digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Alain Daniélou
Alain Daniélou
Born 4 October 1907
Neuilly-sur-Seine, France
Died 27 January 1994
Lonay, Switzerland
Occupation Indologist
Nationality French
Subject Culture of India
Partner Raymond Burnier
Relatives Jean Daniélou

Alain Daniélou (4 October 1907 – 27 January 1994) was a French historian, intellectual, musicologist, Indologist, and a noted Western convert to and expert on Shaivite Hinduism.

In 1991, he was awarded the Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship the highest honour conferred by Sangeet Natak Akademi, India's National Academy for Music, Dance and Drama.[1]

Early life and education[edit]

His mother, Madeleine Clamorgan, was from an old family of the Norman nobility; a fervent Catholic, she founded schools and a religious order, Order of Sainte-Marie, for women teachers in civilian costume under the patronage of St. François-Xavier. His father, Charles Daniélou, was an anticlerical Breton politician who held numerous national ministerial posts in the Third Republic. One of his brothers was Roman Catholic prelate and Académie française member, Jean Daniélou.[2]

He received his education at the Institution Notre-Dame de Sainte-Croix, Neuilly-sur-Seine, and at St. John's College, Annapolis.[2] The young Daniélou studied singing under the famous Charles Panzéra, as well as classical dancing with Nicholas Legat (teacher of Vaslav Nijinsky), and composition with Max d'Ollone. Subsequently, he performed professionally on stage with dancers like Floria Capsali and Marjorie Daw.[2] Growing up he rebelled against his mother's deep devotion to her faith, but his father remained a positive influence, which helped in developing his musical talent and in coping with his homosexuality.[3] He studied piano and singing, learning the songs of Duparc and Chausson and the Lieder of Schumann and Schubert. He started writing poems, as acquired proficiency in English and other European languages.[2]

Career[edit]

India: 1932-1960[edit]

He and his partner, Swiss photographer Raymond Burnier, first went to India as part of an adventure trip, and they were fascinated with the art and culture of the nation. Daniélou and Burnier were among the first Westerners to visit India's famed erotic temples in the village of Khajuraho and Burnier's stunning photographs of the ancient temple complex launched the site internationally. The photographs were featured in an exhibition at the New York's Metropolitan Museum.[4]

In 1932, during his first trip to India, he met one of the great influences poet Rabindranath Tagore.[2] His close association with Rabindranath Tagore lead to him being the director of Tagore’s school of music at Shantiniketan (Visva-Bharati University).[5] Subsequently in 1935, he joined the Banaras Hindu University, where he studied Hindu music, Sanskrit, Indian philosophy and Hindu religion for the next 15 years. In 1949, he was appointed as a research professor at the University, a post he held until 1953. he also remained the director of the College of Indian Music. In Banaras (now Varanasi), he lived a mansion on the banks of the Ganga, named Rewa Kothi. During these years, he studied Indian classical music in Varanasi with Shivendranath Basu and played the veena, which he started playing professionally. He also studied Hindi, Sanskrit languages as well as Indian philosophy. His interest in the symbolism of Hindu architecture and sculpture, lead to long trips with Burnier to Khajuraho, Bhubaneswar and Konarak, sites in central India and Rajasthan.[5][6] He also translated some works of Swami Karpatri by whom he was initiated into Shaivism under the name Shiva Sharan (Protected by Shiva).[2][7]

In 1953, he joined the Adyar Library and Research Centre at the Theosophical Society Adyar near Madras (now Chennai), where he was the director of a centre of research into Sanskrit literature until 1956. In 1959, he became a member of French Institute of Pondicherry, which works in the field of Indology.[2]

Europe: 1960 onwards[edit]

Upon his return to Europe in 1960, he was appointed an adviser to UNESCO's International Music Council, which led to a number of recordings of traditional music such as Unesco Collection: A Musical Anthology of the Orient, Musical Atlas, Musical Sources and Anthology of Indian Classical Music - A Tribute to Alain Daniélou. In 1966, he became the founder and director of the International Institute of Contemporary Music in Berlin, where he remained till 1977; he also remained the director of the Istituto Internazionale di Musica Comparata in Venice from 1969 to 82.[2]

He worked on classical Indian music. But his more important contribution to Indology is his writings on the ancient wisdom of the Veda, Hindu philosophy, and Shaivism.

