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  Sura 17 of the Quran  
الإسراء
Surat Al-Isrāʼ
The Night Journey

Arabic text · English translation


Classification Meccan
Other names Bani Israel (Children of Israel)
Position Juzʼ 15
Hizb number 29 to 30
Number of Rukus 12
Number of verses 111
Number of Sajdahs 1 (verse 109)

Sūrat al-Isrāʼ (Arabic: سورة الإسراء‎) or Sūrat Banī Isrāʼīl (سورة بني إسرائيل) is the 17th surah of the Qur'an, with 111 verses. It is about Isra and Mi'raj and the Children of Israel.

Content[edit]

This Surah takes its name from the first verse, which tells the story of the Isra and Mi'raj, the transportation of Muhammad during the night to what is referred to as "the farthest Mosque". The exact location is not specified, although in Islamic Hadith this is commonly taken to be the Noble Sanctuary (Temple Mount) in Jerusalem. Some scholars disagree about this (see Isra and Mi'raj). While the city of Jerusalem (or al Quds) is not mentioned by name anywhere in the Qur'an, it is identified in various Hadith. The first verse refers to Mohammed being taken from the 'Sacred Mosque' to the 'Furthest Mosque':

Glory to (Allah) Who did take His servant for a Journey by night from the Sacred Mosque to the farthest Mosque, whose precincts We did bless,- in order that We might show him some of Our Signs: for He is the One Who heareth and seeth (all things).

It is generally agreed upon that the 'Furthest Mosque' refers to Masjid al-Aqsa in Jerusalem and the 'Sacred Mosque' refers to Masjid al-Haram. The Surah also refers to the other Prophets for example, Moses.

This Meccan surah was revealed in the last year before the Hijra. Like all the Meccan surah it stresses the oneness of Allah, the authority of the prophets. However, the primary theme of the Surah is salah (daily prayers), whose number is said to have been fixed at five during the Miraj which it alludes to. In addition, the Surah forbids adultery, calls for respect for father and mother, and calls for patience and control in the face of the persecutions the Muslim community was facing at the time.

Ayah 71 contains a reference to Yawm al-Qiyamah, the Day of Judgement:

One day We shall call together all human beings with their (respective) Imams: those who are given their record in their right hand will read it (with pleasure), and they will not be dealt with unjustly in the least.

Ayah 8 Refers to Hell and states that those who reject the faith will be punished:

It may be that your Lord may (yet) show Mercy unto you; but if ye revert (to your sins), We shall revert (to Our punishments): And we have made Hell a prison for those who reject (all Faith).

However it also states that Allah is merciful and could forgive you.

It also refers to the hereafter and states that there is a punishment for not believing in it (Verse 10):

And to those who believe not in the Hereafter, (it announceth) that We have prepared for them a Penalty Grievous (indeed).

Ayah 13-15 tells us that our fate is in our hands and tells us that what we do will be rewarded or punished for on the Day of Judgement:

Every man's fate We have fastened on his own neck: On the Day of Judgment We shall bring out for him a scroll, which he will see spread open. (It will be said to him:) "Read thine (own) record: Sufficient is thy soul this day to make out an account against thee." Who receiveth guidance, receiveth it for his own benefit: who goeth astray doth so to his own loss: No bearer of burdens can bear the burden of another: nor would We visit with Our Wrath until We had sent a messenger (to give warning).

Ayah 104 tells us that the Children of Israel dwelt securely in the Promised Land.

External links[edit]

Works related to The Holy Qur'an (Maulana Muhammad Ali)/17. The Israelites at Wikisource

Previous sura:
An-Nahl
Surah 17 Next sura:
Al-Kahf
Arabic text

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Isra — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

1278 news items

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Mon, 08 Feb 2016 08:52:30 -0800

Haq cited Ibn Arabi's Kitab al-Isra (The Book of Nocturnal Journey), Al-Maarri's Risalat al-Ghufran (The Epistle of Forgiveness) and works of Ibn Rushd and Ibn Tufail as the influences of Dante. “Arabi had a kind of epiphany in 1200 CE to embark on a ...

gulfnews.com

gulfnews.com
Mon, 11 May 2015 04:18:06 -0700

Al Isra'a Wal Mi'raj is an Islamic holiday which is observed annually on the 27th day of the Islamic month of Rajab, according to the Hijiri calendar. This year, as far as the Gregorian calendar is concerned, the holiday falls on Saturday May 16. What ...

Pulse Nigeria

Pulse Nigeria
Wed, 03 Feb 2016 07:50:25 -0800

Surah Al-Isra 17:24 - Lower to your parents the wing of humility out of mercy and say: My Lord, have mercy upon them as they brought me up when I was small. 5. Quran 23:02 - Successful indeed are the believers who humble themselves in their prayers. 6.
 
Arab Times Kuwait English Daily
Sat, 23 Jan 2016 22:48:44 -0800

KUWAIT CITY, Jan 23: Jordanian security authorities are looking for a Jordanian student and two others who shot a Kuwaiti student in Pharmacy College of Al-Isra University, reports Al-Rai daily. Reportedly, an argument broke out between two Kuwaiti ...

The Siasat Daily

The Siasat Daily
Thu, 21 Jan 2016 23:10:24 -0800

National Investigative Agency (NIA) on Friday picked up four ISIS sympathizers from Hyderabad suspected to carry out bomb blasts across the country. According to initial report, four more people were detained from Rajasthan and Karnataka in raids ...

Saudi Gazette

Saudi Gazette
Thu, 14 Jan 2016 13:11:31 -0800

(Surah Al-Isra). We are not even supposed to utter the small word “uff” to our parents; what does the word “uff” mean? The scholars have explained that Allah used “uff” to show us that such a small word that indicates dissatisfaction, or any sort of ...

Utusan Malaysia

Utusan Malaysia
Tue, 09 Feb 2016 00:13:31 -0800

... agar menjauhi dosa zina yang biasanya berputik daripada kosmetik cinta terlarang sebegini: “Dan janganlah kamu dekati zina sesungguhnya zina itu adalah satu perbuatan yang keji dan satu jalan yang jahat (yang membawa kerosakan),” (al-Isra'[17:32]).

GoRiau

GoRiau
Tue, 09 Feb 2016 09:37:30 -0800

Ini yang paling krusial.â€. Illiza kemudian membacakan firman Allah SWT dalam Al-Quran Surat Al-Isra, ayat 36. “Dan janglah kamu megikuti apa yang kamu tidak mempunyai pengetahuan tentangnya. Sesungguhnya pendengaran, penglihatan, dan hati, ...
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