digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Albert Mauritz Atterberg (March 19, 1846 – April 4, 1916) was a Swedish chemist and agricultural scientist who created the Atterberg limits that are commonly referred to by geotechnical engineers and engineering geologists today. In Sweden he is equally known for creating the Atterberg grainsize scale, which remains the one in use.

Atterberg received his Ph.D. in chemistry from Uppsala University in 1872 and stayed there as a lecturer in analytical chemistry until 1877, during which time he toured Sweden and abroad to study the latest developments in organic chemistry. He then went on to become the principal of the Chemical Station and Seed Control Institute at Kalmar, publishing numerous papers on agricultural research dealing with the classification of varieties of oats and corn between 1891 and 1900.

It was towards the age of fifty-four that Atterberg, while continuing his work on chemistry, began to focus his efforts on the classification and plasticity of soils, for which he is most remembered. Atterberg was apparently the first to suggest the limit <0.002 mm as a classification for clay particles. He found that plasticity to be a particular characteristic of clay and as a result of his investigations arrived at the consistency limits which bear his name today. He also conducted studies aiming to identify the specific minerals that give a clayey soil its plastic nature.

Atterberg’s work on soil classification gained formal recognition from the International Society of Soil Science in a Berlin Conference in 1913. Two year later a U.S. Bureau of Standards report stated that Atterberg's method was as "as simple a one as could be devised, and...it is well that we should become familiar with it." The U.S. Bureau of Chemistry and Soils adopted it in 1937.

The importance of Atterberg’s work has never been fully realized in his own field of agricultural science, nor in other subjects concerned with clays, such as ceramics. Its introduction to the field of geotechnical engineering was due to Karl Terzaghi, who came to realise its importance at a relatively early stage of his research. Terzaghi’s assistant, Arthur Casagrande, standardized the tests in his paper in 1932 and the procedures have been followed worldwide ever since.

He was the uncle of the composer Kurt Atterberg.

References[edit]

  • Blackall, T. E. (1952). "A. M. Atterberg 1846-1916," Geotechnique, 3(1), pp. 17-19.
  • Casagrande, A. (1932). "Research on the Atterberg Limits of Soils," Public Roads 12(3), pp. 121-30 and 136.
  • Kinnison, C. S. (1915). Technological Papers of the Bureau of Standards No. 46. A Study of the Atterberg Plasticity Method, U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Standards, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., pp. 10.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_Atterberg — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
251 videos foundNext > 

Kurt Atterberg: Aladdin Overture, op.44

Kurt Magnus Atterberg (12 December 1887 -- 15 February 1974) was a Swedish composer and engineer. He is best known for his symphonies, operas and ballets. He...

Kurt Atterberg - Piano Concerto in B flat minor

Composer: Kurt Magnus Atterberg (12 December 1887 -- 15 February 1974) - Orchestra: Hannover Radio Philharmonic - Conductor: Ari Rasilainen - Soloist: Love...

Kurt Atterberg (1887-1974) : Suite n°3 pour violon, alto et cordes (1917)

Kurt Atterberg (1887-1974) (Suède) Suite n°3 pour violon, alto et cordes (1917) Violoniste : Albert Lysy Alto : Paul Colette Camerata Lysy Gstaad 1- Prélude,...

Kurt Atterberg - Symphony No.8 in E-minor, Op.48 (1944)

Kurt Atterberg (12 December 1887 – 15 February 1974) was a Swedish composer and engineer. Work: Symphony No.8 in E-minor, Op.48 (1944) Composed on Swedish Na...

Atterberg Horn Concerto A minor

Understand the music: http://www.kennedy-center.org/explorer/videos/?id=A56703 Kurt Atterberg (1887-1974) is virtually unknown outside of Sweden, but this re...

4. Atterberg Limit: Plastic Limit & Liquid Limit - ASTM D4318

Lab Experiment 4 | Team XU | BSCE 4 (2014) Soil Mechanics (CE413) | Engr. Monteclaro | AdDU.

Kurt Atterberg (1887-1974) : Suite No.7 « Antony and Cleopatra » for string orchestra (1926)

Kurt Atterberg (1887-1974) (Suède) Suite n°7 « Antony and Cleopatra » for string orchestra (1926) Violoniste et chef d'orchestre : Ulf Wallin 1- Alla marcia ...

Kurt Atterberg Piano Concerto 2nd mvt Part II

Concepts on the Cure of All Human Suffering

In terms of particle size as used by geologists, sand particles range in diameter from 0.0625 mm (or 1⁄16 mm) to 2 mm. An individual particle in this range s...

Kurt Atterberg - Symphony No.9 - Part V.wmv

251 videos foundNext > 

We're sorry, but there's no news about "Albert Atterberg" right now.

Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight