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Surat Al-Isra
Classification Makkan
Meaning of the name The Night Journey
Other names Bani Israel (Children of Israel)
Sura number 17
Number of verses 111
Juz' number 15
Hizb number 29 to 30
Number of Sajdahs 1 (verse 109)
Previous Sura An-Nahl
Next Sura Al-Kahf

Sura Al-Isra (Arabic: سورة الإسراء‎, Sūratu al-Isrā, "The Night Journey"), also called Sura Bani Isra'il (i.e. Children of Israel), is the 17th chapter of the Qur'an, with 111 verses.


This Surah takes its name from the first verse, which tells the story of the Isra and Mi'raj, the transportation of Muhammad during the night to what is referred to as "the farthest Mosque". The exact location is not specified, although in Islamic Hadith this is commonly taken to be the Noble Sanctuary (Temple Mount) in Jerusalem. Some scholars disagree about this (see Isra and Mi'raj). While the city of Jerusalem (or al Quds) is not mentioned by name anywhere in the Qur'an, it is identified in various Hadith. The first verse refers to Mohammed being taken from the 'Sacred Mosque' to the 'Furthest Mosque':

Glory to (Allah) Who did take His servant for a Journey by night from the Sacred Mosque to the farthest Mosque, whose precincts We did bless,- in order that We might show him some of Our Signs: for He is the One Who heareth and seeth (all things).

It is generally agreed upon that the 'Furthest Mosque' refers to Masjid al-Aqsa in Jerusalem and the 'Sacred Mosque' refers to Masjid al-Haram. The Surah also refers to the other Prophets for example, Moses.

This Meccan surah was revealed in the last year before the Hijra. Like all the Meccan surah it stresses the oneness of Allah, the authority of the prophets. However, the primary theme of the Surah is salah (daily prayers), whose number is said to have been fixed at five during the Miraj which it alludes to. In addition, the Surah forbids adultery, calls for respect for father and mother, and calls for patience and control in the face of the persecutions the Muslim community was facing at the time.

Ayah 71 contains a reference to Yawm al-Qiyamah, the Day of Judgement:

One day We shall call together all human beings with their (respective) Imams: those who are given their record in their right hand will read it (with pleasure), and they will not be dealt with unjustly in the least.

Ayah 8 Refers to Hell and states that those who reject the faith will be punished:

It may be that your Lord may (yet) show Mercy unto you; but if ye revert (to your sins), We shall revert (to Our punishments): And we have made Hell a prison for those who reject (all Faith).

However it also states that Allah is merciful and could forgive you.

It also refers to the hereafter and states that there is a punishment for not believing in it(Verse 10):

And to those who believe not in the Hereafter, (it announceth) that We have prepared for them a Penalty Grievous (indeed).

Ayah 13-15 tells us that our fate is in our hands and tells us that what we do will be rewarded or punished for on the Day of Judgement:

Every man's fate We have fastened on his own neck: On the Day of Judgment We shall bring out for him a scroll, which he will see spread open. (It will be said to him:) "Read thine (own) record: Sufficient is thy soul this day to make out an account against thee." Who receiveth guidance, receiveth it for his own benefit: who goeth astray doth so to his own loss: No bearer of burdens can bear the burden of another: nor would We visit with Our Wrath until We had sent a messenger (to give warning).

Ayah 104 tells us that the Children of Israel dwelt securely in the Promised Land.

External links[edit]

  • Surah Banî Israel (Complete text in Arabic with English and French translations)
  • Quran – Al-Isra with translation
Previous sura:
Sura 17 Next sura:
Arabic text

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Isra — Please support Wikipedia.
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924 news items

Al-Manar TV

Al-Manar TV
Thu, 01 Jan 2015 04:58:23 -0800

The real goal is explicitly indicated in the first verse of Surat Al-Isra': "to show him of Our Signs", and in the eighteen verse of Surat An-Najm: "He certainly saw of the greatest signs of his Lord." Thus the aim of this miraculous journey was to ...


Fri, 16 Jan 2015 13:42:26 -0800

Hence, what is contained in Ministerial Decrees strictly complies with what is set by the law, namely one day for each the Hijri and Miladi New Years, the Birth of the Profit (PBUH), Al-Isra' Wal Me'raj and the UAE National Day, three days for Eid Al ...


Thu, 15 Jan 2015 09:48:45 -0800

As for the third question, there is a short reference to it in verse 17:85, entitled The Night Journey or al-Isra. This verse may be rendered in the Quran: {If they ask you about the Spirit. Say: Knowledge of the Spirit belongs to my Lord and you have ...


Mon, 12 Jan 2015 05:55:40 -0800

Almighty Allah says:"And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but him, and that you be dutiful to your parents." (Al-Isra' 17: 23). Islam did not prevent Muslims from even being dutiful to their non-Muslim parents even if they practiced ...


Mon, 05 Jan 2015 07:20:10 -0800

... Mosque in Madinah, Saudi Arabia. Its significance has been reinforced by the Islamic incident of Al Isra'a and Al Mi'raj — the night journey from Makkah to Al-Quds and the ascent to the Heavens by Prophet Muhammad (Peace and Blessings be Upon Him).
Sun, 04 Jan 2015 23:52:30 -0800

(Al-Isra' 17: 23). Asmaa', the daughter of Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with them all, had a non-Muslim mother who lived in Makkah, whereas Asmaa' had migrated with her father and the rest of the Muslims to Madinah. After the Treaty of Hudaybiya ...
Emirates 24/7
Thu, 22 May 2014 00:38:08 -0700

Not all government departments will remain closed on the occasion of Al Isra wal Miraj. Several departments in the city will be functional, albeit for limited hours and services. Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (Dewa) will continue to provide ...
The Malaysian Insider
Sat, 03 Jan 2015 15:33:49 -0800

The human being is honoured in the Quran (see Al-Isra', 17:70), irrespective of religion, colour or race and it was never the teaching of Islam for people to initiate discord and enmity over race, colour, language or religion. On the contrary, Islam's ...

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