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Alain Daniélou
Alain Daniélou
Born 4 October 1907
Neuilly-sur-Seine, France
Died 27 January 1994
Lonay, Switzerland
Occupation Indologist
Nationality French
Subject Culture of India
Partner Raymond Burnier
Relatives Jean Daniélou

Alain Daniélou (4 October 1907 – 27 January 1994) was a French historian, intellectual, musicologist, Indologist, and a noted Western convert to and expert on Shaivite Hinduism.

In 1991, he was awarded the Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship the highest honour conferred by Sangeet Natak Akademi, India's National Academy for Music, Dance and Drama.[1]

Early life and education[edit]

His mother, Madeleine Clamorgan, was from an old family of the Norman nobility; a fervent Catholic, she founded schools and a religious order, Order of Sainte-Marie, for women teachers in civilian costume under the patronage of St. François-Xavier. His father, Charles Daniélou, was an anticlerical Breton politician who held numerous national ministerial posts in the Third Republic. One of his brothers was Roman Catholic prelate and Académie française member, Jean Daniélou.[2]

He received his education at the Institution Notre-Dame de Sainte-Croix, Neuilly-sur-Seine, and at St. John's College, Annapolis.[2] The young Daniélou studied singing under the famous Charles Panzéra, as well as classical dancing with Nicholas Legat (teacher of Vaslav Nijinsky), and composition with Max d'Ollone. Subsequently, he performed professionally on stage with dancers like Floria Capsali and Marjorie Daw.[2] Growing up he rebelled against his mother's excessive religiosity, but his father remained a positive influence, which helped in developing his musical talent. He studied piano and singing, learning the songs of Duparc and Chausson and the Lieder of Schumann and Schubert. He started writing poems, as acquired efficiency in English and other European languages.[2]

Career[edit]

India: 1932-1960[edit]

He and his partner, Swiss photographer Raymond Burnier, first went to India as part of an adventure trip, and they were fascinated with the art and culture of the nation. Daniélou and Burnier were among the first Westerners to visit India's famed erotic temples in the village of Khajuraho and Burnier's stunning photographs of the ancient temple complex launched the site internationally. The photographs were featured in an exhibition at the New York's Metropolitan Museum.[3]

In 1932, during his first trip to India, he met one of the great influences poet Rabindranath Tagore.[2] His close association with Rabindranath Tagore lead to him being the director of Tagore’s school of music at Shantiniketan (Visva-Bharati University).[4] Subsequently in 1935, he joined the Banaras Hindu University, where he studied Hindu music, Sanskrit, Indian philosophy and Hindu religion for the next 15 years. In 1949, he was appointed as a research professor at the University, a post he held until 1953. he also remained the director of the College of Indian Music. In Banaras (now Varanasi), he lived a mansion on the banks of the Ganga, named Rewa Kothi. During these years, he studied Indian classical music in Varanasi with Shivendranath Basu and played the veena, which he started playing professionally. He also studied Hindi, Sanskrit languages as well as Indian philosophy. His interest in the symbolism of Hindu architecture and sculpture, lead to long trips with Burnier to Khajuraho, Bhubaneswar and Konarak, sites in central India and Rajasthan.[4][5] He also translated some works of Swami Karpatri by whom he was initiated into Shaivism under the name Shiva Sharan (Protected by Shiva).[2][6]

In 1953, he joined the Adyar Library and Research Centre at the Theosophical Society Adyar near Madras (now Chennai), where he was the director of a centre of research into Sanskrit literature until 1956. In 1959, he became a member of French Institute of Pondicherry, which works in the field of Indology.[2]

Europe: 1960 onwards[edit]

Upon his return to Europe in 1960, he was appointed an adviser to UNESCO's International Music Council, which led to a number of recordings of traditional music such as Unesco Collection: A Musical Anthology of the Orient, Musical Atlas, Musical Sources and Anthology of Indian Classical Music - A Tribute to Alain Daniélou. In 1966, he became the founder and director of the International Institute of Contemporary Music in Berlin, where he remained till 1977; he also remained the director of the Istituto Internazionale di Musica Comparata in Venice from 1969 to 82.[2]

He worked on classical Indian music. But his more important contribution to Indology is his writings on the ancient wisdom of the Veda, Hindu philosophy, and Shaivism.

