|Albuquerque Police Department|
|Motto||"In step with our community"|
|Legal personality||Governmental: Government agency|
|Operations jurisdiction*||City of Albuquerque in the state of New Mexico, United States|
|Size||181.3 sq mi (469.5 km2)|
|Population||555,417 (metro total: 902,797) (as of 2012)|
|Legal jurisdiction||As per operations jurisdiction.|
|Headquarters||Albuquerque, New Mexico|
|Agency executive||Gorden Eden, Chief|
|Helicopters||1 - Air 1 Eurocopter EC120|
|Plane / Fixed Wings||1 - Air 5 (Cessna 182)|
|* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.|
The Albuquerque Police Department is the largest municipal police department in New Mexico. it is in Bernalillo County and has jurisdiction within the city limits. (The area immediately outside the city limits, in the unincorporated area of Bernalillo County, is policed by the Bernalillo County Sheriff's Department.)
- 1 History
- 2 Rank structure
- 3 Operations
- 4 In popular culture
- 5 See also
- 6 Notes
- 7 References
- 8 External links
The city's first police chief, J.R. Galusha, was appointed in 1916. Before that, and since 1881, the unincorporated town of Albuquerque had been patrolled by a succession of marshals, aided by volunteer watchmen.
The decade of the 1970s began for the department with the retirement of Chief Paul Shaver, the city's longest-serving police chief. Shaver had led the department for the preceding 23 years, after started his career as a patrol officer in 1933. After Shaver's retirement, in June 1971, the city was rocked by rioting following the arrest of several students by police for public intoxication. The ensuing three-day melee was brought under control only after the deployment of the New Mexico National Guard. Thirteen civilians were shot during the disorder, some by police officers and some by private citizens repelling sporadic looting that accompanied the unrest.
In 1973, the Chicano Police Officer's Association of Albuquerque and twelve Albuquerque police officers sued the city in federal court, alleging that Hispanic-surnamed citizens were discriminated against in the hiring and promotion of police officers. The lawsuit survived adverse testimony and several motions to dismiss and even went up to the Supreme Court of the United States before being scheduled for trial in 1978.
On May 15, 1978, the parties agreed to a stipulated judgment which required the city to pay $8,000 to Beserra and $8,000 to the Chicano Police Officer's Association and to meet an affirmative action goal of 34 percent Hispanic-surnamed people in the police department by July 1, 1981, and also to complete an affirmative action internal audit of the police department to verifiably validate the testing procedures for promotion. The department was also to assign a Chicano police officer to the police academy; and expand department language and cultural awareness training. After the settlement was approved, the lawyers for the Chicano Police Officer's Association asked for more money from the city for attorney’s fees, and over the dissent of Chief Judge Seth, the U.S. Tenth Circuit Court ordered them to be paid. Despite the settlement, complaints continued even into the 1990s. However, the 34 percent target had been exceeded by 1993 with a 39.4 percent Hispanic-surnamed force.
In 1976, Albuquerque police coordinated with the Federal Bureau of Investigation in Operation Fiesta. The year-long series of undercover investigations and stings, funded by the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration, targeted the fencing operations then prolific in the Albuquerque area, resulting in 79 arrests.
Between 2010 and 2013 the number of police employed by the city of Albuquerque plummeted by more than 15-percent as a result of officer resignations, a drop attributed to pay cuts imposed by the city to balance a budget deficit, and low department morale.
Albuquerque police became the subject of an extended period of public controversy beginning in 2010 following revelations of financial impropriety in the police officers union, and high cash settlements the city had been forced to pay people who had sued the department for various reasons. In addition, media reported that the department had one of the highest rates of shootings in the United States. News that the police union had been routinely providing cash payments to officers involved in shootings to help them recover emotionally from the event, further heightened public scrutiny.
In November 2012, a union-sponsored survey of Albuquerque police officers found that all but three of the 456 departmental personnel who responded to the questionnaire characterized departmental morale as "low," with 18-percent saying the U.S. Department of Justice should be called on to initiate an inquiry into the department. The same month, the United States Department of Justice launched a civil investigation of the Albuquerque Police Department. According to that investigation, the APD engaged "in a pattern or practice of violating residents' Fourth Amendment rights" and of using deadly force "in an unconstitutional manner" and called for an extensive series of reforms. While some in the New Mexico legislature called the report an indicator that change in the department was needed, state senator Lisa Torraco said local prosecutors should also be held accountable for failing to provide proper oversight of the department, explaining her view that district attorney Kari Brandenburg was "the root of the problem."
