his lodgings at Palazzo della Cancellaria and, after his brother Cardinal Ranuccio Farnese died in 1565, at the Palazzo Farnese. In the Palazzo Farnese the best sculptors worked under his eye, to restore fragments of antiquities as complete sculptures, with great scholarly care. He was also a great patron of living artists. Under the direction of his curator and librarian, the antiquarian iconographer Fulvio Orsini, the Farnese collections were enlarged and systematised. Farnese collected ancient coins and commissioned modern medals. He had paintings by Titian, Michelangelo, and Raphael, and an important collection of drawings. He commissioned the masterpiece of Giulio Clovio, arguably the last major illuminated manuscript, the Farnese Hours, which was completed in 1546 after being nine years in the making (now Morgan Library, New York). The studiolo built to house this collection appears to be the one re-erected at the Musée de la Renaissance, Écouen.[5]

In 1550, Farnese acquired a northern portion of Palatine hill in Rome and had Roman ruins from the time of Tiberius at the northwest end filled in, and converted to a summer home and formal gardens. The Farnese Gardens became one of the first botanical gardens in Europe.[6] From these gardens are derived the names of Acacia farnesiana and from its floral essence, the important biochemical farnesol.

Table to a design by Vignola, marble inlaid with alabaster and hardstones, made for Alessandro Farnese (detail of top Metropolitan Museum of Art)

The Cardinal's only daughter, Clelia, married firstly Giangiorgio Cesarini, Marchese of Civitanova, and secondly Marco Pio di Savoia, Lord of Sassuolo.

Farnese was buried before the high altar in the Church of Gesù.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Solari, Giovanna R.; Tuten, Frederic (1968). The House of Farnese. New York: Doubleday. 
  2. ^ Robertson, Clare (1992). ‘Il Gran Cardinale’: Alessandro Farnese, Patron of the Arts. New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 0300050453. 
  3. ^ It ranked with the papal collections, in the Cortile del Belvedere and the city's collection housed at the Campidoglio.
  4. ^ Riebesell, Christina (1989). Die Sammlung des Kardinal Farnese: Ein ‘Studio’ für Künstler und Gelehrte. Weinheim: VCH, Acta Humaniora. ISBN 352717656X. 
  5. ^ The identification was convincingly made by Riebesell 1989.
  6. ^ http://www.aviewoncities.com/rome/palatinehill.htm History of Palatine Hill.

External links[edit]

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Alessandro Farnese
Bishop of Parma
Succeeded by
Guido Ascanio Sforza di Santa Fiora
Preceded by
Esteban Gabriel Merino
Bishop of Jaén
Succeeded by
Francisco Mendoza
Preceded by
Ippolito de' Medici
Archbishop of Avignon
Succeeded by
Annibale Bozzuti
Preceded by
Ippolito de' Medici
Archbishop of Monreale
Succeeded by
Luis Torres
Preceded by
Bishop of Bitonto
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Girolamo Ghianderoni
Bishop of Massa
Succeeded by
Bernardino Maffei
Preceded by
Bishop of Cavaillon
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Miguel II. da Silva
Bishop of Viseu
Succeeded by
Gonçalo Pinheiro
Preceded by
Étienne Poncher
Archbishop of Tours
Succeeded by
Simon de Maillé
Preceded by
Pau de Caretto
Bishop of Cahors
Succeeded by
Pere de Bertrand
Preceded by
Giovanni della Casa
Archbishop of Benevento
Succeeded by
Alfonso Caraffa
Preceded by
Giovanni Girolamo Morone
Cardinal-bishop of Sabina
Succeeded by
Ranuccio Farnese
Preceded by
Giovanni Girolamo Morone
Cardinal-bishop of Frascati
Succeeded by
Giacomo Savelli
Preceded by
Cristoforo Madruzzi
Cardinal-bishop of Porto
Succeeded by
Fulvio Corneo
Preceded by
Giovanni Girolamo Morone
Cardinal-bishop of Ostia
Succeeded by
Giovanni Antonio Serbelloni
Preceded by
Giovanni Girolamo Morone
Dean of the College of Cardinals
Succeeded by
Giovanni Antonio Serbelloni

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alessandro_Farnese_(cardinal) — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
42 videos foundNext > 

Portrait of Pope Paul III with Alessandro Cardinal Farnese and Duke Ottavio Farnese. - Tizian

Experience Tizian's "Portrait of Pope Paul III with Alessandro Cardinal Farnese and Duke Ottavio Farnese." together with beautiful classical music, in HD qua...

Caprarola (Latium, Italy), Vignola's Circular Staircase in Palazzo Farnese (manortiz)

CAPRAROLA: PALAZZO FARNESE Palazzo Farnesein Caprarola is one of Italy's most beautiful Renaissance buildings. A leading architect of the time, Antonio Sanga...

Caprarola (Latium), The Farnese Palace's Gardens (manortiz)

Guidebooks to Italy are not consistent in the way they name the complex built by Cardinal Alessandro Farnese at Caprarola. Italian guidebooks including that ...

European days of heritage: Caprarola (Latium), The Farnese Palace' Frescoes (manortiz)

GIORNATE EUROPEE DEL PATRIMONIO 2012 - "L'ITALIA TESORO D'EUROPA" European days of heritage The european days of heritage are the most important appointment ...

Villa Farnesina

Villa Farnesina costruita dal 1508 al 1511 da Baldassarre Peruzzi a Roma, nel rione Trastevere, per il banchiere senese Agostino Chigi fu acquistata nel 1580...

I Ritratti - Alessandro Farnese il Giovane - ITA

Nacque a Roma nel 1519. Figlio di Pier Luigi e di Girolama Orsini dei duchi di Parma e Piacenza. Portava lo stesso nome di suo zio papa Paolo III (1534-49) ....

The Papal Bloodlines - The 10 Roman Kings who advice the Jesuit Superior General

Eric Jon Phelps, Kevin Annett & Mel Ve talk about Vatican Assassins & Colonial Genocide https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cG5G-8hNm4Q#t=253 represented as the ...

I Ritratti - Ottavio Farnese - ITA

Il video illustra uno dei ritratti parlanti presenti all'interno del Palazzo Farnese di Caprarola. Il "Corridoio dei Ritratti" è composto da otto postazioni ...

Saluti dal Palatino - Greetings from the Palatine Hill (manortiz)

With a past that pre-dates the city itself, Rome's Palatine Hill holds an important place in the history of the Eternal City. Today only ruins remain but dur...

Monte Soratte

Read the translation in English: Mount Soratte Mount Soratte is part of the Municipality of Sant'Oreste, on the border between the Falisci and Capenati terri...

42 videos foundNext > 

We're sorry, but there's no news about "Alessandro Farnese (cardinal)" right now.


Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Alessandro Farnese (cardinal)

You can talk about Alessandro Farnese (cardinal) with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!