digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

  Sura 33 of the Quran  
سورة الأحزاب
Sūrat al-Aḥzāb
The Clans

Arabic text · English translation


Classification Medinan
Other names (Eng.) The Coalition, The Combined Forces, The Allies, The Confederates, The Joint Forces
Position Juz' 22
Structure 9 rukus, 73 verses
Section from verses 73 of Sura al-Ahzab

Surat Al-Ahzab (Arabic: سورة الأحزاب‎, "The Clans, The Coalition, The Combined Forces") is the 33rd sura of the Qur'an with 73 ayat.

Summary[edit]

This sura mentions what happened at the Battle of the Trench to remind believers the mercy and power of God since God made the various tribes who attacked Medina leave. Since this sura is a Medinan sura, it also contains instructions regarding treatment of the Prophet and his wives and warns the hypocrites of their bad behavior.[1] According to some scholars, Medinan verses are concerned with the legal matters in Islamic society.[2] These suras generally contain rules and regulations for the believers to follow.

Verses 5-6 are concerned with the differences between adopted and blood-related persons. Verse 5 refers to Adoption in Islam and verse 6 contains a reference to the term Mother of Believers, who were Prophet's wives. This perhaps suggests their elevated standing with the community and in the later verses, these women are described as "unlike any other." [3]

Verses 7-8 show that God will test even the sincerity of the prophets. The beginning of the sura seems to be concerned with truthfulness. The sura reinforces that "God is enough to trust...All this is written in the Scripture...God will question [even] the truthful about their sincerity, and for those who reject the truth He has prepared a painful torment...speak in a direct fashion." [4] Truthfulness and trust seem to be emphasized for believers and Muhammad since he was dealing with hypocrites and betrayers in Medina, who spread lies, deserted the army during the battle, or supported the attackers.[5]

Verses 9-27 are concerned with the believers and hypocrites' reactions to the Battle of the trench (or sometimes known as the Battle of the Ditch). The believers are those who remain steadfast in their belief and courage whereas the hypocrites try to run for safety, abandon the Muslim army, and doubt God and Prophet Muhammad. Verse 26 contains a reference to the Siege of the Banu Qurayza and consequent taking of the betrayer's possessions.

Verses 28-34 contain a reference to Muhammad's wives and tell the believers the proper conduct with Muhammad and his household. The prophet's wives are called the Mothers of the Believers and thus have to follow certain rules and regulations as women who are "unlike other women." [6] As such, some scholars have suggested that these rules apply exclusively to only Prophet's wives.[7] According to Shi'a interpretation, verse 33 contains a reference to Ahl al-Bayt (the Event of the Cloak) and Verse of purification.

Verses 35-36 show the characteristics of people who will be forgiven and rewarded by God. Some scholars take these verses to mean equal worth of women and men and thus reject claims that women are inferior to men.[8]

Verses 37-47 reaffirm that God needs to be trusted, obeyed, and glorified. Verse 40 contains a reference to Finality of Prophethood. See last prophet.

Verses 49-52 detail who the prophet can marry or not. Verse 50 was revealed pertaining to Maymuna bint al-Harith.

Verses 53-58 tell the believers how they should interact with Muhammad when visiting him and his household.

Verse 59 uses the phrase adna al-jilbab which is sometimes understood as 'wrap around' and is used to force women to cover themselves, in some cases, cover completely and leave the eyes visible when they leave the house.[9] Other scholars believe that "adna al-jilbab" means 'make it hang low' rather than wrap around and thus do not support the assertion that women must cover their heads. Some scholars say that this verse was revealed to women to protect them "(when abroad); that is most convenient, that they should be known [as free, not slaves] and not molested [by the] hypocrites...," a practice that was part of the "slave-owning jahili society, that no longer exists" suggesting that women don't need to cover anymore.[10]