He is the author of over thirty books on Indian music and culture. He received several awards for his work on music. He was also a photographer and artist.

Awards and recognition[edit]

He was an Officer of the Légion d'Honneur, an Officer of the Ordre National du Mérite, and Commander of Arts and Letters. He was the director of the UNESCO Collection series, a series of recordings of traditional world music. In 1981, he received the UNESCO/CIM prize for music, and, in 1987 the Kathmandu Medal from UNESCO.

Legacy[edit]

In 2004, to mark his tenth death anniversary a photo exhibition, "India through the eyes of Alain Danielou (1935-1955)" was hosted at the Alliance Française, Hyderabad.[5]

Works[edit]

Discography[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "SNA: List of Sangeet Natak Akademi Ratna Puraskarwinners (Akademi Fellows)". SNA Official website. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h James Kirkup (4 February 1994). "Obituary: Alain Danielou". The Independent. Retrieved 2014-04-08. 
  3. ^ Emmanuelle de Boysson, Le cardinal et l'hindouiste. Le mystère des frères Daniélou, Paris, Albin Michel, 2010
  4. ^ "Medieval Indian Sculpture" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-10-31. 
  5. ^ a b c "Visual flashback". The Hindu. July 19, 2004. Retrieved 2014-04-07. 
  6. ^ "Snapshots of Indian culture". The Telegraph. March 19, 2009. Retrieved 2014-04-07. 
  7. ^ Rama, Swami (1999) Himalayan Institute, Living With the Himalayan Masters, page 247.

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alain_Daniélou — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

165 news items

Arab News

Arab News
Mon, 25 Jan 2016 11:18:45 -0800

French musicologist Alain Daniélou served as a director of Visva-Bharati's music department. It is his intimate relationship with France that played a pivotal role in the incarnation of Tagore as a painter, with his first ever exhibition being held in ...

Le Télégramme

Le Télégramme
Fri, 29 Jan 2016 19:34:07 -0800

L'assemblée générale de l'association des Anciens combattants de Morlaix-Ploujean a eu lieu dimanche, à la mairie de Ploujean, en présence d'Yvon Prémel et Alain Daniélou, conseillers municipaux et d'Édouard Clech, représentant départemental de ...

Revista 22

Revista 22
Mon, 11 Jan 2016 23:18:45 -0800

Cum nu e vorba doar de ce ți se întâmplă „de la o anumită vârstă“, Pleșu trimite (via Linga Purana și Alain Daniélou – referință completă la p. 158) către „intuițiile profetice ale hinduismului“. Năucitoarea listă de simptome îi avertiza acum 2000 de ...

DESIblitz

DESIblitz
Fri, 18 Dec 2015 19:37:12 -0800

Translation of the Kama Sutra exists in many languages. The most famous translations are by Alain Danielou (1994) and Wendy Doniger (2002). Wendy Doniger, author of Kamasutra (Oxford World's Classics 2002) says: “The real Kamasutra is a book about ...

Asia Times

Asia Times
Fri, 25 Dec 2015 04:57:57 -0800

Dr. Koenraad Elst,Will Durant,Francois Gautier Writer Fernand Braudel,Alain Danielou.Irfan Husain but many Indians fought the invadors and refused to convert keeping their identity including the sikhs but your elders were cowards gave their ass to the ...

Firstpost

Firstpost
Sun, 01 Nov 2015 23:57:08 -0800

The upturn in the mood of the BJP's Bihar campaign led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi after the first two phases, may have its origin, among other things, in the severe dressing down that party president Amit Shah gave to local leaders on the ground.

Firstpost

Firstpost
Mon, 02 Nov 2015 23:03:40 -0800

Twenty-seven years after fleeing the Indian shores, Chhota Rajan would be home soon. Within another 30-odd hours we can expect the Indian delegation to land in Delhi, Rajendra Sadashiv Nikhalje in hand. Sources indicate the composite team of CBI, ...

The Phnom Penh Post

The Phnom Penh Post
Fri, 23 Oct 2015 18:07:30 -0700

Influenced by ethnomusicologists like Alain Danielou, Peter Hamel and Deben Bhattacharya, so far he has recordings from Australia, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Thailand, Vietnam, Turkey and Hawaii. During a trip to Cambodia he recorded traditional Khmer ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight