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Surat Al-Isra
الإسراء
Classification Makkan
Meaning of the name The Night Journey
Other names Bani Israel (Children of Israel)
Statistics
Sura number 17
Number of verses 111
Juz' number 15
Hizb number 29 to 30
Number of Sajdahs 1 (verse 109)
Previous Sura An-Nahl
Next Sura Al-Kahf

Sura Al-Isra (Arabic: سورة الإسراء‎‎, Sūratu al-Isrā, "The Night Journey"), also called Sura Bani Isra'il (i.e. Children of Israel), is the 17th chapter of the Qur'an, with 111 verses.

Content[edit]

This Surah takes its name from the first verse, which tells the story of the Isra and Mi'raj, the transportation of Muhammad during the night to what is referred to as "the farthest Mosque". The exact location is not specified, although in Islamic Hadith this is commonly taken to be the Noble Sanctuary (Temple Mount) in Jerusalem. Some scholars disagree about this (see Isra and Mi'raj). While the city of Jerusalem (or al Quds) is not mentioned by name anywhere in the Qur'an, it is identified in various Hadith. The first verse refers to Mohammed being taken from the 'Sacred Mosque' to the 'Furthest Mosque':

Glory to (Allah) Who did take His servant for a Journey by night from the Sacred Mosque to the farthest Mosque, whose precincts We did bless,- in order that We might show him some of Our Signs: for He is the One Who heareth and seeth (all things).

It is generally agreed upon that the 'Furthest Mosque' refers to Masjid al-Aqsa in Jerusalem and the 'Sacred Mosque' refers to Masjid al-Haram. The Surah also refers to the other Prophets for example, Moses.

This Meccan surah was revealed in the last year before the Hijra. Like all the Meccan surah it stresses the oneness of Allah, the authority of the prophets. However, the primary theme of the Surah is salah (daily prayers), whose number is said to have been fixed at five during the Miraj which it alludes to. In addition, the Surah forbids adultery, calls for respect for father and mother, and calls for patience and control in the face of the persecutions the Muslim community was facing at the time.

Ayah 71 contains a reference to Yawm al-Qiyamah, the Day of Judgement:

One day We shall call together all human beings with their (respective) Imams: those who are given their record in their right hand will read it (with pleasure), and they will not be dealt with unjustly in the least.

Ayah 8 Refers to Hell and states that those who reject the faith will be punished:

It may be that your Lord may (yet) show Mercy unto you; but if ye revert (to your sins), We shall revert (to Our punishments): And we have made Hell a prison for those who reject (all Faith).

However it also states that Allah is merciful and could forgive you.

It also refers to the hereafter and states that there is a punishment for not believing in it(Verse 10):

And to those who believe not in the Hereafter, (it announceth) that We have prepared for them a Penalty Grievous (indeed).

Ayah 13-15 tells us that our fate is in our hands and tells us that what we do will be rewarded or punished for on the Day of Judgement:

Every man's fate We have fastened on his own neck: On the Day of Judgment We shall bring out for him a scroll, which he will see spread open. (It will be said to him:) "Read thine (own) record: Sufficient is thy soul this day to make out an account against thee." Who receiveth guidance, receiveth it for his own benefit: who goeth astray doth so to his own loss: No bearer of burdens can bear the burden of another: nor would We visit with Our Wrath until We had sent a messenger (to give warning).

Ayah 104 tells us that the Children of Israel dwelt securely in the Promised Land.

External links[edit]

  • Surah Banî Israel (Complete text in Arabic with English and French translations)
  • Quran – Al-Isra with translation
Previous sura:
An-Nahl
Surah 17 Next sura:
Al-Kahf
Arabic text

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Isra — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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1424 news items

gulfnews.com

gulfnews.com
Mon, 11 May 2015 04:18:06 -0700

Al Isra'a Wal Mi'raj is an Islamic holiday which is observed annually on the 27th day of the Islamic month of Rajab, according to the Hijiri calendar. This year, as far as the Gregorian calendar is concerned, the holiday falls on Saturday May 16. What ...

SomalilandPress

SomalilandPress
Sat, 16 May 2015 14:22:30 -0700

Somalilanders today gathered in their thousands to commemorate the Al Isra' wal Miraj, Lailat al Mi'raj, or Laylat al Miraj in most towns across the country today. In Hargeisa a well-attended function to commemorate Al Isra' wal Miraj, Lailat al Mi'raj ...
 
Kasmir Monitor
Thu, 28 May 2015 11:33:45 -0700

In the Qur'an Allah has stated that arrogance is a great failing: Do not strut arrogantly about the Earth. You will certainly never split the earth apart nor will you ever rival the mountains in height. (Surat Al-Isra': 37) As for those who believe and ...

Onislam.net

Onislam.net
Sun, 24 May 2015 11:00:00 -0700

Al-Aqsa is the Muslims' first Qiblah [direction Muslims take during prayers] and it is the third holiest shrine after Al Ka`bah in Makkah and Prophet Muhammad's Mosque in Madinah, Saudi Arabia. Its significance has been reinforced by the incident of Al ...

The Guardian

The Guardian
Wed, 20 May 2015 02:26:26 -0700

Jerusalem was also a key stage of the prophet Muhammad's profound nocturnal spiritual journey, known as al-Isra' wal-Mi'raj (“the night journey and ascension”), during which he had a vision of God. This nocturnal journey is described in Qur'an 17:1 as ...
 
Kasmir Monitor
Thu, 14 May 2015 11:33:45 -0700

In the blessed month of Rajab, a truly miraculous event took place, known as Al-Isra' Wal-Mi'raj or The Glorious Night Journey and Miracle of Ascension.The entire journey of Al-Isra' and Al-mi'raj was not just spiritual, but it was merely a physical ...

Gulf Times

Gulf Times
Thu, 14 May 2015 13:15:00 -0700

Muslims believe in prophets whom Allah, in His wisdom and mercy, sent to direct us to the right path. “And We have not sent before you (any) but men to whom We gave inspiration” (Al-Anbiya', 21:7). These prophets were men Allah inspired guidance to ...
 
Gulf Today
Fri, 15 May 2015 13:37:30 -0700

ABU DHABI: The Directorate General of Residency and Foreigners Affairs in Abu Dhabi commemorated the auspicious occasion of Isra and Mi'raj and organised a religious lecture on Thursday. The lecture was delivered by Sheikh Mahmoud Abdul Rahman ...
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