Verses 60-73 tell the actions that God will take with the disbelievers and believers and will direct Muhammad to take against the hypocrites. The last verse ends with the proclamation that God will punish both hypocrites and idolaters, whether they are men and women, and reward the believers of both genders. Both genders are presented as equal since they are both punished or redeemed without any differences when judged by God.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Haleem, M.A.S. Abdel (2004). The Qur'an. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 266–271. 
  2. ^ Donner, Fred. Muhammad and the Believers. p. 81. 
  3. ^ Haleem, M.A.S. Abdel (2004). The Qur'an. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 268. 
  4. ^ Haleem, M.A.S. Abdel (2004). The Qur'an. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 268. 
  5. ^ Donner, Fred. Muhammad and the Believers. p. 81. 
  6. ^ Haleem, M.A.S. Abdel (2004). The Qur'an. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 268. 
  7. ^ Wadud, Amina (1999). Qur'an and Woman. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 34. 
  8. ^ Wadud, Amina (1999). Qur'an and Woman. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 99. 
  9. ^ al-Din al-Mahalli, al-Din al-Suyuti, Jalal, Jalal (2007). Tafsir al-Jalalayn. Amman: Royal Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought. p. 485. 
  10. ^ Barlas, Asma (2006). The Cambridge Companion to the Qur'an: Women's readings of the Qur'an. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 267–268. 

External links[edit]

  • Surah Al-Ahzab (Complete text in Arabic with English and French translations)
  • Al-Quran – Chapter al-Aḥzāb (The Confederates)
Previous sura:
As-Sajda
Sura 33 Next sura:
Saba
Arabic text

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Ahzab — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

549 news items

 
Middle East Eye
Tue, 27 Jan 2015 14:18:45 -0800

At least 45,000 Twitter accounts supportive of the Islamic State (IS) group were created in the autumn of 2014, according to a new report released on Tuesday by the US-based Brookings Institution. The report, produced by J.M. Berger, a non-resident ...
 
The News International
Tue, 27 Jan 2015 18:03:45 -0800

Here I would the like to draw the attention of the readers to Sura Al-Ahzab… “Make not the dazzling display”. Allah wishes to make you “pure and spotless”. No doubt here the women have been enjoined not to exhibit their beauty in the public by wearing ...
 
Antiwar.com
Sun, 11 Jan 2015 21:01:29 -0800

... in Allah, and His support and guardianship will suffice you against your enemies [Surah al-Ahzab: 48]. So, how can a Muslim murder others even if they did insult the Prophet, when the Quran is so clear about the issue? Such crimes have no roots in ...

MuslimVillage.com

MuslimVillage.com
Wed, 07 Jan 2015 00:26:21 -0800

MV Editor's Note: As we continue to commemorate and celebrate the luminous life of our master, the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and grant him peace), many of the 'ulama advise that we redouble our efforts to implement his noble Sunna.

Times of Oman

Times of Oman
Sat, 03 Jan 2015 08:52:30 -0800

The day of the 12th Rabi Al Awal of Islamic calendar is of great significance for Muslims around the world. It was on the day of this year, known as the year of elephants (A'amul Feel) among the Arabs, that our creator decided to bless mankind with the ...
 
Onislam.net
Tue, 13 Jan 2015 05:18:45 -0800

(Surat Al-Ahzab: verse 67). Another verse says: “Nay! They say: 'we found our fathers following a certain way and religion, and we guide ourselves by their footsteps!” (Surat Al-Zukhruf: verse 22) Allah considers such people like cattle who are astray ...

Berita Harian

Berita Harian
Wed, 28 Jan 2015 16:22:30 -0800

Allah SWT berfirman yang bermaksud: "Sesungguhnya telah ada pada diri Rasulullah itu suri teladan yang baik iaitu bagi orang yang mengharap rahmat Allah, hari akhirat dan sentiasa menyebut Allah (berzikir)." (Surah al-Ahzab, ayat 21). Rasulullah SAW ...

guinee7

guinee7
Sat, 24 Jan 2015 07:00:00 -0800

Allah, Le Très Haut, dit dans la Sourate Al Ahzab (33, 57) : « Ceux qui injurient (offensent) Allah et Son messager, Allah les maudit ici-bas, comme dans l'au-delà et leur prépare un châtiment avilissant ». Quel est le sort de ceux qu'Allah (swt) a maudit?
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight