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Classification Makkan
Meaning of the name The Night Journey
Other names Bani Israel (Children of Israel)
Sura number 17
Number of verses 111
Juz' number 15
Hizb number 29 to 30
Number of Sajdahs 1 (verse 109)
Previous Sura An-Nahl
Next Sura Al-Kahf

Sura Al-Isra (Arabic: سورة الإسراء‎, Sūratu al-Isrā, "The Night Journey"), also called Sura Bani Isra'il (i.e. Children of Israel), is the 17th chapter of the Qur'an, with 111 verses.


This Surah takes its name from the first verse, which tells the story of the Isra and Mi'raj, the transportation of Muhammad during the night to what is referred to as "the farthest Mosque". The exact location is not specified, although in Islamic Hadith this is commonly taken to be the Noble Sanctuary (Temple Mount) in Jerusalem. Some scholars disagree about this (see Isra and Mi'raj). While the city of Jerusalem (or al Quds) is not mentioned by name anywhere in the Qur'an, it is identified in various Hadith. The first verse refers to Mohammed being taken from the 'Sacred Mosque' to the 'Furthest Mosque':

Glory to (Allah) Who did take His servant for a Journey by night from the Sacred Mosque to the farthest Mosque, whose precincts We did bless,- in order that We might show him some of Our Signs: for He is the One Who heareth and seeth (all things).

It is generally agreed upon that the 'Furthest Mosque' refers to Masjid al-Aqsa in Jerusalem and the 'Sacred Mosque' refers to Masjid al-Haram. The Surah also refers to the other Prophets for example, Moses.

This Meccan surah was revealed in the last year before the Hijra. Like all the Meccan surah it stresses the oneness of Allah, the authority of the prophets. However, the primary theme of the Surah is salah (daily prayers), whose number is said to have been fixed at five during the Miraj which it alludes to. In addition, the Surah forbids adultery, calls for respect for father and mother, and calls for patience and control in the face of the persecutions the Muslim community was facing at the time.

Ayah 71 contains a reference to Yawm al-Qiyamah, the Day of Judgement:

One day We shall call together all human beings with their (respective) Imams: those who are given their record in their right hand will read it (with pleasure), and they will not be dealt with unjustly in the least.

Ayah 8 Refers to Hell and states that those who reject the faith will be punished to it:

It may be that your Lord may (yet) show Mercy unto you; but if ye revert (to your sins), We shall revert (to Our punishments): And we have made Hell a prison for those who reject (all Faith).

However it also states that Allah is merciful and could forgive you.

It also refers to the hereafter and states that there is a punishment for not believing in it(Verse 10):

And to those who believe not in the Hereafter, (it announceth) that We have prepared for them a Penalty Grievous (indeed).

Ayah 13-15 tells us that our fate is in our hands and tells us that what we do will be rewarded or punished for on the Day of Judgement:

Every man's fate We have fastened on his own neck: On the Day of Judgment We shall bring out for him a scroll, which he will see spread open. (It will be said to him:) "Read thine (own) record: Sufficient is thy soul this day to make out an account against thee." Who receiveth guidance, receiveth it for his own benefit: who goeth astray doth so to his own loss: No bearer of burdens can bear the burden of another: nor would We visit with Our Wrath until We had sent a messenger (to give warning).

Ayah 104 tells us that the Children of Israel dwelt securely in the Promised Land.

External links[edit]

Other Information[edit]

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Arabic text

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Isra — Please support Wikipedia.
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64 news items

Jerusalem Post
Tue, 30 Sep 2014 05:54:50 -0700

He notes that in Surat Al-Isra, Allah warns the Jews that they will cause “corruption on earth twice”, and that on the first occasion, they were destroyed by the Babylonians. In persuading the US to invade Iraq, the Jews were thus attempting to prevent ...

Fars News Agency

Fars News Agency
Sun, 28 Sep 2014 03:41:15 -0700

... the holy Quran several times (Ar-Rad, Chapter 13, Verse 4, Al-Anaam, Chapter 6, Verse 99, An-Nahl, Chapter 16, Verse 11, Al-Isra, Chapter 17, Verse 91, Al-Mumenoon, Chapter 23, Verse 19, Abasa, Chapter 80, Verse 28, An-Nahl, Chapter 16, Verse 11).


Wed, 24 Sep 2014 06:41:15 -0700

Al-Aqsa is the Muslims' first Qiblah [direction Muslims take during prayers] and it is the third holiest shrine after Al Ka`bah in Makkah and Prophet Muhammad's Mosque in Madinah, Saudi Arabia. Its significance has been reinforced by the incident of Al ...

Saudi Gazette

Saudi Gazette
Thu, 25 Sep 2014 14:11:15 -0700

Prophet Muhammad(PBUH) also did Ziyara from Makkah during the al-'Isra wal-Mi'raj ('The Night Journey and Ascension'), visiting Madinah, Madyan, Mount Sinai, Bethlehem and Jerusalem before he ascended to the Heavens. Even Islam's calendar starts ...

Eurasia Review

Eurasia Review
Thu, 25 Sep 2014 13:37:30 -0700

(Al-Isra', 17: 33); and 'Say: “Come, I will recite that which your Lord has made a sacred duty for you: that you associate nothing with Him, that you be dutiful to parents, and that you do not slay your children, because of poverty – We will provide ...

Sudan Vision

Sudan Vision
Wed, 27 Aug 2014 09:17:45 -0700

The honorableness and superiority status God has given to human being is stated in the Qur'an as revealed in Surat Al-Isra'a (17) verse 70 (And indeed We have honored the sons of Adam and We have carried them on land and sea, and provided them with ...


Sun, 31 Aug 2014 08:04:12 -0700

If you know that Satan is always mindful of you, don't forget the One Who controls your fate. This word of wisdom by Ibn `Ataa'illah gives some sort of enlightenment about one of the ways of fleeing to Allah and hanging on to Him, that is, fleeing from ...

Sierra Express Media

Sierra Express Media
Sat, 30 Aug 2014 19:37:30 -0700

In his keynote address on the theme “25 years of perseverance, the success and challenges” Alhaji Madani Kabba-Kamara based his statement on the verse in the Holy Quran in Sura Al-Isra 17 verse 70 “walaqad karamna bani Adam” And We have certainly ...

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