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  Sura 33 of the Quran  
سورة الأحزاب
Sūrat al-Aḥzāb
The Clans

Arabic text · English translation


Classification Medinan
Other names (Eng.) The Coalition, The Combined Forces, The Allies, The Confederates, The Joint Forces
Position Juz' 22
Structure 9 rukus, 73 verses
Section from verses 73 of Sura al-Ahzab

Surat Al-Ahzab (Arabic: سورة الأحزاب‎ ) (The Clans, The Coalition, The Combined Forces) is the 33rd sura of the Qur'an with 73 ayat.

This sura mentions what happened at the Battle of the Trench to remind believers the mercy and power of God since God made the various tribes who attacked Medina leave. Since this sura is a Medinan sura, it also contains instructions regarding treatment of the Prophet and his wives and warns the hypocrites of their bad behavior.[1] According to some scholars, Medinan verses are concerned with the legal matters in Islamic society.[2] These suras generally contain rules and regulations for the believers to follow.

Verses 5-6 are concerned with the differences between adopted and blood-related persons. Verse 5 refers to Adoption in Islam and verse 6 contains a reference to the term Mother of Believers, who were Prophet's wives. This perhaps suggests their elevated standing with the community and in the later verses, these women are described as "unlike any other." [3]

Verses 7-8 show that God will test even the sincerity of the prophets. The beginning of the sura seems to be concerned with truthfulness. The sura reinforces that "God is enough to trust...All this is written in the Scripture...God will question [even] the truthful about their sincerity, and for those who reject the truth He has prepared a painful torment...speak in a direct fashion." [4] Truthfulness and trust seem to be emphasized for believers and Muhammad since he was dealing with hypocrites and betrayers in Medina, who spread lies, deserted the army during the battle, or supported the attackers.[5]

Verses 9-27 are concerned with the believers and hypocrites' reactions to the Battle of the trench (or sometimes known as the Battle of the Ditch). The believers are those who remain steadfast in their belief and courage whereas the hypocrites try to run for safety, abandon the Muslim army, and doubt God and Prophet Muhammad. Verse 26 contains a reference to the Siege of the Banu Qurayza and consequent taking of the betrayer's possessions.

Verses 28-34 contain a reference to Muhammad's wives and tell the believers the proper conduct with Muhammad and his household. The prophet's wives are called the Mothers of the Believers and thus have to follow certain rules and regulations as women who are "unlike other women." [6] As such, some scholars have suggested that these rules apply exclusively to only Prophet's wives.[7] According to Shi'a interpretation, verse 33 contains a reference to Ahl al-Bayt (the Event of the Cloak) and Verse of purification.

Verses 35-36 show the characteristics of people who will be forgiven and rewarded by God. Some scholars take these verses to mean equal worth of women and men and thus reject claims that women are inferior to men.[8]

Verses 37-47 reaffirm that God needs to be trusted, obeyed, and glorified. Verse 40 contains a reference to Finality of Prophethood. See last prophet.

Verses 49-52 detail who the prophet can marry or not. Verse 50 was revealed pertaining to Maymuna bint al-Harith.

Verses 53-58 tell the believers how they should interact with Muhammad when visiting him and his household.

Verse 59 uses the phrase adna al-jilbab which is sometimes understood as 'wrap around' and is used to force women to cover themselves, in some cases, cover completely and leave the eyes visible when they leave the house.[9] Other scholars believe that "adna al-jilbab" means 'make it hang low' rather than wrap around and thus do not support the assertion that women must cover their heads. Some scholars say that this verse was revealed to women to protect them "(when abroad); that is most convenient, that they should be known [as free, not slaves] and not molested [by the] hypocrites...," a practice that was part of the "slave-owning jahili society, that no longer exists" suggesting that women don't need to cover anymore.[10]

Verses 60-73 tell the actions that God will take with the disbelievers and believers and will direct Muhammad to take against the hypocrites. The last verse ends with the proclamation that God will punish both hypocrites and idolaters, whether they are men and women, and reward the believers of both genders. Both genders are presented as equal since they are both punished or redeemed without any differences when judged by God.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Haleem, M.A.S. Abdel (2004). The Qur'an. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 266–271. 
  2. ^ Donner, Fred. Muhammad and the Believers. p. 81. 
  3. ^ Haleem, M.A.S. Abdel (2004). The Qur'an. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 268. 
  4. ^ Haleem, M.A.S. Abdel (2004). The Qur'an. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 268. 
  5. ^ Donner, Fred. Muhammad and the Believers. p. 81. 
  6. ^ Haleem, M.A.S. Abdel (2004). The Qur'an. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 268. 
  7. ^ Wadud, Amina (1999). Qur'an and Woman. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 34. 
  8. ^ Wadud, Amina (1999). Qur'an and Woman. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 99. 
  9. ^ al-Din al-Mahalli, al-Din al-Suyuti, Jalal, Jalal (2007). Tafsir al-Jalalayn. Amman: Royal Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought. p. 485. 
  10. ^ Barlas, Asma (2006). The Cambridge Companion to the Qur'an: Women's readings of the Qur'an. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 267–268. 

External links[edit]

  • Surah Al-Ahzab (Complete text in Arabic with English and French translations)
  • Al-Quran browser Chapter al-Aḥzāb (The Confederates)

Other Information[edit]

Previous sura:
As-Sajda
Sura 33 Next sura:
Saba
Arabic text

1 · 2 · 3 · 4 · 5 · 6 · 7 · 8 · 9 · 10 · 11 · 12 · 13 · 14 · 15 · 16 · 17 · 18 · 19 · 20 · 21 · 22 · 23 · 24 · 25 · 26 · 27 · 28 · 29 · 30 · 31 · 32 · 33 · 34 · 35 · 36 · 37 · 38 · 39 · 40 · 41 · 42 · 43 · 44 · 45 · 46 · 47 · 48 · 49 · 50 · 51 · 52 · 53 · 54 · 55 · 56 · 57 · 58 · 59 · 60 · 61 · 62 · 63 · 64 · 65 · 66 · 67 · 68 · 69 · 70 · 71 · 72 · 73 · 74 · 75 · 76 · 77 · 78 · 79 · 80 · 81 · 82 · 83 · 84 · 85 · 86 · 87 · 88 · 89 · 90 · 91 · 92 · 93 · 94 · 95 · 96 · 97 · 98 · 99 · 100 · 101 · 102 · 103 · 104 · 105 · 106 · 107 · 108 · 109 · 110 · 111 · 112 · 113 · 114


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16 news items

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Fri, 11 Apr 2014 06:30:00 -0700

This Muslim notion that “war is deceit” goes back to the Battle of the Trench (year 627), which pitted Muhammad and his followers against several non-Muslim tribes known as Al-Ahzab. One of the members of Ahzab, Na'im ibn Mas'ud, went to the Muslim ...
 
PJ Media
Fri, 21 Mar 2014 13:00:28 -0700

(Al-Ahzab 33: 50) [What was applied to the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) according to this verse is also applied to Muslim men in general.] Mind that it is juristically known that this verse also indicates that single women who are not ...

MuslimVillage.com

MuslimVillage.com
Thu, 10 Apr 2014 02:57:03 -0700

(Al-Ahzab 33:21). The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) practised what he preached; he showed how we should live as individuals and as members of the society. He disciplined himself by staying aloof from quarrels and quibbles. He never engaged in ...
 
Harakah Daily
Tue, 15 Apr 2014 02:56:15 -0700

... Surah Mumtahanah Allah memberikan penyataan yang jelas bahawa Nabi Ibrahim ialah sebaik-baik ikutan bagi kita (umat Islam), dalam nada yang sama seperti di dalam Surah al-Ahzab Allah menyebut bahwa Nabi Muhammad adalah sebaik-baik ikutan.
 
Utusan Malaysia
Wed, 09 Apr 2014 22:48:45 -0700

(al-Ahzab: 56). Jika Allah SWT sendiri berselawat dan para malaikat turut berselawat kepada baginda Rasulullah, apatah lagi kita sebagai umatnya adalah menjadi kewajipan kepada kita untuk berselawat ke atas baginda. Selawat Allah SWT memberi ...
 
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Thu, 10 Apr 2014 08:10:18 -0700

Al-Ahzab : 41-43). Dari keterangan ayat ini Allah menegaskan bahwa ketika manusia dalam kondisi kegelapan dalam menjalani kehidupan, terutama masalah tekanan hidup, dengan memperbanyak mengingat Allah akan diberikan jalan keluarnya, hal ini ...
 
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Tue, 18 Mar 2014 11:56:15 -0700

Allah menerangkan dalam SUrah Al Ahzab ayat 67: "Dan mereka berkata;:"Ya Tuhan kami, sesungguhnya kami telah menta'ati pemimpin-pemimpin dan pembesar-pembesar kami, lalu mereka menyesatkan kami dari jalan (yang benar)". 68 : Ya Tuhan kami, ...
 
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Mon, 24 Mar 2014 04:07:13 -0700

... millénaire après, l'islam a repris la même logique en décrétant: "Ô prophète, dites à tes épouses, tes filles, et aux femmes des croyants de ramener sur elles leurs grands voiles: elles en seront plus vite reconnues et éviteront d'être offensées ...
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