Prior to the report's release, a survey by Albuquerque's KOAT-TV found that 42-percent of the city's residents trusted police, 22-percent distrusted police, and the remainder "fell somewhere in the middle." City council member Rey Garduno characterized the results of the survey as "not good" for the police department, while Mayor Richard J. Berry said he continued to "stand behind" the police department.
In February 2014, Gorden Eden was selected to replace chief Ray Schultz who had stepped down due to ongoing controversy. The following month, a group of approximately 300 Albuquerque residents protested against police in a tumultuous demonstration that ended with the deployment of tear gas and scattered clashes between police and protesters. Mayor Richard Berry said the protest had been sidelined by a smaller group within the larger demonstration that was determined to create havoc. A counter-protest the following week drew a crowd of several hundred in support of the police.
On May 3 of the same year, police shot and killed Armand Martin. The shooting came following a six-hour standoff between police and Martin, whose wife had called 911 after Martin had allegedly stated his intent to kill his children. According to police, officers opened fire after Martin exited his home shooting wildly at nearby houses with two handguns. Two days later, in response to the shooting, several dozen protesters - led by activists Andres Valdez and David Correia - descended on Albuquerque city council chambers, presenting a self-styled "arrest warrant" for Chief Gordon Eden and forcing the premature adjournment of the council meeting. Valdez subsequently declared he and protesters had successfully deposed the city government in a "coup d'etat," though the council reconvened normally two days later. Correia said he got the idea to attempt a "citizen's arrest" of officials from the 1967 Reies Tijerina courthouse raid, an incident in which protesters supporting land redistribution stormed a courthouse, gunning down police who attempted to resist the takeover and taking the sheriff and a journalist hostage.
Death of Christopher Torres
On April 12, 2011, two Albuquerque Police Department Police Officers whom were in civilian clothing, hopped a fence into the backyard of Christopher Torres, whom was also schizophrenic, in attempt to serve a warrant. One officer by the name of Christopher J. Brown shot him to death that day. There is a witness to this shooting whom described the situation as appearing to be men, the police officers, trying to rob Christopher Torres. Stephen Torres, the father of Christopher Torres, is currently in the middle of a lawsuit with APD in attempt for justice in the case of his son whose death resulted from excessive force. Author Rachel Aviv wrote an article for the New Yorker about the shooting.
Department of Justice investigation
In November 2012, the United States Department of Justice launched an investigation into APD’s policies and practices to determine whether APD engages in a pattern or practice of use of excessive force in violation of the Fourth Amendment and the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994, 42 U.S.C. § 14141 (“Section 14141”). As part of its investigation, the Department of Justice consulted with police practices experts and conducted a comprehensive assessment of officers’ use of force and APD policies and operations. The investigation included tours of APD facilities and Area Commands; interviews with Albuquerque officials, APD command staff, supervisors, and police officers; a review of numerous documents; and meetings with the Albuquerque Police Officers Association, residents, community groups, and other stakeholders. When the Department of Justice concluded its investigation, it issued a scathing report that uncovered a "culture of acceptance of the use of excessive force" involving significant harm or injury by APD officers against people who posed no threat and which was not justified by the circumstances. The DOJ recommended a nearly complete overhaul of the department's use-of-force policies. Among several systematic problems at APD were an aggressive culture that undervalued civilian safety and discounted the importance of crisis intervention.
Death of James Boyd
On January 12, 2015, two Albuquerque PD officers, Keith Sandy and Dominique Perez, were charged with open murder in the shooting death of James Boyd, a homeless schizophrenic man who was illegally camping on the Sandia Mountains foothills on March 16, 2014. Boyd was carrying two camping knives in his hands and was shot multiple times in the back and arm from at least ten feet away with an semi-automatic rifle after a five-hour standoff. Officers also fired a shotgun and nonlethal beanbag pellets at Boyd, while other officers were caught on camera throwing flash-bang grenades. The video also shows one officer unleashing his K-9 German shepherd against Boyd following a five-hour standoff which was all captured on body mounted cameras. He died later at UNM Hospital. In the final hours of his life, Boyd had his right arm amputated and his spleen, a section of his lung and a length of his intestines removed. The death of Boyd led to many protests in Albuquerque claiming excessive force. The APD was also sued by Boyd's brother, alleging wrongful death. In July 2015, the city of Albuquerque agreed to pay $5 million to Boyd's family.
Shooting of Detective Jacob Grant
In January 2015, an Albuquerque undercover detective was shot by another officer. During a drug investigation, Lieutenant Greg Brachle approached a car. When Detective Jacob Grant, who was undercover in the back of the car, began to roll down the window, the lieutenant shot him nine times in a case of mistaken identity. Brachle faced no charges and was allowed to retire. Grant survived his wounds.
Fatal shootings since 2010
- 1/9/10: Officer Andrew Cooke shoots Aaron Renfro.
- 1/13/10: Detective Brett Lampiris-Tremba shoots Kenneth Ellis III.
- 3/29/10: Officer Kevin Sanchez shoots Mickey Owings.
- 6/10/10: Officers Anthony Brown, Eric Sedler shoot Chris Hinz.
- 6/14/10: Officer Aaron Zwicky shoots Julian Calbert.
- 7/27/10: Officer Jeremy Hollier shoots Len Fuentes.
- 8/17/10: Officer Josh Brown shoots Enrique Carrasco.
- 10/19/10: Officers Drew Bader, Ramon Ornelas shoot Daniel Gonzales.
- 10/31/10: Officer David Sprague shoots Alexei Sinkevitch.
- 2/9/11: Detective Byron “Trey” Economidy shoots Jacob Mitschelen.
- 4/12/11: Officer Christopher J. Brown shoots Christopher Torres.
- 5/10/11: Officer Sean Wallace shoots Alan Gomez.
- 6/4/11: Officer Matthew Oates shoots Raymond Garcia.
- 8/30/11: Officer Jim Perdue shoots Michael Marquez.
- 1/4/12: Officer Mario Perez shoots Mark Macoldowna.
- 3/19/12: Officer Martin Smith shoots Daniel Tillison.
- 3/21/12: Officer Russ Carter shoots Gary Atencio.
- 3/5/13: Officers Perdue, Sedler and Aragon shoot Parrish Dennison.
- 3/19/13: APD shot at Kendall Carroll, but he was killed by State Police.
- 7/5/13: Officers Jeff Bludworth and Katherine Wright shoot Vincent Wood.
- 10/26/13: Officer Luke McPeek and others shoot Christopher Chase.
- 12/8/13: Officer Hector Marquez shoots Andy Snider.
- 3/16/14: Detective Keith Sandy and Officer Dominique Perez shoot and kill James Boyd.
- 3/25/14: Officer fatally shoots Alfred Redwine[note 1]
|Chief of Police|
The department employs approximately 1,000 commissioned law enforcement officers, who operate out of six area commands. An air unit operates a Eurocopter EC120, and a Cessna 182.
In September 2008 the US Department of Justice Bureau of Statistics reported the Albuquerque Police Department as the 49th largest police department in the United States. The crime rate in Albuquerque is 53-percent higher than the U.S. average, with notably high levels of drunk driving and gun violence.
In popular culture
The Albuquerque police department and fictional Albuquerque police officers are portrayed at various times in the television series Breaking Bad and its spin-off prequelBetter Call Saul, which are set in the city.
In the late 1990s and early 2000s, the department appeared in several episodes of the television show Cops, however, beginning in 2001 Mayor Martin Chávez refused to allow the program to shoot additional episodes, explaining that "the city's police officers are portrayed in a good light, but the rest of the city looks horrible." In reporting on the Cops ban, a newspaper report at the time noted a post made to a television enthusiast website in which a reader commented "How much crime can there be in Albuquerque, New Mexico? They taped so many shows in that town, I'm ready never to visit." As of 2014, the mayor's office has reiterated its intention to refuse the television show access to the city.
APD came under heavy fire when featured in two articles in early 2015, one from Rolling Stone and one from The New Yorker, in which both of the articles lambasted the Police Department for its use of force and lack of accountability for officer involved-shootings.
- As of March 31st, 2014 the Albuquerque Police have not released the name of the Officer involved. APD Chief Gorden Eden did state "one officer fired at least one shot" and that he expected to release that officers name.
- "Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas". Retrieved May 23, 2013.
- "Executive Staff". The City of Albuquerque. 2014-03-31. Retrieved 2014-03-31.
- Albuquerque's first Marshall, Milton J. Yarberry, was hung for murder.
- "Albuquerque Police Department Museum". cabq.gov. City of Albuquerque. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
- Cohea, Carol (21 July 1973) "Chicano Police File Suit" The Albuquerque Journal page 1, column 4
- Cohea, Carol (1 December 1973) "Defense Consultant Denies Tests Unfair to Chicano Police Group" The Albuquerque Journal page 5, column 1
- Staff (21 November 1975) "New Trial Ordered" The Albuquerque Journal page 4, column 4
- Stover v. Chicano Police Officers Ass'n, 426 U.S. 944 (1976)
- For case history see: Chicano Police Officer's Association v. Beserra, 624 F.2d 127 (1980 Tenth Circuit, opinion by Judge Logan)
- Staff (9 September 1979) "Chcanos Allege Bias" The New Mexican page 15, column 3
- Associated Press (13 April 1993) "Group challenges hiring practices of Albuquerque Police Department" The New Mexican page 8, column 1
- "FBI Albuquerque Division- A Brief History". fbi.gov. FBI. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
- Dan McKay (August 18, 2014). "APD shrinking; Berry reveals incentive plan". Albuquerque Journal. Retrieved May 7, 2014.
