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Al-Isra
الإسراء
Classification Makkan
Meaning of the name The Night Journey
Other names Bani Israel (Children of Israel)
Statistics
Sura number 17
Number of verses 111
Juz' number 15
Hizb number 29 to 30
Number of Sajdahs 1 (verse 109)
Previous Sura An-Nahl
Next Sura Al-Kahf

Sura Al-Isra (Arabic: سورة الإسراء‎, Sūratu al-Isrā, "The Night Journey"), also called Sura Bani Isra'il (i.e. Children of Israel), is the 17th chapter of the Qur'an, with 111 verses.

Content[edit]

This Surah takes its name from the first verse, which tells the story of the Isra and Mi'raj, the transportation of Muhammad during the night to what is referred to as "the farthest Mosque". The exact location is not specified, although in Islamic Hadith this is commonly taken to be the Noble Sanctuary (Temple Mount) in Jerusalem. Some scholars disagree about this (see Isra and Mi'raj). While the city of Jerusalem (or al Quds) is not mentioned by name anywhere in the Qur'an, it is identified in various Hadith. The first verse refers to Mohammed being taken from the 'Sacred Mosque' to the 'Furthest Mosque':

Glory to (Allah) Who did take His servant for a Journey by night from the Sacred Mosque to the farthest Mosque, whose precincts We did bless,- in order that We might show him some of Our Signs: for He is the One Who heareth and seeth (all things).

It is generally agreed upon that the 'Furthest Mosque' refers to Masjid al-Aqsa in Jerusalem and the 'Sacred Mosque' refers to Masjid al-Haram. The Surah also refers to the other Prophets for example, Moses.

This Meccan surah was revealed in the last year before the Hijra. Like all the Meccan surah it stresses the oneness of Allah, the authority of the prophets. However, the primary theme of the Surah is salah (daily prayers), whose number is said to have been fixed at five during the Miraj which it alludes to. In addition, the Surah forbids adultery, calls for respect for father and mother, and calls for patience and control in the face of the persecutions the Muslim community was facing at the time.

Ayah 71 contains a reference to Yawm al-Qiyamah, the Day of Judgement:

One day We shall call together all human beings with their (respective) Imams: those who are given their record in their right hand will read it (with pleasure), and they will not be dealt with unjustly in the least.

Ayah 8 Refers to Hell and states that those who reject the faith will be punished to it:

It may be that your Lord may (yet) show Mercy unto you; but if ye revert (to your sins), We shall revert (to Our punishments): And we have made Hell a prison for those who reject (all Faith).

However it also states that Allah is merciful and could forgive you.

It also refers to the hereafter and states that there is a punishment for not believing in it(Verse 10):

And to those who believe not in the Hereafter, (it announceth) that We have prepared for them a Penalty Grievous (indeed).

Ayah 13-15 tells us that our fate is in our hands and tells us that what we do will be rewarded or punished for on the Day of Judgement:

Every man's fate We have fastened on his own neck: On the Day of Judgment We shall bring out for him a scroll, which he will see spread open. (It will be said to him:) "Read thine (own) record: Sufficient is thy soul this day to make out an account against thee." Who receiveth guidance, receiveth it for his own benefit: who goeth astray doth so to his own loss: No bearer of burdens can bear the burden of another: nor would We visit with Our Wrath until We had sent a messenger (to give warning).

Ayah 104 tells us that the Children of Israel dwelt securely in the Promised Land.

External links[edit]

Other Information[edit]

Previous sura:
An-Nahl
Sura 17 Next sura:
Al-Kahf
Arabic text

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Isra — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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Wed, 27 Aug 2014 09:17:45 -0700

The honorableness and superiority status God has given to human being is stated in the Qur'an as revealed in Surat Al-Isra'a (17) verse 70 (And indeed We have honored the sons of Adam and We have carried them on land and sea, and provided them with ...

Onislam.net

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Sun, 31 Aug 2014 08:04:12 -0700

If you know that Satan is always mindful of you, don't forget the One Who controls your fate. This word of wisdom by Ibn `Ataa'illah gives some sort of enlightenment about one of the ways of fleeing to Allah and hanging on to Him, that is, fleeing from ...

Onislam.net

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Wed, 27 Aug 2014 06:07:30 -0700

(Surat Al-Isra, Verse 23). Even when the parents are non-Muslims, Allah asks us in the Qur'an to befriend them in this world and to be kind to them. So imagine the parents who are Muslims and try to ask you to do which is good (even if it seems to you ...

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Sat, 30 Aug 2014 19:37:30 -0700

In his keynote address on the theme “25 years of perseverance, the success and challenges” Alhaji Madani Kabba-Kamara based his statement on the verse in the Holy Quran in Sura Al-Isra 17 verse 70 “walaqad karamna bani Adam” And We have certainly ...
 
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Mon, 08 Sep 2014 23:07:24 -0700

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Thu, 18 Sep 2014 19:15:00 -0700

Allah SWT memerintahkan kepada kita untuk berbakti kepada kedua-dua ibu bapa seperti dinaskan dalam al-Quran, Surah al-Isra ayat 23 bermaksud: Dan Tuhanmu telah perintahkan supaya engkau tidak menyembah melainkan kepada-Nya semata-mata ...
 
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Thu, 11 Sep 2014 18:52:30 -0700

Hak bersuara adalah sebahagian dari maksud kemuliaan insan yang diiktirafi oleh Islam dalam Al Isra' ayat 79. Prinsip asas ini mestilah dipatuhi dan dibela oleh kerajaan dan rakyat kerana antara mempertahankan kuasa yang dimiliki oleh kerajaan dengan ...
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