He is the author of over thirty books on Indian music and culture. He received several awards for his work on music. He was also a photographer and painter. .

Awards and recognition[edit]

He was an Officer of the Légion d'Honneur, an Officer of the Ordre National du Mérite, and Commander of Arts and Letters. He was the director of the UNESCO Collection series, a series of recordings of traditional world music. In 1981, he received the UNESCO/CIM prize for music, and, in 1987 the Kathmandu Medal from UNESCO.

Legacy[edit]

In 2004, to mark his tenth death anniversary a photo exhibition, "India through the eyes of Alain Danielou (1935-1955)" was hosted at the Alliance Française, Hyderabad.[4]

Works[edit]

Discography[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "SNA: List of Sangeet Natak Akademi Ratna Puraskarwinners (Akademi Fellows)". SNA Official website. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h James Kirkup (4 February 1994). "Obituary: Alain Danielou". The Independent. Retrieved 2014-04-08. 
  3. ^ "Medieval Indian Sculpture". Retrieved 2013-10-31. 
  4. ^ a b c "Visual flashback". The Hindu. July 19, 2004. Retrieved 2014-04-07. 
  5. ^ "Snapshots of Indian culture". The Telegraph. March 19, 2009. Retrieved 2014-04-07. 
  6. ^ Rama, Swami (1999) Himalayan Institute, Living With the Himalayan Masters, page 247.

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alain_Daniélou — Please support Wikipedia.
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319 videos foundNext > 

Alain Daniélou, India en Mexico - Fotografías de la India de Raymond Burnier y Alain Daniélou

Selección de algunas fotografías de los años 30 y 40 realizadas por Raymond Burnier y Alain Daniélou en la India, con música de Ravhi Shankar, proyectadas en...

Alain Daniélou

Jacques Cloracec, légataire d'Alain Daniélou, nous retrace ici les grandes ligne de la vie et l'oeuvre d'Alain Daniélou (frère du cardinal Jean Daniélou): mu...

Phobiques du métissage #1 - Alain Daniélou et George Steiner.mp4

Deux phobiques du métissage, Alain Danielou et Georges Steiner, se lâchent devant un Bernar Pivot médusé. La chronique sur projetmetis.wordpress.com.

Anthony Burgess Speaks: 1981 (1/6)

A 1981 appearance on Bernard Pivot's 'Apostrophes', debating good and evil with the scholar of Indian religion and culture (and Hindu convert) Alain Daniélou...

John McCowen - To Alain Danielou

for solo clarinet, from HUMANA/MUNDANA johnmccowen.bandcamp.com.

Jodi Prem - If our heart - Music by Tagore/Daniélou

If our heart be not meant for love Then why at dawn do you fill the skies With ever new songs, ever new songs If our heart be not meant for love? Why this ga...

Alain Danielou e vescovo Pier Danielou morto con rapporto una prostituta [261B]

[261B: 29 novembre 2001]. [00:00] Alain Danielou, secondo i cattolici "riuferimento culturale di persone violente" per denigrare chi cerca qualcosa di divers...

Alain Daniélou, India en México - TV Azteca - Canal 13

Difusión de las actividades de presentación de la obra de Alain Daniélou y de la Fundación India Europa de Nuevos Diálogos en México los días 19 y 21 de marz...

ALAIN DANIELOU, de saines paroles ...

Senior Dagar Brothers - Dhrupad in raga Asavari (Part B)

Moinuddin & Aminuddin Dagar: Dhupad in Raga Asavari (Part B). 'The Senior Dagar Brothers'. The famous recording made by Alain Daniélou in the 60s for UNESCO....

319 videos foundNext > 

1 news items

 
Fabula
Sun, 21 Sep 2014 00:52:30 -0700

Selon Alain Daniélou (Mythes et dieux de l'Inde), Kâma est un dieu du mental, distinct du Désir et qu'il prend pour femme (Ratî). Il est remarquable que, sous une forme ou sous une autre, la sacralité de l'érotisme qui s'engendre de lui-même et qui ...
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