- Michael Haederle (14 April 2012). "In Albuquerque, an uproar over shootings by police". LA Times. Retrieved 31 March 2014.
- Jeri Clausing (2012-03-23). "Albuquerque Police Were Paid 'Bounty' For Shootings Claims Victim's Father Mike Gomez". Retrieved 2014-03-31.
- Manny Fernandez and Dan Frosch (March 24, 2012). "Payments to Albuquerque Officers Are Called a ‘Bounty System’". Retrieved March 31, 2014.
- Proctor, Jeff (14 November 2012). "Survey: APD Officers Say Morale Low". Albuquerque Journal.
- Office of Public Affairs (2012-11-27). "Justice Department Launches Investigation of the Albuquerque, N.M., Police Department’s Use of Force". The United States Department of Justice. Retrieved 2014-03-31.
- Dan Frosch (November 27, 2012). "Justice Dept. to Investigate the Police in Albuquerque". Retrieved March 31, 2014.
- Santos, Fernanda (10 April 2014). "Excessive Force Common for Albuquerque Police, Justice Dept. Finds". The New York Times.
- Gerew, Gary (11 April 2014). "City urged to quickly reform police department". Albuquerque Business Journal.
- "Survey: 42 percent of residents trust police". KOA-TV. 10 April 2014.
- Nottingham, Shawn (1 April 2014). "In Albuquerque, protesters clash with police". CNN.
- Hughes, Trevor (31 March 2014). "Albuquerque police face hundreds of protesters". USA Today.
- Da, Royale (7 April 2014). "Albuquerque police face hundreds of protesters". KOAT-TV.
- Miller, Cole (5 May 2014). "Photos, 911 call released in latest APD shooting". KRQE-TV.
- Jennings, Trip (5 May 2014). "New Mexico: New Protests Against Albuquerque Police". New York Times.
- Contreras, Russell (8 May 2014). "Police shootings: Albuquerque council meets". chron.com (Houston, Texas: Houston Chronicle).
- "Albuquerque council meets amid heightened security". USA Today. 9 May 2014. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- Aviv, Rachel. "Your Son Is Deceased". The New Yorker. Retrieved 2015-04-28.
- "United States V. City Of Albuquerque" (PDF). U.S. Department Of Justice. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
- Gallagher, Mike (April 11, 2014). "Scathing Report on APD Use of Force". Albuquerque Journal. Retrieved April 16, 2016.
- "Albuquerque Police: A History of Violence". Fault Lines. Al Jazeera English. April 13, 2016. Retrieved April 16, 2016.
- Pinto, Nick (January 29, 2015). "When Cops Break Bad: Inside a Police Force Gone Wild". Rolling Stone. Retrieved April 28, 2015.
- Fitzpatrick, David. "Officers face murder charges in 2014 Albuquerque homeless man's shooting". CNN. Retrieved 28 April 2015.
- Boetel, Ryan (July 10, 2015). "City settles Boyd shooting case for $5 million". Albuquerque Journal. Retrieved April 16, 2016.
- Bult, Laura (April 1, 2016). "Shocking police video shows moment undercover Albuquerque cop was shot nine times by fellow officer: 'I thought you were a bad guy!'". NY Daily News. Retrieved April 16, 2016.
- "APD Under Fire". Albuquerque Journal.
- U.S. Department of Justice. "Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies, 2008" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-03-31.
- "Albuquerque Really Is Like Breaking Bad". TIME. 27 September 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- Potts, Leanne (25 January 2004). "Mayor Has Banned 'Cops' in Albuquerque". Albuquerque Journal.
- "Television show 'Cops' returns to Albuquerque area". msn.com. Associated Press. Archived from the original on May 12, 2014. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- Aviv, Rachel. "Your Son is Deceased". New Yorker. Retrieved 4/30. Check date values in:
- Albuquerque Police Department Website
- APD Forward, that oversees the implementation of the agreement between the Department of Justice & APD
- APD Findings Letter
- Albuquerque Settlement Agreement
- List of Incident Summaries
- An article by David Correia, a scholar from Albuquerque, describing more details from the incidents above.
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