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  Sura 17 of the Quran  
Surat Al-Isrāʼ
The Night Journey

Arabic text · English translation

Classification Meccan
Other names Bani Israel (Children of Israel)
Position Juzʼ 15
Hizb number 29 to 30
Number of verses 111
Number of Sajdahs 1 (verse 109)

Sūrat al-Isrāʼ (Arabic: سورة الإسراء‎) or Sūrat Banī Isrāʼīl (سورة بني إسرائيل) is the 17th surah of the Qur'an, with 111 verses. It is about Isra and Mi'raj and the Children of Israel.


This Surah takes its name from the first verse, which tells the story of the Isra and Mi'raj, the transportation of Muhammad during the night to what is referred to as "the farthest Mosque". The exact location is not specified, although in Islamic Hadith this is commonly taken to be the Noble Sanctuary (Temple Mount) in Jerusalem. Some scholars disagree about this (see Isra and Mi'raj). While the city of Jerusalem (or al Quds) is not mentioned by name anywhere in the Qur'an, it is identified in various Hadith. The first verse refers to Mohammed being taken from the 'Sacred Mosque' to the 'Furthest Mosque':

Glory to (Allah) Who did take His servant for a Journey by night from the Sacred Mosque to the farthest Mosque, whose precincts We did bless,- in order that We might show him some of Our Signs: for He is the One Who heareth and seeth (all things).

It is generally agreed upon that the 'Furthest Mosque' refers to Masjid al-Aqsa in Jerusalem and the 'Sacred Mosque' refers to Masjid al-Haram. The Surah also refers to the other Prophets for example, Moses.

This Meccan surah was revealed in the last year before the Hijra. Like all the Meccan surah it stresses the oneness of Allah, the authority of the prophets. However, the primary theme of the Surah is salah (daily prayers), whose number is said to have been fixed at five during the Miraj which it alludes to. In addition, the Surah forbids adultery, calls for respect for father and mother, and calls for patience and control in the face of the persecutions the Muslim community was facing at the time.

Ayah 71 contains a reference to Yawm al-Qiyamah, the Day of Judgement:

One day We shall call together all human beings with their (respective) Imams: those who are given their record in their right hand will read it (with pleasure), and they will not be dealt with unjustly in the least.

Ayah 8 Refers to Hell and states that those who reject the faith will be punished:

It may be that your Lord may (yet) show Mercy unto you; but if ye revert (to your sins), We shall revert (to Our punishments): And we have made Hell a prison for those who reject (all Faith).

However it also states that Allah is merciful and could forgive you.

It also refers to the hereafter and states that there is a punishment for not believing in it (Verse 10):

And to those who believe not in the Hereafter, (it announceth) that We have prepared for them a Penalty Grievous (indeed).

Ayah 13-15 tells us that our fate is in our hands and tells us that what we do will be rewarded or punished for on the Day of Judgement:

Every man's fate We have fastened on his own neck: On the Day of Judgment We shall bring out for him a scroll, which he will see spread open. (It will be said to him:) "Read thine (own) record: Sufficient is thy soul this day to make out an account against thee." Who receiveth guidance, receiveth it for his own benefit: who goeth astray doth so to his own loss: No bearer of burdens can bear the burden of another: nor would We visit with Our Wrath until We had sent a messenger (to give warning).

Ayah 104 tells us that the Children of Israel dwelt securely in the Promised Land.

External links[edit]

Works related to The Holy Qur'an (Maulana Muhammad Ali)/17. The Israelites at Wikisource

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Arabic text

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Isra — Please support Wikipedia.
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1041 news items


Mon, 11 May 2015 04:18:06 -0700

Al Isra'a Wal Mi'raj is an Islamic holiday which is observed annually on the 27th day of the Islamic month of Rajab, according to the Hijiri calendar. This year, as far as the Gregorian calendar is concerned, the holiday falls on Saturday May 16. What ...

Daily Sabah

Daily Sabah
Wed, 30 Sep 2015 12:54:01 -0700

When Israeli soldiers do not let her enter via the al-Silsila Gate, she read out the 17th verse of the Surah al-Isra. Residing in the Iseviye neighborhood of East Jerusalem, Sineyne said: "If you say you are a Muslim, then you have to protect the ...

Israel Hayom

Israel Hayom
Fri, 02 Oct 2015 04:26:15 -0700

The rest of the Sura (called the Sura al-Isra -- the Israelites!) tells the history of the chosen Jewish people who were twice given an opportunity and failed, having both their temples destroyed. Not only is Muhammad Moses' heir, but the new nation of ...

Arab News

Arab News
Thu, 17 Sep 2015 14:56:15 -0700

It seems, at first blush, unconscionable to be writing today about Palestine in the midst of the refugee calamity, which so far this year involved half a million lost souls — with hundreds of thousands poised to follow — trying to reach safe havens ...

News24 Nigeria

News24 Nigeria
Mon, 14 Sep 2015 02:56:15 -0700

God Almighty says in the holy Quran what means; No bearer of burden shall bear the burden of another {Surah al-Isra 17:15}. We Muslims Against Terror organization condemned these acts and express our deepest sympathy and condolence to the Families ...
Sat, 01 Jun 2013 04:03:45 -0700

There is no doubt that Al-Isra (the night journey) followed by Al-Miraj (the heavenly ascension) was one of the miracles in the life of our Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him). According to the most accepted view, it happened on the 27th ...


Mon, 12 Oct 2015 19:35:25 -0700

Ketua MUI Boyolali Habib Ihsanuddin mengingatkan, sudah sangat-sangat tegas dan jelas, firman Allah SWT dalam Surah Al-Isra ayat 32 mengenai larangan berbuat zina. Ayat tersebut diperkuat oleh hadits Rasulullah, bahwa perbuatan homoseksual ...

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Tue, 13 Oct 2015 02:07:19 -0700

POJOKJABAR.com,BOGOR-Pawai taaruf memperingati 1 Muharram 1437 di Kota Bogor, Selasa sore (13/10/2015) berlangsung semarak. Ribuan massa yang terdiri dari pelajar, tokoh agama, masyarakat dan muspida Kota Bogor, ambil bagian dalam acara ...

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