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  Sura 33 of the Quran  
سورة الأحزاب
Sūrat al-Aḥzāb
'The Clans'

Arabic text · English translation


Classification Medinan
Other names (Eng.) The Coalition, The Combined Forces, The Allies, The Confederates, The Joint Forces
Position Juz' 22
Structure 9 rukus, 73 verses
Section from verses 73 of Sura al-Ahzab

Surat Al-Ahzab (Arabic: سورة الأحزاب‎, "The Clans, The Coalition, The Combined Forces") is the 33rd sūrah of the Qur'an with 73 ayat. The sūrah takes its name from the mention of the parties (al-aḥzāb), or confederates (an alliance among the Quraysh and other tribes), who fought the Muslims at the Battle of the Trench (5/627), also known as the Battle of the Parties and as the Siege of Madinah. [1]

Summary[edit]

This sura mentions what happened at the Battle of the Trench to remind believers the mercy and power of God since God made the various tribes who attacked Medina leave. Since this sura is a Medinan sura, it also contains instructions regarding treatment of the Prophet and his wives and warns the hypocrites of their bad behavior.[2] According to some scholars, Medinan verses are concerned with the legal matters in Islamic society.[3] These suras generally contain rules and regulations for the believers to follow.

Verses 5-6 are concerned with the differences between adopted and blood-related persons. Verse 5 refers to Adoption in Islam and verse 6 contains a reference to the term Mother of Believers, who were Prophet's wives. This perhaps suggests their elevated standing with the community and in the later verses, these women are described as "unlike any other." [4]

Verses 7-8 show that God will test even the sincerity of the prophets. The beginning of the sura seems to be concerned with truthfulness. The sura reinforces that "God is enough to trust...All this is written in the Scripture...God will question [even] the truthful about their sincerity, and for those who reject the truth He has prepared a painful torment...speak in a direct fashion." [5] Truthfulness and trust seem to be emphasized for believers and Muhammad since he was dealing with hypocrites and betrayers in Medina, who spread lies, deserted the army during the battle, or supported the attackers.[6]

Verses 9-27 are concerned with the believers and hypocrites' reactions to the Battle of the trench (or sometimes known as the Battle of the Ditch). The believers are those who remain steadfast in their belief and courage whereas the hypocrites try to run for safety, abandon the Muslim army, and doubt God and Prophet Muhammad. Verse 26 contains a reference to the Siege of the Banu Qurayza and consequent taking of the betrayer's possessions.

Verses 28-34 contain a reference to Muhammad's wives and tell the believers the proper conduct with Muhammad and his household. The prophet's wives are called the Mothers of the Believers and thus have to follow certain rules and regulations as women who are "unlike other women." [7] As such, some scholars have suggested that these rules apply exclusively to only Prophet's wives.[8] According to Shi'a interpretation, verse 33 contains a reference to Ahl al-Bayt (the Event of the Cloak) and Verse of purification.

Verses 35-36 show the characteristics of people who will be forgiven and rewarded by God. Some scholars take these verses to mean equal worth of women and men and thus reject claims that women are inferior to men.[9]

Verses 37-47 reaffirm that God needs to be trusted, obeyed, and glorified. Verse 40 contains a reference to Finality of Prophethood. See last prophet.

Verses 49-52 detail who the prophet can marry or not. Verse 50 was revealed pertaining to Maymuna bint al-Harith.

Verses 53-58 tell the believers how they should interact with Muhammad when visiting him and his household.

Verse 59 uses the phrase adna al-jilbab which is sometimes understood as 'wrap around' and is used to force women to cover themselves, in some cases, cover completely and leave the eyes visible when they leave the house.[10] Other scholars believe that "adna al-jilbab" means 'make it hang low' rather than wrap around and thus do not support the assertion that women must cover their heads. Some scholars say that this verse was revealed to women to protect them "(when abroad); that is most convenient, that they should be known [as free, not slaves] and not molested [by the] hypocrites...," a practice that was part of the "slave-owning jahili society, that no longer exists" suggesting that women don't need to cover anymore.[11]

Verses 60-73 tell the actions that God will take with the disbelievers and believers and will direct Muhammad to take against the hypocrites. The last verse ends with the proclamation that God will punish both hypocrites and idolaters, whether they are men and women, and reward the believers of both genders. Both genders are presented as equal since they are both punished or redeemed without any differences when judged by God.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Joseph E. B. Lumbard, "Introduction to Sūrat al-Aḥzāb in The Study Quran, ed. S. H. Nasr, Caner Dagli, Maria Dakake, and Mohammed Rustom (HarperOne, 2015).
  2. ^ Haleem, M.A.S. Abdel (2004). The Qur'an. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 266–271. 
  3. ^ Donner, Fred. Muhammad and the Believers. p. 81. 
  4. ^ Haleem, M.A.S. Abdel (2004). The Qur'an. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 268. 
  5. ^ Haleem, M.A.S. Abdel (2004). The Qur'an. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 268. 
  6. ^ Donner, Fred. Muhammad and the Believers. p. 81. 
  7. ^ Haleem, M.A.S. Abdel (2004). The Qur'an. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 268. 
  8. ^ Wadud, Amina (1999). Qur'an and Woman. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 34. 
  9. ^ Wadud, Amina (1999). Qur'an and Woman. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 99. 
  10. ^ al-Din al-Mahalli, al-Din al-Suyuti, Jalal, Jalal (2007). Tafsir al-Jalalayn. Amman: Royal Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought. p. 485. 
  11. ^ Barlas, Asma (2006). The Cambridge Companion to the Qur'an: Women's readings of the Qur'an. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 267–268. 

External links[edit]

Previous sura:
As-Sajda
Surah 33 Next sura:
Saba
Arabic text

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Ahzab — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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Thu, 21 May 2015 11:33:45 -0700

For example, Chapter al-Ahzab says in reference to Prophet's family: “God seeks only to remove all impurity from you, and to make you completely pure.” (33:33) People say this verse refers to the superiority of the Ahl-e Bayt, the Prophet's family. But ...

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Onislam.net
Wed, 29 Apr 2015 03:30:00 -0700

(Al-Ahzab: 4) 'Based on the above teachings, you are not allowed to give an adopted child your own name. If this way done in the past prior to embracing Islam, you should change this name. Allah says: “Call them by their (real) fathers; this is more ...

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Wed, 06 May 2015 07:48:45 -0700

... sound and not in doubt,” said UNSG Ban. {We did indeed offer the Trust to the Heavens and the Earth and the Mountains; but they refused to undertake it, being afraid thereof but man undertook it; He was indeed unjust and foolish.} [Surat Al-Ahzab ...

Inilah.com

Inilah.com
Tue, 26 May 2015 19:37:30 -0700

Dan barangsiapa mendurhakai Allah dan Rasul-Nya maka sungguhlah dia telah sesat, sesat yang nyata. (QS Al-Ahzab/ 33: 36). Ketegasan Allah Taala sedemikian jelas. Sehingga kita tidak dibolehkan ada pilihan lain-lain lagi di luar keputusan Allah Taala ...

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... apabila Allah dan Rasul-Nya telah menetapkan suatu ketetapan, akan ada bagi mereka pilihan (yang lain) tentang urusan mereka. Dan barangsiapa mendurhakai Allah dan Rasul-Nya maka sungguhlah dia telah sesat, sesat yang nyata”(Qs. Al-Ahzab: 36) ...

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Fri, 15 May 2015 04:03:45 -0700

... sebagaimana firman Allah Swt, “Sesungguhnya telah ada pada diri Rasulullah SAW teladan yang baik, yaitu bagi orang-orang yang mengharap rahmat Allah dan balasan kebaikan pada hari kiamat dan dia banyak menyebut Allah (Q. S. Al Ahzab: 21).”

Inilah.com

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Tue, 19 May 2015 03:41:15 -0700

Tujuan hidup hanya mencari ridho Allah Swt. "Padahal mereka tidak disuruh kecuali supaya menyembah Allah dengan memurnikan ketaatan kepada-Nya dalam (menjalankan) agama yang lurus, dan supaya mereka mendirikan shalat dan menunaikan ...
 
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... datang jauh lebih cepat dari waktunya), kemudian masih juga berlama-lama mengobrol setelah selesai makan, sehingga Rasul merasa terganggu yang menjadi penyebab turunnya Surat al-Ahzab ayat 53, agar memperhatikan tata krama ketika bertamu.
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