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Surat Al-Isra
الإسراء
Classification Makkan
Meaning of the name The Night Journey
Other names Bani Israel (Children of Israel)
Statistics
Sura number 17
Number of verses 111
Juz' number 15
Hizb number 29 to 30
Number of Sajdahs 1 (verse 109)
Previous Sura An-Nahl
Next Sura Al-Kahf

Sura Al-Isra (Arabic: سورة الإسراء‎, Sūratu al-Isrā, "The Night Journey"), also called Sura Bani Isra'il (i.e. Children of Israel), is the 17th chapter of the Qur'an, with 111 verses.

Content[edit]

This Surah takes its name from the first verse, which tells the story of the Isra and Mi'raj, the transportation of Muhammad during the night to what is referred to as "the farthest Mosque". The exact location is not specified, although in Islamic Hadith this is commonly taken to be the Noble Sanctuary (Temple Mount) in Jerusalem. Some scholars disagree about this (see Isra and Mi'raj). While the city of Jerusalem (or al Quds) is not mentioned by name anywhere in the Qur'an, it is identified in various Hadith. The first verse refers to Mohammed being taken from the 'Sacred Mosque' to the 'Furthest Mosque':

Glory to (Allah) Who did take His servant for a Journey by night from the Sacred Mosque to the farthest Mosque, whose precincts We did bless,- in order that We might show him some of Our Signs: for He is the One Who heareth and seeth (all things).

It is generally agreed upon that the 'Furthest Mosque' refers to Masjid al-Aqsa in Jerusalem and the 'Sacred Mosque' refers to Masjid al-Haram. The Surah also refers to the other Prophets for example, Moses.

This Meccan surah was revealed in the last year before the Hijra. Like all the Meccan surah it stresses the oneness of Allah, the authority of the prophets. However, the primary theme of the Surah is salah (daily prayers), whose number is said to have been fixed at five during the Miraj which it alludes to. In addition, the Surah forbids adultery, calls for respect for father and mother, and calls for patience and control in the face of the persecutions the Muslim community was facing at the time.

Ayah 71 contains a reference to Yawm al-Qiyamah, the Day of Judgement:

One day We shall call together all human beings with their (respective) Imams: those who are given their record in their right hand will read it (with pleasure), and they will not be dealt with unjustly in the least.

Ayah 8 Refers to Hell and states that those who reject the faith will be punished:

It may be that your Lord may (yet) show Mercy unto you; but if ye revert (to your sins), We shall revert (to Our punishments): And we have made Hell a prison for those who reject (all Faith).

However it also states that Allah is merciful and could forgive you.

It also refers to the hereafter and states that there is a punishment for not believing in it(Verse 10):

And to those who believe not in the Hereafter, (it announceth) that We have prepared for them a Penalty Grievous (indeed).

Ayah 13-15 tells us that our fate is in our hands and tells us that what we do will be rewarded or punished for on the Day of Judgement:

Every man's fate We have fastened on his own neck: On the Day of Judgment We shall bring out for him a scroll, which he will see spread open. (It will be said to him:) "Read thine (own) record: Sufficient is thy soul this day to make out an account against thee." Who receiveth guidance, receiveth it for his own benefit: who goeth astray doth so to his own loss: No bearer of burdens can bear the burden of another: nor would We visit with Our Wrath until We had sent a messenger (to give warning).

Ayah 104 tells us that the Children of Israel dwelt securely in the Promised Land.

External links[edit]

  • Surah Banî Israel (Complete text in Arabic with English and French translations)
  • Quran – Al-Isra with translation
Previous sura:
An-Nahl
Surah 17 Next sura:
Al-Kahf
Arabic text

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Isra — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

943 news items

MuslimVillage.com (press release) (blog)

MuslimVillage.com (press release) (blog)
Sat, 28 Mar 2015 19:03:45 -0700

(Surah Al-Isra,Verse 32). Some scholars say that the 'other' haraam physical intimacies of the relationship are in fact classified as 'zina'. In a hadeeth narrated by Muslim, the Prophet (saw) warns us: “The zina of the eyes is looking, the zina of the ...

MuslimVillage.com (press release) (blog)

MuslimVillage.com (press release) (blog)
Fri, 27 Mar 2015 02:00:00 -0700

We've all heard of the seven deadly sins, but in reality their number is not limited to seven. Abdullah ibn 'Abbas said: “Seventy is closer to their number than seven”. A major sin is one for which the Quran/Sunnah prescribes a punishment in this life ...

SAMAA TV

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Fri, 13 Mar 2015 07:36:26 -0700

... Burraq is a steed, described as a creature from the heavens which carried the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) from Mecca to Jerusalem and back during the Isra and Mi'raj or "Night Journey", which is the title of one of the chapters (Sura), Al-Isra, of the ...

Onislam.net

Onislam.net
Fri, 06 Mar 2015 07:00:00 -0800

The first part of the journey is known as Al-Isra' – The Night Journey – and this night journey was the journey to Jerusalem. Over the sands, Prophet Muhammad travelled, with Gabriel by his side. In their plight for Jerusalem, Buraq moved swiftly ...
 
Emirates 24/7
Thu, 22 May 2014 00:38:08 -0700

Not all government departments will remain closed on the occasion of Al Isra wal Miraj. Several departments in the city will be functional, albeit for limited hours and services. Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (Dewa) will continue to provide ...

Al-Manar TV

Al-Manar TV
Thu, 01 Jan 2015 04:58:23 -0800

The real goal is explicitly indicated in the first verse of Surat Al-Isra': "to show him of Our Signs", and in the eighteen verse of Surat An-Najm: "He certainly saw of the greatest signs of his Lord." Thus the aim of this miraculous journey was to ...
 
Onislam.net
Sat, 01 Jun 2013 04:03:45 -0700

There is no doubt that Al-Isra (the night journey) followed by Al-Miraj (the heavenly ascension) was one of the miracles in the life of our Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him). According to the most accepted view, it happened on the 27th ...

Arab News

The National
Thu, 22 May 2014 09:47:51 -0700

ABU DHABI// Allah allowed His prophets the ability to perform miracles, and one of the greatest miracles granted to the last prophet was his ascension to heaven. Friday's sermon will teach how the Prophet Mohammed was first transferred to Al Aqsa ...
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